Memo to the Election Commission of India April 14 2009, 9 AM

The Hon’ble Election Commission, Government of India
Dear Sirs,
I am glad to see the information your website has been providing to India’s public has improved slightly.    But it remains woefully inadequate as a whole.    Here is a list of the 382 constituencies for which you have, as of 0800 this morning, declared candidates.  It is a list that merely required you to use Excel worksheets in an efficient manner.   May we have a firm date by which all candidates for all 543 constituencies shall have been announced?

There are innumerable improvements to the working of our democracy that are possible to be discussed.  For example, I see no logical reason why candidates for the 16th Lok Sabha may not seek to register themselves the day after the results of the 15th Lok Sabha come to be declared.

Once your staff have checked the processed data below against the raw data  you provide, you are welcome to use my tables, preferably with acknowledgment. For convenience, a full list of all 543 constituencies follows the list of 382 constituencies you have announced as of this morning.


Subroto Roy

Constituency No        Poll Date    State/UT    Constituency Name
S01    1    16-Apr-09    AP    ADILABAD
S01    2    16-Apr-09    AP    PEDDAPALLE
S01    3    16-Apr-09    AP    KARIMNAGAR
S01    4    16-Apr-09    AP    NIZAMABAD
S01    5    16-Apr-09    AP    ZAHIRABAD
S01    6    16-Apr-09    AP    MEDAK
S01    7    16-Apr-09    AP    MALKAJGIRI
S01    8    16-Apr-09    AP    SECUNDRABAD
S01    9    16-Apr-09    AP    HYDERABAD
S01    10    16-Apr-09    AP    CHELVELLA
S01    11    16-Apr-09    AP    MAHBUBNAGAR
S01    12    16-Apr-09    AP    NAGARKURNOOL
S01    13    16-Apr-09    AP    NALGONDA
S01    14    16-Apr-09    AP    BHONGIR
S01    15    16-Apr-09    AP    WARANGAL
S01    16    16-Apr-09    AP    MAHABUBABAD
S01    17    16-Apr-09    AP    KHAMMAM
S01    18    16-Apr-09    AP    ARUKU
S01    19    16-Apr-09    AP    SRIKAKULAM
S01    20    16-Apr-09    AP    VIZIANAGARAM
S01    21    16-Apr-09    AP    VISAKHAPATNAM
S01    22    16-Apr-09    AP    ANAKAPALLI
S01    23    23-Apr-09    AP    KAKINADA
S01    24    23-Apr-09    AP    AMALAPURAM
S01    25    23-Apr-09    AP    RAJAHMUNDRY
S01    26    23-Apr-09    AP    NARSAPURAM
S01    27    23-Apr-09    AP    ELURU
S01    28    23-Apr-09    AP    MACHILIPATNAM
S01    29    23-Apr-09    AP    VIJAYAWADA
S01    30    23-Apr-09    AP    GUNTUR
S01    31    23-Apr-09    AP    NARASARAOPET
S01    32    23-Apr-09    AP    BAPATLA
S01    33    23-Apr-09    AP    ONGOLE
S01    34    23-Apr-09    AP    NANDYAL
S01    35    23-Apr-09    AP    KURNOOL
S01    36    23-Apr-09    AP    ANANTAPUR
S01    37    23-Apr-09    AP    HINDUPUR
S01    38    23-Apr-09    AP    KADAPA
S01    39    23-Apr-09    AP    NELLORE
S01    40    23-Apr-09    AP    TIRUPATI
S01    41    23-Apr-09    AP    RAJAMPET
S01    42    23-Apr-09    AP    CHITTOOR
S02    1    16-Apr-09    AR    ARUNACHAL WEST
S02    2    16-Apr-09    AR    ARUNACHAL EAST
S03    1    16-Apr-09    AS    KARIMGANJ
S03    2    16-Apr-09    AS    SILCHAR
S03    3    16-Apr-09    AS    AUTONOMOUS DISTRICT
S03    4    23-Apr-09    AS    DHUBRI
S03    5    23-Apr-09    AS    KOKRAJHAR
S03    6    23-Apr-09    AS    BARPETA
S03    7    23-Apr-09    AS    GAUHATI
S03    8    23-Apr-09    AS    MANGALDOI
S03    9    23-Apr-09    AS    TEZPUR
S03    10    23-Apr-09    AS    NOWGONG
S03    11    23-Apr-09    AS    KALIABOR
S03    12    23-Apr-09    AS    JORHAT
S03    13    23-Apr-09    AS    DIBRUGARH
S03    14    23-Apr-09    AS    LAKHIMPUR
S04    1    23-Apr-09    BR    VALMIKI NAGAR
S04    2    23-Apr-09    BR    PASCHIM CHAMPARAN
S04    3    23-Apr-09    BR    PURVI CHAMPARAN
S04    4    23-Apr-09    BR    SHEOHAR
S04    5    23-Apr-09    BR    SITAMARHI
S04    6    23-Apr-09    BR    MADHUBANI
S04    7    23-Apr-09    BR    JHANJHARPUR
S04    11    30-Apr-09    BR    KATIHAR
S04    12    30-Apr-09    BR    PURNIA
S04    13    30-Apr-09    BR    MADHEPURA
S04    14    23-Apr-09    BR    DARBHANGA
S04    15    23-Apr-09    BR    MUZAFFARPUR
S04    16    23-Apr-09    BR    VAISHALI
S04    17    16-Apr-09    BR    GOPALGANJ
S04    18    16-Apr-09    BR    SIWAN
S04    19    16-Apr-09    BR    MAHARAJGANJ
S04    20    16-Apr-09    BR    SARAN
S04    21    23-Apr-09    BR    HAJIPUR
S04    22    23-Apr-09    BR    UJIARPUR
S04    23    23-Apr-09    BR    SAMASTIPUR
S04    25    30-Apr-09    BR    KHAGARIA
S04    27    30-Apr-09    BR    BANKA
S04    28    30-Apr-09    BR    MUNGER
S04    32    16-Apr-09    BR    ARRAH
S04    33    16-Apr-09    BR    BUXAR
S04    34    16-Apr-09    BR    SASARAM
S04    35    16-Apr-09    BR    KARAKAT
S04    36    16-Apr-09    BR    JAHANABAD
S04    37    16-Apr-09    BR    AURANGABAD
S04    38    16-Apr-09    BR    GAYA
S04    39    16-Apr-09    BR    NAWADA
S04    40    16-Apr-09    BR    JAMUI
S05    1    23-Apr-09    GA    NORTH GOA
S05    2    23-Apr-09    GA    SOUTH GOA
S06    1    30-Apr-09    GJ    KACHCHH
S06    2    30-Apr-09    GJ    BANASKANTHA
S06    3    30-Apr-09    GJ    PATAN
S06    4    30-Apr-09    GJ    MAHESANA
S06    5    30-Apr-09    GJ    SABARKANTHA
S06    6    30-Apr-09    GJ    GANDHINAGAR
S06    7    30-Apr-09    GJ    AHMEDABAD EAST
S06    8    30-Apr-09    GJ    AHMEDABAD WEST
S06    9    30-Apr-09    GJ    SURENDRANAGAR
S06    10    30-Apr-09    GJ    RAJKOT
S06    11    30-Apr-09    GJ    PORBANDAR
S06    12    30-Apr-09    GJ    JAMNAGAR
S06    13    30-Apr-09    GJ    JUNAGADH
S06    14    30-Apr-09    GJ    AMRELI
S06    15    30-Apr-09    GJ    BHAVNAGAR
S06    16    30-Apr-09    GJ    ANAND
S06    17    30-Apr-09    GJ    KHEDA
S06    18    30-Apr-09    GJ    PANCHMAHAL
S06    19    30-Apr-09    GJ    DAHOD
S06    20    30-Apr-09    GJ    VADODARA
S06    21    30-Apr-09    GJ    CHHOTA UDAIPUR
S06    22    30-Apr-09    GJ    BHARUCH
S06    23    30-Apr-09    GJ    BARDOLI
S06    24    30-Apr-09    GJ    SURAT
S06    25    30-Apr-09    GJ    NAVSARI
S06    26    30-Apr-09    GJ    VALSAD
S07    2    7-May-09    HR    KURUKSHETRA
S07    6    7-May-09    HR    SONIPAT
S07    9    7-May-09    HR    GURGAON
S07    10    7-May-09    HR    FARIDABAD
S09    5    23-Apr-09    JK    UDHAMPUR
S09    6    16-Apr-09    JK    JAMMU
S10    1    23-Apr-09    KA    CHIKKODI
S10    2    23-Apr-09    KA    BELGAUM
S10    3    30-Apr-09    KA    BAGALKOT
S10    4    23-Apr-09    KA    BIJAPUR
S10    5    23-Apr-09    KA    GULBARGA
S10    6    23-Apr-09    KA    RAICHUR
S10    7    23-Apr-09    KA    BIDAR
S10    8    23-Apr-09    KA    KOPPAL
S10    9    23-Apr-09    KA    BELLARY
S10    10    30-Apr-09    KA    HAVERI
S10    11    30-Apr-09    KA    DHARWAD
S10    12    23-Apr-09    KA    UTTARA KANNADA
S10    13    30-Apr-09    KA    DAVANAGERE
S10    14    30-Apr-09    KA    SHIMOGA
S10    15    30-Apr-09    KA    UDUPI CHIKMAGALUR
S10    16    30-Apr-09    KA    HASSAN
S10    18    23-Apr-09    KA    CHITRADURGA
S10    19    23-Apr-09    KA    TUMKUR
S10    20    30-Apr-09    KA    MANDYA
S10    21    30-Apr-09    KA    MYSORE
S10    22    30-Apr-09    KA    CHAMARAJANAGAR
S10    23    23-Apr-09    KA    BANGALORE RURAL
S10    24    23-Apr-09    KA    BANGALORE NORTH
S10    25    23-Apr-09    KA    BANGALORE CENTRAL
S10    26    23-Apr-09    KA    BANGALORE SOUTH
S10    27    23-Apr-09    KA    CHIKKBALLAPUR
S10    28    23-Apr-09    KA    KOLAR
S11    1    16-Apr-09    KL    KASARAGOD
S11    2    16-Apr-09    KL    KANNUR
S11    3    16-Apr-09    KL    VADAKARA
S11    4    16-Apr-09    KL    WAYANAD
S11    5    16-Apr-09    KL    KOZHIKODE
S11    6    16-Apr-09    KL    MALAPPURAM
S11    7    16-Apr-09    KL    PONNANI
S11    8    16-Apr-09    KL    PALAKKAD
S11    9    16-Apr-09    KL    ALATHUR
S11    10    16-Apr-09    KL    THRISSUR
S11    11    16-Apr-09    KL    CHALAKUDY
S11    12    16-Apr-09    KL    ERNAKULAM
S11    13    16-Apr-09    KL    IDUKKI
S11    14    16-Apr-09    KL    KOTTAYAM
S11    15    16-Apr-09    KL    ALAPPUZHA
S11    16    16-Apr-09    KL    MAVELIKKARA
S11    17    16-Apr-09    KL    PATHANAMTHITTA
S11    18    16-Apr-09    KL    KOLLAM
S11    19    16-Apr-09    KL    ATTINGAL
S11    20    16-Apr-09    KL    THIRUVANANTHAPURAM
S12    1    30-Apr-09    MP    MORENA
S12    2    30-Apr-09    MP    BHIND
S12    3    30-Apr-09    MP    GWALIOR
S12    4    30-Apr-09    MP    GUNA
S12    7    30-Apr-09    MP    DAMOH
S12    8    23-Apr-09    MP    KHAJURAHO
S12    9    23-Apr-09    MP    SATNA
S12    10    23-Apr-09    MP    REWA
S12    11    23-Apr-09    MP    SIDHI
S12    12    23-Apr-09    MP    SHAHDOL
S12    13    23-Apr-09    MP    JABALPUR
S12    14    23-Apr-09    MP    MANDLA
S12    15    23-Apr-09    MP    BALAGHAT
S12    16    23-Apr-09    MP    CHHINDWARA
S12    17    23-Apr-09    MP    HOSHANGABAD
S12    18    23-Apr-09    MP    VIDISHA
S12    19    23-Apr-09    MP    BHOPAL
S12    22    30-Apr-09    MP    UJJAIN
S12    23    30-Apr-09    MP    MANDSOUR
S12    25    30-Apr-09    MP    DHAR
S12    27    30-Apr-09    MP    KHARGONE
S12    29    23-Apr-09    MP    BETUL
S13    1    23-Apr-09    MH    NANDURBAR
S13    2    23-Apr-09    MH    DHULE
S13    3    23-Apr-09    MH    JALGAON
S13    4    23-Apr-09    MH    RAVER
S13    5    16-Apr-09    MH    BULDHANA
S13    6    16-Apr-09    MH    AKOLA
S13    7    16-Apr-09    MH    AMRAVATI
S13    8    16-Apr-09    MH    WARDHA
S13    9    16-Apr-09    MH    RAMTEK
S13    10    16-Apr-09    MH    NAGPUR
S13    11    16-Apr-09    MH    BHANDARA – GONDIYA
S13    12    16-Apr-09    MH    GADCHIROLI-CHIMUR
S13    13    16-Apr-09    MH    CHANDRAPUR
S13    14    16-Apr-09    MH    YAVATMAL-WASHIM
S13    15    16-Apr-09    MH    HINGOLI
S13    16    16-Apr-09    MH    NANDED
S13    17    16-Apr-09    MH    PARBHANI
S13    18    23-Apr-09    MH    JALNA
S13    19    23-Apr-09    MH    AURANGABAD
S13    20    23-Apr-09    MH    DINDORI
S13    21    23-Apr-09    MH    NASHIK
S13    22    30-Apr-09    MH    PALGHAR
S13    23    30-Apr-09    MH    BHIWANDI
S13    25    30-Apr-09    MH    THANE
S13    27    30-Apr-09    MH    MUMBAI NORTH WEST
S13    30    30-Apr-09    MH    MUMBAI SOUTH CENTRAL
S13    31    30-Apr-09    MH    MUMBAI SOUTH
S13    32    23-Apr-09    MH    RAIGAD
S13    33    23-Apr-09    MH    MAVAL
S13    34    23-Apr-09    MH    PUNE
S13    35    23-Apr-09    MH    BARAMATI
S13    36    23-Apr-09    MH    SHIRUR
S13    37    23-Apr-09    MH    AHMADNAGAR
S13    38    23-Apr-09    MH    SHIRDI
S13    39    23-Apr-09    MH    BEED
S13    40    23-Apr-09    MH    OSMANABAD
S13    41    23-Apr-09    MH    LATUR
S13    42    23-Apr-09    MH    SOLAPUR
S13    43    23-Apr-09    MH    MADHA
S13    44    23-Apr-09    MH    SANGLI
S13    45    23-Apr-09    MH    SATARA
S13    46    23-Apr-09    MH    RATNAGIRI – SINDHUDURG
S13    47    23-Apr-09    MH    KOLHAPUR
S13    48    23-Apr-09    MH    HATKANANGLE
S14    1    22-Apr-09    MN    INNER MANIPUR
S14    2    16-Apr-09    MN    OUTER MANIPUR
S15    1    16-Apr-09    ML    SHILLONG
S15    2    16-Apr-09    ML    TURA
S16    1    16-Apr-09    MZ    MIZORAM
S17    1    16-Apr-09    NL    NAGALAND
S18    1    16-Apr-09    OR    BARGARH
S18    2    16-Apr-09    OR    SUNDARGARH
S18    3    16-Apr-09    OR    SAMBALPUR
S18    4    23-Apr-09    OR    KEONJHAR
S18    5    23-Apr-09    OR    MAYURBHANJ
S18    6    23-Apr-09    OR    BALASORE
S18    7    23-Apr-09    OR    BHADRAK
S18    8    23-Apr-09    OR    JAJPUR
S18    9    23-Apr-09    OR    DHENKANAL
S18    10    16-Apr-09    OR    BOLANGIR
S18    11    16-Apr-09    OR    KALAHANDI
S18    12    16-Apr-09    OR    NABARANGPUR
S18    13    16-Apr-09    OR    KANDHAMAL
S18    14    23-Apr-09    OR    CUTTACK
S18    15    23-Apr-09    OR    KENDRAPARA
S18    16    23-Apr-09    OR    JAGATSINGHPUR
S18    17    23-Apr-09    OR    PURI
S18    18    23-Apr-09    OR    BHUBANESWAR
S18    19    16-Apr-09    OR    ASKA
S18    20    16-Apr-09    OR    BERHAMPUR
S18    21    16-Apr-09    OR    KORAPUT
S19    10    7-May-09    PB    FEROZPUR
S19    11    7-May-09    PB    BATHINDA
S19    12    7-May-09    PB    SANGRUR
S20    3    7-May-09    RJ    CHURU
S20    5    7-May-09    RJ    SIKAR
S20    6    7-May-09    RJ    JAIPUR RURAL
S20    7    7-May-09    RJ    JAIPUR
S20    11    7-May-09    RJ    DAUSA
S20    12    7-May-09    RJ    TONK-SAWAI MADHOPUR
S20    15    7-May-09    RJ    PALI
S20    18    7-May-09    RJ    JALORE
S20    21    7-May-09    RJ    CHITTORGARH
S20    23    7-May-09    RJ    BHILWARA
S20    25    7-May-09    RJ    JHALAWAR-BARAN
S23    1    23-Apr-09    TR    TRIPURA WEST
S23    2    23-Apr-09    TR    TRIPURA EAST
S24    2    7-May-09    UP    KAIRANA
S24    3    7-May-09    UP    MUZAFFARNAGAR
S24    15    7-May-09    UP    ALIGARH
S24    17    7-May-09    UP    MATHURA
S24    19    7-May-09    UP    FATEHPUR SIKRI
S24    21    7-May-09    UP    MAINPURI
S24    22    7-May-09    UP    ETAH
S24    30    30-Apr-09    UP    SITAPUR
S24    33    30-Apr-09    UP    UNNAO
S24    34    30-Apr-09    UP    MOHANLALGANJ
S24    35    30-Apr-09    UP    LUCKNOW
S24    37    23-Apr-09    UP    AMETHI
S24    38    23-Apr-09    UP    SULTANPUR
S24    39    23-Apr-09    UP    PRATAPGARH
S24    40    7-May-09    UP    FARRUKHABAD
S24    42    7-May-09    UP    KANNAUJ
S24    43    30-Apr-09    UP    KANPUR
S24    44    30-Apr-09    UP    AKBARPUR
S24    45    30-Apr-09    UP    JALAUN
S24    47    30-Apr-09    UP    HAMIRPUR
S24    48    23-Apr-09    UP    BANDA
S24    49    30-Apr-09    UP    FATEHPUR
S24    50    23-Apr-09    UP    KAUSHAMBI
S24    51    23-Apr-09    UP    PHULPUR
S24    52    23-Apr-09    UP    ALLAHABAD
S24    53    30-Apr-09    UP    BARABANKI
S24    54    23-Apr-09    UP    FAIZABAD
S24    55    23-Apr-09    UP    AMBEDKAR NAGAR
S24    57    23-Apr-09    UP    KAISERGANJ
S24    58    23-Apr-09    UP    SHRAWASTI
S24    59    23-Apr-09    UP    GONDA
S24    60    23-Apr-09    UP    DOMARIYAGANJ
S24    61    23-Apr-09    UP    BASTI
S24    62    23-Apr-09    UP    SANT KABIR NAGAR
S24    63    16-Apr-09    UP    MAHARAJGANJ
S24    64    16-Apr-09    UP    GORAKHPUR
S24    65    16-Apr-09    UP    KUSHI NAGAR
S24    66    16-Apr-09    UP    DEORIA
S24    67    16-Apr-09    UP    BANSGAON
S24    68    16-Apr-09    UP    LALGANJ
S24    69    16-Apr-09    UP    AZAMGARH
S24    70    16-Apr-09    UP    GHOSI
S24    71    16-Apr-09    UP    SALEMPUR
S24    72    16-Apr-09    UP    BALLIA
S24    73    23-Apr-09    UP    JAUNPUR
S24    74    16-Apr-09    UP    MACHHLISHAHR
S24    75    16-Apr-09    UP    GHAZIPUR
S24    76    16-Apr-09    UP    CHANDAULI
S24    77    16-Apr-09    UP    VARANASI
S24    78    23-Apr-09    UP    BHADOHI
S24    79    16-Apr-09    UP    MIRZAPUR
S24    80    16-Apr-09    UP    ROBERTSGANJ
S25    1    30-Apr-09    WB    COOCH BEHAR
S25    2    30-Apr-09    WB    ALIPURDUARS
S25    3    30-Apr-09    WB    JALPAIGURI
S25    4    30-Apr-09    WB    DARJEELING
S25    5    30-Apr-09    WB    RAIGANJ
S25    6    30-Apr-09    WB    BALURGHAT
S25    7    30-Apr-09    WB    MALDAHA UTTAR
S25    8    30-Apr-09    WB    MALDAHA DAKSHIN
S25    9    7-May-09    WB    JANGIPUR
S25    10    7-May-09    WB    BAHARAMPUR
S25    11    7-May-09    WB    MURSHIDABAD
S25    13    7-May-09    WB    RANAGHAT
S25    27    7-May-09    WB    SRERAMPUR
S25    29    7-May-09    WB    ARAMBAGH
S25    32    30-Apr-09    WB    GHATAL
S25    33    30-Apr-09    WB    JHARGRAM
S25    34    30-Apr-09    WB    MEDINIPUR
S25    35    30-Apr-09    WB    PURULIA
S25    36    30-Apr-09    WB    BANKURA
S25    37    30-Apr-09    WB    BISHNUPUR
S25    41    7-May-09    WB    BOLPUR
S26    1    16-Apr-09    CG    SARGUJA
S26    2    16-Apr-09    CG    RAIGARH
S26    3    16-Apr-09    CG    JANJGIR-CHAMPA
S26    4    16-Apr-09    CG    KORBA
S26    5    16-Apr-09    CG    BILASPUR
S26    6    16-Apr-09    CG    RAJNANDGAON
S26    7    16-Apr-09    CG    DURG
S26    8    16-Apr-09    CG    RAIPUR
S26    9    16-Apr-09    CG    MAHASAMUND
S26    10    16-Apr-09    CG    BASTAR
S26    11    16-Apr-09    CG    KANKER
S27    1    23-Apr-09    JH    RAJMAHAL
S27    2    23-Apr-09    JH    DUMKA
S27    3    23-Apr-09    JH    GODDA
S27    4    16-Apr-09    JH    CHATRA
S27    5    16-Apr-09    JH    KODARMA
S27    6    23-Apr-09    JH    GIRIDIH
S27    7    23-Apr-09    JH    DHANBAD
S27    8    23-Apr-09    JH    RANCHI
S27    9    23-Apr-09    JH    JAMSHEDPUR
S27    10    23-Apr-09    JH    SINGHBHUM
S27    11    16-Apr-09    JH    KHUNTI
S27    12    16-Apr-09    JH    LOHARDAGA
S27    13    16-Apr-09    JH    PALAMAU
S27    14    16-Apr-09    JH    HAZARIBAGH
U01    1    16-Apr-09    AN    ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS
U03    1    30-Apr-09    DN    DADAR & NAGAR HAVELI
U04    1    30-Apr-09    DD    DAMAN & DIU
U06    1    16-Apr-09    LD    LAKSHADWEEP

Full list of all 543 Constituencies
S04 38 BR GAYA
S12 10 MP REWA
S12 25 MP DHAR
S13 34 MH PUNE
S13 39 MH BEED
S18 17 OR PURI
S18 19 OR ASKA
S20 15 RJ PALI
S20 24 RJ KOTA
S24 18 UP AGRA
S24 22 UP ETAH


Democracy Database for the Largest Electorate Ever Seen in World History

In four days, on April 16 2009, one thousand seven hundred and seven officially recognized candidates, representing 161 political parties and including 770 Independents, are contesting the polls in 124 constituencies (out of a total of 543 constituencies), across 15 States and two Union Territories  in Phase 1 of the General Election to India’s 15th Lok Sabha.   Between 16 April and 7 May in Phases 2, 3 and 4, that number of candidates contesting  India’s  General Elections rises to at least 4,637, average age 46.1, from 261 political parties, including 291 women and 2118  Independents across more than 150 further constituencies.  By 13 May, Phase 5 will be over and all 543 constituencies shall have been covered.  The size of the registered electorate of potential voters under adult franchise is 383,566,479, the largest in human history.

Did you know that? Of course not. None of our juvenile TV stations and only-slightly-less-juvenile newspapers would have been able to give you such numbers even if they had tried to; they would barely know where to begin. Besides, our Election Commission too has become a  sclerotic bureaucracy like everything else to do with India’s governance; its website — now updated and improving slightly every day — provides a lot of irrelevancies along with providing  the very least modicum of  raw data logically necessary for the conduct of the election.

Ten years ago, just prior to the 13th Lok Sabha Elections, I, as part of my academic research as a “full professor” at an “Institution of National Importance”, created an Excel spreadsheet containing every single Lok Sabha constituency at the time. I later sent it on to the EC for its free use and distribution. (Some of my academic colleagues were surprised and suspicious as one of their principal goals in life was to obtain lucrative government “consulting” contracts wherever possible — doing things for free set a worrisome example despite the slogan of being supposedly “dedicated to the service of the nation”!). Nothing happened because the EC in particular and the Government of India in general did not then and have not now appeared keen to know how to use spreadsheets  like Excel properly, despite our claims of  India  being  an information-technology powerhouse!

I have now had to re-create that 1999 spreadsheet again for the 15th Lok Sabha Elections because there has been a major parliamentary exercise of what is called “redistricting” in some countries and “delimitation” here in India. Many constituencies have been merged or have disappeared while new ones have appeared.  Plus  numerous innovative techniques  and formulae have had to be used by me with vital free help from Excel Forum users as well as providers of free add-ins around the world, to whom grateful acknowledgment is made.

The processed data below is based entirely on the raw data available from the EC as of April 11 2009.  As the EC updates its raw data, so shall I seek to update this processed data.   There are definite errors in the EC data (e.g. one Independent candidate has been listed 3 times, while 19 people have been listed as being99 years old; more significantly there seems to be at least one constituency in which there is only one candidate, etc etc.)   Whatever errors exist in the raw data must be carried over to these data here, I am afraid.  But I will as I have said update this as the EC updates its raw data.  If there are errors in my processing, I do not know of them, so please check and recheck against the EC’s data if you wish to use these data operationally.  [Update 1800 hours Sunday April 12: the EC has reduced the number of candidates from 4637 to 4631 which presumably means some obvious slight errors have been corrected; it is still far short of having announced all candidates for all 543 constituencies, so the overall number is destined to rise and drastically quite soon — I hope before the first polls open on Thursday!].

The first two indicators are the EC’s way of identifying a constituency; then there is the name of the State or Union Territory in a two-digit code followed by the name of the constituency  in capitals, the date that polling is due to take place, and the list of the candidates and their parties.   I have made every effort to see no error has been added by me in addition to any errors that might exist in the EC’s data.  But please check and double check yourself, and I cannot  take responsibility for the accuracy of the information, especially as it is being done in “real time”.

This is being provided as a free public service for India’s ordinary people, citizens, candidates, students, observers etc.   Any broadcast or republication or academic use must acknowledge it appeared first at this site in my work: just link to this post or quote “Democracy Database for the Largest Electorate Ever Seen in World History by Dr Subroto Roy”, and use away.

Why do I think it is important for every candidate in every constituency in India’s 2009 General Elections to have his/her name known and to receive due respect and a small salute in HTML even for a brief moment?

Because that is what democracy in a free republic is supposed to be about. India is not a monarchy or a mansabdari of some sort, no matter what the many corrupt people inhabiting our Government and our capital cities might have made themselves believe.

Our juvenile, sensationalist, irresponsible  Delhi-centred media might realize someday that there are thousands of real people all over  this country that is India contesting these elections  seriously and trying to thus participate in the political process as best they can.  The Delhi-centred media  remain focused on the few dozen fake celebrities that they flatter,  cultivate and pander to. (We must wait to see what depths of journalistic depravity our  TV stations reach in  covering the so-called IPL in South Africa more seriously than they cover India’s 2009 General Elections!  What would MK Gandhi, who, a century ago, was still in South Africa, have said about such a twist of India’s fate?)

Here instead are India’s names and India’s lives and India’s places and India’s peoples and India’s political parties for all of us to see and understand and hence  see and understand ourselves better.

Here’s a cheer to all those party-political symbols for or  against which India’s hundreds of millions of voters will make their decisions:

A lady farmer carrying paddy on her head,
Battery Torch
Bead Necklace
Black Board
Bow & Arrow
Boy & Girl
Brief Case
Ceiling Fan
Cup & Saucer
Diesel Pump
Ears of Corn And Sickle
Electric Pole
Flag with Three Stars
Flowers and Grass
Frying Pan
Gas Cylinder
Gas Stove
Glass Tumbler
Haldhar Within Wheel (Chakra Haldhar)
Hammer, Sickle and Star
Hand Pump
Hurricane Lamp
Ice Cream
Ink Pot & Pen
Lady Purse
Letter Box
Lock and Key
Not Alloted
Pressure Cooker
Railway Engine
Rising Sun
Road Roller
Sewing Machine
Spade & Stoker
Table Lamp
Two Daos Intersecting
Two Leaves
Walking Stick

Here’s a cheer then to all the thousands of candidates, average age 46.1, including those Independents, and the hundreds of political parties who go to the contest  beginning  April 16:

Aadivasi Sena Party
A-Chik National Congress(Democratic)
Adarsh Lok Dal
Advait Ishwasyam Congress
Ajeya Bharat Party
AJSU Party
Akhand Bharti
Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha
Akhil Bharatiya Ashok Sena
Akhil Bharatiya Congress Dal (Ambedkar)
Akhil Bharatiya Hind Kranti Party
Akhil Bharatiya Jan Sangh
Akhil Bharatiya Manav Seva Dal
Akhil Bhartiya Manavata Paksha
Akhil Bhartiya Sindhu Samajwadi Party
Akhila India Jananayaka Makkal Katchi (Dr. Issac)
All India Forward Bloc
All India Majlis-E-Ittehadul Muslimeen
All India Minorities Front
All India Trinamool Congress
All Jharkhand Students Union
Alpjan Samaj Party
Ambedkar National Congress
Ambedkar Samaj Party
Ambedkarist Republican Party
Amra Bangalee
Apna Dal
Arunachal Congress
Asom Gana Parishad
Assam United Democratic Front
Autonomous State Demand Committee
Awami Party
B. C. United Front
Backward Classes Democratic Party, J&K
Bahujan Republican Ekta Manch
Bahujan Samaj Party
Bahujan Samaj Party(Ambedkar-Phule)
Bahujan Sangharsh Party (Kanshiram)
Bahujan Shakty
Bahujan Uday Manch
Bajjikanchal Vikas Party
Bharat Punarnirman Dal
Bharat Vikas Morcha
Bharatheeya Sadharma Samsthapana Party
Bharatiya Bahujan Party
Bharatiya Eklavya Party
Bharatiya Grameen Dal
Bharatiya Jagaran Party
Bharatiya Jan Berojgar Chhatra Dal
Bharatiya Jan Shakti
Bharatiya Janata Party
Bharatiya Jantantrik Janta Dal
Bharatiya Lok Kalyan Dal
Bharatiya Loktantrik Party(Gandhi-Lohiawadi)
Bharatiya Minorities Suraksha Mahasangh
Bharatiya Momin Front
Bharatiya Natiional Janta Dal
Bharatiya Peoples Party
Bharatiya Pichhra Dal
Bharatiya Praja Paksha
Bharatiya Rashtriya Bahujan Samaj Vikas Party
Bharatiya Republican Paksha
Bharatiya Sadbhawna Samaj Party
Bharatiya Samaj Dal
Bharatiya Samta Samaj Party
Bharatiya Sarvodaya Kranti Party
Bharatiya Subhash Sena
Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha
Biju Janata Dal
Bira Oriya Party
Bodaland Peoples Front
Buddhiviveki Vikas Party
Chandigarh Vikas Party
Chhattisgarh Vikas Party
Chhattisgarhi Samaj Party
Communist Party of India
Communist Party of India (Marxist)
Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
Democratic Party of India
Democratic Secular Party
Dharam Nirpeksh Dal
Duggar Pradesh Party
Eklavya Samaj Party
Gondvana Gantantra Party
Gondwana Mukti Sena
Great India Party
Hill State People’s Democratic Party
Hindustan Janta Party
Indian Christian Secular Party
Indian Justice Party
Indian National Congress
Indian Peace Party
Indian Peoples Forward Block
Indian Union Muslim League
Jaganmay Nari Sangathan
Jago Party
Jai Bharat Samanta Party
Jai Chhattisgarh Party
Jai Vijaya Bharathi Party
Jammu & Kashmir National Panthers Party
Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
Jan Samanta Party
Jan Surajya Shakti
Jana Hitkari Party
Janata Dal (Secular)
Janata Dal (United)
Janata Party
Janvadi Party(Socialist)
Jawan Kisan Morcha
Jharkhand Disom Party
Jharkhand Jan Morcha
Jharkhand Janadikhar Manch
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
Jharkhand Party
Jharkhand Party (Naren)
Jharkhand PeopleÂ’S Party
Jharkhand Vikas Dal
Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik)
Kalinga Sena
Kamtapur Progressive Party
Kannada Chalavali Vatal Paksha
Karnataka Rajya Ryota Sangha
Karnataka Thamizhar Munnetra Kazhagam
Kerala Congress
Kerala Congress (M)
Kosal Kranti Dal
Kosi Vikas Party
Kranti Kari Jai Hind Sena
Krantikari Samyavadi Party
Krantisena Maharashtra
Laghujan Samaj Vikas Party
Lal Morcha
Lok Bharati
Lok Dal
Lok Jan Shakti Party
Lok Jan Vikas Morcha
Lok Satta Party
Lok Vikas Party
Lokpriya Samaj Party
Loktanrik Sarkar Party
Loktantrik Samajwadi Party
Loktantrik Samata Dal
Mahagujarat Janta Party
Maharashtra Navnirman sena
Maharashtrawadi Gomantak
Mahila Adhikar Party
Mana Party
Manav Mukti Morcha
Manipur People’s Party
Marxist Communist Party of India (S.S. Srivastava)
Marxist Co-Ordination
Maulik Adhikar Party
Meghalaya Democratic Party
Moderate Party
Momin Conference
Muslim League Kerala State Committee
Muslim Majlis Uttar Pradesh
Nagaland Peoples Front
National Development Party
National Lokhind Party
National Loktantrik Party
National Secular Party
National Youth Party
Nationalist Congress Party
Navbharat Nirman Party
Orissa Mukti Morcha
Party for Democratic Socialism
Paschim Banga Rajya Muslim League
Peace Party
Peoples Democratic Alliance
Peoples Democratic Forum
People’s Democratic Front
Peoples Guardian
People’s Party of Arunachal
Peoples Republican Party
Prabuddha Republican Party
Pragatisheel Manav Samaj Party
Praja Bharath Party
Praja Rajyam Party
Prajatantrik Samadhan Party
Proutist Sarva Samaj
Proutist Sarva Samaj Party
Purvanchal Rajya Banao Dal
Pyramid Party of India
Rajyadhikara Party
Rashtra Sewa Dal
Rashtravadi Aarthik Swatantrata Dal
Rashtravadi Communist Party
Rashtravadi Janata Party
Rashtrawadi Sena
Rashtriya Agraniye Dal
Rashtriya Bahujan Congress Party
Rashtriya Dehat Morcha Party
Rashtriya Gondvana Party
Rashtriya Janata Dal
Rashtriya Jan-Jagram Morcha
Rashtriya Jan-vadi Party (Krantikari)
Rashtriya Kranti Party
Rashtriya Krantikari Janata Party
Rashtriya Krantikari Samajwadi Party
Rashtriya Lok Dal
Rashtriya Lokhit Party
Rashtriya Lokwadi Party
Rashtriya Machhua Samaj Party
Rashtriya Mazdoor Ekta Party
Rashtriya Pragati Party
Rashtriya Praja Congress (Secular)
Rashtriya Raksha Dal
Rashtriya Samaj Paksha
Rashtriya Samajwadi Party (United)
Rashtriya Samanta Dal
Rashtriya Swabhimaan Party
Rayalaseema Rashtra Samithi
Republican Paksha (Khoripa)
Republican Party of India
Republican Party of India (A)
Republican Party of India (Democratic )
Republican Party of India (Khobragade)
Republican Presidium Party of India
Republician Party of India Ektawadi
Revolutionary Communist Party of India (Rasik Bhatt)
Revolutionary Socialist Party
Samajik Jantantrik Party
Samajtantric Party of India
Samajwadi Jan Parishad
Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya)
Samajwadi Party
Samata Party
Samruddha Odisha
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Party
Sarvodaya Karnataka Paksha
Sarvodaya Party
Savarn Samaj Party
Save Goa Front
Shakti Sena (Bharat Desh)
Shivrajya Party
Shoshit Samaj Dal
Socialist Party (Lohia)
Suheldev Bhartiya Samaj Party
Sunder Samaj Party
Swabhimani Paksha
Swarajya Party Of India
Swatantra Bharat Paksha
Telangana Rashtra Samithi
Telugu Desam
The Humanist Party of India
Trilinga Praja Pragati Party
United Communist Party of India
United Democratic Party
United Goans Democratic Party
United Women Front
Uttar Pradesh Republican Party
Vanchit Jamat Party
Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katch
Vikas Party
Vishva Hindustani Sangathan
Yuva Vikas Party … and many many more….

S01    1    AP    ADILABAD    16-Apr-09    1    ADE TUKARAM    M    55    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    KOTNAK RAMESH    M    39    Indian National Congress
3    RATHOD RAMESH    M    43    Telugu Desam
4    RATHOD SADASHIV NAIK    M    50    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    MESRAM NAGO RAO    M    59    Praja Rajyam Party
6    ATHRAM LAXMAN RAO    M    47    Independent
7    GANTA PENTANNA    M    36    Independent
8    NETHAVAT RAMDAS    M    39    Independent
9    BANKA SAHADEVU    M    55    Independent
S01    2    AP    PEDDAPALLE    16-Apr-09    1    GAJJELA SWAMY    M    49    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    GOMASA SRINIVAS    M    41    Telangana Rashtra Samithi
3    MATHANGI NARSIAH    M    64    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    DR.G.VIVEKANAND    M    51    Indian National Congress
5    AREPELLI DAVID RAJU    M    36    Praja Rajyam Party
6    KRISHNA SABBALI    M    39    Marxist Communist Party of India (S.S. Srivastava)
7    AMBALA MAHENDAR    M    38    Independent
8    A. KAMALAMMA    F    36    Independent
9    GORRE RAMESH    M    42    Independent
10    NALLALA KANUKAIAH    M    39    Independent
11    B. MALLAIAH    M    32    Independent
12    K. RAJASWARI    F    38    Independent
13    D. RAMULU    M    51    Independent
14    G.VINAY KUMAR    M    51    Independent
15    S.LAXMAIAH    M    33    Independent
S01    3    AP    KARIMNAGAR    16-Apr-09    1    CHANDUPATLA JANGA REDDY    M    75    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    PONNAM PRABHAKAR    M    41    Indian National Congress
3    VINOD KUMAR BOINAPALLY    M    49    Telangana Rashtra Samithi
4    VIRESHAM NALIMELA    M    58    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    RAGULA RAMULU    M    40    Republican Party of India (A)
6    LINGAMPALLI SRINIVAS REDDY    M    39    Marxist Communist Party of India (S.S. Srivastava)
7    VELICHALA RAJENDER RAO    M    46    Praja Rajyam Party
8    T. SRIMANNARAYANA    M    68    Pyramid Party of India
9    K. PRABHAKAR    M    43    Independent
10    KORIVI VENUGOPAL    M    46    Independent
11    BARIGE GATTAIAH YADAV    M    32    Independent
12    GADDAM RAJI REDDY    M    48    Independent
13    PANAKANTI SATISH KUMAR    M    46    Independent
14    PEDDI RAVINDER    M    29    Independent
15    B. SURESH    M    32    Independent
S01    4    AP    NIZAMABAD    16-Apr-09    1    DR. BAPU REDDY    M    59    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    BIGALA GANESH GUPTA    M    39    Telangana Rashtra Samithi
3    MADHU YASKHI GOUD    M    50    Indian National Congress
4    YEDLA RAMU    M    53    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    DUDDEMPUDI SAMBASIVA RAO CHOUDARY    M    62    Lok Satta Party
6    P.VINAY KUMAR    M    51    Praja Rajyam Party
7    DR. V.SATHYANARAYANA MURTHY    M    51    Pyramid Party of India
8    S. SUJATHA    F    43    Trilinga Praja Pragati Party
9    AARIS MOHAMMED    M    46    Independent
10    KANDEM PRABHAKAR    M    44    Independent
11    GADDAM SRINIVAS    M    47    Independent
12    RAPELLY SRINIVAS    M    34    Independent
S01    5    AP    ZAHIRABAD    16-Apr-09    1    CHENGAL BAGANNA    M    66    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    M.VISHNU MUDIRAJ    M    35    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    SYED YOUSUF ALI    M    54    Telangana Rashtra Samithi
4    SURESH KUMAR SHETKAR    M    46    Indian National Congress
5    BENJAMIN RAJU    M    39    Indian Justice Party
6    MALKAPURAM SHIVA KUMAR    M    43    Praja Rajyam Party
7    MALLESH RAVINDER REDDY    M    39    Lok Satta Party
8    CHITTA RAJESHWAR RAO    M    45    Independent
9    POWAR SINGH HATTI SINGH    M    36    Independent
10    BASAVA RAJ PATIL    M    39    Independent
S01    6    AP    MEDAK    16-Apr-09    1    NARENDRANATH .C    M    45    Indian National Congress
2    P. NIROOP REDDY    M    50    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    VIJAYA SHANTHI .M    F    43    Telangana Rashtra Samithi
4    Y. SHANKAR GOUD    M    44    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    KOVURI PRABHAKAR    M    51    Pyramid Party of India
6    KHAJA QUAYUM ANWAR    M    43    Praja Rajyam Party
7    D. YADESHWAR    M    46    Bahujan Samaj Party(Ambedkar-Phule)
8    K. SUDHEER REDDY    M    37    Lok Satta Party
9    KUNDETI RAVI    M    32    Independent
S01    7    AP    MALKAJGIRI    16-Apr-09    1    NALLU INDRASENA REDDY    M    56    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    M.BABU RAO PADMA SALE    M    52    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    BHEEMSEN.T    M    60    Telugu Desam
4    SARVEY SATYANARAYANA    M    54    Indian National Congress
5    S.D.KRISHNA MURTHY    M    51    Trilinga Praja Pragati Party
6    T.DEVENDER GOUD    M    56    Praja Rajyam Party
7    NARENDER KUMBALA    M    39    Bharat Punarnirman Dal
8    PRATHANI RAMAKRISHNA    M    42    Rashtriya Krantikari Samajwadi Party
9    LION C FRANCIS MJF    M    56    Samajwadi Party
10    N V RAMA REDDY    M    54    Pyramid Party of India
11    DR.LAVU RATHAIAH    M    56    Lok Satta Party
12    KANTE KANAKAIAH GANGAPUTHRA    M    63    Independent
13    KOYAL KAR BHOJARAJ    M    35    Independent
14    CHENURU VENKATA SUBBA RAO    M    52    Independent
15    JAJULA BHASKAR    M    34    Independent
16    LT.COL. (RETD). DUSERLA PAPARAIDU    M    62    Independent
17    MD.MANSOORALI    M    31    Independent
18    S.VICTOR    M    40    Independent
19    K.SRINIVASA RAJU    M    44    Independent
S01    8    AP    SECUNDRABAD    16-Apr-09    1    ANJAN KUMAR YADAV M    M    47    Indian National Congress
2    BANDARU DATTATREYA    M    61    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    M. D. MAHMOOD ALI    M    55    Telangana Rashtra Samithi
4    M. VENKATESH    M    32    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    SRINIVASA SUDHISH RAMBHOTLA    M    40    Telugu Desam
6    ABDUS SATTAR MUJAHED    M    41    Muslim League Kerala State Committee
7    IMDAD JAH    M    64    Ambedkar National Congress
8    P. DAMODER REDDY    M    48    Pyramid Party of India
9    DR. DASOJU SRAVAN KUMAR    M    41    Praja Rajyam Party
10    S. DEVAIAH    M    59    Trilinga Praja Pragati Party
11    C.V.L. NARASIMHA RAO    M    51    Lok Satta Party
12    DR .POLISHETTY RAM MOHAN    M    57    Samata Party
13    MOHD. OSMAN QURESHEE    M    35    Ajeya Bharat Party
14    SHIRAZ KHAN    F    39    United Women Front
15    ASEERVADAM LELLAPALLI    M    51    Independent
16    AMBATI KRISHNA MURTHY    M    50    Independent
17    B. GOPALA KRISHNA    M    42    Independent
18    DEVI DAS RAO GHODKE    M    63    Independent
19    BABER ALI KHAN    M    51    Independent
20    M. BHAGYA MATHA    F    38    Independent
21    CH. MURAHARI    M    49    Independent
22    G. RAJAIAH    M    48    Independent
23    K. SRINIVASA CHARI    M    49    Independent
S01    9    AP    HYDERABAD    16-Apr-09    1    ZAHID ALI KHAN    M    66    Telugu Desam
2    P. LAXMAN RAO GOUD    M    55    Indian National Congress
3    SATISH AGARWAL    M    38    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    SAMY MOHAMMED    M    29    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    ASADUDDIN OWAISI    M    41    All India Majlis-E-Ittehadul Muslimeen
6    S. GOPAL SINGH    M    34    Akhil Bharatiya Jan Sangh
7    TAHER KAMAL KHUNDMIRI    M    52    Janata Dal (Secular)
8    FATIMA .A    F    41    Praja Rajyam Party
9    P. VENKATESWARA RAO    M    58    Pyramid Party of India
10    D. SURENDER    M    36    Trilinga Praja Pragati Party
11    AL-KASARY MOULLIM MOHSIN HUSSAIN    M    33    Independent
12    ALTAF AHMED KHAN    M    43    Independent
13    M.A. QUDDUS GHORI    M    43    Independent
14    ZAHID ALI KHAN    M    26    Independent
15    M.A. BASITH    M    55    Independent
16    MD. OSMAN    M    43    Independent
17    B. RAVI YADAV    M    33    Independent
18    N.L. SRINIVAS    M    31    Independent
19    M.A. SATTAR    M    29    Independent
20    D. SADANAND    M    45    Independent
21    SYED ABDUL GAFFTER    M    51    Independent
22    SARDAR SINGH    M    62    Independent
23    M.A. HABEEB    M    31    Independent
S01    10    AP    CHELVELLA    16-Apr-09    1    JAIPAL REDDY SUDINI    M    67    Indian National Congress
2    A.P.JITHENDER REDDY    M    54    Telugu Desam
3    BADDAM BAL REDDY    M    64    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    C.SRINIVAS RAO    M    39    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    KASANI GNANESHWAR    M    54    Mana Party
6    KUMMARI GIRI    M    28    Pyramid Party of India
7    DASARA SARALA DEVI    F    39    Marxist Communist Party of India (S.S. Srivastava)
8    DR.B.RAGHUVEER REDDY    M    42    Lok Satta Party
9    SAMA SRINIVASULU    M    34    Great India Party
10    S.MALLA REDDY    M    43    Independent
11    G.MALLESHAM GOUD    M    32    Independent
12    RAMESHWARAM JANGAIAH    M    58    Independent
13    LAXMINARAYANA    M    27    Independent
14    VENKATRAM NAIK    M    27    Independent
15    SAYAMOOLA NARSIMULU    M    30    Independent
S01    11    AP    MAHBUBNAGAR    16-Apr-09    1    KUCHAKULLA YADAGIRI REDDY    M    51    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    K. CHANDRASEKHAR RAO    M    55    Telangana Rashtra Samithi
3    DEVARAKONDA VITTAL RAO    M    57    Indian National Congress
4    PALEM SUDARSHAN GOUD    M    42    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    ABDUL KAREEM KHAJA MOHAMMAD    M    50    Lok Satta Party
6    ASIRVADAM    M    35    Great India Party
7    KOLLA VENKATESH MADIGA    M    37    Trilinga Praja Pragati Party
8    GUNDALA VIJAYALAKSHMI    F    61    Pyramid Party of India
9    B. BALRAJ GOUD    M    44    Mana Party
10    MUNISWAMY.C.R    M    32    Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya)
11    USHAN SATHYAMMA    F    32    Independent
12    USAIN RANGAMMA    F    50    Independent
13    YETTI CHINNA YENKAIAH    M    47    Independent
14    YETTI LINGAIAH    M    52    Independent
15    KANDUR KURMAIAH    M    56    Independent
16    KARRE JANGAIAH    M    29    Independent
17    GANGAPURI RAVINDAR GOUD    M    28    Independent
18    GAJJA NARSIMULU    M    35    Independent
20    M.A. JABBAR    M    39    Independent
21    DEPALLY MAISAIAH    M    27    Independent
22    DEPALLY SAYANNA    M    47    Independent
23    K. NARSIMULU    M    52    Independent
24    NAGENDER REDDY. K    M    49    Independent
25    PANDU    M    29    Independent
26    BUDIGA JANGAM LAXMAMMA    F    30    Independent
27    MOHAMMAD GHOUSE MOINUDDIN    M    76    Independent
28    MALA JANGILAMMA    F    50    Independent
29    RAJESH NAIK    M    29    Independent
30    RAIKANTI RAMADAS MADIGA    M    40    Independent
31    V. VENKATESHWARLU    M    32    Independent
32    B. SEENAIAH GOUD    M    62    Independent
S01    12    AP    NAGARKURNOOL    16-Apr-09    1    GUVVALA BALARAJU    M    31    Telangana Rashtra Samithi
2    TANGIRALA PARAMJOTHI    M    50    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    DR. MANDA JAGANNATH    M    57    Indian National Congress
4    DR. T. RATNAKARA    M    50    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    DEVANI SATYANARAYANA    M    39    Praja Rajyam Party
6    S.P.FERRY ROY    M    27    Pyramid Party of India
7    G. VIDYASAGAR    M    60    Lok Satta Party
8    ANAPOSALA VENKATESH    M    27    Independent
9    N. KURUMAIAH    M    27    Independent
10    BUDDULA SRINIVAS    M    35    Independent
11    A.V. SHIVA KUMAR    M    42    Independent
12    SIRIGIRI MANNEM    M    36    Independent
13    HANUMANTHU    M    28    Independent
S01    13    AP    NALGONDA    16-Apr-09    1    GUTHA SUKENDER REDDY    M    55    Indian National Congress
2    NAZEERUDDIN    M    55    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    VEDIRE SRIRAM REDDY    M    39    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    SURAVARAM SUDHAKAR REDDY    M    67    Communist Party of India
5    A. NAGESHWAR RAO    M    59    Pyramid Party of India
6    PADURI KARUNA    F    58    Praja Rajyam Party
7    DAIDA LINGAIAH    M    51    Independent
8    MD. NAZEEMUDDIN    M    40    Independent
9    BOLUSANI KRISHNAIAH    M    45    Independent
10    BOLLA KARUNAKAR    M    33    Independent
11    MARRY NEHEMIAH    M    55    Independent
12    YALAGANDULA RAMU    M    41    Independent
13    K.V.SRINIVASA CHARYULU    M    30    Independent
14    SHAIK AHMED    M    57    Independent
S01    14    AP    BHONGIR    16-Apr-09    1    KOMATIREDDY RAJ GOPAL REDDY    M    41    Indian National Congress
2    CHINTHA SAMBA MURTHY    M    50    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    NOMULA NARSIMHAIAH    M    49    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
4    SIDDHARTHA PHOOLEY    M    39    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    CHANDRA MOULI GANDAM    M    48    Praja Rajyam Party
6    PALLA PRABHAKAR REDDY    M    64    Pyramid Party of India
7    RACHA SUBHADRA REDDY    F    59    Lok Satta Party
8    GUMMI BAKKA REDDY    M    75    Independent
9    POOSA BALA KISHAN BESTA    M    35    Independent
10    PERUKA ANJAIAH    M    46    Independent
11    MAMIDIGALLA JOHN BABU    M    40    Independent
12    MEDI NARSIMHA    M    31    Independent
13    RUPANI RAMESH VADDERA    M    31    Independent
14    SANGU MALLAYYA    M    66    Independent
15    SIRUPANGI RAMULU    M    55    Independent
S01    15    AP    WARANGAL    16-Apr-09    1    JAYAPAL. V    M    63    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    DOMMATI SAMBAIAH    M    45    Telugu Desam
3    RAJAIAH SIRICILLA    M    55    Indian National Congress
4    RAMAGALLA PARAMESHWAR    M    55    Telangana Rashtra Samithi
5    LALAIAH P    M    65    Bahujan Samaj Party
6    ONTELA MONDAIAH    M    58    Pyramid Party of India
7    DR. CHANDRAGIRI RAJAMOULY    M    49    Praja Rajyam Party
8    BALLEPU VENKAT NARSINGA RAO    M    37    Lok Satta Party
9    KANNAM VENKANNA    M    32    Independent
10    KRISHNADHI SRILATHA    F    33    Independent
11    SOMAIAH GANAPURAM    M    39    Independent
12    DAMERA MOGILI    M    34    Independent
13    DUBASI NARSING    M    46    Independent
14    PAKALA DEVADANAM    M    74    Independent
15    D. SREEDHAR RAO    M    37    Independent
S01    16    AP    MAHABUBABAD    16-Apr-09    1    KUNJA SRINIVASA RAO    M    31    Communist Party of India
2    GUMMADI PULLAIAH    M    58    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    B. DILIP    M    35    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    P. BALRAM    M    45    Indian National Congress
5    D.T. NAIK    M    61    Praja Rajyam Party
6    PODEM SAMMAIAH    M    31    Pyramid Party of India
7    BANOTH MOLCHAND    M    60    Lok Satta Party
8    KALTHI VEERASWAMY    M    52    Independent
9    KECHELA RANGA REDDY    M    44    Independent
10    DATLA NAGESWAR RAO    M    42    Independent
11    PADIGA YERRAIAH    M    64    Independent
12    P. SATYANARAYANA    M    32    Independent
S01    17    AP    KHAMMAM    16-Apr-09    1    KAPILAVAI RAVINDER    M    45    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    THONDAPU VENKATESWARA RAO    M    30    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    NAMA NAGESWARA RAO    M    50    Telugu Desam
4    RENUKA CHOWDHURY    F    54    Indian National Congress
5    JALAGAM HEMAMALINI    F    40    Praja Rajyam Party
6    JUPELLI SATYANARAYANA    M    61    Lok Satta Party
7    MANUKONDA RAGHURAM PRASAD    M    55    Pyramid Party of India
8    SHAIK MADAR SAHEB    M    40    Trilinga Praja Pragati Party
9    AVULA VENKATESWARLU    M    45    Independent
10    CHANDA LINGAIAH    M    58    Independent
11    DANDA LINGAIAH    M    59    Independent
12    BANOTH LAXMA NAIK    M    52    Independent
13    MALLAVARAPU JEREMIAH    M    63    Independent
S01    18    AP    ARUKU    16-Apr-09    1    KISHORE CHANDRA SURYANARAYANA DEO VYRICHERLA    M    62    Indian National Congress
2    KURUSA BOJJAIAH    M    56    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    GADUGU BALLAYYA DORA    M    38    Rashtriya Janata Dal
4    MIDIYAM BABU RAO    M    58    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
5    LAKE RAJA RAO    M    50    Bahujan Samaj Party
6    MEENAKA SIMHACHALAM    M    43    Praja Rajyam Party
7    VADIGALA PENTAYYA    M    56    Lok Satta Party
8    APPA RAO KINJEDI    M    48    Independent
9    ARIKA GUMPA SWAMY    M    60    Independent
10    ILLA RAMI REDDY    M    54    Independent
11    JAYALAKSHMI SHAMBUDU    F    39    Independent
S01    19    AP    SRIKAKULAM    16-Apr-09    1    YERRNNAIDU KINJARAPU    M    50    Telugu Desam
2    KILLI KRUPA RANI    F    47    Indian National Congress
3    TANKALA SUDHAKARA RAO    M    57    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    DUPPALA RAVINDARA BABU    M    38    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    KALYANI VARUDU    F    29    Praja Rajyam Party
6    NANDA PRASADA RAO    M    37    Pyramid Party of India
S01    20    AP    VIZIANAGARAM    16-Apr-09    1    APPALA NAIDU KONDAPALLI    M    41    Telugu Desam
2    GOTTAPU CHINAMNAIDU    M    56    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    JHANSI LAXMI BOTCHA    F    45    Indian National Congress
4    SANYASI RAJU PAKALAPATI    M    51    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    KIMIDI GANAPATHI RAO    M    52    Praja Rajyam Party
6    LUNKARAN JAIN    M    60    Pyramid Party of India
7    DATTLA SATYA APPALA SIVANANDA RAJU    M    34    Lok Satta Party
8    VENKATA SATYA NARAYANA RAGHUMANDA    M    28    Bharatiya Sadbhawna Samaj Party
9    MAHESWARA RAO VARRI    M    35    Independent
S01    21    AP    VISAKHAPATNAM    16-Apr-09    1    I.M.AHMED    M    41    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    DAGGUBATI PURANDESWARI    F    49    Indian National Congress
3    DR.M.V.V.S.MURTHI    M    70    Telugu Desam
4    D.V.SUBBARAO    M    76    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    PALLA SRINIVASA RAO    M    40    Praja Rajyam Party
6    BETHALA KEGIYA RANI    F    26    Bahujan Samaj Party(Ambedkar-Phule)
7    D.BHARATHI    F    53    Pyramid Party of India
8    D.V.RAMANA (VASU MASTER)    M    37    Trilinga Praja Pragati Party
9    RAMESH LANKA    M    49    Bharatheeya Sadharma Samsthapana Party
10    M.T.VENKATESWARALU    M    42    Lok Satta Party
11    APPARAO GOLAGANA    M    46    Independent
12    BANDAM VENKATA RAO YADAV    M    32    Independent
13    YADDANAPUDI RANGARAO    M    78    Independent
14    YALAMANCHILI PRASAD    M    54    Independent
15    RANGARAJU KALIDINDI    M    46    Independent
S01    22    AP    ANAKAPALLI    16-Apr-09    1    APPA RAO KIRLA    M    57    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    NOOKARAPU SURYA PRAKASA RAO    M    50    Telugu Desam
3    BHEEMISETTI NAGESWARARAO    M    41    Rashtriya Janata Dal
4    VENKATA RAMANA BABU PILLA    M    35    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    SABBAM HARI    M    55    Indian National Congress
6    ALLU ARAVIND    M    62    Praja Rajyam Party
7    PULAMARASETTI VENKATA RAMANA    M    28    Pyramid Party of India
8    BOYINA NAGESWARA RAO    M    52    Janata Dal (United)
9    NANDA GOPAL GANDHAM    M    60    Independent
10    PATHALA SATYA RAO    M    46    Independent
S02    1    AR    ARUNACHAL WEST    16-Apr-09    1    KIREN RIJIJU    M    37    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    TAKAM SANJOY    M    42    Indian National Congress
3    TABA TAKU    M    25    Lok Bharati
4    SUBU KECHI    M    36    Independent
S02    2    AR    ARUNACHAL EAST    16-Apr-09    1    LOWANGCHA WANGLAT    M    66    Arunachal Congress
2    NINONG ERING    M    50    Indian National Congress
3    TAPIR GAO    M    48    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    DR. SAMSON BORANG    M    33    People’s Party of Arunachal
S03    1    AS    KARIMGANJ    16-Apr-09    1    RAJESH MALLAH    M    43    Assam United Democratic Front
2    LALIT MOHAN SUKLABAIDYA    M    68    Indian National Congress
3    SUDHANGSHU DAS    M    41    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    UTTAM NOMOSUDRA    M    34    Independent
5    JOY DAS    M    37    Independent
6    DEBASISH DAS    M    36    Independent
7    PROBHASH CH. SARKAR    M    36    Independent
8    BIJON ROY    M    35    Independent
9    BIJOY MALAKAR    M    42    Independent
10    MALATI ROY    F    42    Independent
11    MILON SINGHA    M    42    Independent
12    RANJAN NAMASUDRA    M    41    Independent
13    RAJESH CHANDRA ROY    M    29    Independent
14    SITAL PRASAD DUSAD    M    55    Independent
15    HIMANGSHU KUMAR DAS    M    28    Independent
S03    2    AS    SILCHAR    16-Apr-09    1    KABINDRA PURKAYASTHA    M    74    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    DIPAK BHATTACHARJEE    M    69    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
3    BADRUDDIN AJMAL    M    54    Assam United Democratic Front
4    SONTOSH MOHAN DEV    M    75    Indian National Congress
5    KANTIMOY DEB    M    60    Independent
6    CHANDAN RABIDAS    M    34    Independent
7    JAYANTA MALLICK    M    36    Independent
8    JOY SUNDAR DAS    M    38    Independent
9    NAGENDRA CHANDRA DAS    M    28    Independent
10    NAZRUL HAQUE MAZARBHUIYAN    M    36    Independent
11    NABADWIP DAS    M    58    Independent
12    PIJUSH KANTI DAS    M    38    Independent
13    MANISH BHATTACHARJEE    M    62    Independent
14    YOGENDRA KUMAR SINGH    M    40    Independent
15    SUBIR DEB    M    41    Independent
16    SUMIT ROY    M    33    Independent
S03    3    AS    AUTONOMOUS DISTRICT    16-Apr-09    1    KULENDRA DAULAGUPU    M    36    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    BIREN SINGH ENGTI    M    64    Indian National Congress
3    HIDDHINATH RONGPI    M    45    Nationalist Congress Party
4    ELWIN TERON    M    48    Autonomous State Demand Committee
5    DR. JAYANTA RONGPI    M    54    Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
6    KABON TIMUNGPI    F    56    Independent
S04    17    BR    GOPALGANJ    16-Apr-09    1    ANIL KUMAR    M    41    Rashtriya Janata Dal
2    JANAK RAM    M    37    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    PURNMASI RAM    M    52    Janata Dal (United)
4    RAMAI RAM    M    66    Indian National Congress
5    MADHU BHARTI    F    39    Loktantrik Samata Dal
6    RAM KUMAR MANJHI    M    30    Suheldev Bhartiya Samaj Party
7    RAMASHANKAR RAM    M    43    Rashtriya Jan-Jagram Morcha
8    SATYADEO RAM    M    39    Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
9    ASHA DEVI    F    46    Independent
10    DINANATH MANJHI    M    31    Independent
11    DHARMENDRA KUMAR HAZRA    M    41    Independent
12    BANITHA BAITHA    F    25    Independent
13    RAJESH KUMAR RAM    M    28    Independent
14    RAM SURAT RAM    M    42    Independent
15    SHAMBHU DOM    M    41    Independent
16    SURENDRA PASWAN    M    28    Independent
S04    18    BR    SIWAN    16-Apr-09    1    PARASH NATH PATHAK    M    60    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    BRISHIN PATEL    M    60    Janata Dal (United)
3    VIJAY SHANKER DUBEY    M    60    Indian National Congress
4    HENA SHAHAB    F    36    Rashtriya Janata Dal
5    AMAR NATH YADAV    M    44    Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
6    ASWANI KR. VERMA    M    28    Indian Justice Party
7    MADHURI PANDAY    F    35    Samajik Jantantrik Party
8    LAL BABU TIWARI    M    55    Rashtriya Krantikari Samajwadi Party
9    UMESH TIWARY    M    30    Independent
10    OM PRAKASH YADAV    M    43    Independent
11    NIDHI KIRTI    F    26    Independent
12    PRABHU NATH MALI    M    26    Independent
13    DR. MUNESHWAR PRASAD    M    68    Independent
14    RAJENDRA KUMAR    M    36    Independent
15    SHAMBHU NATH PRASAD    M    60    Independent
S04    19    BR    MAHARAJGANJ    16-Apr-09    1    UMA SHANAKER SINGH    M    61    Rashtriya Janata Dal
2    TARKESHWAR SINGH    M    51    Indian National Congress
3    PRABHU NATH SINGH    M    56    Janata Dal (United)
4    RAVINDRA NATH MISHRA    M    54    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    RAMESH SINGH KUSHWAHA    M    59    Loktantrik Samata Dal
6    SATYENDRA KR. SAHANI    M    41    Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
7    GAUTAM PRASAD    M    30    Independent
8    DHURENDRA RAM    M    47    Independent
9    NAYAN PRASAD    M    53    Independent
10    PRADEEP MANJHI    M    32    Independent
11    BANKE BIHARI SINGH    M    25    Independent
12    RAJESH KUMAR SINGH    M    26    Independent
13    BREENDA PATHAK    M    63    Independent
S04    20    BR    SARAN    16-Apr-09    1    RAJIV PRATAP RUDY    M    48    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    LALU PRASAD    M    60    Rashtriya Janata Dal
3    SALIM PERWEZ    M    47    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    SANTOSH PATEL    M    39    Loktantrik Samata Dal
5    SOHEL AKHATAR    M    33    Bharatiya Momin Front
6    KUMAR BALRAM SINGH    M    56    Independent
7    DHUPENDRA SINGH    M    33    Independent
8    RAJKUMAR RAI    M    33    Independent
9    RAJAN HRISHIKESH CHANDRA    M    25    Independent
10    RAJARAM SAHANI    M    49    Independent
11    LAL BABU RAY    M    46    Independent
12    SHEO DAS SINGH    M    74    Independent
S04    32    BR    ARRAH    16-Apr-09    1    MEENA SINGH    F    44    Janata Dal (United)
2    RAMA KISHORE SINGH    M    46    Lok Jan Shakti Party
3    REETA SINGH    F    40    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    HARIDWAR PRASAD SINGH    M    64    Indian National Congress
5    AJIT PRASAD MEHTA    M    43    Jawan Kisan Morcha
6    ARUN SINGH    M    48    Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
7    BHARAT BHUSAN PANDEY    M    35    Akhil Bharatiya Jan Sangh
8    RAMADHAR SINGH    M    48    Shivsena
9    SAMBHU PRASAD SHARMA    M    57    All India Forward Bloc
10    SANTOSH KUMAR    M    32    Rashtriya Dehat Morcha Party
11    SATYA NARAYAN YADAV    M    67    Rashtra Sewa Dal
12    SAIYAD GANIUDDIN HAIDER    M    42    Ambedkar National Congress
13    ASHOK KUMAR SINGH    M    38    Independent
14    BHARAT SINGH SAHYOGI    M    45    Independent
15    MAHESH RAM    M    45    Independent
16    SOBH NATH SINGH    M    39    Independent
S04    33    BR    BUXAR    16-Apr-09    1    KAMLA KANT TIWARY    M    67    Indian National Congress
2    JAGADA NAND SINGH    M    65    Rashtriya Janata Dal
3    LAL MUNI CHOUBEY    M    71    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    SHYAM LAL SINGH KUSHWAHA    M    54    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    MOKARRAM HUSSAIN    M    57    Suheldev Bhartiya Samaj Party
6    MOHAN SAH    M    33    Bharatiya Jantantrik Janta Dal
7    RAJENDRA SINGH MAURYA    M    32    Loktantrik Samata Dal
8    DR. VIJENDRA NATH UPADHYAY    M    37    Shivsena
9    SHYAM BIHARI BIND    M    46    Janvadi Party(Socialist)
10    SATYENDRA OJHA    M    27    Apna Dal
11    SUDAMA PRASAD    M    41    Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
12    SURESH WADEKAR    M    38    Republican Party of India
13    KAMLESH CHOUDHARY    M    35    Independent
14    JAI SINGH YADAV    M    34    Independent
15    DADAN SINGH    M    45    Independent
16    PRATIBHA DEVI    F    40    Independent
17    PHULAN PANDIT    M    44    Independent
18    RAJENDRA PASWAN    M    33    Independent
19    LALLAN RUPNARAIN PATHAK    M    65    Independent
20    SHIV CHARAN YADAV    M    55    Independent
21    SUNIL KUMAR DUBEY    M    32    Independent
22    SURENDRA KUMAR BHARTI    M    38    Independent
S04    34    BR    SASARAM    16-Apr-09    1    GANDHI AZAD    M    62    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    MEIRA KUMAR    F    63    Indian National Congress
3    MUNI LAL    M    61    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    LALAN PASWAN    M    45    Rashtriya Janata Dal
5    DUKHI RAM    M    39    Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
6    BABBAN CHAUDHARY    M    39    Loktantrik Samata Dal
7    BALIRAM RAM    M    43    Pragatisheel Manav Samaj Party
8    BHOLA PRASAD    M    38    Indian Justice Party
9    RADHA DEBI    F    28    Apna Dal
10    RAM NAGINA RAM    M    41    Rashtriya Krantikari Janata Party
11    RAM YADI RAM    M    72    Republican Party of India
12    PRAMOD KUMAR    M    26    Independent
13    BHARAT RAM    M    33    Independent
14    MUNIYA DEBI    F    41    Independent
15    RAM PRAVESH RAM    M    47    Independent
16    SURENDRA RAM    M    39    Independent
S04    35    BR    KARAKAT    16-Apr-09    1    AWADHESH KUMAR SINGH    M    53    Indian National Congress
2    UPENDRA KUMAR SHARMA    M    47    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    KANTI SINGH    F    54    Rashtriya Janata Dal
4    MAHABALI SINGH    M    54    Janata Dal (United)
5    AJAY KUMAR    M    32    Republican Party of India (A)
6    JYOTI RASHMI    F    30    Rashtra Sewa Dal
7    MUDREEKA YADAV    M    59    Apna Dal
8    RAJ KISHOR MISRA    M    30    Alpjan Samaj Party
9    RAJA RAM SINGH    M    53    Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
10    MD.SHAMIULLAH MANSOORI    M    62    Shoshit Samaj Dal
11    ER.ABDUL SATAR    M    62    Independent
12    AMAVAS RAM    M    50    Independent
13    PRO. KAMTA PRASAD YADAV    M    46    Independent
14    GIRISH NARAYAN SINGH    M    48    Independent
15    SATISH PANDEY    M    27    Independent
16    HARI PRASAD SINGH    M    63    Independent
S04    36    BR    JAHANABAD    16-Apr-09    1    DR. ARUN KUMAR    M    49    Indian National Congress
2    JAGDISH SHARMA    M    58    Janata Dal (United)
3    RAMADHAR SHARMA    M    54    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    SURENDRA PRASAD YADAV    M    51    Rashtriya Janata Dal
5    AYASHA KHATUN    F    28    Loktantrik Samata Dal
6    PROF. JAI RAM PRASAD SINGH    M    70    Shoshit Samaj Dal
7    TARA GUPTA    F    62    Rashtriya Pragati Party
8    MAHANAND PRASAD    M    41    Communist Party of India(Marxist-Leninist)(Liberation)
9    RAMASRAY PRASAD SINGH    M    83    Rashtriya Lok Dal
10    MD. SAHABUDDIN JAHAN    M    36    Bharatiya Sarvodaya Kranti Party
11    SHRAVAN KUMAR    M    32    Lal Morcha
12    SADHU SINHA    M    68    All India Forward Bloc
13    SYED AKBAR IMAM    M    49    Akhil Bharatiya Ashok Sena
14    AJAY KUMAR VERMA    M    41    Independent
15    ABHAY KUMAR ANIL    M    41    Independent
16    DR. ARBIND KUMAR    M    52    Independent
17    ARVIND PRASAD SINGH    M    43    Independent
18    UPENDRA PRASAD    M    31    Independent
19    JAGDISH YADAV    M    40    Independent
20    PRIKSHIT SINGH    M    36    Independent
21    PRABHAT KUMAR RANJAN    M    32    Independent
22    RANJIT SHARMA    M    28    Independent
23    RAKESHWAR KISHOR    M    35    Independent
24    SIYA RAM PRASAD    M    40    Independent
25    SUMIRAK SINGH    M    50    Independent
S04    37    BR    AURANGABAD    16-Apr-09    1    ARCHANA CHANDRA    F    32    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    NIKHIL KUMAR    M    67    Indian National Congress
3    SHAKIL AHMAD KHAN    M    61    Rashtriya Janata Dal
4    SUSHIL KUMAR SINGH    M    43    Janata Dal (United)
5    ANIL KUMAR SINGH    M    36    Rashtra Sewa Dal
6    AMERIKA MAHTO    M    48    Shoshit Samaj Dal
7    RAM KUMAR MEHTA    M    37    Loktantrik Samata Dal
8    VIJAY PASWAN    M    48    Bharatiya Sarvodaya Kranti Party
9    ASLAM ANSARI    M    38    Independent
10    INDRA DEO RAM    M    58    Independent
11    UDAY PASWAN    M    41    Independent
12    PUNA DAS    M    34    Independent
13    RANJEET KUMAR    M    48    Independent
14    RAJENDRA YADAV    M    42    Independent
15    RAMSWARUP PRASAD YADAV    M    72    Independent
16    SANTOSH KUMAR    M    40    Independent
S04    38    BR    GAYA    16-Apr-09    1    KALAWATI DEVI    F    27    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    RAMJI MANJHI    M    49    Rashtriya Janata Dal
3    SANJIV PRASAD TONI    M    52    Indian National Congress
4    HARI MANJHI    M    47    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    DILIP PASWAN    M    41    Navbharat Nirman Party
6    NIRANJAN KUMAR    M    35    Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
7    RAJESH KUMAR    M    27    Loktantrik Samata Dal
8    RAMDEV ARYA PAAN    M    67    Akhil Bharatiya Jan Sangh
9    AMAR NATH PRASAD    M    35    Independent
10    KRISHNA CHOUDHARY    M    26    Independent
11    KAIL DAS    M    66    Independent
12    DIPAK PASWAN    M    27    Independent
13    RAM KISHORE PASWAN    M    36    Independent
14    RAMU PASWAN    M    29    Independent
15    SHIV SHANKAR KUMAR    M    33    Independent
16    SHYAM LAL MANJHI    M    50    Independent
S04    39    BR    NAWADA    16-Apr-09    1    GANESH SHANKAR VIDYARTHI    M    85    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
2    BHOLA SINGH    M    70    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    MASIH UDDIN    M    36    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    VEENA DEVI    F    36    Lok Jan Shakti Party
5    SUNILA DEVI    F    38    Indian National Congress
6    UMAKANT RAHI    M    37    Shoshit Samaj Dal
7    KAILASH PAL    M    48    Bharatiya Sarvodaya Kranti Party
8    VIDHYAPATI SINGH    M    46    Loktantrik Samata Dal
9    SURENDRA KUMAR CHAUDHARY    M    45    Suheldev Bhartiya Samaj Party
10    AKHILESH SINGH    M    38    Independent
11    ANIL MEHTA    M    36    Independent
12    KAUSHAL YADAV    M    39    Independent
13    CHANCHALA DEVI    F    33    Independent
14    DURGA PRASAD DHAR    M    29    Independent
15    NAVIN KUMAR VERMA    M    38    Independent
16    RAJ KISHOR RAJ    M    43    Independent
17    RAJ BALLABH PRASAD    M    46    Independent
18    RAJENDRA VISHAL    M    44    Independent
19    RAJENDRA SINGH    M    60    Independent
20    SHAMBHU PRASAD    M    41    Independent
21    SUNIL KUMAR    M    28    Independent
S04    40    BR    JAMUI    16-Apr-09    1    ASHOK CHOUDHARY    M    42    Indian National Congress
2    GAJADHAR RAJAK    M    63    Communist Party of India
3    BHAGWAN DAS    M    61    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    BHUDEO CHOUDHARY    M    46    Janata Dal (United)
5    SHYAM RAJAK    M    56    Rashtriya Janata Dal
6    ARJUN MANJHI    M    45    Jago Party
7    UPENDRA RAVIDAS    M    30    Samata Party
8    OM PRAKASH PASWAN    M    62    Loktantrik Samata Dal
9    GULAB CHANDRA PASWAN    M    58    Rashtriya Krantikari Janata Party
10    NUNDEO MANJHI    M    54    Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik)
11    PRASADI PASWAN    M    37    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
12    SUBHASH PASWAN    M    36    Samajtantric Party of India
13    KAPILDEO DAS    M    55    Independent
14    JAY SEKHAR MANJHI    M    48    Independent
15    PAPPU RAJAK    M    40    Independent
16    YOGENDRA PASWAN    M    37    Independent
17    VIJAY PASWAN    M    29    Independent
18    BILAKSHAN RAVIDAS    M    51    Independent
19    SARYUG PASWAN    M    65    Independent
S09    6    JK    JAMMU    16-Apr-09    1    S.TARLOK SINGH    M    59    Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
2    HUSSAIN ALI    M    48    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    LILA KARAN SHARMA    M    68    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    MADAN LAL SHARMA    M    56    Indian National Congress
5    UDAY CHAND    M    55    Duggar Pradesh Party
6    SURJIT SINGH ‘G’ SITARA    M    58    Rashtriya Krantikari Samajwadi Party
7    SANT RAM    M    73    Bharatiya Bahujan Party
8    SANJEEV KUMAR MANMOTRA    M    42    Lok Jan Shakti Party
9    QARI ZAHIR ABBAS BHATTI    M    39    All India Forward Bloc
10    ABDUL MAJEED MALIK    M    37    Backward Classes Democratic Party, J&K
11    ASHOK KUMAR    M    45    Independent
12    BALWAN SINGH    M    35    Independent
13    PARAS RAM POONCHI    M    56    Independent
14    RAMESH CHANDER SHARMA    M    36    Independent
15    SATISH POONCHI    M    60    Independent
16    SANJAY KUMAR    M    39    Independent
17    SHAKEELA BANO    F    32    Independent
18    LABHA RAM GANDHI    M    46    Independent
19    CH. MUSHTAQ HUSSAIN CHOUHAN    M    38    Independent
20    NARESH DOGRA    M    40    Independent
21    HILAL AHMED BAIG    M    29    Independent
S11    1    KL    KASARAGOD    16-Apr-09    1    P KARUNAKARAN    M    64    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
2    K.H.MADHAVI    F    35    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    SHAHIDA KAMAL    F    40    Indian National Congress
4    K. SURENDRAN    M    37    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    ABBAS MUTHALAPPARA    M    47    Independent
6    MOHAN NAYAK    M    73    Independent
7    P.K. RAMAN    M    48    Independent
S11    2    KL    KANNUR    16-Apr-09    1    P.P KARUNAKARAN MASTER    M    61    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    K.K BALAKRISHNAN NAMBIAR    M    52    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    K.K RAGESH    M    38    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
4    K. SUDHAKARAN    M    60    Indian National Congress
5    P.I. CHANDRASEKHARAN    M    53    The Humanist Party of India
6    JOHNSON ALIAS SUNNY AMBATT    M    48    Independent
7    K. RAGESH S/O. JANARDHANAN    M    33    Independent
8    PATTATHIL RAGHAVAN    M    82    Independent
9    K. SUDHAKARAN KAVINTE ARIKATH    M    39    Independent
S11    3    KL    VADAKARA    16-Apr-09    1    ADV.K. NOORUDHEEN MUSALIAR    M    56    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    MULLAPPALLY RAMACHANDRAN    M    64    Indian National Congress
3    K.P SREESAN    M    49    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    ADV. P. SATHEEDEVI    F    52    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
5    T.P CHANDRASEKHARAN    M    47    Independent
6    NAROTH RAMACHANDRAN    M    58    Independent
7    P.SATHIDEVI PALLIKKAL    F    36    Independent
8    SATHEEDEVI    F    42    Independent
S11    4    KL    WAYANAD    16-Apr-09    1    K. MURALEEDHARAN    M    51    Nationalist Congress Party
2    RAJEEV JOSEPH    M    40    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    C. VASUDEVAN MASTER    M    65    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    M.I. SHANAVAS    M    57    Indian National Congress
5    ADVOCATE. M. RAHMATHULLA    M    48    Communist Party of India
6    KALLANGODAN ABDUL LATHEEF    M    46    Independent
7    CLETUS    M    52    Independent
8    DR. NALLA THAMPY THERA    M    75    Independent
9    ADVOCATE. SHANAVAS MALAPPURAM    M    36    Independent
10    SHANAVAS MANAKULANGARA PARAMBIL    M    29    Independent
11    SUNNY PONNAMATTOM    M    58    Independent
12    M.P. RAHMATH    M    30    Independent
13    RAHMATHULLA POOLADAN    M    36    Independent
S11    5    KL    KOZHIKODE    16-Apr-09    1    A.K. ABDUL NASAR    M    35    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    ADV. P.A. MOHAMED RIYAS    M    33    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
3    V. MURALEEDHARAN    M    49    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    M.K. RAGHAVAN    M    57    Indian National Congress
5    ADV. P. KUMARANKUTTY    M    64    Independent
6    K. MUHAMMED RIYAS    M    27    Independent
7    P. MUHAMMED RIYAS    M    28    Independent
8    P.A. MOHAMMED RIYAS    M    37    Independent
9    MUDOOR MUHAMMED HAJI    M    44    Independent
10    K. RAGHAVAN    M    44    Independent
11    P. RAMACHANDRAN NAIR    M    63    Independent
12    M. RAGHAVAN    M    65    Independent
13    VINOD K.    M    33    Independent
14    ADV. SABI JOSEPH    M    60    Independent
15    DR. D.SURENDRANATH    M    60    Independent
16    RIYAS    M    31    Independent
S11    6    KL    MALAPPURAM    16-Apr-09    1    ADV.E.A. ABOOBACKER    M    52    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    ADV. N. ARAVINDAN    M    43    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    E. AHAMED    M    70    Muslim League Kerala State Committee
4    T.K. HAMSA    M    71    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
S11    7    KL    PONNANI    16-Apr-09    1    K. JANACHANDRAN MASTER    M    57    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    P.K. MUHAMMED    M    56    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    E.T. MUHAMMED BASHEER    M    62    Muslim League Kerala State Committee
4    ABDUREHMAN    M    32    Independent
5    DR. AZAD    M    45    Independent
6    PULLANI GOVINDAN    M    64    Independent
7    DR. HUSSAIN RANTATHANI    M    51    Independent
8    HUSSAIN EDAYATH    M    29    Independent
9    HUSSAIN KADAIKKAL    M    37    Independent
10    HUSSAIN PERICHAYIL    M    42    Independent
11    HUSSAIN    M    29    Independent
12    DR. HUSSAIN    M    40    Independent
13    K. SADANANDAN    M    62    Independent
S11    8    KL    PALAKKAD    16-Apr-09    1    ABDUL RAZAK MOULAVI    M    47    Nationalist Congress Party
2    CHANDRAN. V    M    63    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    C.K. PADMANABHAN    M    60    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    M.B. RAJESH    M    34    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
5    SATHEESAN PACHENI    M    41    Indian National Congress
6    A. AROKIASAMY    M    61    Independent
7    M.R. MURALI    M    43    Independent
8    N.V. RAJESH    M    35    Independent
9    VIJAYAN AMBALAKKAD    M    42    Independent
10    SATHEESAN. E.V    M    37    Independent
S11    9    KL    ALATHUR    16-Apr-09    1    P.K BIJU    M    34    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
2    M. BINDU TEACHER    F    35    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    DR. G SUDEVAN    M    61    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    N.K SUDHEER    M    44    Indian National Congress
5    K. GOPALAKRISHNAN    M    39    Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
6    BIJU K.K    M    38    Independent
7    P.C BIJU    M    36    Independent
8    C.K RAMAKRISHNAN    M    43    Independent
9    K.K SUDHIR    M    44    Independent
S11    10    KL    THRISSUR    16-Apr-09    1    P C CHACKO    M    62    Indian National Congress
2    C N JAYADEVAN    M    58    Communist Party of India
3    ADV. JOSHY THARAKAN    M    42    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    REMA REGUNANDAN    F    48    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    AJAYAN KUTTIKAT    M    36    Janata Dal (United)
6    K ARUN KUMAR    M    39    Independent
7    KUNJAN PULAYAN    M    52    Independent
8    E A JOSEPH    M    49    Independent
9    N K RAVI    M    46    Independent
10    P C SAJU    M    35    Independent
11    ADV. N HARIHARAN NAIR    M    63    Independent
S11    11    KL    CHALAKUDY    16-Apr-09    1    ADV. U.P JOSEPH    M    45    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
2    K.P. DHANAPALAN    M    59    Indian National Congress
3    MUTTAM ABDULLA    M    49    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    ADV.K.V. SABU    M    47    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    HAMSA KALAPARAMBATH    M    47    Lok Jan Shakti Party
6    JOHNNY K CHEEKU    M    47    Independent
7    JOSE MAVELI    M    58    Independent
8    U.P JOSE    M    45    Independent
9    DR. P.S. BABU    M    42    Independent
10    T.S NARAYANAN MASTER    M    67    Independent
11    C.A. HASEENA    F    36    Independent
S11    12    KL    ERNAKULAM    16-Apr-09    1    PROF. K V THOMAS    M    61    Indian National Congress
2    A.N. RADHAKRISHNAN    M    49    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    SHERIF MOHAMMED    M    56    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    SINDHU JOY    F    32    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
5    SAJU THOMAS    M    43    Lok Jan Shakti Party
6    MARY FRANCIS MOOLAMPILLY    F    59    Independent
7    VISWAMBARAN    M    59    Independent
8    SAJI THURUTHIKUNNEL    M    37    Independent
9    SINDHU K.S    F    36    Independent
10    SINDHU JAYAN    F    38    Independent
S11    13    KL    IDUKKI    16-Apr-09    1    ADV. P.T THOMAS    M    59    Indian National Congress
2    ADV. K. FRANCIS GEORGE    M    54    Kerala Congress
3    ADV. BIJU M JOHN    M    40    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    SREENAGARI RAJAN    M    49    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    VASUDEVAN    M    39    Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katch
6    ADV. CHITTOOR RAJAMANNAR    M    50    Independent
7    JOSE KUTTIYANY    M    69    Independent
8    KANCHIYAR PEETHAMBARAN    M    45    Independent
9    BABY    M    51    Independent
10    M A SOOSAI    M    45    Independent
S11    14    KL    KOTTAYAM    16-Apr-09    1    JOSE K.MANI    M    44    Kerala Congress (M)
2    ADV. NARAYANAN NAMBOOTHIRI    M    48    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    ADV. SURESH KURUP    M    52    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
4    SPENCER MARKS    M    39    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    ADV. JAIMON THANKACHAN    M    39    Samajwadi Jan Parishad
6    ANTO P JOHN    M    41    Independent
7    JUNO JOHN BABY    M    34    Independent
8    JOSE    M    45    Independent
9    JOSE MATHEW    M    32    Independent
10    JOSE K. MANI    M    32    Independent
11    BABU    M    41    Independent
12    K.T MATHEW    M    50    Independent
13    MINI K PHILIP    F    41    Independent
14    M.S RAVEENDRAN    M    49    Independent
15    K. RAJAPPAN    M    57    Independent
16    SASIKUTTAN VAKATHANAM    M    53    Independent
17    SURESH N.B KURUP    M    26    Independent
18    SURESHKUMAR K    M    33    Independent
19    SURESHKUMAR T.R    M    36    Independent
20    SURESH KURUMBAN    M    36    Independent
S11    15    KL    ALAPPUZHA    16-Apr-09    1    DR. K.S MANOJ    M    43    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
2    K.C VENUGOPAL    M    46    Indian National Congress
3    K.S PRASAD    M    54    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    P.J KURIAN    M    63    Janata Dal (United)
5    S. SEETHILAL    M    45    Independent
6    SONY J. KALYANKUMAR    M    51    Independent
S11    16    KL    MAVELIKKARA    16-Apr-09    1    R.S ANIL    M    34    Communist Party of India
2    KODIKKUNNIL SURESH    M    46    Indian National Congress
3    DR. N.D MOHAN    M    56    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    P.M VELAYUDHAN    M    52    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    ANIL KUMAR    M    26    Independent
6    K.S SASIKALA    F    40    Independent
7    SOORANAD SUKUMARAN    M    60    Independent
S11    17    KL    PATHANAMTHITTA    16-Apr-09    1    ANANTHA GOPAN    M    61    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
2    ANTO ANTONY    M    52    Indian National Congress
3    KARUNAKARAN NAIR    M    78    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    MANI C.KAPPEN    M    51    Nationalist Congress Party
5    RADHAKRISHNA MENON    M    44    Bharatiya Janata Party
6    KUNJU PILLAI    M    60    Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
7    ANTO    M    33    Independent
8    JYOTHISH M.R    M    37    Independent
9    THAMBI    M    40    Independent
10    NIRANAM RAJAN    M    47    Independent
11    PUSHPANGADAN    M    40    Independent
12    MATHEW PAREY    M    26    Independent
S11    18    KL    KOLLAM    16-Apr-09    1    ADVT. K M JAYANANDAN    M    52    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    N.PEETHAMBARAKURUP    M    66    Indian National Congress
3    VAYAKKAL MADHU    M    48    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    P.RAJENDRAN    M    58    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
5    ADV.ANU SASI    M    28    Independent
6    KRISHNAMMAL    F    59    Independent
7    K A JOHN    M    55    Independent
8    N.PEETHAMBARAKURUP    M    61    Independent
9    S.PRADEEP KUMAR    M    30    Independent
10    S.RADHAKRISHNAN    M    47    Independent
11    R.ZAKIEER HUSSAIN    M    37    Independent
S11    19    KL    ATTINGAL    16-Apr-09    1    PROF.G BALACHANDRAN    M    63    Indian National Congress
2    THOTTAKKADU SASI    M    54    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    ADV. A SAMPATH    M    46    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
4    J SUDHAKARAN    M    60    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    SREENATH    M    53    Shivsena
6    JAYAKUMAR    M    56    Independent
7    BALACHANDRAN    M    51    Independent
8    BALACHNDRAN C P    M    59    Independent
9    MURALI KUMAR    M    43    Independent
10    J VIJAYAKUMAR    M    49    Independent
11    VIVEKANANDAN    M    59    Independent
12    SHAMSUDEEN    M    56    Independent
13    SAJIMON    M    25    Independent
14    SAIFUDEEN M    M    55    Independent
S11    20    KL    THIRUVANANTHAPURAM    16-Apr-09    1    P K KRISHNA DAS    M    45    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    M.P.GANGADHARAN    M    74    Nationalist Congress Party
3    DR.A NEELALOHITHADASAN NADAR    M    61    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    ADV. P RAMACHANDRAN NAIR    M    57    Communist Party of India
5    SHASHI THAROOR    M    53    Indian National Congress
6    AJITHKUMAR.K    M    41    All India Trinamool Congress
7    JAIN WILSON    M    41    Bahujan Shakty
8    G ASHOKAN    M    47    Independent
9    T.GEORGE    M    40    Independent
10    DILEEP    M    28    Independent
11    U.NAHURMIRAN PEERU MOHAMMED    M    49    Independent
12    PRATHAPAN    M    54    Independent
13    MOHANAN JOSHWA    M    49    Independent
14    SASI – JANAKI SADAN    M    39    Independent
15    SASI – KALAPURAKKAL    M    51    Independent
16    SHAJAR KHAN    M    38    Independent
S13    5    MH    BULDHANA    16-Apr-09    1    JADHAV PRATAPRAO GANPATRAO    M    49    Shivsena
2    DANDGE VASANTRAO SUGDEO    M    55    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    SHINGNE DR.RAJENDRA BHASKARRAO    M    48    Nationalist Congress Party
4    AMARDEEP BALASAHEB DESHMUKH    M    27    Krantisena Maharashtra
5    QURRASHI SK.SIKANDAR SK. SHAUKAT    M    33    Democratic Secular Party
6    GAJANAN RAJARAM SIRSAT    M    27    Rashtriya Samaj Paksha
7    DHOKNE RAVINDRA TULSHRAMJI    M    44    Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha
8    FERAN CHADRAHAS JAGDEO    M    54    Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha
9    GANESH ARJUN ZORE    M    25    Independent
10    TAYDE VITTHAL PANDHARI    M    56    Independent
11    DEVIDAS PIRAJI SARKATE    M    35    Independent
12    SY. BILAL SY. USMAN    M    38    Independent
13    BHARAT PUNJAJI SHINGANE    M    40    Independent
14    RAJESH NIKANTHRAO TATHE    M    52    Independent
15    RATHOD CHHAGAN BABULAL    M    29    Independent
S13    6    MH    AKOLA    16-Apr-09    1    DHOTRE SANJAY SHAMRAO    M    50    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    BABASAHEB DHABEKAR    M    78    Indian National Congress
3    ATIK AHAMAD GU. JILANI    M    34    Democratic Secular Party
4    AMBEDKAR PRAKASH YASHWANT    M    56    Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha
5    GANESH TULSHIRAM TATHE    M    49    Kranti Kari Jai Hind Sena
6    DIPAK SHRIRAM TIRAKE    M    33    Rashtriya Samaj Paksha
7    AJABRAO UTTAMRAO BHONGADE    M    36    Independent
8    THAKURDAS GOVIND CHOUDHARI    M    39    Independent
9    MUJAHID KHAN CHAND KHAN    M    42    Independent
10    RAUT DEVIDAS ANANDRAO    M    45    Independent
11    WASUDEORAO KHADE GURUJI    M    68    Independent
S13    7    MH    AMRAVATI    16-Apr-09    1    ADSUL ANANDRAO VITHOBA    M    61    Shivsena
2    GANGADHAR GADE    M    62    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    UGLE SUNIL NAMDEV    M    32    Peoples Republican Party
4    UBALE SHRIKRISHNA CHAMPATRAO    M    62    Ambedkarist Republican Party
5    KESHAV DASHARATH WANKHADE    M    38    Kranti Kari Jai Hind Sena
6    GAWAI RAJENDRA RAMKRUSHNA    M    46    Republican Party of India
7    PRINCIPAL GOPICHAND SURYABHAN MESHRAM    M    52    Republican Paksha (Khoripa)
8    BARSE MANOHAR DAULATRAO    M    53    Indian Union Muslim League
9    SAU MAMATA VINAYAK KANDALKAR    F    31    Assam United Democratic Front
10    DR. HEMANTKUMAR RAMBHAU MAHURE    M    34    Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha
11    AMOL DEVIDASRAO JADHAV    M    25    Independent
12    UMAK SHRIKRUSHNA SHYAMRAO    M    57    Independent
13    BANDU SAMPATRAO SANE (BANDYA L.S.)    M    43    Independent
14    BHAURAO SHRIRAM CHHAPANE    M    38    Independent
15    MITHUN HIRAMAN GAIKWAD    M    51    Independent
16    PROF. MUKUND VITTHALRAO KHAIRE    M    51    Independent
17    DR. RAJIV GULABRAO JAMTHE    M    53    Independent
18    RAJU MAHADEVRAO SONONE    M    38    Independent
19    VISHWANATH GOTUJI JAMNEKAR    M    60    Independent
20    SUDHAKAR VYANKAT RAMTEKE (MAJI SAINIK)    M    25    Independent
21    ADV. SUDHIR HIRAMAN TAYADE    M    42    Independent
22    SUNIL PRABHU RAMTEKE    M    37    Independent
S13    8    MH    WARDHA    16-Apr-09    1    KANGALE BIPIN BABASAHEB    M    32    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    DATTA MEGHE    M    72    Indian National Congress
3    SURESH GANPATRAO WAGHMARE    M    48    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    DIWATE RAMESH MADHAORAO    M    46    Krantisena Maharashtra
5    NARAYANRAO RAMJI CHIDAM    M    68    Gondvana Gantantra Party
6    DR. NITIN KESHORAO CHAVAN    M    46    Peoples Republican Party
7    PYARE SAHAB SHEIKH KARIM    M    41    Democratic Secular Party
8    BHOSE KAILAS VISHWASRAO    M    36    Gondwana Mukti Sena
9    ADV. SURESH SHINDE    M    42    Indian Justice Party
10    SANGITA SUNIL ALIAS SONU KAMBLE    F    33    Ambedkarist Republican Party
11    ISHWARKUMAR SHANKARRAO GHARPURE    M    50    Independent
12    GUNWANT TUKARAMJI DAWANDE    M    70    Independent
13    JAGANNATH NILKANTHRAO RAUT    M    54    Independent
14    TAGADE VISHWESHWAR AWADHUTRAO    M    47    Independent
15    RAMTEKE PRAKASH BAKARAM    M    60    Independent
16    SARANG PRAKASHRAO YAWALKAR    M    31    Independent
S13    9    MH    RAMTEK    16-Apr-09    1    TUMANE KRUPAL BALAJI    M    43    Shivsena
2    PRAKASHBHAU KISHAN TEMBHURNE    M    34    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    WASNIK MUKUL BALKRISHNA    M    49    Indian National Congress
4    KUMBHARE SULEKHA NARAYAN    F    49    Bahujan Republican Ekta Manch
5    DESHPANDE SANJAY SAOJI    M    44    Hindustan Janta Party
6    NAGARKAR PRASHANT HANSRAJ    M    34    Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha
7    NANDKISHOR SADHUJI DONGRE    M    34    Gondvana Gantantra Party
8    BAGDE SUJEET WASUDEORAO    M    43    Janata Dal (Secular)
9    PROF. BORKAR PRADIP DARYAV    M    48    Republican Paksha (Khoripa)
10    MAYATAI CHAWRE (UTWAL)    F    37    Samajwadi Party
11    VISKAS RAJARAM DAMLE    M    41    Republican Party of India (Khobragade)
12    SEEMA JEEVAN RAMTEKE    F    36    Democratic Secular Party
13    SANDIP SHESHRAO GAJBHIYE    M    36    Gondwana Mukti Sena
14    ASHISH ARUN NAGARARE    M    28    Independent
15    KHUSHAL UDARAMJI TUMANE    M    53    Independent
16    DHONE ANIL    M    43    Independent
17    ADV. DUPARE ULHAS SHALIKRAM    M    42    Independent
18    BARWE MADHUKAR DOMAJI    M    43    Independent
19    ADV. YUVRAJ ANANDRAOJI BAGDE    M    34    Independent
20    RURESH MANGALDAS BORKAR    M    33    Independent
S13    10    MH    NAGPUR    16-Apr-09    1    PUROHIT BANWARILAL BHAGWANDAS    M    69    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    ENGINEER MANIKRAO VAIDYA    M    56    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    MUTTEMWAR VILASRAO BABURAOJI    M    60    Indian National Congress
4    ARUN SHAMRAO JOSHI    M    58    Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha
5    KUMBHARE SULEKHA NARAYAN    F    49    Bahujan Republican Ekta Manch
6    ADV. GAJANAN SADASHIV KAWALE    M    51    Republican Paksha (Khoripa)
7    DILIP MANGAL MADAVI    M    44    Gondvana Gantantra Party
8    MEHMOOD KHAN RAHEEM KHAN    M    27    Democratic Secular Party
9    DR. YASHWANT MANOHAR    M    66    Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha
10    RAUT RAMESHCHANDRA    M    56    Prabuddha Republican Party
11    RAJESH SUKHDEV GAIKWAD    M    32    Kranti Kari Jai Hind Sena
12    ADV. VASANTA UMRE    M    50    Democratic Party of India
13    SOMKUWAR VIJAY SITARAM    M    41    Ambedkarist Republican Party
14    AZIZUR REHMAN SHEIKH    M    46    Independent
15    ASHISH ARUN NAGRARE    M    28    Independent
16    ADV. UPASHA BANSI TAYWADE    M    67    Independent
17    JAGDISH RAGHUNATH AMBADE    M    44    Independent
18    PRATIBHA UDAY KHAPARDE    F    35    Independent
19    PREMDAS RAMCHANDRA RAMTEKE    M    48    Independent
20    BARPATRE CHANDRABHAN SOMAJI    M    48    Independent
22    MOHAMAD HABIB REEZAVI    M    50    Independent
23    RAJESHKUMAR MOHANLAL PUGALIA    M    37    Independent
24    RAHUL MADHUKAR DESHMUKH    M    34    Independent
25    VIJAY DEVRAO DHAKATE    M    26    Independent
26    SUNIL GAYAPRASAD MISHRA    M    41    Independent
27    PROF. DNYANESH WAKUDKAR    M    52    Independent
S13    11    MH    BHANDARA – GONDIYA    16-Apr-09    1    GANVIR SHIVKUMAR NAGARCHI    M    56    Communist Party of India
2    JAISWAL VIRENDRAKUMAR KASTURCHAND    M    53    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    PATLE SHISHUPAL NATTHUJI    M    42    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    PATEL PRAFUL MANOHARBHAI    M    52    Nationalist Congress Party
5    UNDIRWADE HEMANT JAGIVAN    M    45    Prabuddha Republican Party
6    JAMAIWAR SUNIL PARASRAM    M    38    Rashtriya Samaj Paksha
7    PATHAN MUSHTAK LATIF    M    32    Democratic Secular Party
8    PRATIBHA VASANT PIMPALKAR    F    38    Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha
9    WASNIK SUNIL MANIRAM    M    38    Republican Paksha (Khoripa)
10    UKEY CHINDHUJI LAKHAJI    M    50    Independent
11    GAJBHIYE BRAMHASWARUP BABURAO    M    33    Independent
12    GAJBHIYE RAJENDRA MAHADEO    M    35    Independent
13    ADV. DHANANJAY SHAMLALJI RAJABHOJ    M    50    Independent
14    NANABHAU FALGUNRAO PATOLE    M    47    Independent
15    PATLE AKARSING SITARAM    M    36    Independent
17    MIRZA WAHIDBEG AHAMADBEG    M    33    Independent
18    YELE GANESHRAM SUKHRAM    M    54    Independent
19    RAHANGADALE MULCHAND OLGAN    M    56    Independent
20    DR. RAMSAJIVAN KAWDU LILHARE    M    60    Independent
21    SADANAND SHRAWANJI GANVIR    M    40    Independent
S13    12    MH    GADCHIROLI-CHIMUR    16-Apr-09    1    ASHOK MAHADEORAO NETE    M    45    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    ATRAM RAJE SATYAWANRAO    M    58    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    KOWASE MAROTRAO SAINUJI    M    59    Indian National Congress
4    NAMDEO ANANDRAO KANNAKE    M    50    Communist Party of India
5    PROFFESOR KHANDALE KAWDU TULSHIRAM    M    69    Kranti Kari Jai Hind Sena
6    ADV. DADMAL PRABHAKAR MAHAGUJI    M    54    Peoples Republican Party
7    PENDAM DIWAKAR GULAB    M    38    Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha
8    PENDAM PURUSHOTTAM ZITUJI    M    35    Democratic Secular Party
9    VIJAY SURAJSING MADAVI    M    39    Gondvana Gantantra Party
10    JAMBHULE NARAYAN DINABAJI    M    54    Independent
11    DINESH TUKARAM MADAVI    M    28    Independent
S13    13    MH    CHANDRAPUR    16-Apr-09    1    AHIR HANSARAJ GANGARAM    M    54    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    PUGALIA NARESH    M    60    Indian National Congress
3    ADV. HAZARE DATTABHAU KRUSHNARAO    M    52    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    KHARTAD LOMESH MAROTI    M    55    Rashtrawadi Sena
5    KHOBRAGADE DESHAK GIRISHBABU    M    38    Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha
6    CHATAP WAMAN SADASHIVRAO    M    58    Swatantra Bharat Paksha
7    JAWED ABDUL KURESHI ALIAS PROF. JAWED PASHA    M    47    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
8    JITENDRA ADAKU RAUT    M    32    Akhil Bhartiya Manavata Paksha
9    DANGE NATTHU BHAURAO    M    41    Ambedkarist Republican Party
10    PATHAN A. RAZZAK KHAN HAYAT KHAN    M    44    Samajwadi Party
11    MASRAM NIRANJAN SHIVRAM    M    42    Gondvana Gantantra Party
12    KALE DAMODHAR LAXMAN    M    85    Independent
13    QURESHI IKHALAQ MOHD. YUSUF    M    51    Independent
14    GODE NARAYAN SHAHUJI    M    42    Independent
15    DEKATE BHASKAR PARASHRAM    M    55    Independent
16    MADHUKAR VITTHALRAO NISTANE    M    43    Independent
17    MESHRAM CHARANDAS JANGLUJI    M    65    Independent
18    RAMESH RAGHOBAJI TAJNE    M    45    Independent
19    VINOD DINANATH MESHRAM    M    34    Independent
20    VIRENDRA TARACHANDJI PUGLIA    M    53    Independent
21    SHATRUGHN VYANKATRAO SONPIMPLE    M    37    Independent
22    SANJAY NILKANTH GAWANDE    M    45    Independent
23    HIWARKAR SUDHIR MOTIRAMJI    M    43    Independent
S13    14    MH    YAVATMAL-WASHIM    16-Apr-09    1    YEDATKAR DILIP LAXMANRAO    M    50    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    BHAVANA GAWALI (PATIL)    F    36    Shivsena
3    HARISING RATHOD    M    54    Indian National Congress
4    UTTAM BHAGAJI KAMBLE    M    41    Prabuddha Republican Party
5    KURESHI SK. MEHBUB SK.FATTU    M    44    Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha
6    KWAJA NASIRODDINE KHAN    M    29    Democratic Secular Party
7    GAJANAN KASHIRAM PATIL (HEMBADE)    M    26    Krantisena Maharashtra
8    DHAGE VITTHAL MAHADEV    M    45    Rashtriya Samaj Paksha
9    MANIYAR YUNUS MAHMOOD ZAHMI    M    50    Assam United Democratic Front
10    MOHMMAD KHAN AZIZ KHAN    M    43    Samajwadi Party
11    ATHAWALE SADANAND PRALHADRAO    M    39    Independent
12    GAJANAN BURMAL DODWADE    M    36    Independent
13    NETAJI SITARAMJI KINAKE    M    58    Independent
14    NANDKISHOR NARAYANRAO THAKARE    M    34    Independent
15    PAWAR RAMESH GORSING    M    53    Independent
16    PURUSHOTTAM DOMAJI BHAJGAWRE    M    48    Independent
17    MADHUKAR SHIVDASPPA GORATE    M    67    Independent
18    MANOJ JANARDAN PATIL    M    38    Independent
19    MUKHADE SAU. LALITARAI SUBHASHRAO    F    32    Independent
20    MESHRAM BANDU GANPAT    M    40    Independent
21    MOHD. INAMURRAHIM MOHD. MUSA    M    51    Independent
23    RAJKUMAR NARAYAN BHUJADALE    M    35    Independent
24    RATHOD DEVISING RAMA    M    56    Independent
25    SD. VHIDODDIN SD. KRIMODDIN    M    44    Independent
26    VISHNU KASINATH TAWKAR    M    47    Independent
27    SURESH BABAN PEDEKAR    M    33    Independent
28    SURESH BHIVA TARAL    M    29    Independent
S13    15    MH    HINGOLI    16-Apr-09    1    DR. B.D. CHAVHAN    M    45    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    SUBHASH BAPURAO WANDHEDE    M    46    Shivsena
3    SURYAKANTA JAIWANTRAO PATIL    F    63    Nationalist Congress Party
4    UTTAMRAO DAGADUJI BHAGAT    M    65    Prabuddha Republican Party
5    AJAS NOORMINYA    M    32    Democratic Secular Party
6    NAIK MADHAVRAO BAHENARAO    M    65    Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha
7    VINAYAK SHRIRAM BHISE    M    27    Krantisena Maharashtra
8    GUNDEKAR SANJAY ADELU    M    35    Independent
9    PATHAN SATTAR KASIMKHAN    M    38    Independent
10    PACHPUTE RAMPRASAD KISHANRAO    M    41    Independent
11    MD. A. MUJIM ANSARI A.    M    33    Independent
S13    16    MH    NANDED    16-Apr-09    1    KHATGAONK PATIL BHASKARRAO BAPURAO    M    65    Indian National Congress
2    MD. MAKBUL SALIM HAJI MD. KHAJA    M    60    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    SAMBHAJI PAWAR    M    60    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    ALTAF AHMAD EAKBAL AHMAD    M    43    Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha
5    KHADE SANJAY WAMANRAO    M    29    Prabuddha Republican Party
6    TIWARI RAMA BHAGIRAT    F    40    Rashtriya Samaj Paksha
7    ADV. C.S. BAHETI    M    56    Janata Party
8    MORE RAJESH EKNATHRAO    M    34    Krantisena Maharashtra
9    A. RAEES A. JABBAR    M    36    Ambedkar National Congress
10    SHINDE PREETI MADHUKAR    F    27    Jan Surajya Shakti
11    SHUDHIR YASHWANT SURVE    M    40    Kranti Kari Jai Hind Sena
12    COM. ASHOK NAGORAO GHAYALE    M    40    Independent
13    ANAND JADHAV HOTALKAR    M    42    Independent
14    KOREWAR BALAJI NARSING    M    38    Independent
15    JADHAV VISHNU MAROTI    M    35    Independent
16    NAVGHARE ANAND PANDURANG    M    48    Independent
17    NARAYAN SURYAVANSHI DOANGONKAR    M    63    Independent
18    PATHAN ZAFAR ALI KHAN MAHEMUD ALI KHAN    M    63    Independent
19    ‘AIDS MAN’ PRAKASH TATERAO LANDGE    M    40    Independent
20    BHARANDE RAMCHANDRA GANGARAM    M    31    Independent
21    ADV. RAMRAO PANDURANG WAGHMARE    M    52    Independent
22    HANMANTE VIJAY CHANDRAO    M    35    Independent
S13    17    MH    PARBHANI    16-Apr-09    1    ADV. DUDHGAONKAR GANESHRAO NAGORAO    M    64    Shivsena
2    RAJSHRI BABASAHEB JAMAGE    F    46    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    WARPUDKAR SURESH AMBADASRAO    M    60    Nationalist Congress Party
4    AJIM AHMED KHAN AJIJ KHAN    M    32    Democratic Secular Party
5    ASHOKRAO BABARAO AMBHORE    M    46    Ambedkar National Congress
6    KACHOLE MANAVENDRA SAWALARAM    M    65    Swatantra Bharat Paksha
7    KALE VYANKATRAO BHIMRAO    M    31    Krantisena Maharashtra
8    NAMDEV LIMBAJI KACHAVE    M    68    Kranti Kari Jai Hind Sena
9    BHAND GANGADHAR SAKHARAM    M    70    Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha
10    MULE BABAN DATTARAO    M    41    Rashtriya Samaj Paksha
11    RUMALE TUKARAM DHONDIBA    M    51    Prabuddha Republican Party
13    ASAD BIN ABDULLAHA BIN    M    43    Independent
14    JAMEEL AHMED SK. AHMED    M    44    Independent
16    RATHOD RAMRAO DHANSING SIR    M    58    Independent
17    SHINDE LAXMAN EKANATH    M    36    Independent
18    SAMAR GORAKHNATH PAWAR    M    41    Independent
19    SALVE SUDHAKAR UMAJI    M    47    Independent
S14    2    MN    OUTER MANIPUR    16-Apr-09    1    THANGSO BAITE    M    56    Indian National Congress
2    D. LOLI ADANEE    M    56    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    L.B. SONA    M    58    Nationalist Congress Party
4    M. JAMKHONGAM @ M. YAMKHONGAM HAOKIP    M    49    Rashtriya Janata Dal
5    THANGKHANGIN    M    53    Lok Jan Shakti Party
6    MANI CHARENAMEI    M    50    Peoples Democratic Alliance
7    VALLEY ROSE HUNGYO    F    53    Independent
8    MANGSHI (ROSE MANGSHI HAOKIP)    F    63    Independent
9    LAMLALMOI GANGTE    M    33    Independent
S15    1    ML    SHILLONG    16-Apr-09    1    DALINGTON DYMPEP    M    78    Communist Party of India
2    JOHN FILMORE KHARSHIING    M    46    United Democratic Party
3    VINCENT H PALA    M    41    Indian National Congress
4    P. B. M. BASAIAWMOIT    M    60    Hill State People’s Democratic Party
5    MARTLE N.MUKHIM    M    59    Meghalaya Democratic Party
6    DENIS SIANGSHAI    M    44    Independent
7    TIEROD PASSAH    M    45    Independent
S15    2    ML    TURA    16-Apr-09    1    AGATHA K. SANGMA    F    28    Nationalist Congress Party
2    DEBORA C. MARAK    F    43    Indian National Congress
3    BOSTON MARAK    M    28    A-Chik National Congress(Democratic)
4    ARLENE N. SANGMA    F    53    Independent
S16    1    MZ    MIZORAM    16-Apr-09    1    LALAWMPUIA CHHANGTE    M    42    Nationalist Congress Party
2    C.L.RUALA    M    72    Indian National Congress
3    DR. H. LALLUNGMUANA    M    65    Independent
4    RUALPAWLA    M    54    Independent
S17    1    NL    NAGALAND    16-Apr-09    1    K. ASUNGBA SANGTAM    M    62    Indian National Congress
2    C.M. CHANG    M    65    Nagaland Peoples Front
3    DR. RILANTHUNG ODYUO    M    39    All India Trinamool Congress
S18    1    OR    BARGARH    16-Apr-09    1    RADHARANI PANDA    F    48    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    SANJAY BHOI    M    35    Indian National Congress
3    SUNIL KUMAR AGRAWAL    M    37    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    DR. HAMID HUSSAIN    M    54    Biju Janata Dal
5    NILADRI BEHARI PANDA    M    29    Kosal Kranti Dal
6    SURENDRA KUMAR AGRAWAL    M    37    Independent
S18    2    OR    SUNDARGARH    16-Apr-09    1    JUAL ORAM    M    48    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    JEROM DUNGDUNG    M    39    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    LIVNUS KINDO    M    64    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
4    SALOMI MINZ    F    48    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
5    HEMANANDA BISWAL    M    67    Indian National Congress
6    RAMA CHANDRA EKKA    M    61    Jharkhand Disom Party
7    SAGAR SING MANKEE    M    60    Kosal Kranti Dal
8    DALESWAR MAJHI    M    58    Independent
9    MANSID EKKA    M    63    Independent
S18    3    OR    SAMBALPUR    16-Apr-09    1    AMARNATH PRADHAN    M    51    Indian National Congress
2    GOBINDA RAM AGARWAL    M    59    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    ROHIT PUJARI    M    35    Biju Janata Dal
4    SURENDRA LATH    M    59    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    ASHOK KUMAR NAIK    M    53    Kosal Kranti Dal
6    BIJAYA KUMAR MAHANANDA    M    35    Republican Party of India
7    MD. ALI HUSSAIN    M    37    Independent
S18    10    OR    BOLANGIR    16-Apr-09    1    KALIKESH NARAYAN SINGH DEO    M    34    Biju Janata Dal
2    NARASINGHA MISHRA    M    68    Indian National Congress
3    BALHAN SAGAR    M    51    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    SANGITA KUMARI SINGH DEO    F    47    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    DINGAR KUMBHAR    M    41    Samruddha Odisha
S18    11    OR    KALAHANDI    16-Apr-09    1    NAKULA MAJHI    M    66    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    BIKRAM KESHARI DEO    M    57    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    BHAKTA CHARAN DAS    M    52    Indian National Congress
4    SUBASH CHANDRA NAYAK    M    62    Biju Janata Dal
5    PARAMESWAR KAND    M    47    Samajwadi Party
6    BALARAM HOTA    M    33    Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
7    DAMBARUDHARA SUNANI    M    34    Independent
8    MAHESWAR BHOI    M    36    Independent
S18    12    OR    NABARANGPUR    16-Apr-09    1    CHANDRADHWAJ MAJHI    M    49    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    DOMBURU MAJHI    M    68    Biju Janata Dal
3    PARSURAM MAJHI    M    49    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    PRADEEP KUMAR MAJHI    M    33    Indian National Congress
S18    13    OR    KANDHAMAL    16-Apr-09    1    ASHOK SAHU    M    57    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    PAULA BALIARSING    M    52    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    RUDRAMADHAB RAY    M    71    Biju Janata Dal
4    SUZIT KUMAR PADHI    M    49    Indian National Congress
5    NAKUL NAYAK    M    46    Samajwadi Party
6    AJIT KUMAR NAYAK    M    26    Independent
7    KAMALA KANTA PANDEY    M    64    Independent
8    GHORABANA BEHERA    M    42    Independent
9    DEENABANDHU NAIK    M    45    Independent
S18    19    OR    ASKA    16-Apr-09    1    NITYANANDA PRADHAN    M    65    Biju Janata Dal
2    RAMACHANDRA RATH    M    63    Indian National Congress
3    SHANTI DEVI    F    71    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    KRISHNA DALABEHERA    M    43    Kalinga Sena
5    BIJAYA KUMAR MAHAPATRO    M    56    Revolutionary Socialist Party
6    SURJYA NARAYAN SAHU    M    37    Samruddha Odisha
7    KALICHARAN NAYAK    M    53    Independent
8    DEBASIS MISRA    M    48    Independent
9    K. SHYAM BABU SUBUDHI    M    73    Independent
S18    20    OR    BERHAMPUR    16-Apr-09    1    CHANDRA SEKHAR SAHU    M    58    Indian National Congress
2    PABITRA GAMANGO    M    35    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    BHARAT PAIK    M    50    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    SIDHANT MAHAPATRA    M    42    Biju Janata Dal
5    NIRAKAR BEHERA    M    35    Kalinga Sena
6    ALI RAZA ZIADI    M    30    Independent
7    KISHORE CHANDRA MAHARANA    M    61    Independent
8    A. RAGHUNATH VARMA    M    71    Independent
9    K. SHYAM BABU SUBUDHI    M    73    Independent
S18    21    OR    KORAPUT    16-Apr-09    1    UPENDRA MAJHI    M    29    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    GIRIDHAR GAMANG    M    56    Indian National Congress
3    JAYARAM PANGI    M    53    Biju Janata Dal
4    PAPANNA MUTIKA    M    65    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    KUMUDINI DISARI    F    34    Samruddha Odisha
6    MEGHANADA SABAR    M    40    Communist Party of India(Marxist-Leninist)(Liberation)
S24    63    UP    MAHARAJGANJ    16-Apr-09    1    AJEET MANI    M    41    Samajwadi Party
2    GANESH SHANKER PANDEY    M    51    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    PANKAJ CHAUDHARY    M    38    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    HARSH VARDHAN    M    61    Indian National Congress
5    ABDWURRUF ANSARI    M    45    National Lokhind Party
6    PAWAN KUMAR    M    39    Republican Party of India (A)
7    RAM KISHUN NISHAD    M    52    Suheldev Bhartiya Samaj Party
8    SATYA NARAYAN URF SATNARAYAN    M    58    Bharatiya Eklavya Party
9    OMPRAKASH CHATURVEDI    M    63    Independent
10    DILIP KUMAR    M    28    Independent
11    RAM NIVAS    M    37    Independent
12    LAL BIHARI    M    42    Independent
13    CHAUDHARY SANJAY SINGH PATEL    M    29    Independent
14    SHYAM SUNDER DAS CHAURASIA    M    28    Independent
15    HANUMAN    M    51    Independent
S24    64    UP    GORAKHPUR    16-Apr-09    1    ADITYANATH    M    36    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    MANOJ TIWARI MRIDUL    M    39    Samajwadi Party
3    LALCHAND NISHAD    M    67    Indian National Congress
4    VINAY SHANKAR TIWARI    M    41    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    AMAN    M    35    Ambedkar Samaj Party
6    JOKHAN PRASAD    M    46    Eklavya Samaj Party
7    DAYASHANKAR NISHAD    M    38    Apna Dal
8    RAJBAHADUR    M    28    Indian Justice Party
9    RAJMANI    M    46    Bharatiya Eklavya Party
10    RAJESH SAHANI    M    44    Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
11    SRINATH    M    29    Suheldev Bhartiya Samaj Party
12    AJAY KUMAR    M    40    Independent
13    AWADHESH SINGH    M    32    Independent
14    OMPRAKASH SINGH    M    43    Independent
15    GOVIND    M    43    Independent
16    CHHEDILAL    M    59    Independent
17    NIRANJAN PRASAD    M    35    Independent
18    NEERAJ YADAV    M    31    Independent
19    DR. BRIJESH MANI TRIPATHI    M    44    Independent
20    MANOJ TIWARI    M    30    Independent
21    RAKESH KUMAR    M    38    Independent
22    RAJAN YADAV M.B.A.    M    31    Independent
23    RAMHIT NISHAD    M    53    Independent
24    LAL BAHADUR    M    68    Independent
25    VINOD SHUKLA    M    29    Independent
26    HARISHCHANDRA    M    42    Independent
S24    65    UP    KUSHI NAGAR    16-Apr-09    1    BRAMHA SHANKER    M    56    Samajwadi Party
2    KU. RATANJEET PRATAP NARAYAN SINGH    M    45    Indian National Congress
3    VIJAY DUBEY    M    41    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    SWAMI PRASAD MAURYA    M    54    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    ANIL    M    43    Republican Party of India (A)
6    KISHOR KUMAR    M    40    Indian Peace Party
7    K KUMAR    M    56    Purvanchal Rajya Banao Dal
8    JANGI    M    55    Suheldev Bhartiya Samaj Party
9    DHEERAJ SHEKHAR SHRIWASTAWA    M    49    Rashtriya Lokwadi Party
10    BABU LAL    M    40    Bharatiya Republican Paksha
11    MATIULLAH    M    43    National Lokhind Party
12    MADAN LAL    M    46    Maulik Adhikar Party
13    AMEERUDDIN    M    31    Independent
14    JAGDISH    M    57    Independent
15    JAI GOVIND    M    35    Independent
16    DAROGA    M    37    Independent
17    RAMESH    M    35    Independent
18    RAM BRIKSH    M    54    Independent
S24    66    UP    DEORIA    16-Apr-09    1    GORAKH PRASAD JAISWAL    M    72    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    BALESHWAR YADAV    M    55    Indian National Congress
3    MOHAN SINGH    M    58    Samajwadi Party
4    SHRI PRAKASH MANI TRIPATHI    M    64    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    GANGA PRASAD KUSHWAHA    M    70    Purvanchal Rajya Banao Dal
6    JAGDISH KUMAR VERMA    M    36    Lokpriya Samaj Party
7    DHARMENDRA KUMAR    M    33    Suheldev Bhartiya Samaj Party
8    MOTI LAL KUSHWAHA SHASTRI    M    59    Rashtriya Samanta Dal
9    SAFAYAT ALI    M    51    Peace Party
10    SARITA    F    27    Ambedkar Samaj Party
11    RAM KISHOR YADAV ALIAS VIDHAYAK    M    51    Independent
12    VIJAY JUAATHA    M    42    Independent
S24    67    UP    BANSGAON    16-Apr-09    1    KAMLESH PASWAN    M    33    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    MAHA BEER PRASAD    M    66    Indian National Congress
3    SHARADA DEVI    F    59    Samajwadi Party
4    SHREE NATH JI    M    58    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    CHANDRIKA    M    29    Rashtriya Jan-vadi Party (Krantikari)
6    RAMA SHANKER    M    37    Peace Party
7    RAM PRAVESH PRASAD    M    37    Eklavya Samaj Party
8    HARILAL    M    32    Bahujan Uday Manch
9    KU. KUNJAWATI    F    36    Independent
10    MANOJ KUMAR    M    29    Independent
11    RADHEYSHYAM    M    35    Independent
12    RAMKAWAL    M    56    Independent
13    RAMSAKAL    M    32    Independent
14    RAMA PASWAN    M    33    Independent
15    VINAI KUMAR    M    33    Independent
S24    68    UP    LALGANJ    16-Apr-09    1    DAROGA PRASAD SAROJ    M    60    Samajwadi Party
2    NEELAM SONKAR    F    33    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    DR. BALIRAM    M    56    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    HAREE PRASAD SONKER    M    50    Communist Party of India
5    MANBHAWAN    M    32    Bharatiya Republican Paksha
6    RAM DAYAL ALIAS MOHAN    M    32    Suheldev Bhartiya Samaj Party
7    ACHCHHELAL    M    42    Independent
8    URMILA DEVI    F    27    Independent
9    CHANDRA RAM ALIAS CHANDU SAROJ    M    36    Independent
10    DHARMRAJ    M    55    Independent
11    SUKHNAYAN    M    29    Independent
S24    69    UP    AZAMGARH    16-Apr-09    1    AKBAR AHMAD DUMPY    M    57    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    ARUN KUMAR SINGH    M    63    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
3    DURGA PRASAD YADAV    M    56    Samajwadi Party
4    RAMAKANT YADAV    M    49    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    SANTOSH KUMAR SINGH    M    49    Indian National Congress
6    JAI JAI RAM PRAJAPATI    M    36    Lokpriya Samaj Party
7    RAM BHAROS    M    34    Bahujan Uday Manch
8    VINOD    M    33    Janvadi Party(Socialist)
9    USMANA FARUQEE    F    27    Independent
10    KEDAR NATH GIRI    M    49    Independent
11    KHAIRUL BASHAR    M    56    Independent
12    DR. JAVED AKHTAR    M    54    Independent
13    DAAN BAHADUR YADAV    M    54    Independent
14    YADUNATH    M    31    Independent
15    RAM UJAGIR    M    45    Independent
16    RAM SINGH    M    35    Independent
S24    70    UP    GHOSI    16-Apr-09    1    ATUL KUMAR SINGH ANJAN    M    55    Communist Party of India
2    ARSHAD JAMAL ANSARI    M    43    Samajwadi Party
3    DARA SINGH CHAUHAN    M    50    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    RAM IQBAL    M    49    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    SUDHA RAI    F    54    Indian National Congress
6    AKHILESH    M    43    Janvadi Party(Socialist)
7    KAILASH YADAV    M    46    Peace Party
8    RAMESH ALIAS RAJU SINGH    M    41    Suheldev Bhartiya Samaj Party
9    RAM BADAN KAUL    M    60    Bahujan Shakty
10    LALJI RAJBHAR    M    44    Bharatiya Samaj Dal
11    HARISH CHANDRA    M    62    Rashtriya Jan-vadi Party (Krantikari)
12    ASHOK KUMAR    M    27    Independent
13    ZAKIR HUSSAIN    M    45    Independent
14    PALAKDHARI    M    41    Independent
15    RAKESH    M    34    Independent
16    SUJIT KUMAR    M    34    Independent
S24    71    UP    SALEMPUR    16-Apr-09    1    DR. BHOLA PANDEY    M    55    Indian National Congress
2    RAMASHANKAR RAJBHAR    M    48    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    HARIKEWAL    M    71    Samajwadi Party
4    IZHAR    M    48    Peace Party
5    ZUBAIR    M    39    Nelopa(United)
6    JANG BAHADUR    M    50    Bharatiya Samaj Dal
7    FATE BAHADUR    M    35    Suheldev Bhartiya Samaj Party
8    RAVISHANKAR SINGH “PAPPU”    M    38    Janata Dal (United)
9    RAMCHARAN    M    72    People’s Democratic Front
10    RAMDAYAL    M    57    Janvadi Party(Socialist)
11    RAMNAWAMI YADAV    M    37    Samajwadi Jan Parishad
12    RAMASHRAY CHAUHAN    M    55    Moderate Party
13    SRIRAM    M    50    Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
14    HARISHCHAND    M    48    Eklavya Samaj Party
15    AMEER    M    53    Independent
16    PARASURAM    M    56    Independent
17    FULENDRA    M    40    Independent
18    MAN JI    M    50    Independent
19    MAHESH    M    70    Independent
20    RAJENDRA ALIAS RAJAN    M    33    Independent
21    VINDHACHAL    M    44    Independent
22    SHAILENDRA    M    36    Independent
23    SATISH    M    37    Independent
24    SARVDAMAN    M    26    Independent
25    SANJAY    M    36    Independent
S24    72    UP    BALLIA    16-Apr-09    1    NEERAJ SHEKHAR    M    40    Samajwadi Party
2    MANOJ SINHA    M    50    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    SANGRAM SINGH YADAV    M    48    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    ARVIND KUMAR GOND    M    30    Gondvana Gantantra Party
5    KANHAIYA PRAJAPATI    M    44    Rashtriya Samanta Dal
6    NARAYAN RAJBHAR    M    32    Bharatiya Samaj Dal
7    RAJESH    M    40    Janvadi Party(Socialist)
8    RAMSAKAL    M    48    Suheldev Bhartiya Samaj Party
9    ANANT    M    36    Independent
10    GANGADYAL    M    48    Independent
11    DIWAKAR    M    38    Independent
12    RAMJI    M    49    Independent
13    LALBABU    M    36    Independent
14    SHESHNATH    M    40    Independent
15    SHANKER RAM RAWAT    M    43    Independent
16    HARIHAR    M    73    Independent
S24    74    UP    MACHHLISHAHR    16-Apr-09    1    KAMLA KANT GAUTAM (K.K. GAUTAM)    M    66    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    TUFANI SAROJ    M    48    Samajwadi Party
3    RAJ BAHADUR    M    66    Indian National Congress
4    VIDYASAGAR SONKER    M    48    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    KRISHNA SEWAK SONKER    M    48    Janvadi Party(Socialist)
6    RAM CHARITRA    M    41    Apna Dal
7    VIJAYEE RAM    M    38    Ambedkar Samaj Party
8    SHEOMURAT RAM    M    71    Gondvana Gantantra Party
9    SUKHRAJ DINKAR    M    51    Rashtriya Swabhimaan Party
10    SUSHMA    F    29    Rashtriya Agraniye Dal
11    DINESH KUMAR    M    31    Independent
12    BALJIT    M    59    Independent
13    RAM DAWAR GAUTAM    M    41    Independent
14    VINOD KUMAR    M    40    Independent
15    SHYAM BIHARI KANNAUJIYA    M    39    Independent
16    SOHAN    M    46    Independent
S24    75    UP    GHAZIPUR    16-Apr-09    1    AFZAL ANSARI    M    55    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    PRABHUNATH    M    48    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    RADHEY MOHAN SINGH    M    43    Samajwadi Party
4    SURAJ RAM BAGI    M    52    Communist Party of India
5    ISHWARI PRASAD KUSHAWAHA    M    48    Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
6    DINESH    M    42    Rashtriya Samanta Dal
7    NANDLAL    M    67    Ambedkar Samaj Party
8    SHYAM NARAYAN    M    54    Rashtravadi Aarthik Swatantrata Dal
9    SATISH SHANKAR JAISAWAL    M    28    National Lokhind Party
10    SARAJU    M    67    Lok Dal
11    SURENDRA    M    43    Janvadi Party(Socialist)
12    ANIL    M    32    Independent
13    ASHOK (DR.ASHOK KUMAR SRIVASTAVA)    M    54    Independent
14    BRAJENDRA NATH URF BIJENDRA    M    66    Independent
15    RAJESH    M    37    Independent
S24    76    UP    CHANDAULI    16-Apr-09    1    KAILASH NATH SINGH YADAV    M    46    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    JAWAHAR LAL JAISAWAL    M    51    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    RAMKISHUN    M    49    Samajwadi Party
4    SHAILENDRA KUMAR    M    40    Indian National Congress
5    CHANDRASHEKHAR    M    34    Republican Party of India
6    JAWAHIR    M    48    Pragatisheel Manav Samaj Party
7    JOKHU    M    45    Peoples Democratic Forum
8    TULASI    M    42    Suheldev Bhartiya Samaj Party
9    RAJNATH    M    35    Bharatiya Republican Paksha
10    RAJESH SINGH    M    27    Kranti Kari Jai Hind Sena
11    RAMAWATAR SHARMA ADVOCATE    M    38    Maulik Adhikar Party
12    RAMSEWAK YADAV    M    46    Rashtriya Lokhit Party
13    LALLAN    M    49    Indian Justice Party
14    SURENDRA PRATAP    M    36    Jai Bharat Samanta Party
15    DEVAROO    M    40    Independent
16    MUNNI LAL    M    66    Independent
17    SURAFARAJ AHMAD    M    29    Independent
18    HARI LAL    M    52    Independent
S24    77    UP    VARANASI    16-Apr-09    1    AJAY RAI    M    36    Samajwadi Party
2    MUKHTAR ANSARI    M    49    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    DR. MURLI MANOHAR JOSHI    M    73    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    DR. RAJESH KUMAR MISHRA    M    48    Indian National Congress
5    AWADHESH KUMAR KUSHWAHA    M    43    Rashtriya Samanta Dal
6    USHA SINGH    F    45    Rashtriya Agraniye Dal
7    KISHUN LAL    M    59    Indian Justice Party
8    VIJAY PRAKASH JAISWAL    M    43    Apna Dal
9    ER. SHYAM LAL VISHWAKARMA    M    61    Maulik Adhikar Party
10    ANAND KUMAR AMBASTHA    M    36    Independent
11    NARENDRA NATH DUBEY ADIG    M    36    Independent
12    PARVEZ QUADIR KHAN    M    38    Independent
13    PUSHP RAJ SAHU    M    47    Independent
14    RAJESH BHARTI    M    33    Independent
15    SATYA PRAKASH SRIVASTAVA    M    37    Independent
S24    79    UP    MIRZAPUR    16-Apr-09    1    ANIL KUMAR MAURYA    M    37    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    ANURAG SINGH    M    42    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    BAL KUMAR PATEL    M    48    Samajwadi Party
4    RAMESH DUBEY    M    66    Indian National Congress
5    AJAY SHANKER    M    33    Gondwana Mukti Sena
6    KAILASH    M    48    Bahujan Shakty
7    KHELADI    M    58    Gondvana Gantantra Party
8    JAGDISH    M    49    Apna Dal
9    PREM CHAND    M    45    Pragatisheel Manav Samaj Party
10    RADHE SHYAM    M    58    Bharatiya Republican Paksha
11    LALJI    M    48    Rashtriya Agraniye Dal
12    LALTI DEVI    F    54    Vikas Party
13    SHANKAR    M    38    Communist Party of India(Marxist-Leninist)(Liberation)
14    SHYAM LAL    M    41    Eklavya Samaj Party
15    MOHD. SAGIR    M    41    National Loktantrik Party
16    TRILOK NATH VERMA    M    61    Indian Justice Party
17    ANOOP KUMAR    M    34    Independent
18    KRISHNA CHAND    M    40    Independent
19    KRISHNA CHAND SHUKLA    M    40    Independent
20    CHHABEELE    M    41    Independent
21    DANGAR    M    52    Independent
22    DULARI    F    61    Independent
23    MANIK CHAND    M    37    Independent
24    MUNNA LAL    M    34    Independent
25    RAM GOPAL    M    53    Independent
26    RAM RAJ    M    37    Independent
27    HANS KUMAR    M    37    Independent
S24    80    UP    ROBERTSGANJ    16-Apr-09    1    PAKAURI LAL    M    57    Samajwadi Party
2    RAM ADHAR JOSEPH    M    43    Indian National Congress
3    RAM CHANDRA TYAGI    M    54    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    RAM SHAKAL    M    47    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    GULAB    M    31    Peoples Democratic Forum
6    CHANDRA SHEKHAR    M    34    Janvadi Party(Socialist)
7    MUNNI DEVI    F    42    Rashtriya Samanta Dal
8    RAMESH KUMAR    M    31    Apna Dal
9    SHRAWAN KUMAR    M    41    Rashtrawadi Sena
10    RAMBRIKSHA    M    39    Independent
S26    1    CG    SARGUJA    16-Apr-09    1    DHAN SINGH DHURVE    M    38    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    BAL SINGH    M    38    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
3    BHANU PRATAP SINGH    M    42    Indian National Congress
4    MURARILAL SINGH    M    49    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    ANOOP MINJ    M    28    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
6    KUMAIT B.D.O.    M    64    Janata Dal (United)
7    BHUPNATH SINGH MARAVI    M    43    Gondvana Gantantra Party
8    RAMDEO LAKRA    M    32    Chhattisgarh Vikas Party
9    RAMNATH CHERWA    M    36    Shoshit Samaj Dal
10    SOMNATH BHAGAT    M    46    Lok Jan Shakti Party
11    AMRIT SINGH MARAVI    M    35    Independent
12    JUGESHWAR    M    29    Independent
13    DHANESHWAR SINGH    M    39    Independent
14    SARJU XESS ORANW    M    43    Independent
15    SUNIL KUMAR SINGH KANHARE    M    27    Independent
16    SURAJ DEO SINGH KHAIRWAR    M    35    Independent
S26    2    CG    RAIGARH    16-Apr-09    1    BAHADUR SINGH RATHIA    M    57    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    VISHNU DEO SAI    M    45    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    HRIDAYARAM RATHIYA    M    43    Indian National Congress
4    DARSHAN SIDAR    M    32    Gondvana Gantantra Party
5    MEERA DEVI SINGH TIRKEY    F    39    Chhattisgarh Vikas Party
6    SHIRACHAND EKKA    M    29    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
7    AMRIT TIRKEY    M    30    Independent
8    KAMRISH SINGH GOND    M    59    Independent
9    SANJAY TIRKEY    M    29    Independent
10    HALDHAR RAM SIDAR    M    42    Independent
S26    3    CG    JANJGIR-CHAMPA    16-Apr-09    1    SHRIMATI KAMLA DEVI PATLE    F    43    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    DAURAM RATNAKAR    M    51    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    DR.SHIVKUMAR DAHARIYA    M    45    Indian National Congress
4    B.R. CHAUHAN    M    59    Republican Party of India (A)
5    NEELKANTH WARE    M    59    Chhattisgarhi Samaj Party
6    PREM SHANKAR MAHILANGE URF PREM INDIA    M    39    Lok Jan Shakti Party
7    SANJEEV KUMAR KHARE    M    26    Chhattisgarh Vikas Party
8    ANANDRAM GILHARE    M    35    Independent
9    CHAITRAM SURYAVANSHI    M    62    Independent
10    DR.CHHAVILAL RATRE    M    55    Independent
11    MAYARAM NAT    M    50    Independent
12    RAMCHARAN PRADHAN ADHIWAKTA    M    51    Independent
S26    4    CG    KORBA    16-Apr-09    1    KARUNA SHUKLA    F    59    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    CHARANDAS MAHANT    M    54    Indian National Congress
3    VIJAY LAXMI SHARMA    F    41    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    KEDARNATH RAJWADE    M    28    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
5    CHAITI DEVI MAHANT    F    49    Chhattisgarhi Samaj Party
6    BUDHWAR SINGH UIKEY    M    34    Rashtriya Gondvana Party
7    DR. VIPIN SINHA    M    40    Chhattisgarh Vikas Party
8    SANGEETA NIRMALKAR    F    32    Bharatiya Pichhra Dal
9    HIRASINGH MARKAAM    M    74    Gondvana Gantantra Party
10    GEND DAS MAHANT    M    35    Independent
11    CHARAN DAS    M    25    Independent
12    PAWAN KUMAR    M    38    Independent
13    FULESHWAR PRASAD SURJAIHA    M    75    Independent
14    RAMDAYAL ORAON    M    49    Independent
15    RAMLAKHAN KASHI    M    68    Independent
16    SHAMBHU PRASAD SHARMA ADHIWAKTA    M    62    Independent
17    SATRUPA    F    37    Independent
18    SANTOSH BANJARE    M    25    Independent
S26    5    CG    BILASPUR    16-Apr-09    1    DILIP SINGH JUDEV    M    60    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    ADVOCATE T.R.NIRALA    M    42    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    DR.RENU JOGI    F    56    Indian National Congress
4    UTTAM PRASAD DANSENA    M    27    Sunder Samaj Party
5    DR.GOJU PAUL    M    40    Republican Party of India (A)
6    DR.BALMUKUND SINGH MARAVI    M    41    Gondvana Gantantra Party
7    BALARAM SAHU    M    46    Bharatiya Pichhra Dal
8    MUKESH KUMAR SAHU    M    32    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
9    SAPNA CHAKRABORTY    F    37    Lok Jan Shakti Party
10    ARJUN SHRIVAS GANGUAA    M    63    Independent
11    ANUJ DHRITLAHRE    M    34    Independent
12    ABDUL HAMID SIDDIQUE    M    43    Independent
13    ASHOK SHRIVASTAVA    M    37    Independent
14    UMESH SINGH    M    31    Independent
15    TUKLAL GARG    M    40    Independent
16    DAYA DAS LAHRE    M    65    Independent
17    DR.DAYA RAM DAYAL    M    60    Independent
18    DILIP KUMAR    M    30    Independent
19    DILIP GUPTA    M    38    Independent
20    DILIP SINGH    M    41    Independent
21    MANOJ KUMAR BIRKO    M    34    Independent
22    RAMESH AHUJA    M    43    Independent
23    RAMESH KUMAR LAHARE    M    36    Independent
24    RAJENDRA SAHU    M    29    Independent
25    RAJESH PRATAP    M    32    Independent
26    RAMBILAS SHARMA    M    52    Independent
27    B.P.VISWAKARMA    M    57    Independent
28    SHYAM BIHARI TRIVEDI    M    56    Independent
S26    6    CG    RAJNANDGAON    16-Apr-09    1    DEVWRAT SINGH    M    39    Indian National Congress
2    PRADHUMAN NETAM    M    32    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    MADHUSUDAN YADAV    M    38    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    GANGARAM NISHAD    M    48    Eklavya Samaj Party
5    NARAD KHOTHALIYA    M    48    Chhattisgarh Vikas Party
6    AJAY JAISWAL    M    35    Independent
7    AJAY PALI    M    32    Independent
8    JALAL MOHAMMAD QURESHI    M    45    Independent
9    DERHARAM LODHI    M    37    Independent
10    DILIP RATHOR SAMPADAK    M    40    Independent
11    BHAG CHAND VAIDHYA    M    48    Independent
12    MADAN YADAV    M    34    Independent
13    MANGAL DAS BANGARE    M    52    Independent
14    D.R.YADAV PRACHARYA    M    66    Independent
S26    7    CG    DURG    16-Apr-09    1    PRADEEP CHOUBEY    M    55    Indian National Congress
2    RAGHUNANDAN SAHU    M    34    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    SAROJ PANDEY    F    40    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    DEVIDAS KURRE    M    43    Chandigarh Vikas Party
5    DR. PANKAJ GOSOMI (PANDIT)    M    37    Republican Party of India
6    ANAND GAUTAM    M    35    Independent
7    TARACHAND SAHU    M    30    Independent
8    TARACHAND SAHU    M    66    Independent
9    TARACHAND SAHU    M    62    Independent
10    MASOOD KHAN    M    43    Independent
11    RATAN KUMAR KSHETRAPAL    M    61    Independent
12    RAJENDRA KUMAR SAHU    M    38    Independent
13    LAXMAN PRASAD    M    31    Independent
14    GURU DADA LOKESH MAHARAJ    M    56    Independent
15    SHITKARAN MHILWAR    M    40    Independent
S26    8    CG    RAIPUR    16-Apr-09    1    BHUPESH BAGHEL    M    47    Indian National Congress
2    RAMESH BAIS    M    61    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    VIDHYADEVI SAHU    F    54    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    ER. ASHOK TAMRAKAR    M    56    Jai Chhattisgarh Party
5    IMRRAN PASHA    M    33    Loktantrik Samajwadi Party
6    P.R. KHUNTE    M    54    Chhattisgarh Vikas Party
7    MADHUSUDAN MISHRA    M    49    Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha
8    SHAILENDRA BANJARE (SHAKTIPUTRA)    M    34    Shakti Sena (Bharat Desh)
9    SHANKAR LAL VARANDANI    M    45    Pyramid Party of India
10    HARGUN MEGHWANI    M    56    Akhil Bhartiya Sindhu Samajwadi Party
11    ARUN HARPAL    M    35    Independent
12    JAFAR HUSSAIN, BABABHAI (PURVA MUTVALLI)    M    57    Independent
13    MOH. JILANI ALIAS TANI    M    30    Independent
14    NAND KISHOR DEEP    M    48    Independent
15    NARESH BHISHMDEV DHIDHI    M    31    Independent
16    NAVIN GUPTA    M    35    Independent
17    NARAD NISHAD    M    33    Independent
18    PRAVEEN JAIN    M    44    Independent
19    BHARAT BHUSHAN PANDEY    M    45    Independent
20    MATHURA PRASAD TANDON    M    42    Independent
21    YASHWANT SAHU    M    35    Independent
22    RAJENDRA KUMAR SAHU    M    38    Independent
23    RAJENDRA SINGH THAKUR (ADVOCATE)    M    34    Independent
24    RAMKRISHNA VERMA    M    49    Independent
25    RAMCHARAN YADAV    M    33    Independent
26    SHOBHARAM GILHARE    M    38    Independent
27    SIYARAM DHRITLAHARE    M    34    Independent
28    SMT. SUSIL BAI BANJARE    F    36    Independent
29    SYED RASHID ALI    M    62    Independent
30    SANJAY BAGHEL    M    29    Independent
31    HAIDAR BHATI    M    38    Independent
32    SHRIKANT KASER    M    41    Independent
S26    9    CG    MAHASAMUND    16-Apr-09    1    CHANDULAL SAHU (CHANDU BHAIYA)    M    49    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    MOTILAL    M    44    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    MOTILAL SAHU    M    44    Indian National Congress
4    DR. ANAND MATAWALE (GURUJI)    M    38    Lok Bharati
5    KIRAN KUMAR DHRUW    M    44    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
6    BAUDDH KUMAR KAUSHIK    M    37    Chhattisgarh Vikas Party
7    DR. LATA MARKAM    F    26    Republican Party of India (A)
8    SHRIDHAR CHANDRAKAR (PATEL)    M    40    Apna Dal
9    KHEDUBHARTI “SATYESH”    M    33    Independent
10    CHAMPA LAL PATEL    M    43    Independent
11    NARENDRA BHISHMDEV DHIDHI    M    34    Independent
12    NARAYANDAS INQALAB GANDHI    M    63    Independent
13    BHARAT DIWAN    M    29    Independent
14    RAMPRASAD CHAUHAN    M    46    Independent
15    SULTANSINGH SATNAM    M    58    Independent
S26    10    CG    BASTAR    16-Apr-09    1    AYTU RAM MANDAVI    M    44    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    BALIRAM KASHYAP    M    73    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    MANISH KUNJAM    M    42    Communist Party of India
4    SHANKAR SODI    M    44    Indian National Congress
5    CHANDRA SHEKHAR DHRUV (SHEKHAR)    M    42    Independent
6    MAYARAM NETAM ALIAS (FULSING SILADAR)    M    60    Independent
7    SUBHASH CHANDRA MOURYA    M    35    Independent
S26    11    CG    KANKER    16-Apr-09    1    SMT. PHOOLO DEVI NETAM    F    35    Indian National Congress
2    MIRA SALAM    F    32    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    SOHAN POTAI    M    49    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    JALSINGH SHORI    M    30    Chhattisgarhi Samaj Party
5    N. R. BHUARYA    M    50    Gondwana Mukti Sena
6    BHOM LAL    M    59    Apna Dal
7    MAYARAM NAGWANSHI    M    48    Gondvana Gantantra Party
8    G. R. RANA    M    62    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
9    DEVCHAND MATLAM    M    31    Independent
10    PRAFUL MANDAVI    M    35    Independent
11    MAYARAM NETAM (FULSINGH SILEDAR)    M    60    Independent
S27    4    JH    CHATRA    16-Apr-09    1    ARUN KUMAR YADAV    M    41    Janata Dal (United)
2    DHIRAJ PRASAD SAHU    M    50    Indian National Congress
3    NAGMANI    M    46    Rashtriya Janata Dal
4    SUGAN MAHTO    M    56    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    KESHWAR YADAV    M    47    Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
6    PARAS NATH MANJHI    M    58    Akhil Bharatiya Manav Seva Dal
7    K.P. SHARMA    M    62    Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik)
8    SURENDRA YADAV    M    36    Jharkhand Party
9    INDER SINGH NAMDHARI    M    62    Independent
10    DHIRENDRA AGRAWAL    M    53    Independent
11    RATNESH KUMAR GUPTA    M    47    Independent
S27    5    JH    KODARMA    16-Apr-09    1    TILAKDHARI PD. SINGH    M    65    Indian National Congress
2    PRANAV KUMAR VERMA    M    29    Rashtriya Janata Dal
3    LAXAMAN SAWARNKAR    M    63    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    BISHNU PRASAD BHAIYA    M    47    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
5    SABHAPATI KUSHWAHA    M    61    Bahujan Samaj Party
6    UMESH CHANDRA TRIVEDI    M    41    Jharkhand Party
7    PRAMESHWAR YADAV    M    49    Rashtriya Krantikari Samajwadi Party
8    BABULAL MARANDI    M    51    Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik)
9    RAJKISHOR PRASAD MODI    M    54    Jharkhand Vikas Dal
10    RAJ KUMAR YADAV    M    37    Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
11    HADTAL DAS    M    43    Bahujan Shakty
12    ASHOK KUMAR SHARMA    M    35    Independent
13    KAMAL DAS    M    35    Independent
14    CHANDRA DHARI MAHTO    M    28    Independent
15    MANJOOR ALAM ANSARI    M    45    Independent
16    LAXAMAN DAS    M    37    Independent
S27    11    JH    KHUNTI    16-Apr-09    1    KARIYA MUNDA    M    72    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    NEIL TIRKEY    M    55    Indian National Congress
3    MARSHAL BARLA    M    36    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    THEODORE KIRO    M    58    Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik)
5    NITIMA BODRA BARI    F    41    Jharkhand Party (Naren)
6    NISHIKANT HORO    M    55    Jharkhand Party
7    ANAND KUJUR    M    27    Independent
8    UMBULAN TOPNO    M    49    Independent
9    KARLUS BHENGRA    M    41    Independent
S27    12    JH    LOHARDAGA    16-Apr-09    1    JOKHAN BHAGAT    M    43    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    RAMESHWAR ORAON    M    63    Indian National Congress
3    SUDARSHAN BHAGAT    M    40    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    DEOSHARAN BHAGAT    M    45    All Jharkhand Students Union
5    BAHURA EKKA    M    61    Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik)
6    BHUNESHWAR LOHRA    M    42    Lok Jan Vikas Morcha
7    RAMA KHALKHO    F    38    Jharkhand Janadikhar Manch
8    ARJUN BHAGAT    M    60    Independent
9    ETWA ORAON    M    45    Independent
10    GOPAL ORAON    M    56    Independent
11    CHAMRA LINDA    M    39    Independent
12    JAI PRAKASH BHAGAT    M    36    Independent
13    NAWAL KISHOR SINGH    M    51    Independent
14    PADMA BARAIK    F    25    Independent
15    SUKHDEO LOHRA    M    69    Independent
S27    13    JH    PALAMAU    16-Apr-09    1    KAMESHWAR BAITHA    M    56    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
2    GHURAN RAM    M    42    Rashtriya Janata Dal
3    RADHA KRISHNA KISHORE    M    52    Janata Dal (United)
4    HIRA RAM TUPHANI    M    59    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    GANESH RAM    M    56    Jharkhand Party
6    JAWAHAR PASWAN    M    48    AJSU Party
7    NANDDEV RAM    M    70    Jharkhand Party (Naren)
8    PARVATI DEVI    F    34    Manav Mukti Morcha
9    PRABHAT KUMAR    M    31    Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik)
10    RAJU GUIDE MAJHI    M    30    Akhil Bharatiya Manav Seva Dal
11    RAM NARESH RAM    M    36    Rashtravadi Aarthik Swatantrata Dal
12    BIRBAL RAM    M    28    Rashtriya Lok Dal
13    SATYENDRA KUMAR PASWAN    M    30    Bharatiya Samta Samaj Party
14    SUSHMA MEHTA    F    31    Communist Party of India(Marxist-Leninist)(Liberation)
15    JITENDRA RAM    M    31    Independent
16    NARESH KUMAR PASWAN    M    29    Independent
17    BRAJMOHAN RAM    M    48    Independent
18    BHOLA RAM    M    32    Independent
19    MUNESHWAR RAM    M    58    Independent
20    RAM PRASAD RAM    M    58    Independent
21    SUNESHWAR BAITHA    M    54    Independent
S27    14    JH    HAZARIBAGH    16-Apr-09    1    KISHOR KUMAR PANDEY    M    35    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    BHUVNESHWAR PRASAD MEHTA    M    64    Communist Party of India
3    YASHWANT SINHA    M    71    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    SHIVLAL MAHTO    M    34    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
5    SAURABH NARAIN SINGH    M    34    Indian National Congress
6    CHANDRA PRAKASH CHOUDHARY    M    40    All Jharkhand Students Union
7    DIGAMBER KU. MEHTA    M    42    Samajwadi Party
8    BRAJ KISHORE JAISWAL    M    67    Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik)
9    DEONATH MAHTO    M    29    Independent
10    MAHENDRA KISHORE MEHTA    M    38    Independent
11    MD. MOINUDDIN AHMED    M    32    Independent
12    LALAN PRASAD    M    34    Independent
13    SNEHLATA DEVI    F    49    Independent
U01    1    AN    ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS    16-Apr-09    1    SMTI. R. S. UMA BHARATHY    F    44    Nationalist Congress Party
2    SHRI. KULDEEP RAI SHARMA    M    41    Indian National Congress
3    SHRI. P. R. GANESHAN    M    71    Rashtriya Janata Dal
4    SHRI TAPAN KUMAR BEPARI    M    51    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
5    SHRI. BISHNU PADA RAY    M    59    Bharatiya Janata Party
6    SHRI. M. S. MOHAN    M    50    Bahujan Samaj Party
7    SHRI. N. K. P. NAIR    M    54    Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
8    SHRI. PRADEEP KUMAR EKKA    M    37    Jharkhand Disom Party
9    SHRI. T. ALI    M    37    Independent
10    DR. THANKACHAN    M    50    Independent
11    SHRI. VAKIATH VALAPPIL KHALID    M    40    Independent
U06    1    LD    LAKSHADWEEP    16-Apr-09    1    MUHAMMED HAMDULLA SAYEED A.B    M    26    Indian National Congress
2    DR. P. POOKUNHIKOYA    M    60    Nationalist Congress Party
3    DR. K P MUTHUKOYA    M    57    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    LUKMANUL HAKEEM    M    32    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
S14    1    MN    INNER MANIPUR    22-Apr-09    1    DR. THOKCHOM MEINYA    M    58    Indian National Congress
2    THOUNAOJAM CHAOBA    M    70    Manipur People’s Party
3    MOIRANGTHEM NARA    M    58    Communist Party of India
4    WAHENGBAM NIPAMACHA SINGH    M    78    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    L. KSHETRANI DEVI    F    50    Rashtriya Bahujan Congress Party
6    ABDUL RAHMAN    M    58    Independent
7    NONGMAITHEM HOMENDRO SINGH    M    45    Independent
S01    23    AP    KAKINADA    23-Apr-09    1    DOMMETI SUDHAKAR    M    51    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    M.M.PALLAMRAJU    M    46    Indian National Congress
3    BIKKINA VISWESWARA RAO    M    34    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    VASAMSETTY SATYA    M    44    Telugu Desam
5    ALURI VIJAYA LAKSHMI    F    64    Lok Satta Party
6    UDAYA KUMAR KONDEPUDI    M    36    Trilinga Praja Pragati Party
7    GALI SATYAVATHI    F    40    Republican Party of India
8    GIDLA SIMHACHALAM    M    50    Rashtriya Dehat Morcha Party
9    CHALAMALASETTY SUNIL    M    39    Praja Rajyam Party
10    NAMALA SATYANARAYANA    M    45    Rajyadhikara Party
11    N.PALLAMRAJU    M    52    Ajeya Bharat Party
12    BUGATHA BANGARRAO    M    48    Communist Party of India(Marxist-Leninist)(Liberation)
13    AKAY SURYANARAYANA    M    50    Independent
14    CHAGANTI SURYA NARAYANA MURTHY    M    44    Independent
15    DANAM LAZAR BABU    M    42    Independent
16    BADAMPUDI BABURAO    M    51    Independent
S01    24    AP    AMALAPURAM    23-Apr-09    1    KOMMABATTULA UMA MAHESWARA RAO    M    65    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    GEDDAM SAMPADA RAO    M    39    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    DOCTOR GEDELA VARALAKSHMI    F    55    Telugu Desam
4    G.V.HARSHA KUMAR    M    50    Indian National Congress
5    AKUMARTHI SURYANARAYANA    M    50    Trilinga Praja Pragati Party
6    KIRAN KUMAR BINEPE    M    43    Praja Bharath Party
7    P.V.CHAKRAVARTHI    M    54    Republican Party of India (Khobragade)
8    POTHULA PRAMEELA DEVI    F    55    Praja Rajyam Party
9    BHEEMARAO RAMJI MUTHABATHULA    M    39    Pyramid Party of India
10    MASA RAMADASU    M    46    Rashtriya Dehat Morcha Party
11    YALANGI RAMESH    M    45    Independent
S01    25    AP    RAJAHMUNDRY    23-Apr-09    1    ARUNA KUMAR VUNDAVALLI    M    54    Indian National Congress
2    M. MURALI MOHAN    M    68    Telugu Desam
3    VAJRAPU KOTESWARA RAO    M    43    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    SOMU VEERRAJU    M    51    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    UPPALAPATI VENKATA KRISHNAM RAJU    M    69    Praja Rajyam Party
6    DATLA RAYA JAGAPATHI RAJU    M    50    Pyramid Party of India
7    DR. PALADUGU CHANDRA MOULI    M    69    Lok Satta Party
8    MEDAPATI PAPIREDDY    M    30    Trilinga Praja Pragati Party
9    MEDA SRINIVAS    M    39    Rashtriya Praja Congress (Secular)
10    PARAMATA GANESWARA RAO    M    46    Independent
11    MUSHINI RAMAKRISHNA RAO    M    51    Independent
12    VASAMSETTY NAGESWARA RAO    M    46    Independent
13    SANABOINA SUBHALAKSHMI    F    44    Independent
S01    26    AP    NARSAPURAM    23-Apr-09    1    KALIDINDI VISWANADHA RAJU    M    39    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    THOTA SITA RAMA LAKSHMI    F    59    Telugu Desam
3    BAPIRAJU KANUMURU    M    61    Indian National Congress
4    BHUPATHIRAJU SRINIVASA VARMA    M    41    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    ALLURI YUGANDHARA RAJU    M    44    Pyramid Party of India
6    GUBBALA TAMMAIAH    M    61    Praja Rajyam Party
7    NAVUNDRU RAJENDRA PRASAD    M    44    Bharatheeya Sadharma Samsthapana Party
8    MANORAMA SANKU    F    62    Lok Satta Party
9    M V R RAJU    M    35    Rashtriya Dehat Morcha Party
10    KALIDINDI BHIMARAJU    M    73    Independent
S01    27    AP    ELURU    23-Apr-09    1    KAVURI SAMBASIVA RAO    M    65    Indian National Congress
2    KODURI VENKATA SUBBA RAJU    M    46    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    PILLELLLI SUNIL    M    35    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    MAGANTI VENKATESWARA RAO(BABU)    M    49    Telugu Desam
5    Y.V.S.V. PRASADA RAO (YERNENI PRASADA RAO)    M    61    Pyramid Party of India
6    KOLUSU PEDA REDDAIAH YADAV    M    67    Praja Rajyam Party
7    SAVANAPUDI NAGARAJU    M    48    Marxist Communist Party of India (S.S. Srivastava)
8    SIRIKI SRINIVAS    M    32    Rashtriya Dehat Morcha Party
9    KASI NAIDU KAMMILI    M    39    Independent
10    TANUKU SEKHAR    M    45    Independent
11    DODDA KAMESWARA RAO    M    54    Independent
12    DOWLURI GOVARDHAN    M    32    Independent
S01    28    AP    MACHILIPATNAM    23-Apr-09    1    KONAKALLA NARAYANA RAO    M    59    Telugu Desam
2    CHIGURUPATI RAMALINGESWARA RAO    M    33    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    BADIGA RAMAKRISHNA    M    66    Indian National Congress
4    BHOGADI RAMA DEVI    F    56    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    KOPPULA VENKATESWARA RAO    M    45    Lok Satta Party
6    CHENNAMSETTI RAMACHANDRAIAH    M    60    Praja Rajyam Party
7    YARLAGADDA RAMAMOHANA RAO    M    44    Bharatheeya Sadharma Samsthapana Party
8    VARA LAKSHMI KONERU    F    59    Pyramid Party of India
9    G.V. NAGESWARA RAO    M    25    Independent
10    YENDURI SUBRAMANYESWA RAO ( MANI )    M    50    Independent
S01    29    AP    VIJAYAWADA    23-Apr-09    1    LAGADAPATI RAJA GOPAL    M    45    Indian National Congress
2    LAKA VENGALA RAO    M    38    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    VAMSI MOHAN VALLABHANENI    M    38    Telugu Desam
4    SISTLA NARASIMHA MURTHY    M    63    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    DEVINENI KISHORE KUMAR    M    59    Lok Satta Party
6    RAGHAVA RAO JAKKA    M    60    Pyramid Party of India
7    RAJIV CHANUMOLU    M    43    Praja Rajyam Party
8    APPIKATLA JAWAHAR    M    44    Independent
9    KRISHNA MURTHY SUNKARA    M    46    Independent
10    JAKKA TARAKA MALLIKHARJUNA RAO    M    42    Independent
11    DEVERASETTY RAVINDRA BABU    M    35    Independent
12    DEVIREDDY RAVINDRANATHA REDDY    M    36    Independent
13    PERUPOGU VENKATESWARA RAO    M    41    Independent
14    BAIPUDI NAGESWARA RAO    M    30    Independent
15    BOPPA VENKATESWARA RAO    M    42    Independent
16    BOLISETTY HARIBABU    M    46    Independent
17    VEERLA SANJEEVA RAO    M    44    Independent
18    VENKATA RAO P.    M    44    Independent
19    SENAPATHI CHIRANJEEVI    M    36    Independent
20    SHAIK MASTAN    M    28    Independent
S01    30    AP    GUNTUR    23-Apr-09    1    MALLELA BABU RAO    M    61    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    YADLAPATI SWARUPARANI    F    51    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    RAJENDRA MADALA    M    42    Telugu Desam
7    SAMBASIVA RAO RAYAPATI    M    65    Indian National Congress
8    AMANULLA KHAN    M    37    Lok Satta Party
9    KOMMANABOINA LAKSHMAIAH    M    39    Rajyadhikara Party
11    THOTA CHANDRA SEKHAR    M    47    Praja Rajyam Party
12    YARRAKULA TULASI RAM YADAV    M    29    Samajwadi Party
13    VELAGAPUDI LAKSHMANA RAO    M    59    Pyramid Party of India
14    SRINIVASA RAO THOTAKURA    M    34    Ajeya Bharat Party
S01    31    AP    NARASARAOPET    23-Apr-09    1    BALASHOWRY VALLABHANENI    M    43    Indian National Congress
2    BEJJAM RATNAKARA RAO    M    48    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    VALLEPU KRUPA RAO    M    51    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    VENUGOPALA REDDY MODUGULA    M    42    Telugu Desam
7    GANUGAPENTA UTTAMA REDDY    M    30    Lok Satta Party
8    S.G. MASTAN VALI    M    31    Pyramid Party of India
9    RAMADUGU VENKATA SUBBA RAO    M    45    Samajwadi Party
11    SHAIK SYED SAHEB    M    65    Praja Rajyam Party
13    SAI PRASAD EDARA    M    42    Bharatheeya Sadharma Samsthapana Party
14    ATCHALA NARASIMHA RAO    M    39    Independent
15    ANNAMRAJU VENUGOPALA MADHAVA RAO    M    37    Independent
17    KATAMARAJU NALAGORLA    M    61    Independent
19    YAMPATI VEERANJANEYA REDDY    M    38    Independent
21    SRINIVASA REDDY KESARI    M    40    Independent
S01    32    AP    BAPATLA    23-Apr-09    1    DARA SAMBAIAH    M    62    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    PANABAKA LAKSHMI    F    50    Indian National Congress
3    BATTULA ROSAYYA    M    52    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    MALYADRI SRIRAM    M    55    Telugu Desam
5    GARIKAPATI SUDHAKAR    M    37    Rashtriya Dehat Morcha Party
6    NUTHAKKI RAMA RAO    M    61    Praja Rajyam Party
7    GUDIPALLI SATHYA BABUJI    M    40    Independent
8    GORREMUCHU CHINNA RAO    M    42    Independent
9    GOLLA BABU RAO    M    34    Independent
10    DEVARAPALLI BUJJI BABU    M    34    Independent
S01    33    AP    ONGOLE    23-Apr-09    1    MANDAVA VASUDEVA    M    56    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    MADDULURI MALAKONDAIAH YADAV    M    47    Telugu Desam
3    MAGUNTA SRINIVASULU REDDY    M    55    Indian National Congress
4    CHALUVADI SRINIVASARAO    M    38    Pyramid Party of India
5    DR,NARAYANAM RADHA DEVI    F    57    Lok Satta Party
6    PIDATHALA SAI KALPANA    F    50    Praja Rajyam Party
7    SHAIK SHAJAHAN    M    49    United Women Front
8    GARRE RAMAKRISHNA    M    34    Independent
9    DAMA MOHANA RAO    M    53    Independent
10    NALAMALAPU LAKSHMINARASAREDDY    M    40    Independent
11    YATHAPU KONDAREDDY    M    28    Independent
S01    34    AP    NANDYAL    23-Apr-09    1    NASYAM MOHAMMED FAROOK    M    57    Telugu Desam
2    S.MOHAMMED ISMAIL    M    39    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    S.P.Y.REDDY    M    59    Indian National Congress
4    ABDUL SATTAR . G    M    26    B. C. United Front
5    PICHHIKE NARENDRA DEV    M    39    Rashtriya Krantikari Samajwadi Party
6    BHUMA VENKATA NAGI REDDY    M    45    Praja Rajyam Party
7    RAMA JAGANNADHA REDDY TAMIDELA    M    34    Lok Satta Party
8    SADHU VEERA VENKATA RAMANAIAH    M    35    Rashtriya Dehat Morcha Party
9    AMBATI RAMESWARA REDDY    M    35    Independent
10    K.ARTHER PANCHARATNAM    M    44    Independent
11    B.P.KAMBAGIRI SWAMY    M    36    Independent
12    GALI RAMA SUBBA REDDY    M    33    Independent
13    A.U.FAROOQ    M    25    Independent
14    G.BALASWAMY    M    37    Independent
15    T.MAHESH NAIDU    M    28    Independent
16    B.V.RAMI REDDY    M    47    Independent
17    B.R.L.REDDY    M    40    Independent
18    VENNUPUSA VENKATESHWARA REDDY    M    35    Independent
19    SINGAM VENKATESHWARA REDDY    M    35    Independent
20    T.SRINUVASULU    M    38    Independent
21    V.SESHI REDDY    M    33    Independent
S01    35    AP    KURNOOL    23-Apr-09    1    KOTLA JAYA SURYA PRAKASH REDDY    M    57    Indian National Congress
2    GADDAM RAMAKRISHNA    M    56    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    B.T.NAIDU    M    36    Telugu Desam
4    RAVI SUBRAMANYAM K.A.    M    39    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    JALLI VENKATESH    M    38    Lok Satta Party
6    DR.DANDIYA KHAJA PEERA    M    55    Praja Rajyam Party
7    B.NAGA JAYA CHANDRA REDDY    M    35    Rashtriya Dehat Morcha Party
8    DR.P.R.PARAMESWAR REDDY    M    36    Pyramid Party of India
9    DEVI RAMALINGAPPA    M    44    Independent
10    V.V. RAMANA    M    38    Independent
11    RAJU    M    45    Independent
S01    36    AP    ANANTAPUR    23-Apr-09    1    ANANTHA VENKATA RAMI REDDY    M    52    Indian National Congress
2    AMBATI RAMA KRISHNA REDDY    M    41    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    KALAVA SRINIVASULU    M    44    Telugu Desam
4    GADDALA NAGABHUSHANAM    M    45    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    AMARNATH    M    32    Lok Satta Party
6    KRUSHNAPURAM GAYATHRI DEVI    F    36    Communist Party of India(Marxist-Leninist)(Liberation)
7    MANSOOR    M    56    Praja Rajyam Party
8    G HARI    M    29    Pyramid Party of India
9    T CHANDRA SEKHAR    M    30    Independent
10    DEVELLA MURALI    M    44    Independent
11    K P NARAYANA SWAMY    M    41    Independent
12    J C RAMANUJULA REDDY    M    52    Independent
S01    37    AP    HINDUPUR    23-Apr-09    1    KRISTAPPA NIMMALA    M    52    Telugu Desam
2    P KHASIM KHAN    M    53    Indian National Congress
3    NARESH CINE ACTOR    M    45    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    B.S.P.SREERAMULU    M    30    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    KADAPALA SREEKANTA REDDY    M    56    Praja Rajyam Party
6    NIRANJAN BABU. K    M    30    Lok Satta Party
7    S. MUSKIN VALI    M    26    Pyramid Party of India
8    K. JAKEER    M    40    Independent
9    B. NAGABHUSHANA RAO    M    76    Independent
10    P. PRASAD (PEETLA PRASAD)    M    32    Independent
S01    38    AP    KADAPA    23-Apr-09    1    JAMBAPURAM MUNI REDDY    M    31    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    Y.S. JAGAN MOHAN REDDY    M    36    Indian National Congress
3    PALEM SRIKANTH REDDY    M    45    Telugu Desam
4    VANGALA SHASHI BHUSHAN REDDY    M    37    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    KASIBHATLA SAINATH SARMA    M    38    Rajyadhikara Party
6    N. KISHORE KUMAR REDDY    M    38    Janata Dal (Secular)
7    KUNCHAM VENKATA SUBBA REDDY    M    42    Rayalaseema Rashtra Samithi
8    DR. KHALEEL BASHA    M    60    Praja Rajyam Party
9    GAJJALA RAMA SUBBA REDDY    M    57    Pyramid Party of India
10    GUDIPATI. PRASANNA KUMAR    M    55    Lok Satta Party
11    C. GOPI NARASIMHA REDDY    M    31    Janata Dal (United)
12    CHINNAPA REDDY KOMMA    M    41    Bharatiya Jan Shakti
13    Y. SEKHARA REDDY    M    47    Republican Party of India (A)
14    S. ALI SHER    M    47    Independent
15    THIMMAPPAGARI VENKATA SIVA REDDY    M    47    Independent
16    V. NARENDRA    M    39    Independent
17    S. RAJA MADIGA    M    46    Independent
18    YELLIPALAM RAMESH REDDY    M    35    Independent
19    SIVANARAYANA REDDY CHADIPIRALLA    M    39    Independent
20    J. SUBBARAYUDU    M    51    Independent
S01    39    AP    NELLORE    23-Apr-09    1    S. PADMA NAGESWARA RAO    M    58    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    BATHINA NARASIMHA RAO    M    65    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    MEKAPATI RAJAMOHAN REDDY    M    64    Indian National Congress
4    VANTERU VENU GOPALA REDDY    M    59    Telugu Desam
5    JANA RAMACHANDRAIAH    M    56    Praja Rajyam Party
6    VEMURI BHASKARA RAO    M    36    Lok Satta Party
7    SIDDIRAJU SATYANARAYANA    M    43    Pyramid Party of India
8    KARIMULLA    M    42    Independent
9    MUCHAKALA CHANDRA SEKHAR YADAV    M    40    Independent
10    VENKATA BHASKAR REDDY DIRISALA    M    37    Independent
11    SYED HAMZA HUSSAINY    M    46    Independent
S01    40    AP    TIRUPATI    23-Apr-09    1    CHINTA MOHAN    M    54    Indian National Congress
2    VARLA RAMAIAH    M    57    Telugu Desam
3    N.VENKATASWAMY    M    77    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    JUVVIGUNTA VENKATESWARLU    M    37    Lok Satta Party
5    DEGALA SURYANARAYANA    M    34    Pyramid Party of India
6    DHANASEKHAR GUNDLURU    M    41    Republican Party of India (A)
7    VARAPRASADA RAO. V    M    55    Praja Rajyam Party
8    OREPALLI VENKATA KRISHNA PRASAD    M    43    Independent
9    KATTAMANCHI PRABAKHAR    M    40    Independent
10    YALAVADI MUNIKRISHNAIAH    M    64    Independent
S01    41    AP    RAJAMPET    23-Apr-09    1    ANNAYYAGARI SAI PRATHAP    M    64    Indian National Congress
2    ALLAPUREDDY. HARINATHA REDDY    M    69    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    RAMESH KUMAR REDDY REDDAPPAGARI    M    44    Telugu Desam
4    SUNKARA SREENIVAS    M    42    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    DR. ARAVA. VENKATA SUBBA REDDY    M    38    Pyramid Party of India
6    ADI NARAYANA REDDY .V    M    40    Bharatheeya Sadharma Samsthapana Party
7    NAGESWARA RAO EDAGOTTU    M    38    Lok Satta Party
8    D.A. SRINIVAS    M    36    Praja Rajyam Party
9    SHAIK AMEEN PEERAN    M    39    Ambedkar National Congress
10    ASADI VENKATADRI    M    41    Independent
11    INDRA PRAKASH    M    32    Independent
12    KASTHURI OBAIAH NAIDU    M    55    Independent
13    B. KRISHNAPPA    M    32    Independent
14    PULA RAGHU    M    44    Independent
15    HAJI MOHAMMAD AZAM    M    82    Independent
S01    42    AP    CHITTOOR    23-Apr-09    1    JAYARAM DUGGANI    M    60    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    THIPPESWAMY M    M    55    Indian National Congress
3    NARAMALLI SIVAPRASAD    M    57    Telugu Desam
4    B.SIVAKUMAR    M    40    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    A. AMARNADH    M    37    Rashtriya Krantikari Samajwadi Party
6    TALARI MANOHAR    M    54    Praja Rajyam Party
7    G. VENKATACHALAM    M    29    Lok Satta Party
S03    4    AS    DHUBRI    23-Apr-09    1    ANWAR HUSSAIN    M    62    Indian National Congress
2    BADRUDDIN AJMAL    M    54    Assam United Democratic Front
3    ARUN DAS    M    39    Rashtrawadi Sena
4    ALOK SEN    M    37    Samajwadi Party
5    SOLEMAN ALI    M    45    Independent
6    SHAHJAHAN ALI    M    39    Independent
7    SOLEMAN KHANDAKER    M    53    Independent
8    TRIPTI KANA MAZUMDAR CHOUDHURY    F    45    Independent
9    NUR MAHAMMAD    M    61    Independent
10    MINHAR ALI MANDAL    M    61    Independent
S03    5    AS    KOKRAJHAR    23-Apr-09    1    SABDA RAM RABHA    M    39    Asom Gana Parishad
2    SANSUMA KHUNGGUR BWISWMUTHIARY    M    49    Bodaland Peoples Front
3    URKHAO GWRA BRAHMA    M    45    Independent
S03    6    AS    BARPETA    23-Apr-09    1    ABDUS SAMAD AHMED    M    41    Assam United Democratic Front
2    MD. AMIR ALI    M    42    Rashtriya Janata Dal
3    ISMAIL HUSSAIN    M    55    Indian National Congress
4    DURGESWAR DEKA    M    54    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
5    BHUPEN RAY    M    49    Asom Gana Parishad
6    ABU CHAND MAHMMAD    M    63    Republican Party of India (A)
7    ABDUL KADDUS    M    35    Samajwadi Party
8    KANDARPA LAHKAR    M    53    Rashtravadi Janata Party
9    MD. DILIR KHAN    M    42    Muslim League Kerala State Committee
10    MUIJ UDDIN MAHMUD    M    51    Lok Jan Shakti Party
11    ABDUL KADER    M    41    Independent
12    GOLAP HUSSAIN MAZUMDER    M    35    Independent
13    DEWAN JOYNAL ABEDIN    M    65    Independent
14    BHADRESWAR DAS    M    40    Independent
S03    7    AS    GAUHATI    23-Apr-09    1    AKSHAY RAJKHOWA    M    49    Nationalist Congress Party
2    BIJOYA CHAKRAVARTY    F    70    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    CAPT. ROBIN BORDOLOI    M    67    Indian National Congress
4    SONABOR ALI    M    58    Assam United Democratic Front
5    AMBU BORA    M    78    Revolutionary Communist Party of India (Rasik Bhatt)
6    DEEPAK KALITA    M    34    Samajwadi Party
7    SHIMANTA BRAHMA    M    48    Rashtrawadi Sena
8    AMIT BARUA    M    42    Independent
9    KAZI NEKIB AHMED    M    51    Independent
10    DEVA KANTA RAMCHIARY    M    46    Independent
11    BRIJESH ROY    M    30    Independent
12    RINA GAYARY DAS    F    41    Independent
S03    8    AS    MANGALDOI    23-Apr-09    1    BADIUJ ZAMAL    M    33    Assam United Democratic Front
2    MADHAB RAJBANGSHI    M    53    Indian National Congress
3    RAMEN DEKA    M    55    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    DINA NATH DAS    M    65    Bodaland Peoples Front
5    PARVEEN SULTANA    F    42    All India Minorities Front
6    RABINDRA NATH HAZARIKA    M    72    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
7    RATUL KUMAR CHOUDHURY    M    38    Samajwadi Party
8    LANKESWAR ACHARJYA    M    45    Rashtriya Dehat Morcha Party
9    LUCYMAI BASUMATARI    F    58    Rashtriya Samaj Paksha
10    AROON BAROOA    M    53    Independent
11    PRODEEP KUMAR DAIMARY    M    42    Independent
12    BHUPENDRA NATH KAKATI    M    62    Independent
13    MANOJ KUMAR DEKA    M    55    Independent
S03    9    AS    TEZPUR    23-Apr-09    1    JITEN SUNDI    M    64    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
2    DEBA ORANG    M    54    Assam United Democratic Front
3    MONI KUMAR SUBBA    M    51    Indian National Congress
4    JOSEPH TOPPO    M    60    Asom Gana Parishad
5    ARUN KUMAR MURMOO    M    33    Bharat Vikas Morcha
6    PARASHMONI SINHA    M    33    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
7    JUGANANDA HAZARIKA    M    42    Samajwadi Party
8    RUBUL SARMA    M    52    Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
9    REGINOLD V. JOHNSON    M    45    Rashtriya Samaj Paksha
10    KALYAN KUMAR DEORI BHARALI    M    69    Independent
11    DANIEL DAVID JESUDAS    M    66    Independent
12    MD. NAZIR AHMED    M    56    Independent
13    DR. PRANAB KR. DAS    M    41    Independent
14    PRASANTA BORO    M    32    Independent
15    RUDRA PARAJULI    M    52    Independent
S03    10    AS    NOWGONG    23-Apr-09    1    ANIL RAJA    M    51    Indian National Congress
2    RAJEN GOHAIN    M    57    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    SIRAJ UDDIN AJMAL    M    52    Assam United Democratic Front
4    PHEIROIJAM IBOMCHA SINGH    M    60    All India Forward Bloc
5    BIPIN SAIKIA    M    55    Rashtriya Dehat Morcha Party
6    BIREN DAS    M    48    Rashtrawadi Sena
7    BHUPEN CHANDRA MUDOI    M    55    Republican Party of India (A)
8    LIAQAT HUSSAIN    M    40    Lok Jan Shakti Party
9    ASHIT DUTTA    M    47    Independent
10    NAZRUL HAQUE MAZARBHUIYAN    M    55    Independent
11    PUSPA KANTA BORA    M    49    Independent
12    BIMALA PRASAD TALUKDAR    M    46    Independent
13    HERAMBA MOHAN PANDIT    M    45    Independent
S03    11    AS    KALIABOR    23-Apr-09    1    GUNIN HAZARIKA    M    61    Asom Gana Parishad
2    DIP GOGOI    M    57    Indian National Congress
3    SIRAJ UDDIN AJMAL    M    52    Assam United Democratic Front
4    KAMAL HAZARIKA    M    48    Independent
5    PAUL NAYAK    M    40    Independent
6    PRADEEP DUTTA    M    42    Independent
7    BINOD GOGOI    M    38    Independent
8    MRIDUL BARUAH    M    37    Independent
S03    12    AS    JORHAT    23-Apr-09    1    KAMAKHYA TASA    M    34    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    DRUPAD BORGOHAIN    M    68    Communist Party of India
3    BIJOY KRISHNA HANDIQUE    M    77    Indian National Congress
4    ABINASH KISHORE BORAH    M    30    Rashtrawadi Sena
5    BIREN NANDA    M    48    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
6    NAVAPROKASH SONOWAL    M    36    Independent
7    RAJ KUMAR DOWARAH    M    43    Independent
8    SUJIT SAHU    M    38    Independent
S03    13    AS    DIBRUGARH    23-Apr-09    1    SRI PABAN SINGH GHATOWAR    M    60    Indian National Congress
2    SRI ROMEN CH. BORTHAKUR    M    48    Nationalist Congress Party
3    SRI RATUL GOGOI    M    31    Communist Party of India
4    SRI SARBANANDA SONOWAL    M    47    Asom Gana Parishad
5    SRI GONGARAM KAUL    M    39    Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
6    NIHARIKA BORPATRA GOHAIN GOGOI    F    30    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
7    IMTIAZ HUSSAIN    M    31    Independent
8    FRANCIS DHAN    M    40    Independent
9    LAKHI CHARAN SWANSI    M    34    Independent
10    SIMA GHOSH    F    40    Independent
S03    14    AS    LAKHIMPUR    23-Apr-09    1    DR. ARUN KR. SARMA    M    52    Asom Gana Parishad
2    BHOGESWAR DUTTA    M    63    Communist Party of India
3    RANEE NARAH    F    45    Indian National Congress
4    GANGADHAR DUTTA    M    39    Shivsena
5    DEBNATH MAJHI    M    30    Communist Party of India(Marxist-Leninist)(Liberation)
6    PRAN JYOTI BORPATRA GOHAIN    M    26    Rashtrawadi Sena
7    MINU BURAGOHAIN    F    50    Samajwadi Party
8    RATNESWAR GOGOI    M    63    All India Forward Bloc
9    LALIT MILI    M    53    Rashtriya Dehat Morcha Party
10    SONAMONI DAS    M    39    Lok Jan Shakti Party
11    ASAP SUNDIGURIA    M    62    Independent
12    PRASHANTA GOGOI    M    35    Independent
13    BHUMIDHAR HAZARIKA    M    38    Independent
14    RANOJ PEGU    M    45    Independent
15    RABIN DEKA    M    54    Independent
S04    1    BR    VALMIKI NAGAR    23-Apr-09    1    DILIP VERMA    M    52    Nationalist Congress Party
2    BAIDYANATH PRASAD MAHTO    M    51    Janata Dal (United)
3    MANAN MISHRA    M    48    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    MOHAMMAD SHAMIM AKHTAR    M    37    Indian National Congress
5    RAGHUNATH JHA    M    63    Rashtriya Janata Dal
6    BIRENDRA PRASAD GUPTA    M    40    Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
7    SHAILENDRA KUMAR GARHWAL    M    38    Loktantrik Samata Dal
8    AMBIKA SINGH    M    53    Independent
9    UMESH    M    36    Independent
10    DEORAJ RAM    M    31    Independent
11    FAKHRUDDIN    M    37    Independent
12    MAGISTER YADAV    M    42    Independent
13    MANOHAR MANOJ    M    40    Independent
14    RAMASHANKAR PRASAD    M    35    Independent
15    RAKESH KUMAR PANDEY    M    51    Independent
16    SATYANARAIN YADAV    M    28    Independent
S04    2    BR    PASCHIM CHAMPARAN    23-Apr-09    1    ANIRUDH PRASAD ALIAS SADHU YADAV    M    46    Indian National Congress
2    PRAKASH JHA    M    55    Lok Jan Shakti Party
3    RAMASHRAY SINGH    M    65    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
4    SHAMBHU PRASAD GUPTA    M    50    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    DR. SANJAY JAISWAL    M    44    Bharatiya Janata Party
6    FAIYAZUL AZAM    M    71    Janata Dal (Secular)
7    MANOJ KUMAR    M    44    Rashtriya Dehat Morcha Party
8    SYED SHAMIM AKHTAR    M    48    Loktantrik Samata Dal
9    NAFIS AHAMAD    M    35    Independent
10    SHRIMAN MISHRA    M    41    Independent
11    SYED IRSHAD AKHTER    M    32    Independent
S04    3    BR    PURVI CHAMPARAN    23-Apr-09    1    AKHILESH PD. SINGH    M    40    Rashtriya Janata Dal
2    ARVIND KR. GUPTA    M    29    Indian National Congress
3    GAGANDEO YADAV    M    59    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    RADHA MOHAN SINGH    M    59    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    RAMCHANDRA PD.    M    51    Communist Party of India
6    UMESH KR. SINGH    M    43    Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya)
7    NAGENDRA SAHANI    M    33    Loktantrik Samata Dal
8    SURESH KR. RAJAK    M    45    Indian Justice Party
9    SURESH KR. RAI    M    41    Bajjikanchal Vikas Party
10    JHAGARU MAHATO    M    48    Independent
11    PARASNATH PANDEY    M    48    Independent
12    MD. MURTAZA ANSARI(DR. LAL)    M    40    Independent
S04    4    BR    SHEOHAR    23-Apr-09    1    MD. ANWARUL HAQUE    M    58    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    MD. TANVEER ZAFER    M    33    Communist Party of India
3    RAMA DEVI    F    60    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    LOVELY ANAND    M    35    Indian National Congress
5    SITARAM SINGH    M    60    Rashtriya Janata Dal
6    ARUN SAH    M    30    Bharatiya Loktantrik Party(Gandhi-Lohiawadi)
7    BASDEO SAH    M    36    Indian Justice Party
8    SHATRUGHANA SAHU    M    38    Bharatiya Jantantrik Janta Dal
9    AJAY KUMAR PANDEY    M    36    Independent
10    CHANDRIKA PRASAD    M    34    Independent
11    MOHAMMAD FIROZ AHAMAD    M    28    Independent
12    MOHSIN    M    29    Independent
13    YOGENDRA RAM    M    38    Independent
14    RAM ASHISH, MAHTO    M    64    Independent
15    SUNIL SINGH    M    44    Independent
S04    5    BR    SITAMARHI    23-Apr-09    1    ARJUN ROY    M    37    Janata Dal (United)
2    MAYA SHANKAR SHARAN    M    47    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    SAMIR KUMAR MAHASETH    M    49    Indian National Congress
4    SITARAM YADAV    M    61    Rashtriya Janata Dal
5    S. ABU DAUJANA    M    41    Loktantrik Samata Dal
6    CHITARANJAN GIRI    M    42    Rashtriya Pragati Party
7    MOHAMMAD AFZAL PAINTHER    M    44    Ambedkar National Congress
8    SHANKAR SINHA    M    51    Revolutionary Socialist Party
9    CHANDRIKA PRASAD    M    34    Independent
10    ZAHID    M    30    Independent
11    DINESH PRASAD    M    40    Independent
12    PAPPU KUMAR MISHRA    M    30    Independent
13    MUKESH KUMAR GUPTA    M    39    Independent
14    RAVINDRA KUMAR    M    36    Independent
15    RAM KISHORE PRASAD    M    71    Independent
16    SONE LAL SAH    M    61    Independent
S04    6    BR    MADHUBANI    23-Apr-09    1    ABDULBARI SIDDIKI    M    62    Rashtriya Janata Dal
2    LAXMANKANT MISHRA    M    48    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    DR SHAKEEL AHAMAD    M    52    Indian National Congress
4    HUKM DEO NARAYAN YADAV    M    72    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    DR HEMCHANDRA JHA    M    48    Communist Party of India
6    MINTU KUMAR SINGH    M    30    Jago Party
7    MISHRI LAL YADAV    M    39    Rashtriya Krantikari Janata Party
8    RAMCHANDRA YADAV    M    65    Krantikari Samyavadi Party
9    RAM SAGAR SAHANI    M    51    Indian Justice Party
10    MD ZINNUR    M    47    Independent
11    RAVINDRA THAKUR    M    40    Independent
12    RAJESHWAR YADAV    M    37    Independent
13    SANJAY KUMAR MAHTO    M    36    Independent
14    HARIBHUSHAN THAKUR “BACHOL”    M    44    Independent
S04    7    BR    JHANJHARPUR    23-Apr-09    1    KRIPANATH PATHAK    M    65    Indian National Congress
2    GAURI SHANKAR YADAV    M    36    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    DEVENDRA PRASAD YADAV    M    53    Rashtriya Janata Dal
4    MANGANI LAL MANDAL    M    60    Janata Dal (United)
5    DR KIRTAN PRASAD SINGH    M    50    Loktantrik Samata Dal
6    YOGNATH MANDAL    M    36    Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
7    OM PRAKASH    M    27    Independent
8    NATHUNI YADAV    M    57    Independent
9    FIROZ ALAM    M    38    Independent
10    VIVEKA NAND JHA    M    33    Independent
11    SHANKAR PRASAD    M    26    Independent
S04    14    BR    DARBHANGA    23-Apr-09    1    AJAY KUMAR JALAN    M    49    Indian National Congress
2    MD. ALI ASHRAF FATMI    M    53    Rashtriya Janata Dal
3    KIRTI AZAD    M    48    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    YUGESHWAR SAHNI    M    55    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    KUMARI SURESHWARI    F    60    Rashtriya Mazdoor Ekta Party
6    MD. KHURSHID ALAM    M    46    Apna Dal
7    DURGANAND MAHAVIR NAYAK    M    37    Bharatiya Jantantrik Janta Dal
8    MD. NIZAMUDDIN    M    36    Indian Justice Party
9    SATYANARAYAN MUKHIA    M    41    Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
10    ABDUR RAHIM    M    49    Independent
11    GOVIND ACHARAY    M    27    Independent
12    BHARAT YADAV    M    54    Independent
13    LALBAHADUR YADAV    M    35    Independent
14    PROF. HARERAM ACHARAY    M    49    Independent
S04    15    BR    MUZAFFARPUR    23-Apr-09    1    CAPTAIN JAI NARAYAN PRASAD NISHAD    M    78    Janata Dal (United)
2    BHAGWANLAL SAHNI    M    57    Lok Jan Shakti Party
3    VINITA VIJAY    F    41    Indian National Congress
4    SAMEER KUMAR    M    41    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    JITENDRA YADAV    M    35    Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
6    DINESH KUMAR KUSHWAHA    M    32    Rashtriya Krantikari Samajwadi Party
7    DEVENDRA RAKESH    M    49    Bajjikanchal Vikas Party
8    NEELU SINGH    F    36    Proutist Sarva Samaj
9    MAHENDRA PRASAD    M    63    Rashtriya Pragati Party
10    MITHILESH KUMAR    M    40    Rashtra Sewa Dal
11    MOHAMMAD SHAMIM    M    31    Rashtriya Dehat Morcha Party
12    MD. RAHAMTULLAHA    M    37    Akhil Bharatiya Jan Sangh
13    RAM DAYAL RAM    M    48    All India Forward Bloc
14    REYAJ AHMAD ATISH    M    62    Jago Party
15    MD. SALEEM    M    36    Rashtravadi Janata Party
16    ASHOK KUMAR LALAN    M    37    Independent
17    AHMAD RAZA    M    31    Independent
18    GEORGE FERNANDES    M    78    Independent
19    TARKESHWAR PASWAN    M    38    Independent
20    VIJENDRA CHAUDHARY    M    42    Independent
21    VINOD PASWAN    M    35    Independent
22    SHAMBHU SAHNI    M    37    Independent
23    SADANAND KISHORE THAKUR    M    38    Independent
24    SYED ALAMDAR HUSSAIN    M    27    Independent
S04    16    BR    VAISHALI    23-Apr-09    1    RAGHUVANSH PRASAD SINGH    M    62    Rashtriya Janata Dal
2    VIJAY KUMAR SHUKLA    M    38    Janata Dal (United)
3    SHANKAR MAHTO    M    37    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    HIND KESRI YADAV    M    58    Indian National Congress
5    PUNAMRI DEVI    F    37    United Women Front
6    PRAMOD KUMAR SHARMA    M    27    Bajjikanchal Vikas Party
7    BADRI PASWAN    M    39    Rashtriya Krantikari Samajwadi Party
8    BALAK NATH SAHANI    M    39    Indian Justice Party
9    LALJI KUMAR RAKESH    M    35    Rashtra Sewa Dal
10    BINOD PANDIT    M    29    Lokpriya Samaj Party
11    INDARDEO RAI    M    46    Independent
12    JITENDRA PRASAD    M    34    Independent
S04    21    BR    HAJIPUR    23-Apr-09    1    DASAI CHOWDHARY    M    52    Indian National Congress
2    MAHESHWAR DAS    M    54    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    RAM VILAS PASWAN    M    61    Lok Jan Shakti Party
4    RAM SUNDAR DAS    M    88    Janata Dal (United)
5    DINESH CHANDRA BHUSHAN    M    36    Loktantrik Samata Dal
6    NAND LAL PASWAN    M    47    Independent
7    PRATIMA KUMARI    F    33    Independent
8    RAJENDRA KUMAR PASWAN    M    54    Independent
9    RAM TIRTH PASWAN    M    59    Independent
10    VISHWA VIJAY KUMAR VIDHYARTHI    M    30    Independent
11    SANJAY PASHWAN    M    30    Independent
S04    22    BR    UJIARPUR    23-Apr-09    1    ASWAMEDH DEVI    F    40    Janata Dal (United)
2    ALOK KUMAR MEHTA    M    40    Rashtriya Janata Dal
3    RAMDEO VERMA    M    62    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
4    VIJAYWANT KUMAR CHOUDHARY    M    60    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    SHEEL KUMAR ROY    M    40    Indian National Congress
6    CHANDRA DEO ROY    M    48    Socialist Party (Lohia)
7    JAI NARAYAN SAH    M    53    Bajjikanchal Vikas Party
8    JITENDRA KUMAR ROY    M    32    Shivsena
9    TOSHAN SAH    M    62    Rashtriya Pragati Party
10    MD. TAUKIR    M    40    Samata Party
11    MASSOD HASSAN    M    29    Muslim League Kerala State Committee
12    RAMNATH SINGH    M    36    Rashtra Sewa Dal
13    ARJUN SAHNI    M    28    Independent
14    PRADEEP KUMAR    M    41    Independent
15    BRAJESH KUMAR NIRALA    M    51    Independent
16    MANSOOR    M    42    Independent
17    MOHAN PAUL    M    47    Independent
18    MOHAMMAD KURBAN    M    43    Independent
19    RATAN SAHNI    M    46    Independent
20    RAM SAGAR MAHTO    M    45    Independent
21    SANJAY KUMAR JHA    M    36    Independent
22    SUJIT KUMAR BHAGAT    M    29    Independent
S04    23    BR    SAMASTIPUR    23-Apr-09    1    DR. ASHOK KUMAR    M    54    Indian National Congress
2    MAHESWER HAZARI    M    38    Janata Dal (United)
3    RAM CHANDRA PASWAN    M    47    Lok Jan Shakti Party
4    BINDESHWAR PASWAN    M    59    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    UPENDRA PASWAN    M    42    Loktantrik Samata Dal
6    JEEBACHH PASWAN    M    41    Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
7    RANDHIR PASWAN    M    27    Independent
8    RAJA RAM DAS    M    56    Independent
9    REKHA KUMARI    F    29    Independent
10    SHIVCHANDRA PASWAN    M    31    Independent
11    SATISH MAHTO    M    33    Independent
S05    1    GA    NORTH GOA    23-Apr-09    1    CHRISTOPHER FONSECA    M    55    Communist Party of India
2    JITENDRA RAGHURAJ DESHPRABHU    M    53    Nationalist Congress Party
3    RAUT PANDURANG DATTARAM    M    62    Maharashtrawadi Gomantak
4    SHRIPAD YESSO NAIK    M    56    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    UPENDRA CHANDRU GAONKAR    M    48    Shivsena
6    NARACINVA SURYA SALGAONKAR    M    51    Independent
7    MARTHA D’ SOUZA    F    55    Independent
S05    2    GA    SOUTH GOA    23-Apr-09    1    COSME FRANCISCO CAITANO SARDINHA    M    62    Indian National Congress
2    ADV. NARENDRA KESHAV SAWAIKAR    M    42    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    ADV. RAJU MANGESHKAR ALIAS RAJENDRA NAIK    M    52    Communist Party of India
4    ROHIDAS HARICHANDRA BORKAR    M    63    Save Goa Front
5    MATANHY SALDANHA    M    60    United Goans Democratic Party
6    DIAS JAWAHAR    M    53    Independent
7    DERICK DIAS    M    41    Independent
9    MULLA SALIM    M    25    Independent
10    SALUNKE SMITA PRAVEEN    F    38    Independent
11    HAMZA KHAN    M    57    Independent
S09    5    JK    UDHAMPUR    23-Apr-09    1    ADREES AHMAD TABBASUM    M    45    Communist Party of India
2    BALBIR SINGH    M    53    Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
3    PROF. BHIM SINGH    M    69    Jammu & Kashmir National Panthers Party
4    RAKESH WAZIR    M    29    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    CH. LAL SINGH    M    50    Indian National Congress
6    DR. NIRMAL SINGH    M    53    Bharatiya Janata Party
7    BODH RAJ    M    42    Backward Classes Democratic Party, J&K
8    RAJESH MANCHANDA    M    40    Rashtriya Krantikari Samajwadi Party
9    KANCHAN SHARMA    F    40    Bharatiya Bahujan Party
10    MASTER WILLIAM GILL    M    60    All India Forward Bloc
11    ATUL SHARMA    M    30    Independent
12    DEV RAJ    M    57    Independent
13    MOHD. YOUSUF    M    46    Independent
14    NARESH DOGRA    M    40    Independent
S10    1    KA    CHIKKODI    23-Apr-09    1    KATTI RAMESH VISHWANATH    M    44    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    PRAKASH BABANNA HUKKERI    M    62    Indian National Congress
3    SHIVANAND WANTAMURI SIDDAMALLAPPA    M    42    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    BANASHANKARI BHIMAPPA ITTAPPA    M    32    Independent
5    MALLAPPA MARUTI KHATANVE    M    60    Independent
6    YASHWANT MANOHAR SUTAR    M    32    Independent
7    SHAILA SURESH KOLI    F    37    Independent
S10    2    KA    BELGAUM    23-Apr-09    1    AMARSINH VASANTRAO PATIL    M    49    Indian National Congress
2    ANGADI SURESH CHANNABASAPPA    M    55    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    A. B. PATIL    M    56    Janata Dal (Secular)
4    RAMANAGOUDA SIDDANGOUDA PATIL    M    66    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    ALLAPPA RAMAPPA PATIL    M    31    Independent
6    KASTURI BASANAGOUDA BHAVI    F    40    Independent
7    MOHAN. H. GADIWADDAR    M    29    Independent
9    VIJAYKUMAR JEENDATTA UPADHYE    M    47    Independent
10    HANAJI ASHOK PANDU    M    28    Independent
S10    4    KA    BIJAPUR    23-Apr-09    1    ALMELKAR VILASABABU BASALINGAPPA    M    46    Janata Dal (Secular)
2    KANAMADI SUDHAKAR MALLESH    M    54    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    PRAKASH KUBASING RATHOD    M    48    Indian National Congress
4    RAMESH CHANDAPPA JIGAJINAGI    M    57    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    NARASAPPA TIPPANNA BANDIWADDAR    M    48    Sarvodaya Karnataka Paksha
6    LAMANI CHANDRAKANT RUPASING    M    38    Lok Jan Shakti Party
7    ARAKERI NIRMALA SRINIVAS    F    35    Independent
8    CHALAWADI RAMANNA    M    54    Independent
9    SEVALAL SOMASHEKAR PURAPPA    M    46    Independent
10    HARIJAN AMBANNA TUKARAM    M    33    Independent
S10    5    KA    GULBARGA    23-Apr-09    1    BABU HONNA NAIK    M    55    Janata Dal (Secular)
2    MALLIKARJUN KHARGE    M    67    Indian National Congress
3    MAHADEV. B. DHANNI    M    51    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    REVUNAIK BELAMGI    M    70    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    DR. K. T. PALUSKAR    M    53    Prabuddha Republican Party
6    RAVIKUMAR SHALIMANI SEDAM    M    34    Ambedkar National Congress
7    SHANKER KODLA    M    73    Janata Dal (United)
8    SHANKAR JADHAV    M    48    Bharatiya Peoples Party
9    H.V. DIWAKAR    M    46    Independent
10    SHIVAKUMAR . KOLLUR    M    44    Independent
S10    6    KA    RAICHUR    23-Apr-09    1    K.DEVANNA NAIK    M    56    Janata Dal (Secular)
2    PAKKIRAPPA.S.    M    51    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    RAJA VENKATAPPA NAIK    M    52    Indian National Congress
4    SHIVAKUMAR    M    42    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    COM II. V.H.MASTER    M    73    Independent
6    COMRADE V.MUDUKAPPA NAYAK    M    36    Independent
7    R.MUDUKAPPA NAYAK    M    44    Independent
8    K.SOMASHEKHAR    M    43    Independent
S10    7    KA    BIDAR    23-Apr-09    1    GURUPADAPPA NAGMARPALLI    M    25    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    JAGANNATH.R.JAMADAR    M    25    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    N.DHARAM SINGH    M    25    Indian National Congress
4    SUBHASH TIPPANNA NELGE    M    25    Janata Dal (Secular)
5    ADVOCATE MOULVI ZAMEERUDDIN    M    25    National Development Party
6    BHASKAR BABU PATERPALLI    M    25    Indian Christian Secular Party
7    SHRAVAN SANGONDA BHANDE    M    25    Rashtriya Samaj Paksha
8    SUBHASH CHANDRA G.KHAPATE    M    25    Laghujan Samaj Vikas Party
9    AMRUTHAPPA.M.D    M    25    Independent
10    MD ARSHAD AHMED ANSARI    M    25    Independent
11    KHAJA SAMEEUDDIN KHAJA MOINUDDIN    M    25    Independent
12    JADHAV VENKAT RAO GYANOBA RAO    M    25    Independent
13    DONGAPURE SHANT KUMAR    M    25    Independent
14    DEVENDRAPPA SANGRAMAPPA PATIL    M    25    Independent
15    NARSAPPA MUTHANGI    M    25    Independent
16    PARMESHWAR RAMCHANDRA    M    25    Independent
17    PASHAMIYA ESMAIL SAB    M    25    Independent
18    BASWARAJ PAILWAN OKALLI    M    25    Independent
19    MANJILE MIYYA PEER SAB QURESH    M    25    Independent
20    MD OSMAN ALI LAKHPATI    M    25    Independent
21    MUFTI SHAIKH ABDUL GAFFAR QASMI    M    25    Independent
22    YEVATE PATIL SHRIMANT    M    25    Independent
23    YASHWANTH NARSING    M    25    Independent
24    SHIVARAJ TIMMANNA BOKKE    M    25    Independent
25    SAMEEUDDIN BANDELI    M    25    Independent
26    SURESH SWAMY TALGHATKER    M    25    Independent
27    SYED QUBUL ULLA HUSSIANI SAJID    M    25    Independent
S10    8    KA    KOPPAL    23-Apr-09    1    ANSARI IQBAL    M    50    Janata Dal (Secular)
2    BASAVARAJ RAYAREDDY    M    53    Indian National Congress
3    SHIVAPUTRAPPA GUMAGERA    M    42    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    SHIVARAMAGOUDA SHIVANAGOUDA    M    56    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    ZAKEER    M    30    Lok Jan Shakti Party
6    BASAVARAJ KARADI WADDARAHATTI    M    27    Janata Dal (United)
7    BHARADWAJ    M    63    Communist Party of India(Marxist-Leninist)(Liberation)
8    ISHWARAPPA J    M    52    Independent
9    UPPARA HANUMANTAPPA    M    33    Independent
10    GOUSIA BEGUM    F    31    Independent
11    CHAKRAVARTI NAYAK T    M    70    Independent
12    CHANDRASHEKAR    M    37    Independent
13    NAJEER HUSAIN    M    41    Independent
14    PUJAR D.H    M    42    Independent
15    MAREMMA YANKAPPA    F    40    Independent
16    SHARABHAYYA HIREMATH    M    27    Independent
18    HANDI RAFIQSAB    M    53    Independent
S10    9    KA    BELLARY    23-Apr-09    1    T. NAGENDRA    M    44    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    J. SHANTHA    F    35    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    N.Y. HANUMANTHAPPA    M    69    Indian National Congress
4    CHOWDAPPA    M    29    Communist Party of India(Marxist-Leninist)(Liberation)
5    D. GANGANNA    M    59    Independent
6    B. RAMAIAH    M    60    Independent
7    A. RAMANJANAPPA    M    41    Independent
S10    12    KA    UTTARA KANNADA    23-Apr-09    1    ANANTKUMAR HEGDE    M    40    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    ALVA MARGARET    F    67    Indian National Congress
3    HADAPAD BASAVARAJ DUNDAPPA    M    28    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    V D HEGADE    M    68    Janata Dal (Secular)
5    ELISH KOTIYAL    M    44    Janata Dal (United)
6    D M GURAV    M    49    Shivsena
7    ABDUL RASHEED SHAIKH    M    44    Independent
8    UDAY BABU KHALVADEKAR    M    57    Independent
9    KHAZI RAHMATULLA ABDUL WAHAB    M    60    Independent
10    L P M NAIK    M    39    Independent
11    YASHWANT TIMMANNA NIPPANIKAR    M    58    Independent
S10    18    KA    CHITRADURGA    23-Apr-09    1    JANARDHANA SWAMY    M    41    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    M JAYANNA    M    58    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    DR. B THIPPESWAMY    M    37    Indian National Congress
4    M RATHNAKAR    M    42    Janata Dal (Secular)
5    SHASHISHEKAR NAIK    M    46    Rashtriya Janata Dal
6    M KUMBAIAH    M    56    Independent
7    GANESHA    M    48    Independent
8    K H DURGASIMHA    M    61    Independent
9    RAMACHANDRA    M    49    Independent
10    B SUJATHA    F    33    Independent
11    HANUMANTHAPPA TEGNOOR    M    59    Independent
S10    19    KA    TUMKUR    23-Apr-09    1    ASHOK    M    59    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    P. KODANDARAMAIAH    M    69    Indian National Congress
3    G.S. BASAVARAJU    M    67    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    S.P. MUDDAHANUMEGOWDA    M    55    Janata Dal (Secular)
5    SREE GOWRISHANKARA SWAMIGALU    M    63    Samajwadi Party
6    D.R. NAGARAJA    M    53    Independent
7    G. NAGENDRA    M    34    Independent
8    NIRANJANA C.S    M    29    Independent
9    MOHAMED KHASIM    M    47    Independent
10    SHASIBHUSHANA    M    34    Independent
S10    23    KA    BANGALORE RURAL    23-Apr-09    1    H.D.KUMARASWAMY    M    49    Janata Dal (Secular)
2    TEJASVINI GOWDA    F    42    Indian National Congress
3    MOHAMED HAFEEZ ULLAH    M    54    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    C. P. YOGEESHWARA    M    45    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    C.THOPAIAH    M    56    Janata Dal (United)
6    I VENKATESWARA REDDY    M    55    Pyramid Party of India
7    AGNISHREENIVAS    M    30    Independent
8    D.KUMARASWAMY    M    43    Independent
9    KUMARASWAMY C    M    28    Independent
10    KRISHNAPPA    M    46    Independent
11    Y.CHINNAPPA    M    33    Independent
12    A CHOWRAPPA    M    44    Independent
13    DR. K PADMARAJAN    M    50    Independent
14    K.PUTTAMADEGOWDA    M    40    Independent
15    T.M.MANCHEGOWDA    M    62    Independent
S10    24    KA    BANGALORE NORTH    23-Apr-09    1    D. B. CHANDRE GOWDA    M    73    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    C. K. JAFFER SHARIEF    M    75    Indian National Congress
3    PADMAA K. BHAT    F    43    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    R. SURENDRA BABU    M    48    Janata Dal (Secular)
5    M. TIPPUVARDHAN    M    39    Bharatiya Praja Paksha
6    ANCHAN KHANNA    M    34    Independent
7    KANYA KUMAR    M    36    Independent
8    G S KUMAR    M    68    Independent
9    C. KRISHNAMURTHY    M    45    Independent
10    B K CHANDRA    M    38    Independent
11    T. R. CHANDRAHASA    M    45    Independent
12    ABDUL JALEEL    M    39    Independent
13    ZAFER MOHIUDDIN    M    48    Independent
14    JOSEPH SOLOMON    M    39    Independent
15    L. NAGARAJ    M    52    Independent
16    V. PRASANNA KUMAR    M    38    Independent
17    H. PILLAIAH    M    46    Independent
18    T. B. MADWARAJA    M    33    Independent
19    MEER LAYAQ HUSSAIN    M    42    Independent
20    K. A. MOHAN    M    51    Independent
21    S. M. RAJU    M    52    Independent
22    L. LAKSHMAIAH    M    64    Independent
23    MU. VENKATESHAIAH    M    50    Independent
24    VENKATESA SETTY    M    63    Independent
25    H. A. SHIVAKUMAR    M    30    Independent
26    K. SATHYANARAYANA    M    57    Independent
27    SYED AKBAR BASHA    M    50    Independent
28    N. HARISH GOWDA    M    33    Independent
S10    25    KA    BANGALORE CENTRAL    23-Apr-09    1    ZAMEER AHMED KHAN. B.Z    M    43    Janata Dal (Secular)
2    P. C. MOHAN    M    45    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    VIJAY RAJA SINGH    M    37    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    H.T.SANGLIANA    M    67    Indian National Congress
5    IFTHAQUAR ALI BHUTTO    M    37    Ambedkar National Congress
6    J.D.ELANGOVAN    M    64    Indian Justice Party
7    S M KRISHNA    M    44    Bharatiya Praja Paksha
8    B KRISHNA PRASAD    M    55    Proutist Sarva Samaj Party
9    A.S. PAUL    M    60    Akhila India Jananayaka Makkal Katchi (Dr. Issac)
10    D.C. PRAKASH    M    41    Karnataka Thamizhar Munnetra Kazhagam
11    K.PRABHAKARA REDDY    M    61    Kannada Chalavali Vatal Paksha
12    T.K.PREMKUMAR    M    45    Pyramid Party of India
13    ABHIMANI NARENDRA    M    50    Independent
14    M.A. ASHWATHA NARAYANA SETTY    M    64    Independent
15    K UMA    F    46    Independent
16    UMASHANKAR    M    42    Independent
17    K.S.S.IYENGAR    M    77    Independent
18    B.M.KRISHNAREDDY    M    64    Independent
19    S.KODANDARAM    M    50    Independent
20    C.V.GIDDAPPA    M    55    Independent
21    A.CHANDRASHEKAR    M    45    Independent
22    JAYARAMA    M    60    Independent
23    K.NARASIMHA    M    38    Independent
24    B.K NARAYANA SWAMY    M    52    Independent
25    P.PARTHIBAN    M    34    Independent
26    MEER LAYAQ HUSSAIN    M    42    Independent
27    B.MOHAN VELU    M    39    Independent
28    R. RAJ    M    49    Independent
29    E. RAMAKRISHNAIAH    M    50    Independent
30    K.H.RAMALINGAREDDY    M    41    Independent
31    VIJAYA BHASKAR N    M    61    Independent
32    DR.D. R.VENKATESH GOWDA    M    82    Independent
33    SHAFFI AHMED    M    50    Independent
34    S.N. SHARMA    M    67    Independent
35    SHASHIKUMAR A.R    M    43    Independent
36    K.SHIVARAMANNA    M    55    Independent
37    SHAIK BAHADUR    M    54    Independent
S10    26    KA    BANGALORE SOUTH    23-Apr-09    1    ANANTH KUMAR    M    49    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    KRISHNA BYRE GOWDA    M    36    Indian National Congress
3    NAHEEDA SALMA S    F    47    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    PROF.RADHAKRISHNA    M    63    Janata Dal (Secular)
5    B.M.GOVINDRAJ NAIK    M    38    Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha
6    P.JOHNBASCO    M    37    Akhila India Jananayaka Makkal Katchi (Dr. Issac)
7    VATAL NAGARAJ    M    60    Kannada Chalavali Vatal Paksha
8    B.SHIVARAMAPPA    M    62    Pyramid Party of India
9    ABHIMAANI NARENDRA    M    50    Independent
10    KHADER ALI KHAN    M    39    Independent
11    GANESH HANUMANTARAO MOKHASHI    M    58    Independent
12    CAPT. G.R. GOPINATH    M    57    Independent
13    K.C.JANARDHAN    M    46    Independent
14    DR.JAYALAKSHMI.H.G.    F    48    Independent
15    K.M.NARAYANA    M    54    Independent
16    MADESH.C    M    40    Independent
17    MURALIDHARA.D.J.    M    44    Independent
18    RAVI KUMARA.T.    M    26    Independent
19    SUGANDHARAJE URS    M    59    Independent
20    SANTHOSH MIN.B    M    33    Independent
S10    27    KA    CHIKKBALLAPUR    23-Apr-09    1    C.ASWATHANARAYANA    M    59    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    C.R.MANOHAR    M    29    Janata Dal (Secular)
3    M.VEERAPPA MOILY    M    69    Indian National Congress
4    HENNURU LAKSHMINARAYANA    M    49    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    M.RAMAKRISHNAIAH    M    40    Pyramid Party of India
6    M.VENKATESH    M    55    Bharatiya Praja Paksha
7    H.R.SHIVAKUMAR    M    39    Lok Jan Shakti Party
8    KRISHNAMURTHY .T    M    70    Independent
9    K.S.CHANDRASHEKARA RAO (AZAD)    M    54    Independent
10    L.NAGARAJ    M    52    Independent
11    G.NARAYANAPPA    M    62    Independent
12    A.N.BACHEGOWDA    M    50    Independent
13    G.B.MUTHUKUMAR    M    62    Independent
14    M.MUNIVENKATAIAH    M    64    Independent
15    M.RAMESH    M    30    Independent
16    RAVI GOKRE    M    32    Independent
17    G.N. RAVI    M    45    Independent
18    K.VENKATAREDDY    M    36    Independent
19    B.SHIVARAJA    M    40    Independent
20    Y.A.SIDDALINGEGOWDA    M    42    Independent
S10    28    KA    KOLAR    23-Apr-09    1    G.CHANDRANNA    M    56    Janata Dal (Secular)
2    K.H.MUNIYAPPA    M    61    Indian National Congress
3    N.MUNISWAMY    M    57    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    LAKSHMI SHANMUGAM    F    56    Nationalist Congress Party
5    D.S.VEERAIAH    M    60    Bharatiya Janata Party
6    K.R.DEVARAJA    M    51    Rashtriya Dehat Morcha Party
7    B.M.KRISHNAPPA    M    59    Independent
8    M.R.GANTAPPA    M    46    Independent
9    P.V.CHANGALARAYAPPA    M    38    Independent
10    P.CHANDRAPPA    M    42    Independent
11    V.JAYARAMA    M    59    Independent
12    JAYARAMAPPA    M    45    Independent
13    NAGARATHNA M.    F    47    Independent
14    M.NAGARAJA    M    35    Independent
15    NARAYANASWAMY    M    49    Independent
16    K.NARAYANASWAMY    M    37    Independent
17    C.K.MUNIYAPPA    M    43    Independent
18    M.RAVI KUMAR    M    36    Independent
19    M.VENKATASWAMY    M    55    Independent
20    K.VENKATESH    M    40    Independent
21    SRINIVASA T.O.    M    37    Independent
22    SRINIVASA P.    M    42    Independent
S12    8    MP    KHAJURAHO    23-Apr-09    1    JAYAWANT SINGH    M    49    Samajwadi Party
2    JEETENDRA SINGH    M    50    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    RAJA PATERYA    M    49    Indian National Congress
4    SEWA LAL PATEL    M    49    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    M. SHAKIL    M    38    Gondwana Mukti Sena
6    SAROJ BACHCHAN NAYAK    F    56    Janata Dal (United)
7    SURYA BHAN SINGH ‘YADAV GURUJI’    M    75    All India Forward Bloc
8    AKEEL KHAN    M    43    Independent
9    AKANCHHA JAIN    F    34    Independent
10    KRISHNA SHARAN SINGH (RAJA BHAIYA)    M    36    Independent
11    NARENDRA KUMAR    M    54    Independent
12    RAJENDRA AHIRWAR    M    43    Independent
13    RAM NATH LODHI    M    41    Independent
14    SHABNAM (MAUSI)    F    48    Independent
15    SHUKL SITARAM    M    48    Independent
S12    9    MP    SATNA    23-Apr-09    1    GANESH SINGH    M    46    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    PT. RAJARAM TRIPATHI    M    56    Samajwadi Party
3    SUKHLAL KUSHWAHA    M    46    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    SUDHIR SINGH TOMAR    M    41    Indian National Congress
5    ONKAR SINGH    M    56    Akhil Bharatiya Hind Kranti Party
6    GIRJA SINGH PATEL    M    49    Apna Dal
7    CHHOTELAL SINGH GOND    M    65    Gondwana Mukti Sena
8    PRAMILA    F    43    Republican Party of India (A)
9    B BALLABH CHARYA    M    38    Advait Ishwasyam Congress
10    RAJESH SINGH BAGHEL    M    41    Gondvana Gantantra Party
11    SHOBHNATH SEN    M    29    Lok Jan Shakti Party
12    SUNDERLAL CHAUDHARI    M    64    Indian Justice Party
13    ASHOK KUMAR KUSHWAHA    M    33    Independent
14    ASHOK KUSHWAHA    M    28    Independent
15    CHHOTELAL    M    59    Independent
16    BHAIYALAL URMALIYA    M    62    Independent
17    MANISH KUMAR JAIN    M    31    Independent
18    MUNNI KRANTI    F    44    Independent
19    RAMVISHWAS BASORE    M    38    Independent
20    RAM SAJIVAN    M    46    Independent
21    RAMAYAN CHAUDHARI    M    39    Independent
S12    10    MP    REWA    23-Apr-09    1    CHANDRA MANI TRIPATHI    M    62    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    DEORAJ SINGH PATEL    M    36    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    PUSHPRAJ SINGH    M    48    Samajwadi Party
4    SUNDER LAL TIWARI    M    51    Indian National Congress
5    BADRI PRASAD KUSHWAHA    M    47    Apna Dal
6    RAMKISHAN NIRAT (SAKET)    M    32    Republican Party of India (A)
7    RAMAYAN PRASAD PATEL    M    42    Yuva Vikas Party
8    VIMALA SONDHIA    F    53    Lok Jan Shakti Party
9    SALMA    F    33    All India Forward Bloc
10    MD. AKEEL KHAN (BACHCHA BHAI)    M    34    Independent
11    JAIKARAN SAKET    M    48    Independent
13    SUKHENDRA PRATAP    M    44    Independent
14    SUNDAR LAL    M    37    Independent
15    HIRALAL VISHWAKARMA    M    56    Independent
S12    11    MP    SIDHI    23-Apr-09    1    ASHOK KUMAR SHAH    M    34    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    INDRAJEET KUMAR    M    61    Indian National Congress
3    GOVIND PRASAD MISHRA    M    60    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    MANIK SINGH    M    43    Samajwadi Party
5    LOLAR SINGH URETI    M    29    Gondwana Mukti Sena
6    VEENA SINGH NETI    F    34    Gondvana Gantantra Party
7    BABOOLAL JAISWAL    M    39    Independent
8    MADAN MOHAN JAISWAL (ADVOCATE)    M    36    Independent
9    MAHENDRA BHAIYA (DIKSHIT)    M    42    Independent
10    RAMAKANT PANDEY MALAIHNA    M    63    Independent
11    VEENA SINGH (VEENA DIDI)    F    56    Independent
S12    12    MP    SHAHDOL    23-Apr-09    1    CHANDRA PRATAP SINGH (BABA SAHAB)    M    51    Samajwadi Party
2    NARENDRA SINGH MARAVI    M    29    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    MANOHAR SINGH MARAVI    M    46    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    RAJESH NANDINI SINGH    F    52    Indian National Congress
5    SADAN SINGH BHARIA    M    39    Communist Party of India
6    KRISHN PAL SINGH PAVEL    M    29    Lok Jan Shakti Party
7    GANPAT GOND    M    38    Gondwana Mukti Sena
8    RAM RATAN SINGH PAVLE    M    28    Gondvana Gantantra Party
S12    13    MP    JABALPUR    23-Apr-09    1    AZIZ QURESHI    M    64    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    ASHOK KUMAR SHARMA    M    40    Samajwadi Party
3    RAKESH SINGH    M    48    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    ADVOCATE RAMESHWAR NEEKHRA    M    61    Indian National Congress
5    MEERCHAND PATEL (KACHHVAHA)    M    63    Republican Party of India
6    RAVI MAHOBIA (KUNDAM)    M    29    Gondvana Gantantra Party
7    RAJKUMARI SINGH    F    40    Lok Jan Shakti Party
8    HARI SINGH MARAVI    M    36    Gondwana Mukti Sena
9    DR. MUKESH MEHROTRA    M    57    Independent
10    RAKESH SONKAR (PRAMUKH DHAI AKSHAR)    M    39    Independent
11    SUNIL PATEL    M    38    Independent
S12    14    MP    MANDLA    23-Apr-09    1    JALSO DHURWEY    F    25    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    FAGGAN SINGH KULASTE    M    49    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    BASORI SINGH MASRAM    M    59    Indian National Congress
4    UDAL SINGH DHURWEY    M    35    Loktanrik Sarkar Party
5    JHANK SINGH KUSHRE    M    37    Gondvana Gantantra Party
6    PREM SINGH MARAVI    M    35    Gondwana Mukti Sena
7    BHAGAT SINGH VARKEDE    M    45    Lok Jan Shakti Party
8    MANESHWARI NAIK    F    65    Republican Party of India (A)
9    SUNITA NETI    F    33    Rashtriya Dehat Morcha Party
10    CHANDRA SHEKHAR DHURWEY    M    46    Independent
11    CHAMBAL SING MARAWEE    M    62    Independent
12    DEV SINGH BHALAVI    M    25    Independent
13    SHIVCHARAN UIKEY    M    26    Independent
14    SAHDEO PRASAD MARAVI    M    43    Independent
S12    15    MP    BALAGHAT    23-Apr-09    1    AJAB LAL    M    35    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    KISHOR SAMRITE    M    42    Samajwadi Party
3    KANKAR MUNJARE    M    52    Rashtriya Janata Dal
4    K. D. DESHMUKH    M    60    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    VISHVESHWAR BHAGAT    M    57    Indian National Congress
6    KALPANA GOPAL WASNIK    F    38    Republican Party of India (A)
7    DARBU SINGH UIKEY    M    37    Gondwana Mukti Sena
8    BHAIYA BALKRISHNA    M    53    Gondvana Gantantra Party
9    ADVOCATE AZHAR UL ALIM    M    58    Independent
10    ANJU ASHOK UIKEY    F    34    Independent
11    GOVARDHAN PATLE URF HITLAR    M    75    Independent
12    JITENDRA MESHRAM    M    37    Independent
13    DHANESHWAR LILHARE    M    40    Independent
14    NYAZMIR KHAN    M    32    Independent
15    POORANLAL LODHI    M    37    Independent
16    MANSINGH BISEN    M    59    Independent
17    SANDEEP SANTRAM    M    31    Independent
18    SHRIRAM THAKUR    M    58    Independent
S12    16    MP    CHHINDWARA    23-Apr-09    1    KAMAL NATH    M    62    Indian National Congress
2    MAROT RAO KHAVASE    M    59    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    RAO SAHEB SHINDE    M    46    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    JOGILAL IRPACHI    M    48    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
5    PARDHESHI HARTAPSAH TIRKAM    M    40    Gondwana Mukti Sena
6    BALVEER SINGH YADAV    M    30    Rashtriya Krantikari Samajwadi Party
7    RAMKISHAN PAL    M    62    Republican Party of India (A)
8    SATAP SHA UIKEY    M    35    Gondvana Gantantra Party
9    ABDUL SHAMAD KHAN    M    45    Independent
10    AMRITLAL PATHAK RAGHUVAR    M    70    Independent
11    ASHARAM DEHARIYA    M    33    Independent
12    KAMALNATH (MAYAWADI-PARASIA)    M    31    Independent
13    GANARAM UIKEY    M    53    Independent
15    JAGDISH BAIS    M    35    Independent
16    TULSIRAM SURYAWANSHI    M    62    Independent
17    DUARAM UIKEY    M    40    Independent
18    DHANPAL BHALAVI    M    35    Independent
19    DHANRAJ JAMBHATKAR    M    37    Independent
20    NARESH KUMAR YUVNATI    M    33    Independent
21    NIKHILESH DHURVEY    M    30    Independent
22    PITRAM UIKEY    M    48    Independent
23    PRAVINDRA NAURATI    M    37    Independent
24    MANMOHAN SHAH BATTI    M    46    Independent
25    R.K. MARKAM    M    28    Independent
26    SHOAIB KHAN    M    44    Independent
27    SUKMAN INVATI    M    42    Independent
28    SUBHASH SHUKLA    M    40    Independent
S12    17    MP    HOSHANGABAD    23-Apr-09    1    UDAY PRATAP SINGH    M    44    Indian National Congress
2    ADV.B.M.KAUSHIK    M    35    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    HAJAEE SYID MUEEN UDDIN    M    47    Samajwadi Party
4    RAMPAL SINGH    M    53    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    DINESH KUMAR AHIRWAR    M    42    Independent
6    BHARAT KUMAR CHOUREY    M    29    Independent
7    MOHAMMD ABDULLA    M    54    Independent
8    RAKHI GUPTA    F    31    Independent
9    RAMPAL    M    62    Independent
10    SUDAMA PRASAD    M    55    Independent
S12    18    MP    VIDISHA    23-Apr-09    1    DR.PREMSHANKAR SHARMA    M    44    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    CHOUDHARY MUNABBAR SALIM    M    50    Samajwadi Party
3    SUSHMA SWARAJ    F    57    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    BHAI MUNSHILAL SILAWAT    M    25    Republican Party of India (A)
5    RAMGOPAL MALVIYA    M    35    Rashtriya Dehat Morcha Party
6    HARBHAJAN JANGRE    M    33    Lok Jan Shakti Party
7    GANESHRAM LODHI    M    44    Independent
8    RAJESHWAR SINGH YADAV (RAO)    M    39    Independent
S12    19    MP    BHOPAL    23-Apr-09    1    ER. ASHOK NARAYAN SINGH    M    53    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    KAILASH JOSHI    M    79    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    MHOD. MUNAWAR KHAN KAUSAR    M    44    Samajwadi Party
4    SURENDRA SINGH THAKUR    M    55    Indian National Congress
5    ASHOK PAWAR    M    47    Prajatantrik Samadhan Party
6    AHIRWAR LAKHANLAL PURVI    M    42    Republican Party of India (A)
7    KARAN KUMAR KAROSIA URF KARAN JEEJA    M    41    Gondvana Gantantra Party
8    RADHESHYAM KULASTE    M    38    Gondwana Mukti Sena
9    RAMDAS GHOSLE    M    54    Republican Party of India (Democratic )
10    SANJEEV SINGHAL    M    42    Savarn Samaj Party
11    ANIL SINGH    M    30    Independent
12    AMAR SINGH    M    72    Independent
13    KAPIL DUBEY    M    37    Independent
14    D. C. GUJARKAR    M    52    Independent
15    DARSHAN SINGH RATHORE    M    53    Independent
17    DR. MAHESH YADAV ‘AMAN GANDHI’    M    40    Independent
18    MUKESH SEN    M    32    Independent
19    MEHDI SIR    M    30    Independent
20    RAJESH KUMAR YADAV    M    42    Independent
22    SHAHNAWAZ    M    59    Independent
23    SHIV NARAYAN SINGH BAGWARE    M    60    Independent
S12    29    MP    BETUL    23-Apr-09    1    OJHARAM EVANE    M    54    Indian National Congress
2    JYOTI DHURVE    F    43    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    RAMA KAKODIA    M    50    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    DR. SUKHDEV SINGH CHOUHAN    M    42    Samajwadi Party
5    KALLUSINGH UIKEY    M    59    Gondwana Mukti Sena
6    KADMU SINGH KUMARE (K.S.KUMARE)    M    59    Gondvana Gantantra Party
7    GULABRAV    M    53    Rashtriya Dehat Morcha Party
8    MANGAL SINGH LOKHANDE    M    51    Samajwadi Jan Parishad
9    SUSHILKUMAR ALIS BALUBHAIYYA    M    39    Republican Party of India (A)
10    IMRATLAL MARKAM    M    58    Independent
11    KAMAL SING    M    45    Independent
12    KADAKSHING VADIVA    M    27    Independent
13    KRISHNA GOPAL PARTE    M    35    Independent
14    MOTIRAM MAVASE    M    48    Independent
15    ADHIVAKTA SHANKAR PENDAM    M    66    Independent
16    SUNIL KUMAR KAWADE    M    27    Independent
S13    1    MH    NANDURBAR    23-Apr-09    1    GAVIT MANIKRAO HODLYA    M    75    Indian National Congress
2    NATAWADKAR SUHAS JYANT    M    48    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    PADVI BABITA KARMSINGH    F    36    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    KOKANI MANJULABAI SAKHARAM    F    59    Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha
5    GAVIT SHARAD KRUSHNRAO    M    46    Samajwadi Party
6    ABHIJIT AATYA VASAVE    M    30    Independent
7    KOLI RAJU RAMDAS    M    34    Independent
S13    2    MH    DHULE    23-Apr-09    1    AMARISHBHAI RASIKLAL PATEL    M    56    Indian National Congress
2    RIZWAN MO.AKBAR    M    34    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    SONAWANE PRATAP NARAYANRAO    M    60    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    ANIL ANNA GOTE    M    61    Loksangram
5    ANSARI MOHD. ISMAIL MOHD. IBRAHIM    M    37    Bharatiya Minorities Suraksha Mahasangh
6    ARIF AHMED SHAIKH JAFHAR    M    99    Navbharat Nirman Party
7    KAVAYATRI-SONKANYA THAKUR RAJANI BAGWAN    F    49    Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha
8    NIHAL AHMED MOLVI. MOHAMMED USMAN    M    81    Janata Dal (Secular)
9    MD. ISMAIL JUMMAN    M    49    Independent
10    KISHOR PITAMBAR AHIRE    M    28    Independent
11    GAZI ATEZAD AHMED MUBEEN AHMED KHAN    M    57    Independent
12    GAIKWAD PATIL BHUSHAN BAJIRAO    M    28    Independent
13    DADASO. PANDITRAO PATIL KOKALEKAR    M    55    Independent
14    SHEVALE PATIL SANDEEP JIBHAU    M    31    Independent
15    SONAWANE PANDIT UTTAMRAO    M    42    Independent
S13    3    MH    JALGAON    23-Apr-09    1    A.T. NANA PATIL    M    47    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    ADV. MATIN AHMED    M    38    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    ADV. VASANTRAO JIVANRAO MORE    M    63    Nationalist Congress Party
4    ATMARAM SURSING JADHAV (ENGG.)    M    33    Kranti Kari Jai Hind Sena
5    JADHAV NATTHU SHANKAR    M    56    Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha
6    JANGALU DEVRAM SHIRSATH    M    65    Hindustan Janta Party
7    NANNAWARE CHAITANYA PANDIT    M    33    Prabuddha Republican Party
8    LAXMAN SHIVAJI SHIRSATH (PATIL)    M    42    Krantisena Maharashtra
9    ANIL PITAMBAR WAGH (SIR)    M    38    Independent
10    KANTILAL CHHAGAN NAIK (BANJARA)    M    39    Independent
11    WAGH SUDHAKAR ATMARAM    M    26    Independent
12    SHALIGRAM SHIVRAM MAHAJAN (DEORE)    M    49    Independent
13    SALIMODDIN ISAMODDIN SHE.(MISTARI)    M    56    Independent
S13    4    MH    RAVER    23-Apr-09    1    PATIL SURESH CHINDHU    M    48    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    ADV. RAVINDRA PRALHADRAO PATIL    M    54    Nationalist Congress Party
3    HARIBHAU MADHAV JAWALE    M    55    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    TELI SHAIKH ISMAIL HAJI HASAN    M    57    Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha
5    BAPU SAHEBRAO SONAWANE    M    45    Prabuddha Republican Party
6    MARATHE BHIMRAO PARBAT    M    51    Krantisena Maharashtra
8    IQBAL ALAUDDIN TADVI    M    41    Independent
9    UTTAM KASHIRAM INGALE    M    36    Independent
10    KOLI SANTOSH GOKUL    M    25    Independent
11    FIRKE SURESH KACHARU EX ACP (CRPF)    M    58    Independent
12    MAKBUL FARID SK.    M    36    Independent
13    MOHD. MUNAWWAR MOHD. HANIF    M    45    Independent
14    MORE HIRAMAN BHONAJI    M    41    Independent
15    D.D. WANI (PHOTOGRAPHER) (DYNESHWAR DIWAKAR WANI)    M    43    Independent
16    VIVEK SHARAD PATIL    M    41    Independent
17    SHAIKH RAMJAN SHAIKH KARIM    M    40    Independent
18    SUJATA IBRAHIM TADAVI    F    45    Independent
19    SANJAY PRALADH KANDELKAR    M    34    Independent
S13    18    MH    JALNA    23-Apr-09    1    DR. KALE KALYAN VAIJINATHRAO    M    46    Indian National Congress
2    DANVE RAOSAHEB DADARAO    M    56    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    RATHOD RAJPALSINH GABRUSINH    M    35    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    AAPPASAHEB RADHAKISAN KUDHEKAR    M    29    Krantisena Maharashtra
5    KISAN BALVANTA BORDE    M    61    Prabuddha Republican Party
6    KHARAT ASHOK RAMRAO    M    51    Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha
7    TAWAR KAILAS BHAUSAHEB    M    45    Swatantra Bharat Paksha
8    DR. DILAWAR MIRZA BAIG    M    29    Indian Union Muslim League
9    BHOJNE BABASAHEB SANGAM    M    37    Rashtriya Samaj Paksha
10    MISAL TUKARAM BABURAOJI    M    48    Samajwadi Party
11    RATNAPARKHE ARCHANA SUDHAKAR    F    31    Republician Party of India Ektawadi
12    SUBHASH FAKIRA SALVE    M    43    Ambedkar National Congress
13    SAYYAD MAKSUD NOOR    M    42    Lok Jan Shakti Party
14    KOLTE MANOJ NEMINATH    M    26    Independent
15    KHANDU HARISHCHANDRA LAGHANE    M    30    Independent
16    NADE DNYANESHWAR DAGDU    M    41    Independent
17    BABASAHEB PATIL SHINDE    M    53    Independent
18    SONWANE ASHOK VITTHAL    M    45    Independent
19    S. HUSAIN AHEMAD    M    37    Independent
S13    19    MH    AURANGABAD    23-Apr-09    1    UTTAMSINGH RAJDHARSINGH PAWAR    M    58    Indian National Congress
2    CHANDRAKANT KHAIRE    M    57    Shivsena
3    SAYYED SALIM SAYYED YUSUF    M    56    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    JAHAGIRDAR MOHMAD AYUB GULAM    M    55    Samajwadi Party
5    JYOTI RAMCHANDRA UPADHAYAY    F    35    Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha
6    PANDURANG WAMANRAO NARWADE    M    39    Prabuddha Republican Party
7    BHIMSEN RAMBHAU KAMBLE    M    44    Republician Party of India Ektawadi
8    MANIK RAMU SHINDE    M    34    Krantisena Maharashtra
9    SHAIKH HARUN MALIK SAHEB    M    50    Rashtriya Samaj Paksha
10    UTTAM MANIK KIRTIKAR    M    30    Independent
11    EJAZ KHAN BISMILLAH KHAN    M    33    Independent
12    KAZI MUSHIRODDIN TAJODDIN    M    63    Independent
13    KRISHNA DEVIDAS JADHAV    M    25    Independent
14    JADHAV TOTARAM GANPAT    M    51    Independent
15    JADHAV VISHNU SURYABHAN    M    50    Independent
16    JADHAV SUBHASH RUPCHAND    M    33    Independent
17    BANKAR MILIND RANUJI    M    38    Independent
18    SHANTIGIRIJI MOUNGIRIJI MAHARAJ    M    50    Independent
19    SHAIKH RAFIQ SHAIKH RAZZAK    M    30    Independent
20    SHAIKH SALIM PATEL WAHEGAONKAR    M    38    Independent
21    SAYYED RAUF SAYYED ZAMIR    M    54    Independent
22    SUBHASH KISANRAO PATIL (JADHAV)    M    47    Independent
S13    20    MH    DINDORI    23-Apr-09    1    GAVIT JEEVA PANDU    M    60    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
2    GANGURDE DIPAK SHANKAR    M    36    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    CHAVAN HARISHCHANDRA DEORAM    M    57    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    ZIRWAL NARHARI SITARAM    M    50    Nationalist Congress Party
5    PAWAR SAMPAT WAMAN    M    30    Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha
6    GANGURDE BALU KISAN    M    37    Independent
7    BHIKA HARISING BARDE    M    75    Independent
8    VIJAY NAMDEO PAWAR    M    45    Independent
9    SHANKAR DEORAM GANGUDE    M    51    Independent
S13    21    MH    NASHIK    23-Apr-09    1    GAIKWAD DATTA NAMDEO    M    47    Shivsena
2    SAMEER BHUJBAL    M    35    Nationalist Congress Party
3    SHRIMAHANT SUDHIRDAS MAHARAJ    M    43    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    KAILAS MADHUKAR CHAVAN    M    28    Indian Justice Party
5    GODSE HEMANT TUKARAM    M    38    Maharashtra Navnirman sena
6    JADHAV NAMDEO BHIKAJI    M    57    Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha
7    RAYATE VIJAY SAKHARAM ( RAYATE SIR)    M    52    Hindustan Janta Party
8    AD. GULVE RAMNATH SANTUJI    M    42    Independent
9    DATTU GONYA GAIKWAD    M    50    Independent
10    PRAVINCHANDRA DATTARAM DETHE    M    42    Independent
11    BHARAT HIRMAN PARDESHI    M    37    Independent
12    RAJENDRA SAMPATRAO KADU    M    35    Independent
S13    32    MH    RAIGAD    23-Apr-09    1    ANANT GEETE    M    58    Shivsena
2    BARRISTER A.R. ANTULAY    M    80    Indian National Congress
3    MOHITE KIRAN BABURAO    M    34    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    EKANATH ARJUN PATIL    M    48    Rashtriya Samaj Paksha
5    ADV. PRAVIN MADHUKAR THAKUR    M    39    Independent
6    DR. SIDDHARTH PATIL    M    54    Independent
7    SUNIL BHASKAR NAIK    M    51    Independent
S13    33    MH    MAVAL    23-Apr-09    1    PANSARE AZAM FAKEERBHAI    M    48    Nationalist Congress Party
2    BABAR GAJANAN DHARMSHI    M    66    Shivsena
3    MISHRA UMAKANT RAMESHWAR    M    36    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    AYU. DEEPALI NIVRUTTI CHAVAN    F    35    Prabuddha Republican Party
5    PRADIP PANDURANG KOCHAREKAR    M    49    Rashtriya Samaj Paksha
6    ADV.SHIVSHANKAR DATTATRAY SHINDE    M    31    Krantisena Maharashtra
7    ISHWAR DATTATRAY JADHAV    M    46    Independent
8    JAGANNATH PANDURANG KHARGE    M    38    Independent
9    DOLE BHIMRAJ NIVRUTTI    M    38    Independent
10    ADVOCATE TUKARAM WAMANRAO BANSODE    M    64    Independent
11    TANTARPALE GOPAL YASHWANTRAO    M    43    Independent
12    ADVOCATE PRAMOD MAHADEV GORE    M    56    Independent
13    BHAPKAR MARUTI SAHEBRAO    M    38    Independent
14    MAHENDRA PRABHAKAR TIWARI    M    41    Independent
15    BRO. MANUAL DESOZA    M    45    Independent
16    YASHWANT NARAYAN DESAI    M    42    Independent
17    SHAKEEL RAJBHAI SHAIKH    M    38    Independent
18    HARIBHAU DADAJI SHINDE    M    70    Independent
S13    34    MH    PUNE    23-Apr-09    1    ANIL SHIROLE    M    59    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    KALMADI SURESH    M    64    Indian National Congress
3    D S K ALIAS D.S.KULKARNI    M    58    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    ARUN BHATIA    M    66    Peoples Guardian
5    GULAB TATYA WAGHMODE    M    47    Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha
6    BAGBAN JAVED KASIM    M    26    Indian Union Muslim League
7    VIKRAMADITYA OMPRAKASH DHIMAN    M    40    Rashtriya Samaj Paksha
8    VINOD ANAND SINH    M    55    Proutist Sarva Samaj Party
9    SHIROLE RANJEET SHRIKANT    M    32    Maharashtra Navnirman sena
10    SAVITA HAJARE    F    46    Pyramid Party of India
11    SANGHARSH ARUN APTE    M    28    Prabuddha Republican Party
12    AJAY VASANT PAITHANKAR    M    49    Independent
13    ADAGALE BHAUSAHEB RAMCHANDRA    M    48    Independent
14    ASHOK GANPAT PALKHE ALIAS SUTAR    M    45    Independent
15    KAMTAM ISWAR SAMBHAYYA    M    67    Independent
16    KULKARNI KAUSTUBH SHASHIKANT    M    26    Independent
17    KHAN AMANULLA MOHMOD AL    M    55    Independent
18    KHAN NISSAR TAJ AHMAD    M    44    Independent
19    P. K. CHAVAN    M    80    Independent
20    CHOUDHARI SUNIL GULABRAO    M    41    Independent
21    CHOURE VILAS CHINTAMAN    M    45    Independent
22    TATYA ALIAS NARAYAN SHANKAR WAMBHIRE    M    51    Independent
23    TAMBOLI SHABBIR SAJJANBHAI    M    52    Independent
24    DATTATRAYA GANESH TALGERI    M    61    Independent
25    BAGADE SACHIN MARUTI    M    29    Independent
26    BALU ALIAS ANIL SHIROLE    M    28    Independent
27    BHARAT MANOHAR GAVALI    M    65    Independent
28    BHAGWAT RAGHUNATH KAMBLE    M    35    Independent
29    RAJENDRA BHAGAT ALIAS JITU BHAI    M    29    Independent
30    VIKRAM NARENDRA BOKE    M    53    Independent
31    SHINDE RAJENDRA BABURAO    M    44    Independent
32    SHAIKH ALTAF KARIM    M    48    Independent
33    SHRIKANT MADHUSUDAN JAGTAP    M    33    Independent
34    SARDESAI KISHORKUMAR RAGHUNATH    M    42    Independent
35    ADV.SUBHASH NARHAR GODSE    M    59    Independent
36    SANTOSH ALIAS SOMNATH KALU PAWAR    M    38    Independent
S13    35    MH    BARAMATI    23-Apr-09    1    KUDALEPATIL VIVEK ANANT    M    40    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    KANTA JAYSING NALAWADE    F    56    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    SUPRIYA SULE    F    39    Nationalist Congress Party
4    MAYAWATI AMAR CHITRE    F    31    Bharatiya Minorities Suraksha Mahasangh
5    SHELAR SANGEETA PANDURANG    F    33    Krantisena Maharashtra
6    SACHIN VITTHAL AHIRE    M    29    Prabuddha Republican Party
7    SAMPAT MARUTI TAKALE    M    54    Rashtriya Samaj Paksha
8    GHORPADE SAVEETA ASHOK    F    29    Independent
10    TANTARPALE GOPAL YESHWANTRAO    M    43    Independent
11    DEEPAK SHANKAR BHAPKAR    M    26    Independent
12    BHIMA ANNA KADALE    M    31    Independent
13    MRUNALEENI JAYRAJ KAKADE    F    34    Independent
14    YOGESH SONABA RANDHEER    M    39    Independent
15    SHIVAJI JAYSING KOKARE    M    58    Independent
16    SURESH BABURAO VEER    M    62    Independent
17    SANGITA SHRIMAN BHUMKAR    F    30    Independent
S13    36    MH    SHIRUR    23-Apr-09    1    ADHALRAO SHIVAJI DATTATRAY    M    52    Shivsena
2    ZAGADE YASHWANT SITARAM    M    35    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    VILAS VITHOBA LANDE    M    47    Nationalist Congress Party
4    PALLAVI MOHAN HARSHE    F    27    Prabuddha Republican Party
5    SHELAR DNYANOBA SHRIPATI    M    57    Republican Presidium Party of India
6    SURESH MULCHAND KANKARIA (MAMA)    M    57    Rashtriya Samaj Paksha
7    ABHANG KONDIBHAU BHIMAJI    M    48    Independent
8    KARANDE CHANGDEO NAMDEO    M    43    Independent
9    KALURAM RAGHUNATH TAPKIR    M    52    Independent
10    RAM DHARMA DAMBALE    M    37    Independent
11    LANDE VILAS MHATARBA    M    37    Independent
S13    37    MH    AHMADNAGAR    23-Apr-09    1    KARDILE SHIVAJI BHANUDAS    M    50    Nationalist Congress Party
2    KARBHARI WAMAN SHIRSAT ALIAS K.V. SHIRSAT    M    65    Communist Party of India
3    GADAKH TUKARAM GANGADHAR    M    55    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    GANDHI DILIPKUMAR MANSUKHLAL    M    59    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    KAZI SAJID MUJIR    M    41    Republician Party of India Ektawadi
6    HAKE BHANUDAS KISAN    M    55    Rashtriya Samaj Paksha
7    HOLE BHANUDAS NAMDEO    M    48    Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha
8    ARUN KAHAR    M    45    Independent
9    AVINASH MALHARRAO GHODAKE    M    40    Independent
10    KHAIRE ARJUN DEORAO    M    39    Independent
11    GAIKWAD BALASAHEB RAMCHANDRA    M    35    Independent
12    NAUSHAD ANSAR SHAIKH    F    39    Independent
13    PROF. MAHENDRA DADA SHINDE    M    29    Independent
14    RAUT EKNATH BABASAHEB    M    56    Independent
15    RAJIV APPASAHEB RAJALE    M    39    Independent
S13    38    MH    SHIRDI    23-Apr-09    1    KACHARU NAGU WAGHMARE    M    60    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    WAKCHOURE BHAUSAHEB RAJARAM    M    59    Shivsena
3    ATHAWALE RAMDAS BANDU    M    52    Republican Party of India
4    DHOTRE SUCHIT CHINTAMANI    M    25    Krantisena Maharashtra
5    SATISH BALASAHEB PALGHADMAL    M    26    Prabuddha Republican Party
6    ADHAGALE RAJENDRA NAMDEV    M    39    Independent
7    KAMBALE RAMESH ANKUSH    M    32    Independent
8    GAIKWAD APPASAHEB GANGADHAR    M    64    Independent
9    BAGUL BALU DASHARATH    M    34    Independent
10    MEDHE PRAFULLAKUMAR MURLIDHAR    M    46    Independent
11    RAKSHE ANNASAHEB EKNATH    M    43    Independent
12    RUPWATE PREMANAND DAMODHAR    M    65    Independent
13    LODHE SHARAD LAXAMAN    M    42    Independent
14    WAGH GANGADHAR RADHAJI    M    60    Independent
15    VAIRAGHAR SUDHIR NATHA    M    38    Independent
16    SABALE ANIL DAMODHAR    M    40    Independent
17    SANDIP BHASKAR GOLAP    M    29    Independent
S13    39    MH    BEED    23-Apr-09    1    KOKATE RAMESH BABURAO (ADASKAR)    M    42    Nationalist Congress Party
2    MASKE MACHHINDRA BABURAO    M    54    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    MUNDE GOPINATHRAO PANDURANG    M    59    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    KHALGE KACHRU SANTRAMJI    M    48    Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha
5    GURAV KALYAN BHANUDAS    M    62    Rashtriya Krantikari Samajwadi Party
6    TATE ASHOK SANTRAM    M    50    Ambedkarist Republican Party
7    NIKALJE SHEELATAI MAHENDRA    F    34    Prabuddha Republican Party
8    PRAMOD ALIAS PARMESHWAR SAKHARAM MOTE    M    32    Krantisena Maharashtra
9    BABURAO NARAYANRAO KAGADE    M    63    Ambedkar National Congress
10    DR. SHIVAJIRAO KISANRAO SHENDGE    M    39    Rashtriya Samaj Paksha
11    KAMAL KONDIRAM NIMBALKAR    F    39    Independent
12    KAMBLE DEEPAK DYANOBA    M    32    Independent
13    KHAN SIKANDAR KHAN HUSSAIN KHAN    M    58    Independent
14    GUJAR KHAN MIRZA KHAN    M    28    Independent
15    ADV.NATKAR RAMRAO SHESHRAO    M    61    Independent
16    PATHAN GAFARKHAN JABBARKHAN    M    42    Independent
18    RAMESH VISHVANATH KOKATE    M    32    Independent
19    SAYYED MINHAJ ALI WAJED ALI (PENDKHJUR WALE)    M    34    Independent
20    SAYYED SALIM FATTU    M    47    Independent
21    SARDAR KHAN SULTANABABA    M    26    Independent
S13    40    MH    OSMANABAD    23-Apr-09    1    GAIKWAD RAVINDRA VISHWANATH    M    49    Shivsena
2    DIVAKAR YASHWANT NAKADE    M    35    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    PATIL PADAMSINHA BAJIRAO    M    68    Nationalist Congress Party
4    JAGTAP BHAGWAN DADARAO    M    70    Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha
5    TARKASE DHANANJAY MURLIDHAR    M    34    Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha
6    TAWADE PRAKASH TANAJIRAO    M    28    Krantisena Maharashtra
7    BANSODE GUNDERAO SHIVRAM    M    73    Rashtriya Samaj Paksha
8    BABA FAIJODDIN SHAIKH    M    28    Nelopa(United)
9    BHOSLE REVAN VISHWANATH    M    45    Janata Dal (Secular)
10    MUJAWAR SHAHABUDDIN NABIRASUL    M    37    Prabuddha Republican Party
11    RAJENDRA RANDITRAO HIPPERGEKAR    M    38    Kranti Kari Jai Hind Sena
12    ANGARSHA SALIM BABULAL    M    62    Independent
13    GAIKWAD UMAJI PANDURANG    M    39    Independent
14    CHAVAN BABU VITHOBA    M    40    Independent
15    CHANDANE PINTU PANDURANG    M    35    Independent
16    DADASAHEB SHANKARRAO JETITHOR    M    50    Independent
17    NITURE ARUN BHAURAO    M    38    Independent
18    PATEL HASHAM ISMAIL    M    55    Independent
19    PAWAR HARIDAS MANIKRAO    M    35    Independent
20    PATIL MAHADEO DNYANDEO    M    50    Independent
21    BALAJI BAPURAO TUPSUNDARE    M    37    Independent
22    ADV. BHAUSAHEB ANIL BELURE (BEMBLIKAR)    M    29    Independent
24    YEVATE-PATIL SHRIMANT    M    55    Independent
25    SANDIPAN RAMA ZOMBADE    M    41    Independent
S13    41    MH    LATUR    23-Apr-09    1    AAWALE JAYWANT GANGARAM    M    99    Indian National Congress
2    GAIKWAD SUNIL BALIRAM    M    99    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    ADV. BABASAHEB SADSHIVRAO GAIKWAD    M    99    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    ARAK ASHOK VIKRAM    M    99    Krantisena Maharashtra
5    V.K. ACHARYA    M    99    Prabuddha Republican Party
6    T.M. KAMBLE    M    99    Republican Party of India (Democratic )
7    GANNE TUKARAM RAMBHAU    M    99    Jan Surajya Shakti
8    BANSODE RAGHUNATH WAGHOJI    M    99    Peoples Republican Party
9    BABURAO SATYAWAN POTHHARE    M    99    Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha
10    RAMKUMAR RAIWADIKAR    M    99    Samajwadi Jan Parishad
11    SHRIKANT RAMRAO JEDHE    M    99    Rashtriya Samaj Paksha
12    SUSANE ATUL GANGARAM    M    99    Ambedkarist Republican Party
13    SAHEBRAO HARIBHAU WAGHMARE    M    99    Kranti Kari Jai Hind Sena
14    AAWCHARE VIJAYKUMAR BABRUWAN    M    99    Independent
15    KAMBLE BANSILAL RAMCHANDRA    M    99    Independent
16    NILANGAEKAR AVINASH MADHUKARRAO    M    99    Independent
17    MANE GAJANAN PANDURANG    M    99    Independent
18    SANJAY KABIRDAS GAIKWAD    M    99    Independent
S13    42    MH    SOLAPUR    23-Apr-09    1    GAIKWAD PRAMOD RAMCHANDRA    M    48    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    ADV. BANSODE SHARAD MARUTI    M    41    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    SHINDE SUSHILKUMAR SAMBHAJIRAO    M    67    Indian National Congress
4    ADV. KASABEKAR SHRIDHAR LIMBAJI    M    59    Rashtriya Samaj Paksha
5    RAJGURU NARAYAN YEDU    M    60    Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha
6    LAXMIKANT CHANDRAKANT GAIKWAD    M    37    Kranti Kari Jai Hind Sena
7    NARAYANKAR RAJENDRA BABURAO    M    44    Independent
9    BANSODE UTTAM BHIMSHA    M    50    Independent
10    BANSODE RAHUL DATTU    M    33    Independent
11    MILIND MAREPPA MULE    M    49    Independent
12    VIKRAM UTTAM KASABE    M    33    Independent
13    VIJAYKUMAR BHAGWANRAO UGHADE    M    38    Independent
S13    43    MH    MADHA    23-Apr-09    1    DESHMUKH SUBHASH SURESHCHANDRA    M    50    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    PAWAR SHARADCHANDRA GOVINDRAO    M    68    Nationalist Congress Party
3    RAHUL VITTHAL SARWADE    M    49    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    AYU GAIKWAD SATISH SUGRAV    M    28    Prabuddha Republican Party
5    CHAVAN SUBHASH VITTHAL    M    34    Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha
6    MAHADEO JAGANNATH JANKAR    M    40    Rashtriya Samaj Paksha
7    RAMCHANDRA NARAYAN KACCHAVE    M    40    Kranti Kari Jai Hind Sena
8    SASTE KAKASAHEB MAHADEO    M    48    Krantisena Maharashtra
9    SOU. NAGMANI KISAN JAKKAN    F    45    Independent
10    DR.M. D. PATIL    M    50    Independent
11    BANSODE BALVEER DAGADU    M    42    Independent
12    BHANUDAS BHAGAWAN DEVAKATE    M    70    Independent
13    DR. MAHADEO ABAJI POL    M    56    Independent
14    SURESH SHAMRAO GHADGE    M    36    Independent
15    DNYANESHWAR VITTHAL AMALE    M    26    Independent
S13    44    MH    SANGLI    23-Apr-09    1    PATEL M.JAVED M. YUSUF    M    38    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    PRATIK PRAKASHBAPU PATIL    M    35    Indian National Congress
3    ASHOK DNYANU MANE(BHAU)    M    37    Swatantra Bharat Paksha
4    MANOHAR BALKRISHNA KHEDKAR    M    58    Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha
5    MAHADEV ANNA WAGHAMARE    M    65    Rashtriya Samaj Paksha
6    AJITRAO SHANKARRAO GHORPADE    M    56    Independent
7    ANSARI SHABBIR AHEMED    M    61    Independent
8    GANPATI TUKARAM KAMBLE ALIAS G.T. KAMBLE    M    70    Independent
9    PANDHARE DATTATRAYA PANDURANG    M    51    Independent
11    MULANI BALEKHAN USMAN    M    46    Independent
12    VAGARE MARUTI MURA    M    34    Independent
13    SHAMRAO PIRAJI KADAM    M    64    Independent
14    SIDDESHWAR SHIVAPPA BHOSALE    M    36    Independent
S13    45    MH    SATARA    23-Apr-09    1    CHAVAN PRASHANT VASANT    M    34    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    PURUSHOTTAM BAJIRAO JADHAV    M    45    Shivsena
3    BHONSLE SHRIMANT CHH. UDYANRAJE PRATAPSINH    M    43    Nationalist Congress Party
4    BHAUSAHEB GANGARAM WAGH    M    51    Rashtriya Samaj Paksha
5    ALNKRITA ABHIJIT AWADE-BICHUKALE    F    29    Independent
S13    46    MH    RATNAGIRI – SINDHUDURG    23-Apr-09    1    DR.NILESH NARAYAN RANE    M    28    Indian National Congress
2    PARULEKAR JAYENDRA SHRIPAD    M    43    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    SURESH PRABHAKAR PRABHU    M    55    Shivsena
4    AJAY ALIAS AABA DADA JADHAV    M    28    Kranti Kari Jai Hind Sena
5    RAJESH PUSUSHOTTAM SURVE    M    41    Rashtriya Samaj Paksha
6    VILASRAO KHANVILKAR    M    54    Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha
7    SIRAJ ABDULLA KAUCHALI    M    60    Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha
8    KHALAPE AKBAR MAHAMMAD    M    55    Independent
9    SURENDRA BORKAR    M    62    Independent
S13    47    MH    KOLHAPUR    23-Apr-09    1    KAMBLE SUHAS NIVRUTI    M    41    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    CHHATRPATI SAMBHAJIRAJE SHAHU    M    38    Nationalist Congress Party
3    DEVANE VIJAY SHAMRAO    M    50    Shivsena
4    KAMBLE MARUTI RAVELU    M    34    Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha
5    CHOUGULE BHAI P.T.    M    64    Independent
6    DR. NEELAMBARI RAMESH MANDAPE    F    49    Independent
7    S.R. TATYA PATIL    M    70    Independent
8    BAJRANG KRISHNA PATIL    M    39    Independent
9    MAHAMMADGOUS GULAB NADAF    M    57    Independent
10    SADASHIVRAO MANDLIK DADOBA    M    74    Independent
S13    48    MH    HATKANANGLE    23-Apr-09    1    KANADE ANILKUMAR MAHADEV    M    37    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    MANE NIVEDITA SAMBHAJIRAO    F    45    Nationalist Congress Party
3    RAGHUNATH RAMCHANDRA PATIL    M    58    Shivsena
4    PATIL UDAY PANDHARINATH    M    39    Krantisena Maharashtra
5    BABURAO OMANNA KAMBLE    M    61    Rashtriya Samaj Paksha
6    MANE ARVIND BHIVA    M    43    Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha
7    SHETTI RAJU ALIAS DEVAPPA ANNA    M    41    Swabhimani Paksha
8    ARUN ALIAS SHAM BAJARNAG BUCHADE    M    28    Independent
9    THORAT ANANDRAO TUKARAM    M    46    Independent
10    SURNIKE ANANDRAO VASANTRAO (FOUJI BAPU)    M    48    Independent
S18    4    OR    KEONJHAR    23-Apr-09    1    ANANTA NAYAK    M    39    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    DHANURJAYA SIDU    M    43    Indian National Congress
3    YASHBANT NARAYAN SINGH LAGURI    M    38    Biju Janata Dal
4    LACHHAMAN MAJHI    M    42    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
5    DR SUDARSHAN LOHAR    M    59    Bahujan Samaj Party
6    CHITTA RANJAN MUNDA    M    37    Independent
7    DR. FAKIR MOHAN NAIK    M    34    Independent
S18    5    OR    MAYURBHANJ    23-Apr-09    1    GAMHA SINGH    M    57    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    DROUPADI MURMU    F    50    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    LAXMAN TUDU    M    47    Biju Janata Dal
4    LAXMAN MAJHI    M    62    Indian National Congress
5    SUDAM MARNDI    M    43    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
6    LAXMISWAR TAMUDIA    M    68    Samajwadi Party
7    SUNDAR MOHAN MAJHI    M    65    Jharkhand Disom Party
8    DEVI PRASANNA BESRA    M    61    Independent
9    NARENDRA HANSDA    M    26    Independent
10    RAMESWAR MAJHI    M    29    Independent
S18    6    OR    BALASORE    23-Apr-09    1    ARUN JENA    M    47    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
2    ARUN DEY    M    63    Nationalist Congress Party
3    MAHAMEGHA BAHAN AIRA KHARABELA SWAIN    M    55    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    SHRADHANJALI PRADHAN    F    40    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    SRIKANTA KUMAR JENA    M    58    Indian National Congress
6    DEBASISH RANJAN DASH    M    37    Samruddha Odisha
7    RAKESH RANJAN PATRA    M    27    Jana Hitkari Party
8    GHASIRAM MOHANTA    M    66    Independent
9    LAXIMIKANTA BEHERA    M    51    Independent
S18    7    OR    BHADRAK    23-Apr-09    1    ANANTA PRASAD SETHI    M    58    Indian National Congress
2    ARJUN CHARAN SETHI    M    68    Biju Janata Dal
3    NITYANANDA JENA    M    29    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    RATH DAS    M    54    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    GOLAK PRASAD MALLIK    M    60    Independent
6    SUSANTA KUMAR JENA    M    31    Independent
S18    8    OR    JAJPUR    23-Apr-09    1    AMIYA KANTA MALLIK    M    50    Indian National Congress
2    PARAMESWAR SETHI    M    40    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    MOHAN JENA    M    52    Biju Janata Dal
4    AJIT KUMAR JENA    M    42    Samruddha Odisha
5    BABULI MALLIK    M    36    Orissa Mukti Morcha
6    BHIMSEN BEHERA    M    44    Jana Hitkari Party
7    UDAYA NATH JENA    M    29    Independent
8    KALANDI MALLIK    M    28    Independent
S18    9    OR    DHENKANAL    23-Apr-09    1    KRISHNA CHANDRA SAHOO    M    48    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    CHANDRA SEKHAR TRIPATHY    M    60    Indian National Congress
3    TATHAGATA SATPATHY    M    53    Biju Janata Dal
4    RUDRANARAYAN PANY    M    49    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    PRIYABRATA GARNAIK    M    28    Kalinga Sena
S18    14    OR    CUTTACK    23-Apr-09    1    ANADI SAHU    M    68    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    GOPAL CHANDRA KAR    M    63    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    BIBHUTI BHUSAN MISHRA    M    57    Indian National Congress
4    BHARTRUHARI MAHTAB    M    51    Biju Janata Dal
5    KAPILA CHARAN MALL    M    72    Bira Oriya Party
6    PRADIP ROUTRAY    M    40    Kalinga Sena
7    DEBANANDA SINGH    M    33    Independent
S18    15    OR    KENDRAPARA    23-Apr-09    1    JNANDEV BEURA    M    44    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    RANJIB BISWAL    M    38    Indian National Congress
3    LENIN LENKA    M    46    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    BAIJAYANT PANDA    M    45    Biju Janata Dal
5    PRATAP CHANDRA JENA    M    60    Samruddha Odisha
6    PRAVAKAR NAYAK    M    48    Kalinga Sena
7    RAMA KRUSHNA DASH    M    44    Communist Party of India(Marxist-Leninist)(Liberation)
8    SARAT CHANDRA SWAIN    M    49    Independent
S18    16    OR    JAGATSINGHPUR    23-Apr-09    1    BAIDHAR MALLICK    M    46    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    BIBHU PRASAD TARAI    M    42    Communist Party of India
3    BIBHUTI BHUSAN MAJHI    M    37    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    RABINDRA KUMAR SETHY    M    54    Indian National Congress
5    AKSHAYA KUMAR SETHI    M    25    Samruddha Odisha
S18    17    OR    PURI    23-Apr-09    1    JITENDRA KUMAR SAHOO    M    35    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    DEBENDRA NATH MANSINGH    M    59    Indian National Congress
3    PINAKI MISRA    M    49    Biju Janata Dal
4    BRAJA KISHORE TRIPATHY    M    62    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    KSHITISH BISWAL    M    80    Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
6    SABYASACHI MOHAPATRA    M    35    Kalinga Sena
7    PRABHAT KUMAR BADAPANDA    M    42    Independent
S18    18    OR    BHUBANESWAR    23-Apr-09    1    AKSHAYA KUMAR MOHANTY    M    46    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    ARCHANA NAYAK    F    43    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    PRASANNA KUMAR PATASANI    M    66    Biju Janata Dal
4    SANTOSH MOHANTY    M    58    Indian National Congress
5    UMA CHARANA MISHRA    M    60    Jana Hitkari Party
6    NABAGHAN PARIDA    M    66    Bira Oriya Party
7    PRAFUL KUMAR SAHOO    M    38    Republican Party of India (A)
8    BASANTA KUMAR BEHERA    M    47    Kalinga Sena
9    BIJAYANANDA MISHRA    M    51    Lok Jan Shakti Party
10    JAGANNATH PRASAD LENKA    M    75    Independent
11    DHIRENDRA SATAPATHY    M    67    Independent
12    PRAMILA BEHERA    F    33    Independent
13    SASTHI PRASAD SETHI    M    47    Independent
S23    1    TR    TRIPURA WEST    23-Apr-09    1    NILMANI DEB    M    55    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    KHAGEN DAS    M    71    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
3    SUDIP ROY BARMAN    M    45    Indian National Congress
4    SANJIB DEY    M    32    Nationalist Congress Party
5    ARUN CHANDRA BHOWMIK    M    63    All India Trinamool Congress
6    RAKHAL RAJ DATTA    M    60    Amra Bangalee
7    PARTHA KARMAKAR    M    40    Communist Party of India(Marxist-Leninist)(Liberation)
8    TITU SAHA    M    32    Rashtriya Dehat Morcha Party
9    BINOY DEB BARMA    M    49    Independent
10    SUBRATA BHOWMIK    M    58    Independent
S23    2    TR    TRIPURA EAST    23-Apr-09    1    PULIN BEHARI DEWAN    M    69    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    BAJU BAN RIYAN    M    67    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
3    DIBA CHANDRA HRANGKHWAL    M    52    Indian National Congress
4    RITA RANI DEBBARMA    F    51    All India Trinamool Congress
5    KARNA DHAN CHAKMA    M    37    Amra Bangalee
6    FALGUNI TRIPURA    M    42    Communist Party of India(Marxist-Leninist)(Liberation)
7    RAJESH DEB BARMA    M    34    Independent
8    BINOY REANG    M    34    Independent
9    MEVAR KUMAR JAMATIA    M    40    Independent
S24    37    UP    AMETHI    23-Apr-09    1    ASHEESH SHUKLA    M    48    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    PRADEEP KUMAR SINGH    M    39    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    RAHUL GANDHI    M    38    Indian National Congress
4    BHUWAL    M    56    Janvadi Party(Socialist)
5    MOHD.HASAN LAHARI    M    35    Bharatiya Republican Paksha
6    SUNITA    F    26    Mahila Adhikar Party
7    SURYABHAN MAURYA    M    45    Rashtravadi Aarthik Swatantrata Dal
8    AAVID HUSSAIN    M    31    Independent
9    OMKAR    M    46    Independent
10    KAPIL DEO    M    30    Independent
11    DILIP    M    36    Independent
12    MIHILAL    M    52    Independent
13    MEET SINGH    M    65    Independent
14    RAMESH CHANDRA    M    30    Independent
15    RAM SHANKER    M    43    Independent
16    SWAMI NATH    M    25    Independent
S24    38    UP    SULTANPUR    23-Apr-09    1    ASHOK PANDEY    M    58    Samajwadi Party
2    MOHD.TAHIR    M    33    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    SURYA BHAN SINGH    M    54    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    DR.SANJAY SINGH    M    55    Indian National Congress
5    ANIL    M    35    Republican Party of India (A)
6    CHOTELAL MAURYA    M    40    Apna Dal
7    MOHD.UMAR    M    42    Peace Party
8    RAKESH    M    25    National Youth Party
9    RAJKUMAR PANDEY    M    36    Rashtriya Dehat Morcha Party
10    TRIVENI PRASAD BHEEM    M    52    Bharatiya Republican Paksha
11    ARVIND KUMAR    M    46    Independent
12    AWADHESH KUMAR    M    30    Independent
13    KRISHNA NARAYAN    M    33    Independent
14    JHINKURAM VISHWAKARMA    M    33    Independent
15    PRAKASH CHANDRA    M    35    Independent
16    HARI NARAYAN    M    70    Independent
S24    39    UP    PRATAPGARH    23-Apr-09    1    KUNWAR AKSHAYA PRATAP SINGH ‘GOPAL JI’    M    41    Samajwadi Party
2    RAJKUMARI RATNA SINGH    F    49    Indian National Congress
3    LAKSHMI NARAIN PANDEY ‘GURU JI’    M    57    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    PROF. SHIVAKANT OJHA    M    57    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    ATIQ AHAMAD    M    46    Apna Dal
6    ARUN KUMAR    M    48    Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya)
7    A. RASHID ANSARI    M    54    Momin Conference
8    RAJESH    M    36    Kranti Kari Jai Hind Sena
9    ATUL DWIVEDI    M    29    Independent
10    UDHAV RAM    M    53    Independent
11    CHHANGALAL    M    56    Independent
12    JITENDRA PRATAP SINGH    M    40    Independent
13    DINESH PANDEY ALIAS D.K. PANDEY    M    34    Independent
14    BADRI PRASAD    M    48    Independent
15    MUNEESHWAR SINGH    M    65    Independent
16    RAMESH KUMAR    M    31    Independent
17    RAVINDRA SINGH    M    33    Independent
18    RANI PAL    F    58    Independent
19    RAMMURTI MISHRA    M    36    Independent
20    RAM SAMUJH    M    60    Independent
21    VINOD    M    29    Independent
22    SHIVRAM    M    51    Independent
23    SATRAM    M    42    Independent
S24    48    UP    BANDA    23-Apr-09    1    AMITA BAJPAI    F    39    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    BHAGAWAN DEEN GARG    M    47    Indian National Congress
3    BHAIRON PRASAD MISHRA    M    55    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    SANTOSH KUMAR    M    54    Communist Party of India
5    R. K. SINGH PATEL    M    49    Samajwadi Party
6    ASHOK KUMAR    M    40    Indian Justice Party
7    ANAND YADAV    M    45    United Communist Party of India
8    PARASHU RAM NISHAD    M    45    Apna Dal
9    LALIT KUMAR    M    37    Ambedkar Samaj Party
10    ANSH DHARI    M    29    Independent
11    JAGAN NATH SINGH    M    62    Independent
12    PRAKASH NARAYAN    M    32    Independent
13    BALENDRA NATH    M    38    Independent
14    MANOJ KUMAR    M    30    Independent
15    SHIV KUMAR    M    43    Independent
S24    50    UP    KAUSHAMBI    23-Apr-09    1    GIRISH CHANDRA PASI    M    39    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    GAUTAM CHAUDHARY    M    44    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    RAM NIHOR RAKESH    M    64    Indian National Congress
4    SHAILENDRA KUMAR    M    51    Samajwadi Party
5    UMESH CHANDRA PASI    M    40    Apna Dal
6    GULAB SONKAR    M    45    Indian Justice Party
7    GULAB CHANDRA    M    39    Independent
8    JAGDEO    M    53    Independent
9    MAN SINGH    M    28    Independent
10    RAM SARAN    M    56    Independent
S24    51    UP    PHULPUR    23-Apr-09    1    KAPIL MUNI KARWARIYA    M    42    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    KARAN SINGH PATEL    M    50    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    DHARMARAJ SINGH PATEL    M    50    Indian National Congress
4    SHYAMA CHARAN GUPTA    M    63    Samajwadi Party
5    CHANDRAJEET    M    28    Lok Dal
6    DEVENDRA PRATAP SINGH    M    38    Rashtriya Dehat Morcha Party
7    PRADEEP KUMAR SRIVASTAVA    M    49    Apna Dal
8    LALLAN SINGH    M    35    Rashtriya Swabhimaan Party
9    VIJAY KUMAR    M    56    Gondwana Mukti Sena
10    SATISH YADAV    M    34    Indian Justice Party
11    SANJEEV KUMAR MISHRA    M    30    Yuva Vikas Party
12    KRISHNA KUMAR    M    33    Independent
13    DR. NEERAJ    M    43    Independent
14    BHARAT LAL    M    52    Independent
15    DR. MILAN MUKHERJEE    M    67    Independent
16    MUNISHWAR SINGH MAURYA    M    65    Independent
17    RADHIKA PAL    F    34    Independent
18    RADHESHYAM SINGH YADAV    M    72    Independent
19    RAM JANM YADAV    M    31    Independent
20    RAMSHANKAR    M    47    Independent
21    VIRENDRA PAL SINGH    M    66    Independent
22    SHAILENDRA KUMAR PRAJAPATI    M    40    Independent
23    SAMAR BAHADUR SHARMA    M    40    Independent
24    DR. SONE LAL PATEL    M    59    Independent
S24    52    UP    ALLAHABAD    23-Apr-09    1    ASHOK KUMAR BAJPAI    M    58    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    YOGESH SHUKLA    M    39    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    KUNWAR REWATI RAMAN SINGH ALIAS MANI JI    M    65    Samajwadi Party
4    SHYAM KRISHNA PANDEY    M    65    Indian National Congress
5    OM PRAKASH    M    41    Rashtriya Machhua Samaj Party
6    GULAB GRAMEEN    M    47    Lok Dal
7    BIHARI LAL SHARMA    M    54    Apna Dal
8    BAIJAL KUMAR    M    48    Bahujan Sangharsh Party (Kanshiram)
9    RAMA KANT    M    47    Indian Justice Party
10    RAJESH PASI    M    32    Rashtriya Swabhimaan Party
11    RAM PARIKHAN SINGH    M    59    Janvadi Party(Socialist)
12    VIJAY SHANKAR    M    45    Bahujan Shakty
13    SARFUDDIN    M    32    Nelopa(United)
14    AKBAL MOHAMMD    M    34    Independent
15    AJUG NARAIN    M    33    Independent
16    ABHAY SRIVASTAVA    M    31    Independent
17    KM. KUSUM KUMARI AD    F    45    Independent
18    GOPAL SWROOP JOSHI    M    62    Independent
19    NARENDRA KUMAR TEWARI    M    47    Independent
20    BAJRANG DUTT    M    36    Independent
21    MUNNU PRASAD    M    44    Independent
22    RAVI PRAKASH    M    41    Independent
23    RAKESH KUMAR    M    47    Independent
24    RAJ BALI    M    51    Independent
25    RAM GOVIND    M    46    Independent
26    RAM JEET    M    38    Independent
27    RAM LAL    M    46    Independent
28    KM. SHASHI PANDEY    F    45    Independent
29    DR. MOHD. SALMAN RASHIDI    M    57    Independent
30    SADHNA AGARWAL    F    47    Independent
31    HIRA LAL    M    54    Independent
S24    54    UP    FAIZABAD    23-Apr-09    1    NIRMAL KHATRI    M    58    Indian National Congress
2    BIMLENDRA MOHAN PRATAP MISRA “PAPPU BHAIYA”    M    48    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    MITRASEN    M    76    Samajwadi Party
4    LALLU SINGH    M    54    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    AJAY KUMAR    M    25    Kranti Kari Jai Hind Sena
6    ATUL KUMAR PANDEY    M    39    The Humanist Party of India
7    AMAR NATH JAISWAL    M    44    Rashtriya Kranti Party
8    GIRISH CHANDRA VERMA    M    32    Apna Dal
9    GULAM SABIR    M    42    Navbharat Nirman Party
10    CHANDRASHEKHAR SINGH    M    36    Bharat Punarnirman Dal
11    NUSRAT QUDDUSI ALIAS BABLOO    M    41    Peace Party
12    MANISH KUMAR PANDEY    M    35    Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha
13    SAIYYAD MUSHEER AHMED    M    55    Awami Party
14    RAMESH KUMAR RAWAT    M    42    Maulik Adhikar Party
15    SUSHIL KUMAR    M    45    Bharatiya Lok Kalyan Dal
16    ATAURR RAHMAN ANSARI    M    52    Independent
17    AMARNATH VERMA    M    36    Independent
18    DINA NATH PANDEY    M    35    Independent
19    NASREEN BANO    F    38    Independent
20    BALAK RAM ALIAS SHIV BALAK PASI    M    34    Independent
21    RAM DHIRAJ    M    46    Independent
22    SWAMI NATH    M    29    Independent
23    SIYARAM KORI    M    50    Independent
S24    55    UP    AMBEDKAR NAGAR    23-Apr-09    1    RAKESH PANDEY    M    55    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    VINAY KATIYAR    M    49    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    SHANKHLAL MAJHI    M    54    Samajwadi Party
4    DINESH KUMAR RAJBHAR    M    33    Suheldev Bhartiya Samaj Party
5    BASANT LAL    M    53    Peace Party
6    BAL MUKUND DHURIYA    M    31    Communist Party of India(Marxist-Leninist)(Liberation)
7    BHARTHARI    M    44    Bharatiya Republican Paksha
8    MANSHARAM    M    40    Maulik Adhikar Party
9    LALMAN    M    34    Janvadi Party(Socialist)
10    VIJAY KUMAR MAURYA    M    38    Rashtravadi Aarthik Swatantrata Dal
11    SANTOSH KUMAR    M    50    Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha
12    IFTEKHAR AHMAD    M    37    Independent
13    KAILASH KUMAR SHUKLA    M    60    Independent
14    GAYADEEN    M    43    Independent
15    CHANDRA BHUSHAN    M    61    Independent
16    DEO PRASAD MISHRA    M    42    Independent
17    NABAB ALI    M    55    Independent
18    PARASHU RAM    M    49    Independent
19    PATANJALI JAITALI    M    58    Independent
20    RAM SUKH SAHOO    M    50    Independent
21    DR. LAL BAHADUR    M    42    Independent
22    SRIRAM AMBESH    M    61    Independent
S24    57    UP    KAISERGANJ    23-Apr-09    1    MOHD ALEEM    M    46    Indian National Congress
2    BRIJBHUSHAN SARAN SINGH    M    52    Samajwadi Party
3    DR LALTA PRASAD MISHRA ALIS DR L P MISHRA    M    59    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    SURENDRA NATH AWASTHI    M    53    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    ZAMEER AHAMAD    M    53    Ambedkar National Congress
6    DAYA RAM    M    41    Peoples Democratic Forum
7    MANOJ KUMAR    M    33    Lok Dal
8    RAM PRAKSH    M    39    Republican Party of India (A)
9    RAMENDER DEV PATHAK    M    60    Peace Party
10    HAFEEZ    M    47    Apna Dal
11    ANOKHI LAL    M    49    Independent
12    OM PRAKASH    M    35    Independent
13    UDAI RAJ    M    52    Independent
14    CHANDRA BHAN    M    42    Independent
15    JAGDISH    M    40    Independent
16    JAGDISH PRASAD    M    38    Independent
17    JITENDRA BAHADUR    M    57    Independent
18    PARAMHANS SINGH    M    33    Independent
19    RAJ KISHORE SINGH    M    38    Independent
20    RADHEYSHYAM BOAT    M    62    Independent
21    RAMFEER ALIS CHUNTI    M    59    Independent
22    VINESH KUMAR    M    32    Independent
23    VIMAL VERMA    M    30    Independent
S24    58    UP    SHRAWASTI    23-Apr-09    1    RIZVAN ZAHEER    M    46    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    RUBAB SAIDA    F    58    Samajwadi Party
3    VINAY KUMAR ALIAS VINNU    M    45    Indian National Congress
4    SATYA DEO SINGH    M    63    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    ARUN KUMAR    M    33    Ambedkar National Congress
6    KULDEEP    M    44    Suheldev Bhartiya Samaj Party
7    RAJESHWAR MISHRA    M    28    Peace Party
8    RAM ADHAR    M    62    Republican Party of India (A)
9    TEJ BAHADUR    M    32    Independent
10    RAM SUDHI    M    38    Independent
11    VINOD KUMAR PANDEY    M    27    Independent
S24    59    UP    GONDA    23-Apr-09    1    DR ACHUTANANDDUBE    M    64    Nationalist Congress Party
2    KIRTI VARDHAN SINGH RAJA BAIYA    M    43    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    BENI PRASAD VERMA    M    68    Indian National Congress
4    RAM PRATAP SINGH    M    58    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    VINOD KUMAR SINGH ALIAS PANDIT SINGH    M    42    Samajwadi Party
6    ASHIQ ALI    M    46    Peace Party
7    OM PRAKASH SINGH    M    54    Janvadi Party(Socialist)
8    PREM KUMAR    M    26    Suheldev Bhartiya Samaj Party
9    RAJENDRA PRASAD1    M    55    Ambedkar National Congress
10    RAM KEWAL    M    41    Vanchit Jamat Party
11    RAM LOCHAN    M    46    Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha
12    VIDYA SAGAR    M    36    Apna Dal
13    HARSH VARDHAN PANDEY    M    33    Lok Dal
14    AKILENDRA KUMAR PATHAK    M    34    Independent
15    ANURADHA PATEL    F    42    Independent
16    OM PRAKASH    M    47    Independent
17    GAGNGA DHAR SHUKLA    M    38    Independent
18    DEEPAK    M    31    Independent
19    NARENDRA SINGH    M    34    Independent
20    BAIJNATH    M    30    Independent
21    RAJENDRA PRASAD    M    28    Independent
22    RADHEY SHYAM    M    59    Independent
23    RAM PRASAD    M    61    Independent
24    RAM LAKHAN    M    54    Independent
25    SATYA PRAKASH    M    39    Independent
S24    60    UP    DOMARIYAGANJ    23-Apr-09    1    JAGDAMBIKA PAL    M    59    Indian National Congress
2    JAI PRATAP SINGH    M    55    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    MATA PRASAD PANDEY    M    72    Samajwadi Party
4    MOHD. MUQUEEM    M    59    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    INAMULLAH CHAUDHARY    M    66    Peace Party
6    JITENDRA PRATAP SINGH    M    46    Rashtriya Dehat Morcha Party
7    PINGAL PRASAD    M    41    Republican Party of India
8    BALKRISHNA    M    39    Bahujan Sangharsh Party (Kanshiram)
9    MUKHDEV    M    41    Suheldev Bhartiya Samaj Party
10    RAJDEV    M    35    Bharatiya Eklavya Party
11    RAM SAMUJH    M    41    Bharatiya Jan Berojgar Chhatra Dal
12    RAHUL SANGH PRIYA BHARTI    M    36    Indian Justice Party
13    HARISHANKAR    M    45    Lok Jan Shakti Party
14    MOTILAL VIDHYARTHI    M    59    Independent
15    RAM KRIPAL    M    58    Independent
16    SIRAJ AHAMAD    M    26    Independent
S24    61    UP    BASTI    23-Apr-09    1    ARVIND KUMAR CHAUDHARY    M    43    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    BASANT CHAUDHARY    M    43    Indian National Congress
3    RAJ KISHOR SINGH    M    38    Samajwadi Party
4    DR. Y. D. SINGH    M    64    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    OM PRAKASH    M    40    Vanchit Jamat Party
6    DAYASHANKAR PATWA    M    57    Peace Party
7    DALBAG SINGH    M    50    Bahujan Sangharsh Party (Kanshiram)
8    RAM NAYAN PATEL    M    49    Apna Dal
9    VINOD KUMAR RAJBHAR    M    33    Suheldev Bhartiya Samaj Party
10    SHIVDAS    M    50    Shoshit Samaj Dal
11    SANJEEV KUMAR NISHAD    M    27    Bahujan Uday Manch
12    SITARAM NISHAD    M    63    Janvadi Party(Socialist)
13    RAM LALAN YADAV    M    36    Independent
14    SHIV POOJAN ARYA    M    52    Independent
15    SATYADEV OJHA    M    70    Independent
16    SATISH CHANDRA SHARMA    M    40    Independent
S24    62    UP    SANT KABIR NAGAR    23-Apr-09    1    KAMLA KANT CHAUDHARY    M    41    Communist Party of India
2    FAZLEY MAHAMOOD    M    41    Indian National Congress
3    BHAL CHANDRA YADAV    M    42    Samajwadi Party
4    BHISMA SHANKAR ALIAS KUSHAL TIWARI    M    44    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    SHARAD TRIPATHI    M    35    Bharatiya Janata Party
6    INDRA KUMAR    M    37    Bahujan Uday Manch
7    KRISHNA NAND MISHRA    M    38    All India Minorities Front
8    KHELADI    M    35    Bharatiya Republican Paksha
9    JANTRI LAL    M    37    Janvadi Party(Socialist)
10    PANCHOO BELDAR    M    48    Ambedkar Samaj Party
11    RAJESH SINGH    M    37    Peace Party
12    RAM ACHAL    M    34    Maulik Adhikar Party
13    RAM AVADH NISHAD    M    62    Suheldev Bhartiya Samaj Party
14    LOTAN ALIAS LAUTAN PRASAD    M    47    Shoshit Samaj Dal
15    VINOD RAI    M    38    National Lokhind Party
16    ANJU    F    28    Independent
17    JOOGESH YADAV    M    35    Independent
18    NITYANAND MANI TRIPATHI    M    35    Independent
19    PHOOLDEO    M    49    Independent
20    RAMESH    M    26    Independent
21    VINAY PANDEY    M    31    Independent
22    SHRI BABA RAM CHANDRA    M    52    Independent
23    SUSHILA JIGYASU    F    29    Independent
24    HARISH CHANDRA    M    32    Independent
S24    73    UP    JAUNPUR    23-Apr-09    1    DHANANJAY SINGH    M    33    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    PARAS NATH YADAVA    M    54    Samajwadi Party
3    SEEMA    F    37    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    ACHHEYLAL NISHAD    M    61    Nelopa(United)
5    GIRAJA SHANKAR YADAVA    M    49    Gondvana Gantantra Party
6    GEETA SINGH    F    46    Rashtriya Dehat Morcha Party
7    BAHADUR SONKAR    M    48    Indian Justice Party
8    RAVI SHANKAR    M    38    Lok Jan Shakti Party
9    RAJKISHUN    M    26    Rashtriya Swabhimaan Party
10    RAJESH S/O RAMESHCHANDRA    M    30    Apna Dal
11    RAJESH S/O RAMYAGYA    M    32    Eklavya Samaj Party
12    RAMCHANDAR    M    52    Rashtravadi Aarthik Swatantrata Dal
13    SHEETALA PRASAD    M    51    Revolutionary Socialist Party
14    AJAY KASYAP – GUDDU    M    26    Independent
15    JAGDISH CHANDRA ASTHANA    M    62    Independent
16    TASLEEM AHMED REHMANI    M    45    Independent
S24    78    UP    BHADOHI    23-Apr-09    1    DR. AKHILESH KUMAR DWIVEDI    M    41    Nationalist Congress Party
2    GORAKHNATH    M    56    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    CHHOTELAL BIND    M    53    Samajwadi Party
4    DR. MAHENDRA NATH PANDEY    M    52    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    SURYMANI TIWARI    M    60    Indian National Congress
6    JAJ LAL    M    47    Rashtriya Krantikari Samajwadi Party
7    NANDLAL    M    56    Vikas Party
8    RAMRATEE BIND    M    74    Apna Dal
9    THAKUR SANTOSH KUMAR    M    27    Rashtriya Dehat Morcha Party
10    SHAHID    M    42    Pragatisheel Manav Samaj Party
11    GAURISHANKAR    M    38    Independent
12    JEETENDRA    M    30    Independent
13    TEJ BAHADUR YADAV ADVOCATE    M    56    Independent
S27    1    JH    RAJMAHAL    23-Apr-09    1    CHANDRA SHEKHAR AZAD    M    38    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    JYOTIN SOREN    M    59    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
3    THOMAS HASDA    M    58    Rashtriya Janata Dal
4    DEVIDHAN BESRA    M    69    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    HEMLAL MURMU    M    54    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
6    AAMELIYA HANSDA    F    29    Revolutionary Socialist Party
7    CHARAN MURMU    M    33    Shivsena
8    DAUD MARANDI    M    25    Samajwadi Party
9    SUKHWA URAON    M    33    Rashtriya Krantikari Samajwadi Party
10    SUNDAR TUDU    M    45    Bharatiya Jagaran Party
11    SOM MARANDI    M    44    Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik)
12    STIPHEN MARANDI    M    55    Jharkhand Jan Morcha
S27    2    JH    DUMKA    23-Apr-09    1    CHURKA TUDU    M    44    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    PASHUPATI KOL    M    29    Communist Party of India
3    RAMESH TUDU    M    34    Rashtriya Janata Dal
4    SHIBU SOREN    M    64    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
5    SUNIL SOREN    M    30    Bharatiya Janata Party
6    ARJUN PUJHAR    M    33    Samajwadi Party
7    NIRMALA MURMU    F    33    Revolutionary Socialist Party
8    PHATIK CHANDRA HEMBRAM    M    64    All Jharkhand Students Union
9    BITIYA MANJHI    F    53    Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
10    RAMESH HEMBROM    M    39    Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik)
11    RAMJIVAN DEHRI    M    35    Samata Party
12    KALESHWAR SOREN    M    38    Independent
13    CHARLES MURMU    M    27    Independent
14    NANDLAL SOREN    M    55    Independent
15    PULICE HEMRAM    M    31    Independent
16    BIVISAN PUJHAR    M    50    Independent
17    CYRIL HANSDA    M    63    Independent
18    SONA MURMU    F    56    Independent
19    HOPNA BASKI    M    57    Independent
S27    3    JH    GODDA    23-Apr-09    1    IQBAL DURRANI    M    50    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    DURGA SOREN    M    39    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
3    NISHIKANT DUBEY    M    37    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    FURKAN ANSARI    M    61    Indian National Congress
5    ASHOK SHARMA    M    39    Jharkhand Party
6    GEETA MANDAL    F    39    Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
7    GOVIND LAL MARANDI    M    39    Revolutionary Socialist Party
8    JAWAHAR LAL YADAV    M    31    Lok Jan Shakti Party
9    NANDLAL YADAV    M    39    Samajwadi Party
10    NIRANJAN PRASAD YADAV    M    33    Rashtrawadi Sena
11    PRADEEP YADAV    M    42    Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik)
12    PRADEEP YADAV    M    25    Samata Party
13    BINOD MEHARIA    M    56    Bahujan Shakty
14    RAJ NARAYAN KHAWADE    M    42    AJSU Party
15    SANTOSH KUMAR RAY    M    26    All India Trinamool Congress
16    SURAJ MANDAL    M    61    Jharkhand Vikas Dal
17    JAYSWAL MANJHI    M    38    Independent
18    JAHIR MUSTAKIM    M    35    Independent
19    MANOJ KUMAR MANDAL    M    35    Independent
20    MITHILESH PASWAN    M    38    Independent
21    MD. MOAJJAM ALI CHANCHAL    M    38    Independent
22    SHANKAR PRASAD KESHARI    M    39    Independent
23    SANJEEV KUMAR    M    27    Independent
S27    6    JH    GIRIDIH    23-Apr-09    1    AKLU RAM MAHTO    M    65    Communist Party of India
2    TEKLAL MAHTO    M    57    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
3    BIJAY SINGH    M    48    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    RAVINDRA KUMAR PANDEY    M    50    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    MD. HIMAYUN ANSARI    M    72    Rashtriya Janata Dal
6    MRINAL KANTI DEV    M    61    Socialist Party (Lohia)
7    RAVINDER MAHTO    M    43    Jharkhand Party (Naren)
8    SHIVA MAHTO    M    75    Marxist Co-Ordination
9    SABA AHMAD    M    62    Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik)
10    INDRA DEV MAHTO    M    45    Independent
11    UMESH RISHI    M    43    Independent
12    NAND KISHOR PRASAD    M    64    Independent
13    BUDDHI NATH TIWARY    M    41    Independent
14    MAHAVIR PRASAD    M    36    Independent
15    MASOOM RAJA ANSARI    M    27    Independent
16    LALOO KEWAT    M    46    Independent
17    SHANKAR RAJAK    M    38    Independent
S27    7    JH    DHANBAD    23-Apr-09    1    CHANDRASHEKHAR DUBEY    M    66    Indian National Congress
2    PASHUPATI NATH SINGH    M    60    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    SAMARESH SINGH    M    68    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    INDU SINGH    F    32    Samata Party
5    JANARDAN PANDEY    M    56    All India Forward Bloc
6    DIN BANDHU SINGH    M    56    Socialist Party (Lohia)
7    PAWAN KUMAR JHA    M    28    Janata Dal (Secular)
8    PHUL CHAND MANDAL    M    66    Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik)
9    M.K.MANDAL    M    62    Amra Bangalee
10    A.K. ROY    M    72    Marxist Co-Ordination
11    VIDESHI MAHATO    M    54    Jharkhand Vikas Dal
12    VIRENDRA PRADHAN    M    44    Lok Jan Shakti Party
13    SUNIL KUMAR    M    38    Indian Justice Party
14    MD. SULTAN    M    57    Jharkhand Party
15    HAFFIZUDDIN ANSARI    M    51    Samajwadi Party
16    ABDUL MUSTAFA    M    32    Independent
17    KARTIK MAHATO    M    44    Independent
18    JAI PRAKASH SINGH    M    39    Independent
19    JAIRAM SINGH    M    31    Independent
20    JITENDRA KUMAR SINGH    M    36    Independent
21    PHUL CHAND MAHATO    M    40    Independent
22    BAMA PADA BAURI    M    35    Independent
23    MADHUSUDAN RAJHANS    M    44    Independent
24    MANILAL MAHATO    M    27    Independent
25    MANOJ GANDHI    M    29    Independent
26    MANOJ PANDEY    M    29    Independent
27    MUNSI HEMBRAM    M    56    Independent
28    RAVI RANJAN SINHA    M    34    Independent
29    SHANKAR RAWANI    M    42    Independent
30    SALIM KHAN    M    42    Independent
31    SADHUSHARAN GOPE    M    46    Independent
32    SUSHIL KUMAR SINGH    M    57    Independent
S27    8    JH    RANCHI    23-Apr-09    1    RAJENDRA SINGH MUNDA    M    74    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
2    RAM TAHAL CHAUDHARY    M    66    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    MD. SARFUDDIN    M    46    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    SUBODH KANT SAHAY    M    57    Indian National Congress
5    AKHTAR ANSARI    M    53    Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik)
6    AFSAR EMAM    M    48    Jharkhand PeopleÂ’S Party
7    MD. AJAD ANSARI    M    47    National Lokhind Party
8    JIPALAL SINGH MUNDA    M    45    Jharkhand Party (Naren)
9    DAYANAND GUPTA    M    39    Jharkhand Vikas Dal
10    SURENDRA KUMAR SUMAN    M    36    Samata Party
11    ANJANI PANDEY    M    51    Independent
12    AGAM LAL MAHTO    M    34    Independent
13    AFTAB ALAM    M    42    Independent
14    ARTI BEHRA    F    32    Independent
15    UPENDRA PD. SRIVASTAVA    M    65    Independent
16    KESHAV NARAYAN BHAGAT    M    49    Independent
17    KAILASH PAHAN    M    40    Independent
18    JANARDAN TIWARI    M    42    Independent
19    JITENDRA MAHTO    M    27    Independent
20    DEVENDRA THAKUR    M    48    Independent
21    BIRSA HEMBRAM    M    31    Independent
22    RANJEET MAHTO    M    49    Independent
23    RAMPODO MAHTO    M    37    Independent
24    ROSHAN LAL MAHTO    M    28    Independent
25    ROSAN PRASAD    M    25    Independent
26    LAL BABA MASANI    M    65    Independent
S27    9    JH    JAMSHEDPUR    23-Apr-09    1    AJEET KUMAR    M    39    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    ARJUN MUNDA    M    41    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    SUMAN MAHTO    F    44    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
4    ARVIND KUMAR SINGH    M    47    Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik)
5    ASHOK TRIPATHI    M    44    Samajwadi Party
6    KINKAR GOUR    M    41    Rashtravadi Aarthik Swatantrata Dal
7    KRISHN MURARI MISHRA    M    47    Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha
8    PARIKSHIT MAHATO    M    43    Lok Jan Shakti Party
9    MUBIN KHAN    M    50    Bahujan Shakty
10    RAJ KAPOOR MAHATO    M    35    Jharkhand Vikas Dal
11    SHARAT MAHATO    M    36    Jharkhand Party (Naren)
12    SHAILENDRA MAHTO    M    55    All Jharkhand Students Union
13    SHYAM NARAYAN SINGH    M    50    All India Trinamool Congress
14    SANDIP PAUL    M    43    Jharkhand Party
15    DR. SUNARAM HANSDA    M    41    Jharkhand Disom Party
16    HEMANT SINGH    M    37    Amra Bangalee
17    KRISHNA PRASAD    M    40    Independent
18    JOSAI MARDI    M    31    Independent
19    DILIP KALINDI    M    44    Independent
20    DILIP TUDU    M    41    Independent
21    PARAS NATH PRASAD    M    56    Independent
22    RAKESH KUMAR    M    30    Independent
23    RAJIV CHANDRA MAHATO    M    27    Independent
24    RAM CHANDRA PRASAD GUPTA    M    49    Independent
25    VICTOR A. LAZARUS    M    60    Independent
26    SITARAM TUDU    M    61    Independent
S27    10    JH    SINGHBHUM    23-Apr-09    1    BARKUWAR GAGRAI    M    41    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    BAGUN SUMBRUI    M    82    Indian National Congress
3    HIKIM CHANDRA TUDU    M    39    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    PREM SINGH MUNDRI    M    40    Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
5    MANGAL SINGH BOBONGA    M    42    Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik)
6    SUKH RAM JONKO    M    62    Jharkhand Disom Party
7    ASHOK KUMAR TIU    M    47    Independent
8    MADHU KORA    M    38    Independent
9    HIKIM SOREN    M    46    Independent
S04    11    BR    KATIHAR    30-Apr-09    1    NIKHIL KUMAR CHOUDHARY    M    63    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    MUNNI DEVI    F    35    Independent
3    SHAH TARIQ ANWAR    M    58    Nationalist Congress Party
4    MADAN MOHAN NISHAD    M    62    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    MANOJ PARASAR    M    44    Jan Samanta Party
6    PHOOLO DEVI    F    40    Independent
7    AHMAD ASHFAQUE KARIM    M    53    Lok Jan Shakti Party
8    SUNIL KUMAR CHOUDHARY    M    39    Independent
9    MOHAMMAD HAMID MUBARAK    M    33    Independent
10    SHOBHA DEVI    F    40    Independent
11    MAHBOOB ALAM    M    52    Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
12    HIMRAJ SINGH    M    49    Independent
13    RAJESH GURNANI    M    38    Loktantrik Samata Dal
14    RAJGIRI SINGH    M    53    Independent
15    OM PRAKASH PODDAR    M    38    Bharatiya Jantantrik Janta Dal
16    MANENDRA KUMAR    M    38    Independent
17    BHOLA NATH KEWAT    M    60    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
18    CHANDU MURMU    M    43    Jharkhand Disom Party
19    SHIV PUJAN PASWAN    M    31    Buddhiviveki Vikas Party
20    SHAMBHU ROY    M    38    Independent
21    NITESH KUMAR CHOUDHARY    M    31    Independent
22    BABU LAL MARANDI    M    33    Independent
23    KISHAN LAL AGRAWAL    M    32    Independent
S04    13    BR    MADHEPURA    30-Apr-09    1    VINOD KUMAR JHA    M    42    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    OM PRAKASH NARAYAN    M    44    Communist Party of India
3    TARA NAND SADA    M    52    Indian National Congress
4    PROF RAVINDRA CHARAN YADAV    M    49    Rashtriya Janata Dal
5    SHARAD YADAV    M    61    Janata Dal (United)
6    RAJO SAH    M    30    Loktantrik Samata Dal
7    DHANOJ KUMAR    M    26    Rashtravadi Janata Party
8    RAVINDRA KUMAR    M    33    Rashtra Sewa Dal
9    NIRMAL KUMAR SINGH    M    66    Samata Party
10    SAKAR SURESH YADAV    M    32    Independent
11    KISHOR KUMAR    M    33    Independent
12    BALWANT GADHWAL    M    29    Independent
13    TIRO SHARMA    M    59    Independent
14    KARPOORI RISHIDEO    M    29    Independent
15    AMIT ACHARYA    M    26    Independent
16    PRASANNA KUMAR    M    54    Independent
17    DHRUWA KUMAR    M    43    Independent
18    MAHADEV YADAV    M    55    Independent
19    PARMESHWARI PRASAD NIRALA    M    68    Independent
S04    25    BR    KHAGARIA    30-Apr-09    1    SATYA NARAYAN SINGH    M    66    Communist Party of India
2    PRADUMAN KUMAR    M    31    Independent
3    DINESHCHANDRA YADAV    M    50    Janata Dal (United)
4    HARI NANDAN SINGH    M    61    Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya)
5    GULABRAJ    M    31    Independent
6    ASARFI PRASAD MEHTA    M    63    Bahujan Samaj Party
7    SIKANDAR PRASAD SHARMA    M    56    Independent
8    SANGRAM KUMAR    M    27    Independent
9    SURESH PODDAR    M    47    Bharatiya Jantantrik Janta Dal
10    SANJAY YADAV    M    41    Independent
11    NEHA CHAUHAN    F    27    Independent
12    MANJU KUMARI    F    31    Rashtra Sewa Dal
13    CHAUDHRY MEHBOOB ALI KAISER    M    42    Indian National Congress
14    BHARAT KUMAR YADAV    M    52    Kosi Vikas Party
15    RAM NANDAN YADAV    M    45    Independent
16    NAYEEMUDDIN4    M    42    Independent
17    LAL BAHADUR HIMALAYA    M    38    Independent
18    BABULU PASWAN    M    35    Navbharat Nirman Party
19    PAWAN KUMAR “SUMAN”    M    33    Independent
20    RAVINDRA KU. RANA    M    62    Rashtriya Janata Dal
S04    27    BR    BANKA    30-Apr-09    1    GRIDHARI YADAV    M    44    Indian National Congress
2    JAI PRAKASH NARAYAN YADAV    M    55    Rashtriya Janata Dal
3    DAMODAR RAWAT    M    47    Janata Dal (United)
4    MUKESH KUMAR SINGH    M    45    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    SANJAY KUMAR    M    45    Communist Party of India
6    ANIL KUMAR ALIAS ANIL GUPTA    M    40    Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik)
7    AMRESHWAR KUMAR    M    29    Jago Party
8    ARBIND KUMAR SAH    M    42    Rashtriya Pragati Party
9    KEDAR PRASAD SINGH    M    61    Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya)
10    MAHABUB ALAM ANSARI    M    50    Bharatiya Momin Front
11    RAJENDRA PANDIT NETAJI    M    57    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (Ulgulan)
S06    1    GJ    KACHCHH    30-Apr-09    1    JAT POONAMBEN VELJIBHAI    F    37    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    DANICHA VALJIBHAI PUNAMCHANDRA    M    54    Indian National Congress
3    NAMORI MOHANBHAI LADHABHAI    M    50    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    CHAUHAN MOTILAL DEVJIBHA    M    49    Lokpriya Samaj Party
5    DR. TINA MAGANBHAI PARMAR    F    26    Bharatiya Natiional Janta Dal
6    DUNGARIYA BHARMALBHAI NARANBHAI    M    45    Samajwadi Party
7    PARMAR MUKESHBHAI MANDANBHAI    M    44    Indian Justice Party
8    BADIYA RAMESH GANGJI    M    44    Rashtriya Krantikari Samajwadi Party
9    KANJI ABHABHAI MAHESHWARI    M    55    Independent
10    GARVA ASMAL THAKARSHI    M    44    Independent
11    GOVIND JIVABHAI DAFADA    M    50    Independent
12    BADIA GANGJI FAKIRA    M    55    Independent
13    MAHESHWARI GANGJI DAYABHAI    M    55    Independent
15    MUNSHI BHURALAL KHIMJIBHAI    M    40    Independent
16    MANGALIYA LILBAI JIVANBHAI    F    42    Independent
17    VANZARA HIRABEN DALPATBHAI    F    35    Independent
18    SARESA NANJI BHANJIBHAI    M    42    Independent
S06    2    GJ    BANASKANTHA    30-Apr-09    1    GADHVI MUKESHKUMAR BHERAVDANJI    M    47    Indian National Congress
2    CHETANBHAI KALABHAI SOLANKI    M    28    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    CHAUDHARI HARIBHAI PARTHIBHAI    M    54    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    AMRUTBHAI LAKHUBHAI PATEL(FOSI)    M    49    Mahagujarat Janta Party
5    KATARIYA HASMUKHBHAI RAVJIBHAI    M    34    Akhand Bharti
6    NAGORI JHUBERKHAN LIYAKATKHAN    M    33    Adarsh Lok Dal
7    LODHA ISHVARBHAI MAHADEVBHAI    M    57    Akhil Bharatiya Jan Sangh
8    SAVJIBHAI PATHUBHAI RAJGOR    M    34    Vishva Hindustani Sangathan
9    KARNAVAT YOGESHKUMAR BHIKHABHAI    M    31    Independent
10    PATEL NAGJIBHAI PRAGJIBHAI    M    43    Independent
11    PARSANI MAHMAD SIKANDAR JALALBHAI    M    30    Independent
12    PUROHIT ASHOKBHAI CHHAGANBHAI    M    32    Independent
13    PANSAL KALABHAI PUNMABHAI    M    49    Independent
14    MAJIRANA BHOPAJI AASHAJI    M    68    Independent
15    MALI JAGDISHKUMAR HASTAJI    M    30    Independent
16    ROOTHAR LEBUJI PARBATJI    M    32    Independent
17    SHARDABEN BHIKHABHAI PARMAR    F    45    Independent
18    SIPAI AAIYUBBHAI IBRAHIMBHAI    M    35    Independent
19    SHRIMALI ASHOKBHAI BALCHANDBHAI    M    40    Independent
S06    3    GJ    PATAN    30-Apr-09    1    KHOKHAR MAHEBOOBKHAN RAHEMATKHAN    M    50    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    JAGDISH THAKOR    M    51    Indian National Congress
3    BAROT SANJAYBHAI MAGANBHAI    M    50    Nationalist Congress Party
4    RATHOD BHAVSINHBHAI DAHYABHAI    M    68    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    PATAVAT MAHAMMADBHAI SHARIFBHAI    M    50    Independent
6    PATEL NARANBHAI PRAGDASBHAI    M    55    Mahagujarat Janta Party
7    KANUBHAI BHURABHAI MAHESHVARI    M    60    Independent
8    CHAUDHARY KIRTIKUMAR JESANGBHAI    M    30    Independent
9    CHAUDHARY MANSINHBHAI MANABHAI    M    32    Independent
10    JUDAL GANESHBHAI MEGHRAJBHAI    M    35    Independent
11    THAKOR NATUJI HALAJI    M    48    Independent
12    THAKOR BHUPATSINH KANTIJI    M    29    Independent
13    DIVAN YASIN AHMAD MAHAMADSHAH    M    47    Independent
14    PATEL KALPESHBHAI SHANKARLAL    M    27    Independent
15    PATEL KIRITKUMAR CHIMANLAL    M    38    Independent
16    PATEL DILIPKUMAR LILACHAND    M    31    Independent
17    PATEL MANORBHAI VIRAMDAS    M    68    Independent
18    PATEL RAMESHBHAI GOVINDBHAI    M    45    Independent
21    RABARI BABUBHAI LALLUBHAI    M    56    Independent
22    RAJPUT JAGATSINH SAMANTSANG    M    29    Independent
23    RAVAL BHURABHAI MOTIBHAI    M    45    Independent
24    VAGHELA SHIVUBHA RAMSING    M    53    Independent
25    SUNSARA AAMINBHAI USMANBHAI    M    35    Independent
S06    9    GJ    SURENDRANAGAR    30-Apr-09    1    BHATIYA NARANBHAI KEHARBHAI    M    45    Independent
2    VAGHELA SATUBHA KANUBHA    M    75    Akhil Bharatiya Jan Sangh
3    BHARATBHAI RAMNIKLAL MAKWANA    M    43    Independent
4    KOLI PATEL SOMABHAI    M    68    Indian National Congress
5    DEVJIBHAI GOVINDBHAI FATEPARA    M    51    Indian National Congress
6    MER LALJIBHAI CHATURBHAI    M    53    Bharatiya Janata Party
7    SONI PRAKASHBHAI GOVINDBHAI    M    51    Bharatiya Janata Party
8    KORDIA ALTAFBHAI VALIBHAI    M    25    Independent
9    PATEL MOHANBHAI DAHYABHAI    M    56    Bahujan Samaj Party
10    TUNDIYA PREMJIBHAI VIRJIBHAI    M    53    Independent
11    NAYAKPRA HITSH BHAGVANGIBHAI    M    40    Independent
12    DABHI MOHANBHAI TULSHIBHAI    M    63    Independent
13    DERVALIA MEDHABHAI KALABHAI    M    51    Independent
14    PATEL KHEMABHAI ISHVARBHAI    M    43    Independent
15    RABA HARSURBHAI RAMBHAI    M    63    Independent
16    JADAV BHAGWANBHAI MATHURBHAI    M    56    Independent
17    UKABHAI AMARABHAI MAKWANA    M    40    Independent
18    JAGRUTIBEN BABULAL GADA (SHAH)    F    39    Mahagujarat Janta Party
19    PATADIYA KHIMJIBHAI HARAJIVANBHAI    M    52    Kranti Kari Jai Hind Sena
20    SOLANKI KARSHANBHAI JIVABHAI    M    38    Independent
21    PATEL ASHOKKUMAR CHIMANLAL    M    54    Independent
22    DHAVANIYA BACHUBHAI CHHAGANBHAI    M    58    Lokpriya Samaj Party
23    CHAVDA ASHOKBHAI KARSHANBHAI    M    33    Bahujan Samaj Party
24    SAVUKIYA LALJIBHAI MOHANLAL    M    50    Independent
25    MER MAVJIBHAI KUKABHAI    M    63    Independent
S06    10    GJ    RAJKOT    30-Apr-09    1    MULTANI SUBHANBHAI POPATBHAI    M    52    Independent
2    GOKALBHAI KHODABHAI PARMAR    M    53    Lokpriya Samaj Party
3    KIRANKUMAR VALJIBHAI BHALODIA    M    56    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    DHANSUKHBHAI CHUNIBHAI BHANDERI    M    46    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    DR. ZAKIRHUSEN MATHAKIYA    M    38    Samajwadi Party
6    ARVINDBHAI JADAVJIBHAI RATHOD    M    42    Independent
7    KUBAVAT BABUDAS CHHAGANDAS    M    63    Akhil Bharatiya Jan Sangh
8    PRAVINBHAI MEGHJIBHAI DENGADA    M    46    Independent
9    KUVARJIBHAI MOHANBHAI BAVALIA    M    54    Indian National Congress
10    JOSHI SUDHIRBHAI REVASHANKAR    M    67    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
11    JADEJA SATUBHA AMARSANG    M    41    National Secular Party
12    JADEJA NATUBHA AMARSANG    M    39    National Secular Party
13    DHEDHI DALEECHANDBHAI LIRABHAI    M    54    Bahujan Samaj Party
14    KHIMSURIYA BHANUBHAI RAMJIBHAI    M    47    Bahujan Samaj Party
15    NARENDRASINH TAPUBHA JADEJA    M    35    Rashtriya Krantikari Samajwadi Party
16    HIRABHAI GORDHANBHAI CHANGELA    M    58    Independent
17    HARSODA MAHESH HIRABHAI    M    25    Independent
18    BHIKHABHAI KURJIBHAI SADADIYA    M    57    Bahujan Samaj Party
19    GAR PRAKASH KHIMJIBHAI    M    40    Independent
20    DUDHATRA MUKUNDBHAI GOVINDBHAI    M    41    Independent
21    SAROLA GEETABEN MANJIBHAI    F    32    Independent
22    RABARI MOMAIYABHAI ALABHAI    M    60    Independent
23    AJITSINH HARISINH JADEJA    M    55    Independent
24    DR.RAJESHKUMAR SHANTIBHIA MANKADIA    M    35    Independent
25    RAJGURU INDRANIL SANJAYBHAI    M    43    Indian National Congress
26    NAYANBHI HASHMUKHBHAI UPADHYAY    M    42    Independent
27    KESHUBHAI DHANJIBHAI VEKARIYA    M    30    Independent
28    MATHAKIA USMAN HASAN    M    56    Independent
29    BABUBHAI DEVJIBHAI GHAVA    M    42    Lok Jan Shakti Party
30    PATADIA VINODBHAI KHODABHAI    M    45    Independent
31    CHAVDA LAKHMANBHAI DEVJIBHAI    M    49    Republican Party of India
32    VEKARIYA PRAGJIBHAI NATHUBHAI    M    60    Independent
33    BHIKHABHAI KURJIBHAI SADADIA    M    57    Independent
34    VEKARIA ALPESHBHAI KESHUBHAI    M    32    Mahagujarat Janta Party
35    JASVANTBHAI RANCHHODBHAI SABHAYA    M    38    Samajwadi Party
36    PIPALIA BHARATBHAI SAVJIBHAI    M    52    Mahagujarat Janta Party
37    GORI BHARTIBEN MAHENDRABHAI    F    26    Independent
S06    13    GJ    JUNAGADH    30-Apr-09    1    BARAD JASHUBHAI DHANABHAI    M    54    Indian National Congress
2    BHUVA KAMLESHBHAI LALJIBHAI    M    48    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    SOLANKI DINUBHAI BOGHABHAI    M    51    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    AKHED MAHESHBHAI VALLABHBHAI    M    48    Indian Justice Party
5    KUNJADIYA VALLABHBHAI RAMBHAI    M    46    Akhil Bharatiya Manav Seva Dal
6    CHANDULAL BHANUBHAI DHADUK    M    42    Mahagujarat Janta Party
7    DANGAR BRIJESH RAMBHAI    M    31    Rashtrawadi Sena
S06    15    GJ    BHAVNAGAR    30-Apr-09    1    GOHILMAHAVIRSINHBHAGIRATHSINH    M    52    Indian National Congress
2    VAGHANI PRAKSHBHAI ARJANBHAI    M    38    Indian National Congress
3    RANA RAJENDRASINH GHANSHYAMSINH    M    53    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    MANDAVIA MANSUKHBHAI LAXMANBHAI    M    42    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    BORICHA VALJIBHAI BAGHABHAI    M    51    Bahujan Samaj Party
6    REVAR MANSUKHBHAI KHODIDASBHAI    M    40    Bahujan Samaj Party
7    ZADAFIA GORDHANBHAI PRAGJIBHAI    M    54    Mahagujarat Janta Party
8    ZADAFIA GORDHANBHAI PRAGJIBHAI    M    54    Mahagujarat Janta Party
9    ZADAFIA GORDHANBHAI PRAGJIBHAI    M    54    Mahagujarat Janta Party
10    YADAV TULSHIBHAI RAMJIBHAI    M    67    Samajwadi Party
11    YADAV TULSHIBHAI RAMJIBHAI    M    67    Samajwadi Party
12    YADAV TULSHIBHAI RAMJIBHAI    M    67    Samajwadi Party
13    SAPARIA DINESHBHAI NANUBHAI    M    45    Lokpriya Samaj Party
14    SAPARIA DINESHBHAI NANUBHAI    M    45    Lokpriya Samaj Party
15    SAPARIA DINESHBHAI NANUBHAI    M    45    Lokpriya Samaj Party
16    PANDYA ATULBHAI HARSHADRAI    M    46    Bharatiya Natiional Janta Dal
17    PANDYA ATULBHAI HARSHADRAI    M    46    Bharatiya Natiional Janta Dal
18    PANDYA ATULBHAI HARSHADRAI    M    46    Bharatiya Natiional Janta Dal
19    GOHIL NANAJIBHAI MADHABHAI    M    38    Republican Party of India (A)
20    GOHIL NANAJIBHAI MADHABHAI    M    38    Republican Party of India (A)
21    CHAUHAN PREMJIBHAI SHAMJIBHAI    M    42    Akhil Bharatiya Congress Dal (Ambedkar)
22    MAKWANA HARINBHAI RAMNIKLAL    M    37    Independent
23    MAKWANA HARINBHAI RAMNIKLAL    M    37    Independent
24    MAKWANA HARINBHAI RAMNIKLAL    M    37    Independent
25    GOHIL KISHORSINH BALAVANTSINH    M    54    Independent
26    GOHIL KISHORSINH BALAVANTSINH    M    54    Independent
27    GOHIL KISHORSINH BALAVANTSINH    M    54    Independent
28    KATARIA ZINABHAI NAGAJIBHAI    M    49    Independent
29    KATARIA ZINABHAI NAGAJIBHAI    M    49    Independent
30    KATARIA ZINABHAI NAGAJIBHAI    M    49    Independent
31    PUNANI MUKESHBHI MAGANBHAI    M    43    Independent
32    PUNANI MUKESHBHI MAGANBHAI    M    43    Independent
33    PUNANI MUKESHBHI MAGANBHAI    M    43    Independent
34    CHAUHAN DHIRUBHAI KARSHANBHAI    M    39    Independent
35    CHAUHAN DHIRUBHAI KARSHANBHAI    M    39    Independent
36    CHAUHAN DHIRUBHAI KARSHANBHAI    M    39    Independent
37    SONANI NARESHBHAI NANAJIBHAI    M    36    Independent
38    SONANI NARESHBHAI NANAJIBHAI    M    36    Independent
39    SONANI NARESHBHAI NANAJIBHAI    M    36    Independent
40    CHUDASAMA MEPABHAI MAVJIBHAI    M    42    Independent
41    CHUDASAMA MEPABHAI MAVJIBHAI    M    42    Independent
42    CHUDASAMA MEPABHAI MAVJIBHAI    M    42    Independent
46    DABHI DEVJIBHAI MEGHABHAI    M    29    Independent
47    DABHI DEVJIBHAI MEGHABHAI    M    29    Independent
48    DABHI DEVJIBHAI MEGHABHAI    M    29    Independent
49    PATEL KALPESHBHAI ASHOKBHAI    M    30    Independent
50    PATEL KALPESHBHAI ASHOKBHAI    M    30    Independent
51    PATEL KALPESHBHAI ASHOKBHAI    M    30    Independent
S06    18    GJ    PANCHMAHAL    30-Apr-09    1    MANSURI MUKHTYAR MOHAMAD    M    49    Akhil Bharatiya Manav Seva Dal
2    VAGHELA SHANKERSINH LAXMANSINH    M    68    Indian National Congress
3    PATEL PROSOTTAMBHAI MANGALBHAI    M    53    Indian National Congress
4    BAROT PRAKASHKUMAR MANEKLAL    M    53    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    CHAUHAN PRABHATSINH PRATAPSINH    M    67    Bharatiya Janata Party
6    MALIVAD KALUBHAI HIRABHAI    M    58    Bharatiya Janata Party
7    SHAIKH KALIM A.LATIF    M    42    Lok Jan Shakti Party
8    SHUKLA ARVINDKUMAR JYANTILAL    M    66    Bahujan Samaj Party
9    BHABHOR RASILABEN SAMSUBHAI    F    26    Indian Justice Party
S06    19    GJ    DAHOD    30-Apr-09    1    KATARA SINGJIBHAI JALJIBHAI    M    62    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
2    KALARA RAMSINGBHAI NANJIBHAI    M    37    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    DAMOR SOMJIBHAI PUNJABHAI    M    70    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    TAVIYAD DR. PRABHABEN KISHORSINH    F    54    Indian National Congress
5    MEDA KALSINGBHAI TAJSINHBHAI    M    57    Nationalist Congress Party
6    PARMAR DINESHBHAI NAGJIBHAI    M    28    Indian Justice Party
7    BARIYA NAVALSINGBHAI MADIABHAI    M    39    Mahagujarat Janta Party
8    MUNIA KAMALSINH CHHAGANBHAI    M    61    Samajwadi Party
S06    20    GJ    VADODARA    30-Apr-09    1    GAEKWAD SATYAJITSINH DULIPSINH    M    46    Indian National Congress
2    PUROHIT VINAYKUMAR RAMANBHAI    M    36    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    BALKRISHNA KHANDERAO SHUKLA    M    45    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    GIRISHBHAI MADHAVLAL BHAVSAR    M    42    Independent
5    THAVARDAS AMULRAI CHOITHANI    M    63    Independent
6    DASGUPTA TAPANBHAI SHANTIMAY    M    45    Independent
7    PARMAR BHARTIBEN KISHORCHANDRA    F    36    Independent
8    MALEK MAHEBUBBHAI RAHIMBHAI    M    42    Independent
9    VASAVA HARILAL SHANABHAI    M    46    Independent
S06    21    GJ    CHHOTA UDAIPUR    30-Apr-09    1    RATHWA RAMSINGBHAI PATALBHAI    M    57    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    RATHWA NARANBHAI JEMLABHAI    M    55    Indian National Congress
3    BHIL PRAKASHBHAI SOMABHAI    M    36    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    RATHWA SATISHBHAI RAMANBHAI    M    32    Janata Dal (United)
5    VASAVA(BHIL) VITTHALBHAI VENIBHAI    M    63    Independent
S06    22    GJ    BHARUCH    30-Apr-09    1    PATEL MEHRUNNISHA VALLIBHAI    F    40    Lok Jan Shakti Party
2    PATHAN JAHANGIRKHA AHEMADKHA    M    69    Indian National Congress
3    PATHAN JAHANGIRKHA AHEMADKHA    M    69    Indian National Congress
4    MANSUKHBHAI DHANJIBHAI VASAVA    M    52    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    UGHARATDAR UMARJI AHMED    M    64    Indian National Congress
6    UGHARATDAR UMARJI AHMED    M    64    Indian National Congress
7    UGHARATDAR UMARJI AHMED    M    64    Indian National Congress
8    UGHARATDAR UMARJI AHMED    M    64    Indian National Congress
9    MANSUKHBHAI DHANJIBHAI VASAVA    M    52    Bharatiya Janata Party
10    MANSUKHBHAI DHANJIBHAI VASAVA    M    52    Bharatiya Janata Party
11    MORI CHHATRASINH PUJABHAI    M    53    Bharatiya Janata Party
12    MORI CHHATRASINH PUJABHAI    M    53    Bharatiya Janata Party
13    MORI CHHATRASINH PUJABHAI    M    53    Bharatiya Janata Party
14    VASAVA SURESHBHAI GORDHANBHAI    M    40    Akhil Bharatiya Jan Sangh
15    VASAVA DILIPKUMAR GULSINGBHAI    M    32    Independent
16    PANDEY SANATKUMAR RAJARAMBHAI    M    32    Bahujan Samaj Party
17    BASHIRBHAI MAHAMEDBHAI FOJDAR    M    44    Independent
18    VASAVA CHHOTUBHAI AMARSINHBHAI    M    62    Janata Dal (United)
19    BHAGAT ANILKUMAR CHHITUBHAI    M    44    Janata Dal (United)
20    LAD MAHIPATBHAI MAGANBHAI    M    52    Independent
21    PATEL THAKORBHAI CHANDULAL    M    58    Independent
22    HEMANTKUMAR JERAMBHAI GOHIL    M    31    Independent
23    MANGROLA KANAKSINH MOHANSINH    M    58    Samajwadi Party
24    MANGROLA VIKRAMSINH KANAKSINH    M    28    Samajwadi Party
25    PATEL NARESHKUMAR BHAGVANBHAI    M    48    Mahagujarat Janta Party
26    PATEL NARESHKUMAR BHAGVANBHAI    M    48    Mahagujarat Janta Party
27    NARENDRASINH RANDHIRSINH VASHI    M    37    Loktantrik Samajwadi Party
28    PARMAR BALVANTSINH VIJAYSINH    M    53    Nationalist Congress Party
29    PATHAN NISHARKHAN ZAHIRKHAN    M    38    Independent
30    LAKDAWALA SHAKIL AHMED    M    43    Independent
31    PATEL USMANBHAI GULAMBHAI    M    26    Independent
S06    25    GJ    NAVSARI    30-Apr-09    1    NAIK YOGESHKUMAR THAKORBHAI    M    54    Nationalist Congress Party
2    C. R. PATIL    M    54    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    RAJPUT DHANSUKHABHAI BHAGVATIPRASAD    M    51    Indian National Congress
4    SHAILESHBHAI BISHESWAR SHRIVASTAV    M    37    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    AMULKUMAR DHIRUBHAI DESAI    M    46    Akhil Bharatiya Jan Sangh
6    AAZADKUMAR CHATURBHAI PATEL    M    33    Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Party
7    YADAV GANGAPRASAD LALANBHAI    M    55    Mahagujarat Janta Party
8    KANUBHAI DEVJIBHAI SUKHADIA    M    47    Independent
10    TARUNBHAI CHAMPAKBHAI PATEL    M    39    Independent
11    PATEL PRAVINCHANDRA MANILAL    M    52    Independent
12    PRAKASH MANHAR SHAH    M    45    Independent
14    YADAV RAJENDRAKUMAR RAMRAJ    M    35    Independent
15    RATHOD GOVINDBHAI LAXMANBHAI    M    52    Independent
16    VARANKAR KAMALBEN KASHIRAM    F    50    Independent
17    SHATRUDHANDAS OMKARDAS SUGAT (BAIRAGI)    M    78    Independent
18    SATYAJIT JAYANTILAL SHETH    M    41    Independent
S06    26    GJ    VALSAD    30-Apr-09    1    DHIRUBHAI CHHAGANBHAI PATEL    M    53    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    NARESHBHAI MAGANBHAI PATEL    M    41    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    LAXMANBHAI CHHAGANBHAI VARLI    M    51    Independent
4    BHOYE NAYNESHBHAI MADHUBHAI    M    31    Samajwadi Party
5    GAVLI CHHAGANBHAI PILUBHAI    M    43    Bahujan Samaj Party
6    PATEL PANKAJKUMAR PRABHUBHAI    M    40    Aadivasi Sena Party
7    KISHANBHAI VESTABHAI PATEL    M    46    Indian National Congress
8    JEETUBHAI HARJIBHAI CHAUDHARI    M    45    Indian National Congress
9    RAMBHAI KOYABHAI PATEL    M    59    Independent
S10    3    KA    BAGALKOT    30-Apr-09    1    SHANKAR TELI    M    33    Independent
2    MANOHAR H.AYYANNAVAR    M    51    Independent
3    MALAKAJAPPANAVAR BASAYYA    M    49    Janata Dal (Secular)
5    JAGADISH TIMMANAGOUDA PATIL    M    59    Indian National Congress
6    BASAVARAJ KALAKAPPA PUJAR    M    42    Nationalist Congress Party
8    GADDIGOUDAR PARVATGOUDA    M    56    Bharatiya Janata Party
9    PATIL JAGADISH    M    59    Indian National Congress
10    DANAPPA MALLAPPA ASANGI    M    38    Independent
12    GADADANNAVAR RAMANNA BHIMAPPA    M    47    Karnataka Rajya Ryota Sangha
13    CHANDRASHEKHAR HANAMANT BANDIWADDAR    M    29    Akhil Bharatiya Manav Seva Dal
14    PARASHURAM JALAGAR    M    48    Pyramid Party of India
15    PARASHURAM JALAGAR    M    48    Janata Dal (Secular)
16    KRISHNAGOUDA RANGANAGOUDA PATIL    M    56    Independent
17    R. RAMESH BABU    M    38    Janata Dal (Secular)
18    R.RAMESH BABU    M    38    Janata Dal (Secular)
19    BADASHA RAJESAB MUJAWAR    M    40    Independent
20    KRISHNAGOUDA RANGANAGOUDA PATIL    M    56    Independent
21    PATIL VIJAYKUMAR    M    46    Janata Dal (Secular)
22    PANDIT BODALI    M    33    Independent
23    GADADANNAVAR RAMANNA BHIMAPPA    M    47    Independent
24    GADADANNAVAR RAMANNA BHIMAPPA    M    47    Independent
25    R.RAMESH BABU    M    38    Independent
26    R.RAMESH BABU    M    38    Independent
27    RENUKARADHYA HIREMATH    M    29    Independent
29    PAKALI FAROOQ    M    33    Bahujan Samaj Party
30    SINDHUR GURUBASAVARYA    M    48    Janata Dal (Secular)
31    NAZIR DUNDASI    M    31    Independent
32    SANGMESH .G. BHAVIKATTI    M    29    Independent
S10    10    KA    HAVERI    30-Apr-09    1    RAMACHANDRAPPA GUDDAPPA BILLAL    M    59    Independent
3    FAKKIRESH SHAMBHU BIJAPUR    M    39    Independent
4    SHIVAKUMAR CHANNABASAPPA UDASI    M    42    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    BASAVARAJ SHANKRAPPA DESAI    M    38    Independent
6    JAGADEESH YANKAPPA DODDAMANI    M    35    Independent
7    RAJESAB RAHAMANSAB SIDNEKOPPA    M    65    Independent
8    PRABHU K PATIL    M    31    Janata Dal (United)
9    JAVALI ASHOKAPPA MALLAPPA    M    43    Nationalist Congress Party
11    IGAL DILLPPA KARIYAPPA    M    52    Bahujan Samaj Party
12    KRISHNAJI RAGHAVENDRARAO OMKAR    M    32    Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha
13    MULLANAVAR ABDULRAJAK MODINSAB    M    49    Bahujan Samaj Party
14    MEHABUB KUTUBSAB NADAF    M    47    Independent
15    SALEEM AHAMAD    M    45    Indian National Congress
16    PATIL SHIVAKUMARGOUDA    M    42    Janata Dal (Secular)
17    MANJUNATH KALAVEERAPPA PANCHANAN    M    38    Independent
18    DESAI MALLIKARJUN BASAPPA    M    61    Independent
19    SALEEM AKBAR NAIK    M    30    Independent
20    DAYANAND RAMACHANDRA RATHOD    M    35    Independent
21    ALLABAX TIMMAPUR    M    34    Independent
22    BADIGER KOTESHWAR    M    28    Independent
23    VASTRAD VEERBHADRAYYA KALAKAYYA    M    47    Bharatiya Janata Party
S10    11    KA    DHARWAD    30-Apr-09    1    PRALHAD JOSHI    M    46    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    CHANNABASAPPA.S.KUSUGAL    M    48    Independent
3    RAJANNA.P.KADDLYANAVARAMATH    M    36    Independent
4    KUNNUR MANJUNATH CHANNAPPA    M    55    Indian National Congress
5    BAGWAN NASIR PAPULSAB    M    51    Janata Dal (Secular)
6    RAMACHANDRA KALINGAPPA MAHAR    M    59    Independent
7    TALAKALLAMATH MAHESH GURUPADAYYA    M    52    Nationalist Congress Party
8    ASHOK BADDI    M    38    Independent
9    KURUBAR BEERAPPA    M    38    Independent
10    BABUSAB KASHEEMNAVAR    M    61    Janata Dal (Secular)
11    PATIL GURUPADAGOUDA    M    62    Independent
12    JANUMALA BASKAR    M    39    Independent
13    BASANGOUDA HANSI    M    63    Independent
14    PANCH MAHALDAR    M    38    Independent
15    NIRJAN HANMANTSA    M    40    Janata Dal (United)
16    SHANKRAPPA YADAVANNAVAR    M    50    Independent
17    SONDUR RAGHAVENDRA SRINIVAS    M    46    Janata Dal (Secular)
18    ALLISAB SANDIMANI    M    30    Independent
19    KILLADAR ALLABAKSH    M    52    Nationalist Congress Party
20    TAKAPPA KALAL    M    59    Independent
21    MULLA KASHIMASAB    M    57    Bahujan Samaj Party
22    PREMANATH KASHAPPA CHIKKTUMBAL    M    31    Bahujan Samaj Party
23    MARUTI RAMAPPA HANASI    M    40    Independent
24    DADAPEER KOPPAL    M    50    Ambedkar National Congress
25    KALLIMANI IBRAHIM    M    32    Independent
26    IMAMHUSEN KUNDAGOL    M    46    Independent
27    GADAGKAR MOHAMMAD YOOSUF    M    56    Muslim League Kerala State Committee
28    SHANKRAPPA JINNAKAR    M    63    Independent
29    HULLI MOHAMMEDALI    M    67    Independent
30    JAMIRAHMEDKHAN    M    27    Independent
31    MOHAMMED ISMAIL BHADRAPUR    M    28    Independent
32    BIJAPUR JALALSAHEB    M    78    Independent
33    BALANNAVAR BASAVARAJ    M    30    Independent
34    KASHEEMNAVAR BABUSAB    M    61    Independent
35    PATIL GURUPADAGOUDA    M    62    Janata Dal (Secular)
S10    13    KA    DAVANAGERE    30-Apr-09    1    RAMESH HULI    M    35    Independent
2    MUJEEB PATEL M.H.K.    M    25    Independent
3    DR. SRIDHARA UDUPA    M    56    Independent
4    SUBHAN KHAN    M    45    Independent
5    SIDDESWARA G.M.    M    56    Bharatiya Janata Party
6    DR.RAJU C.    M    44    Independent
7    MALLIKARJUN S.S.    M    42    Indian National Congress
8    IDLI RAMAPPA    M    46    Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
9    NAGARAJA    M    30    Independent
10    H K KENCHVEERAPPA    M    65    Independent
11    L.H. PATIL    M    41    Independent
12    RAJASHEKHARAYYA B.    M    62    Independent
13    DR. HIDAYATHUR RAHMAN KHAN    M    36    Bahujan Samaj Party
14    NINGAPPA A.    M    77    Independent
15    MALLIKARJUN L.S.    M    39    Independent
16    AMANULLA KHAN J.    M    35    Independent
17    JAYANNA ITAGI    M    38    Independent
18    ALUR M.G. SWAMY    M    62    Independent
19    SATHISH B.M    M    45    Independent
20    INAYAT ALI KHAN    M    31    Independent
21    YOGESHWARA RAO SINDHE    M    42    Independent
22    RAJASHEKAR    M    44    Independent
23    HANUMANTHAPPA    M    32    Independent
24    MANJUNATH K.    M    43    Independent
25    MAHESH Y.    M    40    Independent
26    EHSANULLA PATEL H.M.    M    53    Independent
27    SUDESH G.M.    M    31    Akhila India Jananayaka Makkal Katchi (Dr. Issac)
28    CHANDRASHEKARAPPA S.    M    59    Independent
29    VEERESH T.    M    35    Independent
30    SIDDESHI G.    M    42    Independent
31    MARUTHI H.    M    51    Independent
32    GNANA PRAKASH B.    M    30    Independent
33    ESWARAPPA H.    M    30    Independent
34    NAGARAJAPPA    M    46    Independent
35    KALLERUDRESHAPPA K.B.    M    49    Janata Dal (Secular)
S10    14    KA    SHIMOGA    30-Apr-09    1    UMESHKUMAR S    M    38    Janata Dal (United)
2    N DINESH KUMAR    M    40    Independent
3    M.P. SRIDHAR. BYNDOOR    M    44    Independent
4    AKHIL AHMED    M    45    Independent
5    H.S. SHEKARAPPA    M    47    Independent
6    J. JAYAPPA    M    40    Bahujan Samaj Party
7    S. BANGARAPPA    M    76    Indian National Congress
8    D.S. ESHWARAPPA    M    41    Independent
9    T. CHAKRAVARTI NAYAKA    M    70    Rashtriya Krantikari Samajwadi Party
10    MAINUDDIN.M.S    M    35    Independent
11    C. MURUGAN    M    29    Akhila India Jananayaka Makkal Katchi (Dr. Issac)
12    B,Y. RAGHAVENDRA    M    36    Bharatiya Janata Party
13    Y.H. NAGARAJA    M    51    Independent
14    MANJAPPA. S.    M    58    Independent
15    RANGANATHA T.L.    M    50    Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha
16    H.G. LOKESHA    M    47    Independent
17    V. SHAIK MEHABOOB    M    43    Independent
S10    15    KA    UDUPI CHIKMAGALUR    30-Apr-09    1    GANAPATHI SHETTIGARA    M    58    Independent
2    SRINIVASA    M    51    Independent
3    DENIAL FEDRIK RANGER    M    35    Independent
4    JAYAPRAKASH HEGDE    M    57    Indian National Congress
5    JAYAPRAKASH HEGDE    M    57    Indian National Congress
6    JAYAPRAKASH HEGDE    M    57    Indian National Congress
7    JAYAPRAKASH HEGDE    M    57    Indian National Congress
8    SMT. RADHA    F    49    Communist Party of India
9    SMT. RADHA    F    49    Communist Party of India
10    SMT. RADHA    F    49    Communist Party of India
11    DR. SRIDHAR UDUPA    M    56    Independent
12    UMESH KUMARA    M    38    Independent
13    B.VINAYAK MALLYA    M    26    Independent
14    STEVEN JOHN MENEZES    M    43    Bahujan Samaj Party
15    STEVEN JOHN MENEZES    M    43    Bahujan Samaj Party
16    ABDUL RASHEED    M    40    Independent
17    ABDUL RASHEED    M    40    Independent
18    VENKATRAMANA HEGADE.B    M    39    Jai Vijaya Bharathi Party
19    D.V.SADANANDA GOWDA    M    56    Bharatiya Janata Party
20    D.V.SADANANDA GOWDA    M    56    Bharatiya Janata Party
21    D.V.SADANANDA GOWDA    M    56    Bharatiya Janata Party
22    D.V.SADANANDA GOWDA    M    56    Bharatiya Janata Party
S10    16    KA    HASSAN    30-Apr-09    1    KOVI BABANNA    M    47    Rashtriya Krantikari Samajwadi Party
2    B. C. VIJAYAKUMAR    M    43    Independent
3    A. P. AHAMED    M    66    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    B. SHIVRAMU    M    58    Indian National Congress
5    K. H. HANUME GOWDA    M    78    Bharatiya Janata Party
6    S. HARISH(S. C. S)    M    37    Independent
7    AIJAZ AHAMED FAROOQI    M    52    Republican Party of India (A)
8    H. D. DEVEGOWDA    M    76    Janata Dal (Secular)
9    KODIHALLI CHANDRASHEKAR    M    51    Sarvodaya Karnataka Paksha
10    M. MAHESH URF HARSHA    M    38    Independent
11    K. SHANMUKHA    M    42    Independent
12    RAJANI NARAYANAGOWDA    M    34    Independent
13    K. REVANNA    M    34    Independent
14    G. P. SANTHOSH GUPTHA    M    28    Independent
15    B. LOHITHGOWDA KUNDURU    M    30    Bharatiya Janata Party
16    BOMMEGOWDA    M    62    Independent
17    T. R. VIJAYA KUMAR    M    33    Independent
18    DEVARAJ. P. B    M    26    Independent
19    DYAVEGOWDA    M    53    Independent
S10    17    KA    DAKSHINA KANNADA    30-Apr-09    1    SUPREETHA KUMAR POOJARY    M    31    Independent
2    JANARDHANA POOJARY    M    71    Indian National Congress
3    VASUDEVA M P    M    49    Independent
4    DR.THIRUMALA RAYA HALEMANE    M    55    Independent
5    G.MOHAMMED    M    48    Independent
6    K RAMA BHAT URIMAJALU    M    78    Independent
7    ABDUL RAZAK    M    50    Independent
8    MADHAVA B    M    71    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
9    MOHAMMED SALI    M    40    Independent
10    GIRISH A RAI    M    47    Bahujan Samaj Party
11    NALIN KUMAR KATEEL    M    42    Bharatiya Janata Party
12    K MONAPPA BHANDARY    M    57    Bharatiya Janata Party
13    C AHAMMAD JAMAL    M    54    Muslim League Kerala State Committee
14    ANANDA GATTY    M    59    Independent
15    SUBRAHMANYA KUMAR KUNTIKANA MATA    M    36    Independent
16    DR.U.P.SHIVANANDA    M    59    Independent
S10    20    KA    MANDYA    30-Apr-09    1    SHAMBHULINGEGOWDA    M    48    Independent
2    KOWDLEY CHANNAPPA    M    60    Janata Dal (United)
3    K S NANJAPPA    M    56    Independent
4    K S PUTTANNAIAH    M    60    Sarvodaya Party
5    N NANJUNDAIAH    M    57    Independent
6    S B SHIVALINGEGOWDA    M    62    Indian National Congress
7    SUMANTH    M    60    Independent
8    M KRISHNAMURTHY    M    35    Bahujan Samaj Party
9    VENKTESH R    M    37    Independent
10    T S ASHRAF    M    33    Independent
11    SHIVARAMU    M    41    Independent
12    L R SHIVARAMEGOWDA    M    53    Bharatiya Janata Party
13    SHAKUNTHALA    F    29    Independent
14    H S RAMANNA    M    45    Independent
15    H R CHANDRASHEKHARAIAH    M    43    Independent
16    BALASUBRAMANIAN    M    38    Independent
17    CHELUVARAYA SWAMY    M    49    Janata Dal (Secular)
18    M H AMARANATH @ AMBAREESH    M    57    Indian National Congress
19    CHANDRASHEKHARAIAH    M    46    Independent
20    N J RAJESH    M    35    Independent
21    KEMPEGOWDA    M    36    Independent
22    BOREGOWDA    M    57    Independent
23    M P MUNAVAR SHARIF    M    50    Independent
24    H V MADEGOWDA    M    47    Independent
25    K SHIVANAND    M    45    Independent
26    K KEMPEGOWDA    M    47    Independent
27    JHONSON CHINNAPPAN    M    32    Independent
S10    21    KA    MYSORE    30-Apr-09    1    C.H.VIJAYASHANKAR    M    53    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    SRINATH-PATHRIKE    M    39    Independent
3    M.BASAVANNA    M    30    Independent
4    S.P.MAHADEVAPPA    M    59    Independent
5    SYED NIZAM ALI    M    51    Bahujan Samaj Party
6    P.KARIGOWDA    M    63    Independent
7    P.PARASHIVAMURTHY    M    41    Rashtriya Krantikari Samajwadi Party
8    ADAGURU H VISHWANATH    M    59    Indian National Congress
9    M.ANWARJI    M    62    Independent
10    ARHSADULLA SHARIFF    M    40    Bharatiya Praja Paksha
11    M.V.SANTHOSHKUMAR    M    27    Independent
12    M.S.BALAJI    M    51    Ambedkar National Congress
13    SANTHOSH KUMAR.P    M    35    Akhila India Jananayaka Makkal Katchi (Dr. Issac)
14    S.P.GEETHA    F    36    United Women Front
15    RAJU    M    54    Independent
16    B.A.JIVIJAYA    F    71    Janata Dal (Secular)
17    M.LEELAVATHI    F    51    Independent
18    RAFEEQ    M    27    Independent
19    E.RAJU    M    42    Independent
20    M.NAGENDRA    M    42    Independent
21    DR.E.KESHAMMA    F    32    Rashtriya Dehat Morcha Party
22    K.P.CHIDANANDA    M    48    Janata Dal (United)
23    B.D.LINGAPPARAI    M    52    Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha
S24    33    UP    UNNAO    30-Apr-09    1    SHIVSHANKERKUSHWAHA    M    46    Akhil Bharatiya Ashok Sena
2    RAMESHKUMARSINGH    M    60    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    ANNUTANDON    F    51    Indian National Congress
4    DEEPAKKUMAR    M    40    Samajwadi Party
5    SUNILKUMAR    M    35    Independent
6    RASHIDQAMAR    M    28    Muslim League Kerala State Committee
7    BASUDEVVISHARAD    M    65    Vikas Party
8    ABHICHHEDILALYADAV    M    47    Rashtriya Samajwadi Party (United)
9    RAMASHREY    M    36    Independent
10    RAJKISHORESINGH    M    36    Rashtravadi Communist Party
11    LALA    M    40    Independent
12    UMESHCHANDRA    M    25    Apna Dal
13    RAJUKASHYAP    M    40    Vanchit Jamat Party
14    RAMAOTAR    M    63    Buddhiviveki Vikas Party
15    KRISHNAPALSINGHVAIS    M    62    Independent
16    CHANDRASHEKHARTIWARI    M    43    Independent
17    ARUNSHANKARSHUKLA    M    52    Bahujan Samaj Party
18    ASHOKKUMAR    M    39    Independent
19    CHHEDILAL    M    42    Republican Party of India (A)
20    RAMSEVAK    M    44    Ambedkar Samaj Party
21    UDAISHANKERTIWARI    M    64    Independent
22    JAVEDRAZA    M    39    Janata Dal (United)
23    KAILASHNATHMISHRA    M    66    Independent
24    DRCOLPRATAPSHANKARTIWARI    M    65    Rashtriya Raksha Dal
S24    34    UP    MOHANLALGANJ    30-Apr-09    1    R.K.CHAUDHARY    M    50    Rashtriya Swabhimaan Party
2    ASHA DEVI    F    38    Bharatiya Grameen Dal
3    JAI PRAKASH    M    50    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    SUSHILA SAROJ    F    58    Samajwadi Party
5    JAIPAL PATHIK    M    50    Rashtravadi Communist Party
6    NARENDRA KUMAR    M    38    Indian National Congress
7    DINESH KUMAR    M    38    Independent
8    SATTIDEEN    M    53    Uttar Pradesh Republican Party
9    RANJAN    M    38    Bharatiya Janata Party
10    RAM DHAN    M    42    Independent
11    RAJU SONKAR    M    46    Independent
12    AMRESH KUMAR    M    27    Rashtravadi Communist Party
13    SATISH SONKAR    M    40    Dharam Nirpeksh Dal
14    BINDU DEVI    F    33    Rashtriya Dehat Morcha Party
15    SARJU    M    52    Independent
S24    35    UP    LUCKNOW    30-Apr-09    1    RAVI SHANKAR    M    28    Bharat Punarnirman Dal
2    SUKHVEER SINGH    M    41    Independent
3    DR. AKHILESHWAR SAHAI    M    39    Independent
4    RAVI    M    32    Vikas Party
5    AMIT PANDEY    M    33    Independent
6    RAJESH KUMAR    M    25    Independent
7    PADAM CHANDRA GUPTA    M    35    Independent
8    DR. AKHILESH DAS GUPTA    M    48    Bahujan Samaj Party
9    SEHNAAZ SIDRAT    F    48    Independent
10    NAND KUMAR    M    44    Bharatiya Grameen Dal
11    DASHARATH    M    36    Rashtriya Mazdoor Ekta Party
12    MOHD. IRSHAD    M    40    Navbharat Nirman Party
13    A. HAROON ALI    M    48    Independent
14    LAL JI TANDON    M    73    Bharatiya Janata Party
15    ANUPAM MISHRA    M    37    Swarajya Party Of India
16    ZUBAIR AHMAD    M    32    Independent
17    PRAVEEN KUMAR MISHRA    M    32    Eklavya Samaj Party
18    RISAV KUMAR SHARMA    M    28    Maulik Adhikar Party
19    BAL MUKUND TIWARI    M    26    Independent
20    S.MD.AHAMAD    M    59    Independent
21    HARJEET SINGH    M    48    Independent
22    CHANDRA BHUSHAN PANDEY    M    60    Independent
23    S.R.DARAPURI    M    65    Independent
24    RADHEYSHYAM    M    37    Independent
25    NAFISA ALI SODHI    F    52    Samajwadi Party
26    DR.KHAN MOHMAD ATIF    M    64    Muslim Majlis Uttar Pradesh
27    AMBIKA PRASAD    M    49    Independent
28    MANOJ SINGH    M    37    Independent
29    VINAY PRAKASH    M    36    Independent
30    RAJESH KUMAR PANDEY    M    40    All India Trinamool Congress
31    RAJESH KUMAR NAITHANI    M    35    Independent
32    CHATURI PRASAD    M    56    Independent
33    MURLI PRASAD    M    56    Rashtriya Kranti Party
34    ASHOK KUMAR PAL    M    31    Rashtriya Swabhimaan Party
35    SITARAM    M    38    Uttar Pradesh Republican Party
36    NITIN DWIWEDI    M    25    Independent
37    MUSTAQ KHAN    M    38    Indian Justice Party
38    RAM KUMAR SHUKLA    M    62    Independent
39    SMT. JUGUNU RANJAN    F    47    Jaganmay Nari Sangathan
40    LT.COL.(RETD.) KUSH PRASAD MATHUR    M    55    Rashtriya Raksha Dal
41    RITA BAHUGUNA JOSHI    F    59    Indian National Congress
42    RAJIV RANJAN TIWARI    M    29    Independent
43    SUMAN LATA DIXIT    F    53    Independent
44    DHEERAJ    M    37    Independent
45    AMRESH MISHRA    M    43    Independent
46    DEVENDRA    M    25    Rashtriya Dehat Morcha Party
47    KEDAR MAL AGRAWAL    M    55    Independent
48    AMAR SINGH YADAV    M    53    Independent
49    SAYED MOH. LADEL    M    45    Independent
50    KAMAL CHANDRA    M    39    Gondvana Gantantra Party
51    SHARAD KUMAR CHAUDHARY    M    35    Bharatiya Rashtriya Bahujan Samaj Vikas Party
52    GIRISH CHANDRA    M    62    Independent
53    C.A. RAJESH RASTOGI    M    52    Independent
54    K.C. KARDAM    M    65    Independent
55    CHAMAN BIHARI TANDON    M    66    Independent
56    LADDAN    M    49    Independent
S24    53    UP    BARABANKI    30-Apr-09    1    KAMALA PRASAD RAWAT    M    47    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    P.L.PUNIA    M    64    Indian National Congress
3    RAM NARESH RAWAT    M    44    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    RAM SAGAR    M    62    Samajwadi Party
5    VED PRAKASH RAWAT    M    29    Bahujan Samaj Party
6    JEEVAN    M    26    Janvadi Party(Socialist)
7    DESHRAJ    M    49    Bharatiya Subhash Sena
8    BABADEEN    M    49    Bharatiya Republican Paksha
9    BHAGAUTI    M    54    Apna Dal
10    SANTRAM    M    40    Navbharat Nirman Party
11    KAMLESH KUMAR    M    38    Independent
12    GAYA PRASAD    M    50    Independent
13    DEPENDRA KUMAR RAWAT    M    25    Independent
14    PREM CHANDRA ARYA    M    33    Independent
15    RAM AUTAR    M    39    Independent
16    LAJJAWATI KANCHAN    F    43    Independent
17    VISHRAM DAS    M    67    Independent
S25    1    WB    COOCH BEHAR    30-Apr-09    1    ARGHYA ROY PRODHAN    M    37    All India Trinamool Congress
2    KRISHNA KANTA BARMAN    M    29    Party for Democratic Socialism
3    NIRANJAN BARMAN    M    42    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    NRIPENDRA NATH ROY    M    49    All India Forward Bloc
5    HITENDRA DAS    M    54    Independent
6    HAREKRISHNA SARKAR    M    37    Republican Party of India
7    BANGSHI BADAN BARMAN    M    41    Independent
8    BHABENDRA NATH BARMAN    M    61    Bharatiya Janata Party
9    DALENDRA ROY    M    50    Amra Bangalee
10    NUBASH BARMAN    M    46    Independent
S25    2    WB    ALIPURDUARS    30-Apr-09    1    MANOHAR TIRKEY    M    54    Revolutionary Socialist Party
2    ELIAS NARJINARY    M    56    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    BILKAN BARA    M    62    Samajwadi Jan Parishad
4    JOUCHIM BAXLA    M    55    Independent
5    DWIPEN ORAON    M    30    Kamtapur Progressive Party
6    KAMAL LAMA    M    49    Independent
7    THADDEVS LAKRA    M    60    Independent
8    PABAN KUMAR LAKRA    M    56    All India Trinamool Congress
9    MANOJ TIGGA    M    36    Bharatiya Janata Party
10    PAUL DEXION KHARIYA    M    55    Independent
S25    3    WB    JALPAIGURI    30-Apr-09    1    MAHENDRA KUMAR ROY    M    54    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
2    PRITHWIRAJ ROY    M    36    Independent
3    SHANTI KUMAR SARKAR    M    50    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    HARIBHAKTA SARDAR    M    54    Independent
5    SATYEN PRASAD ROY    M    46    Independent
6    SUKHBILAS BARMA    M    64    Indian National Congress
7    PABITRA MOITRA    M    58    Amra Bangalee
8    DR. DHIRENDRA NATH DAS    M    47    Nationalist Congress Party
9    SRI CHINMAY SARKAR    M    30    Independent
10    SRI MUNDRIKA RAM    M    51    Rashtriya Dehat Morcha Party
11    SRI DWIPENDRA NATH PRAMANIK    M    37    Bharatiya Janata Party
S25    4    WB    DARJEELING    30-Apr-09    1    JASWANT SINGH    M    70    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    JIBESH SARKAR    M    55    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
3    DAWA NARBULA    M    73    Indian National Congress
4    SHANTA KUMAR SINGHA    M    40    Nationalist Congress Party
5    HARIDAS THAKUR    M    62    Bahujan Samaj Party
6    ABHIJIT MAJUMDAR    M    48    Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
7    TRILOK KUMAR DEWAN    M    63    Independent
8    NIRANJAN SAHA    M    50    Amra Bangalee
9    BAIDYANATH ROY    M    55    Indian Peoples Forward Block
10    ARUN KUMAR AGARWAL    M    48    Independent
11    NITU JAI    M    35    Independent
12    RAM GANESH BARAIK    M    44    Independent
13    HELARIUS EKKA    M    50    Independent
S25    5    WB    RAIGANJ    30-Apr-09    1    ANIL BISWAS    M    49    Independent
2    GOPESH CH. SARKAR    M    66    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    SULEMAN HAFIJI    M    51    Communist Party of India(Marxist-Leninist)(Liberation)
4    MANAS JANA    M    36    Independent
5    UPENDRA NATH DAS    M    47    Independent
6    AKHIL RANJAN MONDAL    M    62    Bahujan Samaj Party
7    BIRESWAR LAHIRI    M    61    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
8    NACHHIR ALI PRAMANIK    M    64    Independent
9    ABDUL KARIM CHOUDHURY    M    62    Independent
10    DEEPA DASMUNSHI    F    48    Indian National Congress
11    MATIUR RAHMAN    M    49    Janata Dal (United)
12    FAIZ RAHAMAN    M    45    Rashtriya Dehat Morcha Party
S25    6    WB    BALURGHAT    30-Apr-09    1    BIPLAB MITRA    M    57    All India Trinamool Congress
2    SAMU SOREN    M    48    Independent
3    PRASANTA KUMAR MAJUMDAR    M    68    Revolutionary Socialist Party
4    GOBINDA HANSDA    M    47    Bahujan Samaj Party
5    PRAHALLAD BARMAN    M    32    Independent
6    MRIDUL GHOSH.    M    30    Assam United Democratic Front
7    SUBHASH CH. BARMAN    M    50    Bharatiya Janata Party
8    CHAMRU ORAM    M    52    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
S25    7    WB    MALDAHA UTTAR    30-Apr-09    1    AMLAN BHADURI    M    35    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    BIKASH BISWAS    M    54    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    MAUSAM NOOR    M    27    Indian National Congress
4    SAILEN SARKAR    M    68    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
5    ATUL CHANDRA MANDAL    M    39    Independent
6    MALLIKA SARKAR (NANDY)    F    50    Independent
7    MONOWARA BEGAM    F    39    Rashtriya Dehat Morcha Party
8    ASIM KUMAR CHOWDHURY    M    47    Independent
9    AMINA KHATUN    F    29    Independent
S25    8    WB    MALDAHA DAKSHIN    30-Apr-09    1    ABDUR RAZZAQUE    M    60    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
2    ABU HASEM KHAN CHOUDHURY    M    65    Indian National Congress
3    BHARAT CHANDRA MANDAL    M    52    Bahujan Samaj Party
4    DIPAK KUMAR CHOWDHURY    M    47    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    MOHAMMAD EJARUDDIN    M    74    Muslim League Kerala State Committee
6    MD. KAMAL BASIRUJJAMAN    M    32    Independent
7    RUSTAM ALI    M    39    Independent
8    MANIRUDDIN SAIKH    M    64    Paschim Banga Rajya Muslim League
9    MANJUR ALAHI MUNSHI    M    42    Independent
10    SHYAMAL DAS    M    38    Independent
S25    32    WB    GHATAL    30-Apr-09    1    MATILAL KHATUA    M    55    Bharatiya Janata Party
2    NARAYAN CHANDRA SAMAT    M    60    Bahujan Samaj Party
3    GURUDAS DASGUPTA    M    73    Communist Party of India
4    NURE ALAM CHOWDHURY    M    66    All India Trinamool Congress
5    LIYAKAT KHAN    M    31    Indian Justice Party
6    ARUN KUMAR DAS    M    40    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
7    AHITOSH MAITY    M    53    Rashtriya Dehat Morcha Party
S25    33    WB    JHARGRAM    30-Apr-09    1    AMRIT HASNDA    M    63    Indian National Congress
2    NABENDU MAHALI    M    34    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    ADITYA KISKU    M    46    Independent
4    PULIN BIHARI BASKE    M    40    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
5    SUSIL MANDI    M    28    Independent
6    CHUNIBALA HANSDA    M    44    Jharkhand Party
7    PANCHANAN HANSDA    M    70    Bahujan Samaj Party
8    SUNIL MURMU    M    30    Independent
9    DARKU MURMU    M    56    Independent
S25    34    WB    MEDINIPUR    30-Apr-09    1    DIPAK KUMAR GHOSH    M    72    All India Trinamool Congress
2    SANJAY MISHRA    M    49    Independent
3    PRADIP PATNAIK    M    51    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    PARTHA ADDHYA    M    32    Independent
5    SRI AMIT MAITRA    M    63    Independent
6    PRABODH PANDA    M    63    Communist Party of India
7    ASOK KUMAR GOLDER    M    64    Bahujan Samaj Party
9    SUKUMAR DE    M    54    Independent
10    JOYNAL ABEDIN SEKH    M    52    Independent
11    MUKUL KUMAR MAITY    M    33    Rashtriya Dehat Morcha Party
12    NEPAL CHANDRA DAS    M    60    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
S25    35    WB    PURULIA    30-Apr-09    1    ASIT BARAN MAHATO    M    38    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    NILKAMAL MAHATO    M    69    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    RENUKA SINGH DEV    F    60    Indian National Congress
4    SHANTIRAM MAHATO    M    56    Indian National Congress
5    SAYANTAN BASU    M    32    Bharatiya Janata Party
6    NARAHARI MAHATO    M    54    All India Forward Bloc
7    AJIT PRASAD MAHATO    M    56    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
8    ABINASH SAREN    M    39    Independent
9    ABHIRAM BESRA    M    41    Jharkhand Disom Party
10    AMULYA RATAN MAHATO    M    68    Independent
11    UMACHARAN MAHATO    M    69    Independent
12    DHIREN CHANDRA MAHATO    M    48    Independent
13    DHIREN RAJAK    M    44    Jharkhand Party (Naren)
14    BISAMBAR MURA    M    42    Independent
15    MUKHES SAHU    M    36    All Jharkhand Students Union
16    MRITYUNJAY MAHATO    M    46    Independent
S25    36    WB    BANKURA    30-Apr-09    1    BASUDEB ACHARIA    M    67    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
2    LAKSHMI SARKAR    F    54    Independent
3    SUBRATA MUKHERJEE    M    63    Indian National Congress
4    BYASDEB CHAKRABORTTY    M    37    Janata Dal (United)
5    PARESH MARANDI    M    54    Independent
6    PRABIR BANERJEE    M    36    Independent
7    SUDHIR KUMAR MURMU    M    40    Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
8    GANESH ROY    M    34    Bahujan Samaj Party
9    RAHUL (BISWAJIT) SINHA    M    45    Bharatiya Janata Party
10    ASWINI DULEY    M    51    Jharkhand Party (Naren)
11    TAPAN KUMAR PATHAK    M    27    Rashtriya Dehat Morcha Party
S25    37    WB    BISHNUPUR    30-Apr-09    1    SUSMITA BAURI    F    34    Communist Party of India (Marxist)
2    UMA KANTA BHAKAT    M    62    Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya)
3    TAPAS DAS    M    31    Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
4    UTTAM BOURI    M    30    Independent
5    SEULI SAHA    F    39    All India Trinamool Congress
6    JAYANTA MONDAL    M    53    Bharatiya Janata Party
7    MANIK BAURI    M    43    Bahujan Samaj Party
U03    1    DN    DADAR & NAGAR HAVELI    30-Apr-09    1    DELKAR MOHANBHAI SANJIBHAI    M    46    Indian National Congress
2    PATEL SUMANBHAI THAKORBHAI    M    37    Indian National Congress
3    PATEL NATUBHAI GOMANBHAI    M    36    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    MADHA JATARIYABHAI BUDHIYABHAI    M    33    Bharatiya Janata Party
5    BIJ YOHANBHAI BHADIYABHAI    M    36    Bahujan Samaj Party
6    RAJESH PRABHUBHAI PATEL    M    38    Independent
7    MISHAL LAXMANBHAI NAVSUBHAI    M    39    Independent
8    GAVIT BARAKBHAI JAURBHAI    M    38    Independent
9    KHULAT BHIKALYABHAI VANSYABHAI    M    40    Independent
S07    2    HR    KURUKSHETRA    7-May-09    1    VISHNU BHAGWAN    M    61    Independent
S07    6    HR    SONIPAT    7-May-09    1    SHIV NARAYAN    M    45    Independent
2    JITENDER SINGH    M    40    Indian National Congress
3    JITENDER SINGH    M    40    Indian National Congress
S19    10    PB    FEROZPUR    7-May-09    1    MATHRA DASS    M    73    Proutist Sarva Samaj
S19    11    PB    BATHINDA    7-May-09    1    HARDEV SINGH ARSHI    M    59    Communist Party of India
2    HARDEV SINGH ARSHI    M    59    Communist Party of India
S19    12    PB    SANGRUR    7-May-09    1    TARSEM JODHAN    M    59    Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation)
S20    3    RJ    CHURU    7-May-09    1    SALIM GUJAR    M    39    Independent
2    RAM SINGH KASWAN    M    63    Bharatiya Janata Party
3    KAMALA KASWAN    F    63    Bharatiya Janata Party
4    YUSUF KHAN    M    46    Independent
S20    15    RJ    PALI    7-May-09    1    PUSP JAIN    M    52    Bharatiya Janata Party
S20    18    RJ    JALORE    7-May-09    1    SUKHRAJ    M    66    Independent
2    SHANTI PARMAR    F    48    Independent
S20    23    RJ    BHILWARA    7-May-09    1    VIJAYENDRA PAL SINGH    M    61    Bharatiya Janata Party
S24    15    UP    ALIGARH    7-May-09    1    RAJ KUMARI CHAUHAN    F    46    Bahujan Samaj Party
S24    17    UP    MATHURA    7-May-09    1    UDYAN SHARMA    M    42    Samajwadi Party
2    PHAKKAD BABA    M    64    Independent
S24    40    UP    FARRUKHABAD    7-May-09    1    SWAMI SACHIDANAND HARI SAKSHI    M    53    Rashtriya Kranti Party
S24    42    UP    KANNAUJ    7-May-09    1    MAHESH CHANDRA    M    53    Bahujan Samaj Party
2    AKHILESH YADAV    M    35    Samajwadi Party
S25    27    WB    SRERAMPUR    7-May-09    1    KALYAN BANERJEE    M    52    All India Trinamool Congress

A toast to each and all of you in your endeavours in these hot summer months and Jai Hind.

Subroto Roy, Kolkata

Postscript:  I shall be grateful if any inadvertent errors or ommissions are kindly brought to notice by sending in a  comment on the post.  Thanks in advance.

India is not a monarchy! We urgently need to universalize the French concept of “citoyen”! (2009)

Each of the two sons of Feroze and Indira Gandhi died tragically  in his prime, years ago, and it is unbecoming to see their family successors squabble today. Everyone may need to be constantly reminded that this handful of persons are in fact ordinary citizens in our democratic polity, deserving India’s attention principally in such a capacity.

What did, indeed, Feroze Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Sanjay Gandhi, Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi “live and die for”?  It was not any one identifiable thing or any set of common things, that seems certain.

Feroze Gandhi from all accounts stood for integrity in Indian politics and journalism; it is not impossible his premature death was related to  his wife’s negligence because she had returned to her father’s side instead.  Jawaharlal Nehru did not do well as a father to promote his daughter so blatantly as his assistant either before 1947


or after.


Nehru did not achieve political power until well into middle age; his catastrophic misjudgment of communist ideology and intentions, especially Chinese communist ideology and intentions, contributed to an Indian defeat at war, and led soon thereafter to his health collapsing and his death. He and Indira somewhat nonchalantly made a visit to Ceylon even as the Chinese attack was commencing; a high point of my own childhood was saying namaste on October 13 1962 at Colombo airport when they arrived.


Feroze and Indira’s younger son evidently came to die in a self-inflicted aeronautical mishap of some sort.  What did Sanjay Gandhi “live for”?  The book Foundations of India’s Political Economy: Towards an Agenda for the 1990s created twenty years ago in America


has a chapter titled “The State of Governance” by the political scientist James Manor which says:

“After 1973 or so, personal loyalty tended increasingly to become the main criterion for advancement in the Congress Party. People who appeared to be loyal often replaced skilled political managers who seemed too independent.  Many of these new arrivals did not worry, as an earlier generation of Congress officials  had done, that excessive private profiteering might earn the wrath of party leaders.  In 1975, Sanjay Gandhi suddenly became the second most powerful figure in Indian politics.  He saw that the parties of the left and right had strong organizations that could put large numbers of militants into the streets for demonstrations while Congress had no such capacity.  In the belief that Congress should also have this kind of muscle, he began recruiting elements from urban centres including the criminal underworld.  The problem of corruption was exacerbated by demands that State-level Congress leaders place large sums of money at the disposal not of the national party but of the persons who presided over it.  Congress chief ministers realized that a fulsome response to these demands went a long way toward insulating them from interference from New Delhi, and a monumental system of fund-raising sprang up.  When so many people were being drawn into semi-institutionalized malfeasance, which seemed to be condoned by higher authorities, it was inevitable many would skim off portions of the funds raised for personal benefit.  Corruption soared. The problem was compounded by the tendency for people to be dismissed from public and party offices abruptly, leading many Congress politicians to fear that their time in power might be quite short.”

I do not have reason to disagree with this  opinion  contained in the book  that I and WE James created  at the University of Hawaii twenty years ago.   If anything, Sanjay’s political model may have spread  itself across  other Indian  political parties in one way or another.

What does strike me as odd in light of current  political controversy is that  several  of Sanjay’s friends and colleagues  are now part-and-parcel of the   Sonia Congress – one must ask, were they such fair-weather  friends that they never  lent a hand or a shoulder to his young widow and her infant son especially against the cruelties Sanjay’s mother bestowed upon them?  Did they offer help or guidance to Sanjay’s son, have they tried to guide him away from becoming the bigoted young politician he seems to wish to be today?

Indira’s major faults included playing favourites among her bahus and her grandchildren with as much gusto as any mother-in-law portrayed on the tackiest TV-serial today.

What were her good deeds?  There was one, and it was an enormously large one, of paramount significance for the country and our subcontinent as a whole: her statesmanship before, during and to some extent after the war that created Bangladesh.  My father has preserved a classic photograph over the years of Indira’s finest period as an international stateswoman, when she visited Paris and other foreign capitals including Washington in the autumn of 1971.


She tried to prevent the Yahya Khan/Tikka Khan  genocide in Bangladesh when many  Bangladeshis came to be sacrificed at the altar of the Nixon-Kissinger visits to Mao and Zhou.  She made a major diplomatic effort in world capitals to avert war with West Pakistan over its atrocities in East Pakistan. But war could not be averted, and within a few weeks, in December 1971, Bangladesh was born.

“Indira Gandhi’s one and paramount good deed as India’s leader and indeed as a world leader of her time was to have fought a war that was so rare in international law for having been unambiguously just. And she fought it flawlessly. The cause had been thrust upon her by an evil enemy’s behaviour against his own people, an enemy supported by the world’s strongest military power with pretensions to global leadership. Victims of the enemy’s wickedness were scores of millions of utterly defenceless, penniless human beings. Indira Gandhi did everything right. She practised patient but firm diplomacy on the world’s stage to avert war if it was at all possible to do. She chose her military generals well and took their professional judgment seriously as to when to go to war and how to win it. Finally, in victory she was magnanimous to the enemy that had been defeated. Children’s history-books in India should remember her as the stateswoman who freed a fraternal nation from tyranny, at great expense to our own people. As a war-leader, Indira Gandhi displayed extraordinary bravery, courage and good sense.” (From my review article of Inder Malhotra’s Indira Gandhi, first published in The Statesman May 7 2006.)

“She had indeed fought that rarest of things in international law: the just war. Supported by the world’s strongest military, an evil enemy had made victims of his own people. Indira tried patiently on the international stage to avert war, but also chose her military generals well and took their professional judgment seriously as to when to fight if it was inevitable and how to win. Finally she was magnanimous (to a fault) towards the enemy ~ who was not some stranger to us but our own estranged brother and cousin.  It seemed to be her and independent India’s finest hour. A fevered nation was thus ready to forgive and forget her catastrophic misdeeds until that time….” (From  “Unhealthy Delhi” first published in The Statesman June 11 2007).

What did Indira die for?  I have said it was “blowback” from domestic and/or international politics, similar to what happened to Rajiv Gandhi and Benazir Bhutto in later years.

“Indira Gandhi died in “blowback” from the unrest she and her younger son and others in their party had opportunistically fomented among Sikh fundamentalists and sectarians since the late 1970s.  Rajiv Gandhi died in “blowback” from an erroneous imperialistic foreign policy that he, as Prime Minister, had been induced to make by jingoistic Indian diplomats, a move that got India’s military needlessly involved in the then-nascent Sri Lankan civil war.  Benazir Bhutto similarly may be seen to have died in “blowback” from her own political activity as prime minister and opposition leader since the late 1980s, including her own encouragement of Muslim fundamentalist forces.  Certainly in all three cases, as in all assassinations, there were lapses of security too and imprudent political judgments made that contributed to the tragic outcomes.” From “An Indian Reply to President Zardari”.

And then there was Rajiv.  He did not know me except in his last eight months. It has now emerged that Dr Manmohan Singh’s first bypass operation was in 1990-1991, coinciding precisely with the time I gave Rajiv the results of the perestroika-for-India project that I had led at the University of Hawaii since 1986, an encounter that sparked the 1991 economic reform as has been told elsewhere. Dr Singh was simply not in that loop, nor has he himself ever claimed to have been in it — regardless of what innumerable flatterers, sycophants and other straightforwardly mendacious characters in Delhi’s high power circles have been making out over the years since.  Facts are rather stubborn things.

As a 35-year old newcomer to Delhi and a complete layman on security issues, I did what little I knew  how to try to reduce the vulnerability that I felt  Rajiv  faced from unknown lists of assassins.

“That night KR dropped me at Tughlak Road where I used to stay with friends. In the car I told him, as he was a military man with heavy security cover for himself as a former Governor of J&K, that it seemed to me Rajiv’s security was being unprofessionally handled, that he was vulnerable to a professional assassin. KR asked me if I had seen anything specific by way of vulnerability. With John Kennedy and De Gaulle in mind, I said I feared Rajiv was open to a long-distance sniper, especially when he was on his campaign trips around the country.  This was one of several attempts I made since October 1990 to convey my clear impression to whomever I thought might have an effect that Rajiv seemed to me extremely vulnerable. Rajiv had been on sadhbhavana journeys, back and forth into and out of Delhi. I had heard he was fed up with his security apparatus, and I was not surprised given it seemed at the time rather bureaucratized. It would not have been appropriate for me to tell him directly that he seemed to me to be vulnerable, since I was a newcomer and a complete amateur about security issues, and besides if he agreed he might seem to himself to be cowardly or have to get even closer to his security apparatus. Instead I pressed the subject relentlessly with whomever I could. I suggested specifically two things: (a) that the system in place at Rajiv’s residence and on his itineraries be tested, preferably by some internationally recognized specialists in counter-terrorism; (b) that Rajiv be encouraged to announce a shadow-cabinet. The first would increase the cost of terrorism, the second would reduce the potential political benefit expected by terrorists out to kill him. On the former, it was pleaded that security was a matter being run by the V. P. Singh and then Chandrashekhar Governments at the time. On the latter, it was said that appointing a shadow cabinet might give the appointees the wrong idea, and lead to a challenge to Rajiv’s leadership. This seemed to me wrong, as there was nothing to fear from healthy internal contests for power so long as they were conducted in a structured democratic framework. I pressed to know how public Rajiv’s itinerary was when he travelled. I was told it was known to everyone and that was the only way it could be since Rajiv wanted to be close to the people waiting to see him and had been criticized for being too aloof. This seemed to me totally wrong and I suggested that if Rajiv wanted to be seen as meeting the crowds waiting for him then that should be done by planning to make random stops on the road that his entourage would take. This would at least add some confusion to the planning of potential terrorists out to kill him. When I pressed relentlessly, it was said I should probably speak to “Madame”, i.e. to Mrs. Rajiv Gandhi. That seemed to me highly inappropriate, as I could not be said to be known to her and I should not want to unduly concern her in the event it was I who was completely wrong in my assessment of the danger. The response that it was not in Congress’s hands, that it was the responsibility of the V. P. Singh and later the Chandrashekhar Governments, seemed to me completely irrelevant since Congress in its own interests had a grave responsibility to protect Rajiv Gandhi irrespective of what the Government’s security people were doing or not doing. Rajiv was at the apex of the power structure of the party, and a key symbol of secularism and progress for the entire country. Losing him would be quite irreparable to the party and the country. It shocked me that the assumption was not being made that there were almost certainly professional killers actively out to kill Rajiv Gandhi — this loving family man and hapless pilot of India’s ship of state who did not seem to have wished to make enemies among India’s terrorists but whom the fates had conspired to make a target. The most bizarre and frustrating response I got from several respondents was that I should not mention the matter at all as otherwise the threat would become enlarged and the prospect made more likely! This I later realized was a primitive superstitious response of the same sort as wearing amulets and believing in Ptolemaic astrological charts that assume the Sun goes around the Earth — centuries after Kepler and Copernicus. Perhaps the entry of scientific causality and rationality is where we must begin in the reform of India’s governance and economy. What was especially repugnant after Rajiv’s assassination was to hear it said by his enemies that it marked an end to “dynastic” politics in India. This struck me as being devoid of all sense because the unanswerable reason for protecting Rajiv Gandhi was that we in India, if we are to have any pretensions at all to being a civilized and open democratic society, cannot tolerate terrorism and assassination as means of political change. Either we are constitutional democrats willing to fight for the privileges of a liberal social order, or ours is truly a primitive and savage anarchy concealed beneath a veneer of fake Westernization…..  the news suddenly said Rajiv Gandhi had been killed. All India wept. What killed him was not merely a singular act of criminal terrorism, but the system of humbug, incompetence and sycophancy that surrounds politics in India and elsewhere. I was numbed by rage and sorrow, and did not return to Delhi. Eleven years later, on 25 May 2002, press reports said “P. V. Narasimha Rao and Manmohan Singh lost their place in Congress history as architects of economic reforms as the Congress High command sponsored an amendment to a resolution that had laid credit at the duo’s door. The motion was moved by…. Digvijay Singh asserting that the reforms were a brainchild of the late Rajiv Gandhi and that the Rao-Singh combine had simply nudged the process forward.” Rajiv’s years in Government, like those of Indira Gandhi, were in fact marked by profligacy and the resource cost of poor macroeconomic policy since bank-nationalisation may be as high as Rs. 125 trillion measured in 1994 rupees. Certainly though it was Rajiv Gandhi as Leader of the Opposition in his last months who was the principal architect of the economic reform that came to begin after his passing.”

(I have had to say that I do not think the policies pursued by Dr Singh thus far have been consistent with the direction I believe Rajiv,  in a second term as PM, would have wished to take. See, for example, “India’s Macroeconomics”, “Fallacious Finance”, “Against Quackery”, “Mistaken Macroeconomics”, and other articles listed and linked at “Memo to Dr Kaushik Basu”.  See also

The treatment of Indira or Rajiv or Sanjay or their family successors as royalty of any kind whatsoever in India was, is, and remains absurd, reflecting stunted growth of Indian democracy.  I remember well the obsequiousness I witnessed on the part of old men in the presence of Rajiv Gandhi.

Tribal and mansabdari political cultures still dominate Northern and Western regions of the Indian subcontinent (descending from the Sikhs, Muslims, Rajputs, Mahrattas etc).

Nehru in his younger days was an exemplary democrat, and he had an outstanding democratically-minded young friend in Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah.


But Nehru and Abdullah as Westernized political liberals were exceptions  in the autocratic/monarchical political cultures of north India (and Pakistan) which continue today and stunt the growth of any democratic mindset.

What we may urgently need is some French  Liberté, égalité, fraternité ! to create a simple ordinary citoyen universally in the country and the subcontinent as a whole!  May we please import a Marquis de Lafayette?

Bengal and parts of Dravidian India have long lost fondness for monarchy and autocracy —  Western political liberalism began to reach  Kolkata  almost two centuries ago after all (see e.g. Tapan Raychaudhuri’s  fine study Europe Reconsidered). Both Nepal and Pakistan have been undergoing radical transformation towards democracy in recent  months, as Bengali Pakistanis had done 40 years earlier under Sheikh Mujib.  I said last year and say again that there may be a dangerous  intellectual vacuum around the throne of Delhi.

Subroto Roy

Carmichael visits Surendranath, 1916

The first Governor of Bengal after the 1912 reunification of Bengal and East Bengal was the Scottish Liberal politician Thomas-Gibson Carmichael, the first (and apparently last) Baron Carmichael. This is a photograph of a 1916 visit he paid to Surendranath Roy’s home at Behala,  Surendranath then being the Deputy President of the Bengal Legislative Council and  probably the most influential officially recognised political statesman in Bengal at the time.

Surendranath’s younger son, Manindranath, is the bespecaled and moustachioed young man in the middle holding the child. If the child is a two or three year old, it would be my father’s elder brother; if the date of the photograph is late in 1916 and the child is a one year old, it would be my father.


Bengal Legislative Council 1921

This is a 1921 photograph of the Bengal Legislative Council with the Governor of Bengal, the Earl of Ronaldshay (later Secretary of State for India and  known as the Marquess of Zetland) at the centre. To his immediate right is Surendranath Roy, then President of the Council. Seated second to the left of the Governor is Surendranath Banerjee, the eminent leader of the Indian National Congress (and mentor of GK Gokhale and other “moderates” in the national movement); he and Surendranath Roy were friends and political colleagues.


How to solve Kashmir (2009)



from Jan 2009
It is excellent news Omar Abdullah has become the constitutionally elected Head of Government of the great Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir after a historic vote.  I had the privilege of meeting his esteemed father briefly once on 23 March 1991 at the residence of the late Rajiv Gandhi though it would be understandable if he did not recall it.  Farooq Abdullah’s father Sheikh Abdullah was not merely a Lion of Kashmir but a genuine hero of Indian history, a true Bharat Ratna, someone whose commitment to constitutional principles of law and politics I admire more and more as I learn more of it…

The purpose of this open letter is to describe the broad path I believe to be the only just and lawful one available to the resolution of what has been known universally as the Kashmir problem.

Very briefly, it involves recognizing that the question of lawful territorial sovereignty in J&K is logically distinct from the question of the choice of nationality by individual inhabitants.  The solution requires

(a)    acknowledging that the original entity in the world system known as Jammu & Kashmir arising on March 16 1846 ceased to exist on or about October 22 1947, and that the military contest that commenced on the latter date has resulted in fact, given all particular circumstances of history, in the lawful and just outcome in international law;
(b)    offering all who may be Indian nationals or stateless and who presently live under Article 370, a formal choice of nationality between the Republics of India, Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan: citizen-by-citizen, without fear or favour, under conditions of full information, individual privacy and security; any persons who voluntarily choose to renounce Indian nationality in such private individual decisions would be nevertheless granted lawful permanent residence in the Indian Republic and J&K in particular.

In other words, the dismemberment of the original J&K State and annexation of its territories by the entities known today as the Republic of Pakistan and Republic of India  that occurred since October 22 1947, as represented first by the 1949 Ceasefire Line and then by the 1972 Line of Control, is indeed the just and lawful outcome prevailing in respect of the question of territorial sovereignty and jurisdiction. The remaining democratic question has to do with free individual choice of nationality by inhabitants, under conditions of full information and privacy, citizen-by-citizen, with the grant of permanent residency rights by the Indian Republic to persons under its jurisdiction in J&K who might wish to choose, for deeply personal individual reasons, not to remain Indian nationals but become Afghan, Iranian or Pakistani nationals instead (or remain stateless).   Pakistan has said frequently its sole concern has been the freedom of Muslims of J&K under Indian rule, and any such genuine concern shall have been thereby fully met by India.  Indeed if Pakistan agreed to act similarly this entire complex mortal problem of decades shall have begun to be resolved most appropriately. Pakistan and India are both wracked by corruption, poverty and bad governance, and would be able to mutually draw down military forces pit against one another everywhere, so as to begin to repair the grave damage to their fiscal health caused over decades by the deleterious draining away of vast public resources.

The full reasoning underlying this solution, which I believe to be the only lawful, just, efficient and stable solution that exists, is thoroughly explained in the following five  articles. The first four, “Solving Kashmir”, “Law, Justice & J&K”, “History of J&K”, and “Pakistan’s Allies”, were published in The Statesman in 2005-2006 and are marked ONE, TWO, THREE, and FOUR below, and are also available elsewhere here.  The fifth “An Indian Reply to President Zardari”, marked FIVE, was published for the first time here following the Mumbai massacres.  I believe careful reflection upon this entire body of reasoning may lead all reasonable men and women to a practically unanimous consensus about this as the appropriate course of action; if such a consensus happened to arise, the implementation of the solution shall only be a matter of relatively uncomplicated procedural detail.

Subroto Roy
January 7 2009

SOLVING KASHMIR: ON AN APPLICATION OF REASON by Subroto Roy First published in three parts in The Statesman, Editorial Page Special Article, December 1,2,3 2005,

(This article has its origins in a paper “Towards an Economic Solution for Kashmir” which circulated in Washington DC in 1992-1995, including at the Indian and Pakistani embassies and the Carnegie Endowment, and was given as an invited lecture at the Heritage Foundation on June 23 1998. It should be read along with other articles also republished here, especially “History of J&K”, “Law, Justice and J&K” , “Understanding Pakistan”, “Pakistan’s Allies” and “What to Tell Musharraf”. The Washington paper and lecture itself originated from my ideas in the Introduction to Foundations of Pakistan’s Political Economy, edited by WE James and myself in the University of Hawaii project on Pakistan 1986-1992.)

I. Give Indian `Green Cards’ to the Hurriyat et al
India, being a liberal democracy in its constitutional law, cannot do in Jammu & Kashmir what Czechoslovakia did to the “Sudeten Germans” after World War II. On June 18 1945 the new Czechoslovakia announced those Germans and Magyars within their borders who could not prove they had been actively anti-fascist before or during the War would be expelled — the burden of proof was placed on the individual, not the State. Czechoslovakia “transferring” this population was approved by the Heads of the USA, UK and USSR Governments at Potsdam on August 2 1945. By the end of 1946, upto two million Sudeten Germans were forced to flee their homes; thousands may have died by massacre or otherwise; 165,000 remained who were absorbed as Czechoslovak citizens. Among those expelled were doubtless many who had supported Germany and many others who had not — the latter to this day seek justice or even an apology in vain. Czechoslovakia punished none of its nationals for atrocities, saying it had been revenge for Hitler’s evil (”badla” in Bollywood terms) and the post Cold War Czech Government too has declined to render an apology. Revenge is a wild kind of justice (while justice may be a civilised kind of revenge).

India cannot follow this savage precedent in international law. Yet we must recognise there are several hundred and up to several hundred thousand persons on our side of the boundary in the State of Jammu & Kashmir who do not wish to be Indian nationals. These people are presently our nationals ius soli, having been born in territory of the Indian Republic, and/or ius sanguinis, having been born of parents who are Indian nationals; or they may be “stateless” whom we must treat in accordance with the 1954 Convention on Stateless Persons. The fact is they may not wish to carry Indian passports or be Indian nationals.

In this respect their juridical persons resemble the few million “elite” Indians who have in the last few decades freely placed their hands on their hearts and solemnly renounced their Indian nationality, declaring instead their individual fidelity to other nation-states — becoming American, Canadian or Australian citizens, or British subjects or nationals of other countries. Such people include tens of thousands of the adult children of India’s metropolitan “elite”, who are annually visited abroad in the hot summer months by their Indian parents and relatives. They are daughters and sons of New Delhi’s Government and Opposition, of retired generals, air marshals, admirals, ambassadors, cabinet secretaries, public sector bureaucrats, private sector businessmen, university professors, journalists, doctors and many others. India’s most popular film-actress exemplified this “elite” capital-flight when, after a tireless search, she chose a foreign husband and moved to California.

The difference in Jammu & Kashmir would be that those wishing to renounce Indian nationality do not wish to move to any other place but to stay as and where they are, which is in Kashmir Valley or Jammu. Furthermore, they may wish, for whatever reason, to adopt, if they are eligible to do so, the nationality of e.g. the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan or the Islamic Republic of Iran or the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.

They may believe themselves descended from Ahmad Shah Abdali whose Afghans ruled or mis-ruled Kashmir Valley before being defeated by Ranjit Singh’s Sikhs in 1819. Or they may believe themselves of Iranian descent as, for example, are the Kashmiri cousins of the late Ayatollah Khomeini. Or they may simply have wished to be, or are descended from persons who had wished to be on October 26 1947, citizens of the then-new British Dominion of Pakistan — but who came to be prevented from properly expressing such a desire because of the war-like conditions that have prevailed ever since between India and Pakistan. There may be even a few persons in Laddakh who are today Indian nationals but who wish to be considered Tibetans instead; there is, however, no Tibetan Republic and it does not appear there is going to be one.

India, being a free and self-confident country, should allow, in a systematic lawful manner, all such persons to fulfil their desires, and furthermore, should ensure they are not penalised for having expressed such “anti-national” desires or for having acted upon them. Sir Mark Tully, the British journalist, is an example of someone who has been a foreign national who has chosen to reside permanently in the Republic of India — indeed he has been an exemplary permanent resident of our country. There are many others like him. There is no logical reason why all those persons in Jammu & Kashmir who do wish not to be Indians by nationality cannot receive the same legal status from the Indian Republic as has been granted to Sir Mark Tully. There are already thousands of Sri Lankan, Bangladeshi and Nepalese nationals who are lawful permanent residents in the Indian Republic, and who travel back and forth between India and their home countries. There is no logical reason why the same could not be extended to several hundred or numerous thousand people in Jammu & Kashmir who may wish to not accept or to renounce their Indian nationality (for whatever personal reason) and instead become nationals, if they are so eligible, of the Islamic Republics of Afghanistan, Iran or Pakistan, or, for that matter, to remain stateless. On the one hand, their renunciation of Indian nationality is logically equivalent to the renunciation of Indian nationality by the adult children of India’s “elite” settled in North America and Western Europe. On the other hand, their wish to adopt, if they are eligible, a foreign nationality, such as that of Afghanistan, Iran or Pakistan, and yet remain domiciled in Indian territory is logically equivalent to that of many foreign nationals domiciled in India already like Sir Mark Tully.

Now if you are a permanent resident of some country, you may legally have many, perhaps most, but certainly not all the rights and duties of nationals of that country. e.g., though you will have to pay all the same taxes, you may not be allowed to (or be required to) vote in national or provincial elections but you may in local municipal elections. At the same time, permanently residing foreign nationals are supposed to be equal under the law and have equal access to all processes of civil and criminal justice. (As may be expected though from human frailty, even the federal courts of the USA can be notorious in their injustice and racism towards “Green Card” holders relative to “full” American citizens.) Then again, as a permanently resident foreigner, while you will be free to work in any lawful trade or profession, you may not be allowed to work in some or perhaps any Government agencies, certainly not the armed forces or the police. Many Indians in the USA were engineering graduates, and because many engineering jobs or contracts in the USA are related to the US armed forces and require US citizens only, it is commonplace for Indian engineers to renounce their Indian nationality and become Americans because of this. Many Indian-American families have one member who is American, another Indian, a third maybe Canadian, a fourth Fijian or British etc.

The same can happen in the Indian State of Jammu & Kashmir if it evolves peacefully and correctly in the future. It is quite possible to imagine a productive family in a peaceful Kashmir Valley of the future where one brother is an officer in the Indian Armed Forces, another brother a civil servant and a sister a police officer of the J&K State Government, another sister being a Pakistani doctor, while cousins are Afghan or Iranian or “stateless” businessmen. Each family-member would have made his/her choice of nationality as an individual given the circumstances of his/her life, his/her personal comprehension of the facts of history, his/her personal political and/or religious persuasions, and similar deeply private considerations. All would have their children going to Indian schools and being Indian citizens ius soli and/or ius sanguinis. When the children grow up, they would be free to join, if they wished, the existing capital flight of other Indian adult children abroad and there renounce their Indian nationality as many have come to do.

II Revealing Choices Privately with Full Information
For India to implement such a proposal would be to provide an opportunity for all those domiciled in Kashmir Valley, Jammu and Laddakh to express freely and privately as individuals their deepest wishes about their own identities, in a confidential manner, citizen by citizen, case by case. This would thereby solve the fundamental democratic problem that has been faced ever since the Pakistani attack on the original State of Jammu & Kashmir commenced on October 22 1947, which came to be followed by the Rape of Baramulla — causing the formal accession of the State to the then-new Dominion of India on October 26 1947.

A period of, say, 30 months may be announced by the Government of India during which full information would be provided to all citizens affected by this change, i.e. all those presently governed by Article 370 of the Indian Constitution. The condition of full information may include, for example, easy access to Afghan, Iranian and Pakistani newspapers in addition to access to Indian media. Each such person wishing to either remain with Indian nationality (by explicitly requesting an Indian passport if he/she does not have one already — and such passports can be printed in Kashmiri and Urdu too), or to renounce Indian nationality and either remain stateless or adopt, if he/she is so eligible, the nationality of e.g. Afghanistan, Iran, or Pakistan, should be administratively assisted by the Government of India to make that choice.

In particular, he/she should be individually, confidentially, and without fear or favour assured and informed of his/her new rights and responsibilities. For example, a resident of Kashmir Valley who chooses to become a Pakistani citizen, such as Mr Geelani, would now enjoy the same rights and responsibilities in the Indian Republic that Mr Tully enjoys, and at the same time no longer require a visa to visit Pakistan just as Mr Tully needs no visa to enter Britain. In case individual participants in the Hurriyat choose to renounce Indian nationality and adopt some other, they would no longer be able to legally participate in Indian national elections or J&K’s State elections. That is something which they say they do not wish to do in any case. Those members of the Hurriyat who chose e.g. Pakistani nationality while still residing in Jammu & Kashmir, would be free to send postal ballots or cross the border and vote in Pakistan’s elections if and when these occur. There are many Canadians who live permanently in the USA who cross home to Canada in order to cast a ballot.

After the period of 30 months, every person presently under Article 370 of the Indian Constitution would have received a full and fair opportunity to privately and confidentially reveal his/her preference or choice under conditions of full information. “Partition”, “Plebiscite”, and “Military Decision” have been the three alternatives under discussion ever since the National Conference of Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah and his then-loyal Deputy, Bakshi Ghulam Mohammad, helped the Indian Army and Air Force in 1947-1948 fight off the savage attack against Jammu & Kashmir State that had commenced from Pakistan on October 22 1947. When, during the Pakistani attack, the Sheikh and Bakshi agreed to the Muslim Conference’s demand for a plebiscite among the people, the Pakistanis balked — the Sheikh and Bakshi then withdrew their offer and decisively and irrevocably chose to accede to the Indian Union. The people of Jammu & Kashmir, like any other, are now bound by the sovereign political commitments made by their forebears. Even so, given the painful mortal facts of the several decades since, the solution here proposed if properly implemented would be an incomparably more thorough democratic exercise than any conceivable plebiscite could ever have been.

Furthermore, regardless of the outcome, it would not entail any further “Partition” or population “transfer” which inevitably would degenerate into a savage balkanization, and has been ruled out as an unacceptable “deal-breaker” by the Indian Republic. Instead, every individual person would have been required, in a private and confidential decision-making process, to have chosen a nationality or to remain stateless — resulting in a multitude of cosmopolitan families in Jammu & Kashmir. But that is something commonplace in the modern world. Properly understood and properly implemented, we shall have resolved the great mortal problem we have faced for more than half a century, and Jammu & Kashmir can finally settle into a period of peace and prosperity. The boundary between India and Pakistan would have been settled by the third alternative mentioned at the time, namely, “Military Decision”.

III. Of Flags and Consulates in Srinagar and Gilgit
Pakistan has demanded its flag fly in Srinagar. This too can happen though not in the way Pakistan has been wishing to see it happen. A Pakistan flag might fly in the Valley just as might an Afghan and Iranian flag as well. Pakistan has wished its flag to fly as the sovereign over Jammu & Kashmir. That is not possible. The best and most just outcome is for the Pakistani flag to fly over a recognised Pakistani consular or visa office in Srinagar, Jammu and Leh. In diplomatic exchange, the Indian tricolour would have to fly over a recognised Indian consular or visa office in Muzaffarabad, Gilgit and Skardu.

Pakistan also may have to act equivalently with respect to the original inhabitants of the territory of Jammu & Kashmir that it has been controlling — allowing those people to become Indian nationals if they so chose to do in free private decisions under conditions of full information. In other words, the “Military Decision” that defines the present boundary between sovereign states must be recognised by Pakistan sincerely and permanently in a Treaty relationship with India — and all of Pakistan’s official and unofficial protégés like the Hurriyat and the “United Jehad Council” would have to do the same. Without such a sovereign commitment from the Government of Pakistan, as shown by decisive actions of lack of aggressive intent (e.g. as came to be implemented between the USA and USSR), the Government of India has no need to involve the Government of Pakistan in implementing the solution of enhancing free individual choice of nationality with regard to all persons on our side of the boundary.

The “Military Decision” regarding the sovereign boundary in Jammu & Kashmir will be so recognised by all only if it is the universally just outcome in international law. And that in fact is what it is.

The original Jammu & Kashmir State began its existence as an entity in international law long before the present Republics of India and Pakistan ever did. Pakistan commences as an entity on August 14 1947; India commences as an entity of international law with its signing of the Treaty of Versailles on June 20 1918. Jammu & Kashmir began as an entity on March 16 1846 — when the Treaty of Amritsar was signed between Gulab Singh Dogra and the British, one week after the Treaty of Lahore between the British and the defeated Sikh regency of the child Daleep Singh.

Liaquat Ali Khan and Zafrullah Khan both formally challenged on Pakistan’s behalf the legitimacy of Dogra rule in Jammu & Kashmir since the Treaty of Amritsar. The Pakistani Mission to the UN does so even today. The Pakistanis were following Sheikh Abdullah and Jawaharlal Nehru himself, who too had at one point challenged Dogra legitimacy in the past. But though the form of words of the Pakistan Government and the Nehru-Abdullah position were similar in their attacks on the Treaty of Amritsar, their underlying substantive reasons were as different as chalk from cheese. The Pakistanis attacked the Dogra dynasty for being Dogra — i.e. because they were Hindus and not Muslims governing a Muslim majority. Nehru and Abdullah denounced monarchic autocracy in favour of mass democracy, and so attacked the Dogra dynasty for being a dynasty. All were wrong to think the Treaty of Amritsar anything but a lawful treaty in international law.

Furthermore, in this sombre political game of great mortal consequence, there were also two other parties who were, or appeared to be, in favour of the dynasty: one because the dynasty was non-Muslim, the other, despite it being so. Non-Muslim minorities like many Hindus and Sikhs in the business and governmental classes, saw the Dogra dynasty as their protector against a feared communalist tyranny arising from the Sunni Muslim masses of Srinagar Valley, whom Abdullah’s rhetoric at Friday prayer-meetings had been inciting or at least awakening from slumber. At the same time, the communalists of the Muslim Conference who had broken away from Abdullah’s secular National Conference, sought political advantage over Abdullah by declaring themselves in favour of keeping the dynasty — even elevating it to become an international sovereign, thus flattering the already pretentious potentate that he would be called “His Majesty” instead of merely “His Highness”. The ancestry of today’s Hurriyat’s demands for an independent Jammu & Kashmir may be traced precisely to those May 21-22 1947 declarations of the Muslim Conference leader, Hamidullah Khan.

Into this game stumbled the British with all the mix of cunning, indifference, good will, impatience, arrogance and pomposity that marked their rule in India. At the behest of the so-called “Native Princes”, the 1929 Butler Commission had hinted that the relationship of “Indian India” to the British sovereign was conceptually different from that of “British India” to the British sovereign. This view was adopted in the Cabinet Mission’s 12 May 1946 Memorandum which in turn came to be applied by Attlee and Mountbatten in their unseemly rush to “Divide and Quit” India in the summer of 1947.

It created the pure legal illusion that there was such a thing as “Lapse of Paramountcy” at which Jammu & Kashmir or any other “Native State” of “Indian India” could conceivably, even for a moment, become a sovereign enjoying the comity of nations — contradicting Britain’s own position that only two Dominions, India and Pakistan, could ever be members of the British Commonwealth and hence members of the newly created UN. British pusillanimity towards Jammu & Kashmir’s Ruler had even extended to making him a nominal member of Churchill’s War Cabinet because he had sent troops to fight in Burma. But the legal illusion had come about because of a catastrophic misunderstanding on the part of the British of their own constitutional law.

The only legal scholar who saw this was B R Ambedkar in a lonely and brilliant technical analysis released to the press on June 17 1947. No “Lapse of Paramountcy” over the “Native Princes” of Indian India could occur in constitutional law. Paramountcy over Indian India would be automatically inherited by the successor state of British India at the Transfer of Power. That successor state was the new British Dominion of India as well as (when it came to be finalised by Partition from India) the new British Dominion of Pakistan (Postscript: the deleted words represent a mistake made in the original paper, corrected in “Law, Justice & J&K” in view of the fact the UN  in 1947 deemed  India alone the successor state of British India and Pakistan a new state in the world system).  A former “Native Prince” could only choose to which Dominion he would go. No other alternative existed even for a single logical moment. Because the British had catastrophically failed to comprehend this aspect of their own constitutional law, they created a legal vacuum whereby between August 15 and October 22-26 1947, Jammu & Kashmir became a local and temporary sovereign recognised only by the Dominion of Pakistan (until October 22) and the Dominion of India (until October 26). But it was not a globally recognised sovereign and was never going to be such in international law. This was further proved by Attlee refusing to answer the J&K Prime Minister’s October 18 1947 telegram.

All ambiguity came to end with the Pakistani attack of October 22 1947, the Rape of Baramulla, the secession of an “Azad Kashmir”declared by Sardar Ibrahim, and the Pakistani coup détat in Gilgit on October 31 1947 followed by the massacre of Sikh soldiers of the J&K Army at Bunji. With those Pakistani actions, Gulab Singh’s Jammu & Kashmir State, founded on March 16 1846 by the Treaty of Amritsar, ceased to logically exist as an entity in international law and fell into a state of ownerless anarchy. The conflict between Ibrahim’s Muslim communalists backed by the new Dominion of Pakistan and Abdullah’s secularists backed by the new Dominion of India had become a civil war within a larger intra-Commonwealth war that itself was almost a civil war between forces of the same military.

Jammu & Kashmir territory had become ownerless. The Roman Law which is at the root of all municipal and international law in the world today would declare that in the ownership of such an ownerless entity, a “Military Decision” was indeed the just outcome. Sovereignty over the land, waters, forests and other actual and potential resources of the erstwhile State of Jammu & Kashmir has become divided by “Military Decision” between the modern Republics of India and Pakistan. By the proposal made herein, the people and their descendants shall have chosen their nationality and their domicile freely across the sovereign boundary that has come to result.

LAW, JUSTICE AND J&K by Subroto Roy First published in two parts in The Sunday Statesman, July 2 2006 and The Statesman July 3 2006 Editorial Page Special Article

For a solution to J&K to be universally acceptable it must be seen by all as being lawful and just. Political opinion in Pakistan and India as well as all people and parties in J&K ~ those loyal to India, those loyal to Pakistan, and any others ~ will have to agree that, all things considered, such is the right course of action for everyone today in the 21st Century, which means too that the solution must be consistent with the facts of history as well as account reasonably for all moral considerations.

On August 14, 1947, the legal entity known as “British India”, as one of its final acts, and based on a sovereign British decision made only two months earlier, created out of some of its territory a new State defined in international law as the “Dominion of Pakistan”. British India extinguished itself the very next day, and the newly independent “Dominion of India” succeeded to all its rights and obligations in international law. As the legal successor of the “India” which had signed the Treaty of Versailles in 1919 and the San Francisco Declaration of 1945, the Dominion of India was already a member of the new UN as well as a signatory to many international treaties. By contrast, the Dominion of Pakistan had to apply afresh to sign treaties and become a member of international organisations. The theory put forward by Argentina that two new States, India and Pakistan, had been created ab initio, came to be rejected and was withdrawn by Argentina. Instead, Pakistan with the wholehearted backing of India was made a member of the UN, with all except Afghanistan voting in favour. (Afghanistan’s exceptional vote signalled presence of conflict over the Durand Line and idea of a Pashtunistan; Dr Khan Sahib and Abdul Ghaffar Khan were imprisoned by the Muslim League regime of NWFP which later supported the tribesmen who attacked J&K starting October 22, 1947; that conflict remains unresolved to this day, even after the American attack on the Taliban, the restart of a constitutional process in Afghanistan, and the purported mediation of US Secretary of State Condoleeza Rice.)

Zafrullah Khan, Pakistan’s distinguished first ambassador to the UN, claimed in September 1947: “Pakistan is not a new member of UNO but a successor to a member State which was one of the founders of the Organisation.” He noted that he himself had led India to the final session of the League of Nations in Geneva in 1939, and he wished to say that Pakistan had been present “as part of India… under the latter name” as a signatory to the Treaty of Versailles. This was, however, logically impossible. The Treaty of Versailles long predated (1) Mohammad Iqbal’s Allahabad Address which conceptualised for the first time in the 20th Century a Muslim State in Northwest India; (2) Rahmat Ali’s invention of the word “PAKSTAN” on the top floor of a London omnibus; (3) M. A. Jinnah and Fazlul Haq’s Lahore Resolution; and (4) the final British decision of June 3, 1947 to create by Partition out of “British India” a Dominion named Pakistan. Pakistan could not have acted in international law prior to having come into being or been created or even conceived itself. Zafrullah Khan would have been more accurate to say that the history of Pakistanis until August 14, 1947 had been one in common with that of their Indian cousins ~ or indeed their Indian brothers, since innumerable North Indian Muslim families came to be literally partitioned, with some brothers remaining Indians while other brothers became Pakistanis.

Pakistan was created at the behest of Jinnah’s Muslim League though with eventual agreement of the Indian National Congress (a distant ancestor of the political party going by the same name today). Pakistan arose not because Jinnah said Hindus and Muslims were “two nations” but because he and his League wished for a State where Muslims would find themselves ruled by fellow-Muslims and feel themselves part of a pan-Islamic culture. Yet Pakistan was intended to be a secular polity with Muslim-majority governance, not an Islamic theocracy. That Pakistan failed to become secular was exemplified most poignantly in the persecution Zafrullah himself later faced in his personal life as an Ahmadiya, even while he was Pakistan’s Foreign Minister. (The same happened later to Pakistan’s Nobel-winning physicist Abdus Salaam.) Pakistan was supposed to allow the genius of Indo-Muslim culture to flourish, transplanted from places like Lucknow and Aligarh which would never be part of it. In fact, the areas that are Pakistan today had in the 1937 provincial elections shown scant popular Muslim support for Jinnah’s League. The NWFP had a Congress Government in the 1946 elections, and its supporters boycotted the pro-Pakistan referendum in 1947. The imposition of Urdu culture as Pakistan’s dominant ethos might have come to be accepted later in West Punjab, Sindh and NWFP but it was not acceptable in East Bengal, and led inevitably to the Pakistani civil war and creation of Bangladesh by Sheikh Mujib in 1971.

In August 1947, the new Dominions of India and Pakistan were each supposed to protect their respective minority populations as their first political duty. Yet both palpably failed in this, and were reduced to making joint declarations pleading for peace and an end to communal killings and the abduction of women. The Karachi Government, lacking the wherewithal and administrative machinery of being a nation-state at all, and with only Liaquat and an ailing Jinnah as noted leaders, may have failed more conspicuously, and West Punjab, the Frontier and Sindh were soon emptied of almost all their many Sikhs and Hindus. Instead, the first act of the new Pakistan Government in the weeks after August 14, 1947 was to arrange for the speedy and safe transfer of the North Indian Muslim elite by air from Delhi using chartered British aeroplanes. The ordinary Muslim masses of UP, Delhi and East Punjab were left in danger from or were subjected to Sikh and Hindu mob attacks, especially as news and rumours spread of similar outrages against Pakistan’s departing minorities.

In this spiral of revenge attacks and counter-attacks, bloodshed inevitably spilled over from West and East Punjab into the northern Punjabi plains of Jammu, though Kashmir Valley remained conspicuously peaceful. Zafrullah and Liaquat would later claim it was this communal civil war which had caused thousands of newly decommissioned Mirpuri soldiers of the British Army, and thousands of Afridi and other Frontier tribesmen, to spontaneously act to “liberate” J&K’s Muslims from alleged tyranny under the Hindu Ruler or an allegedly illegal Indian occupation.

But the main attack on J&K State that began from Pakistan along the Manshera-Muzaffarabad road on October 22, 1947 was admittedly far too well-organised, well-armed, well-planned and well-executed to have been merely a spontaneous uprising of tribesmen and former soldiers. In all but name, it was an act of undeclared war of the new Dominion of Pakistan first upon the State of J&K and then upon the Indian Dominion. This became obvious to Field Marshall Auchinlek, who, as Supreme Commander of the armed forces of both India and Pakistan, promptly resigned and abolished the Supreme Command in face of the fact that two parts of his own forces were now at war with one another.

The invaders failed to take Srinagar solely because they lost their military purpose while indulging in the Rape of Baramula. Thousands of Kashmiri women of all communities ~ Muslim, Sikh and Hindu ~ were violated and transported back to be sold in markets in Peshawar and elsewhere. Such was standard practice in Central Asian tribal wars from long before the advent of Islam, and the invading tribesmen shared that culture. India’s Army and Air Force along with the militias of the secular democratic movement led by Sheikh Abdullah and those remaining loyal units of J&K forces, fought off the invasion, and liberated Baramula, Naushera, Uri, Poonch etc. Gilgit had a British-led coup détat against it bringing it under Pakistan’s control. Kargil was initially taken by the Pakistanis and then lost by them. Leh could have been but was not taken by Pakistani forces. But in seeking to protect Leh and to retake Kargil, the Indian Army lost the siege of Skardu ~ which ended reputedly with the infamous communication from the Pakistani commander to his HQ: “All Sikhs killed; all women raped.”

Legal theory
Now, in this grave mortal conflict, the legal theory to which both the Indian and Pakistani Governments have been wedded for sixty years is one that had been endorsed by the British Cabinet Mission in 1946 and originated with the Butler Commission of 1929. Namely, that “Lapse of Paramountcy” over the “Indian India” of the “Native States” could and did occur with the extinction of British India on August 15, 1947. By this theory, Hyderabad, J&K, Junagadh and the several other States which had not acceded to either Dominion were no longer subject to the Crown’s suzerainty as of that date. Both Dominions drew up “Instruments of Accession” for Rulers to sign upon the supposed “Lapse” of Paramountcy that was to occur with the end of British India.

Ever since, the Pakistan Government has argued that Junagadh’s Ruler acceded to Pakistan and Hyderabad’s had wished to do so but both were forcibly prevented by India. Pakistan has also argued the accession to India by J&K’s Ruler was “fraudulent” and unacceptable, and Sheikh Abdullah was a “Quisling” of India and it was not his National Conference but the Muslim Conference of Ibrahim, Abbas and the Mirwaiz (precursor of the Hurriyat) which represented J&K’s Muslims.

India argued that Junagadh’s accession to Pakistan or Hyderabad’s independence were legal and practical impossibilities contradicting the wills of their peoples, and that their integration into the Indian Dominion was carried out in an entirely legitimate manner in the circumstances prevailing.

On J&K, India has argued that not only had the Ruler requested Indian forces to fight off the Pakistani attack, and he acceded formally before Indian forces were sent, but also that democratic principles were fully adhered to in the unequivocal endorsement of the accession by Sheikh Abdullah and the National Conference and further by a duly called and elected J&K Constituent Assembly, as well as generations of Kashmiris since. In the Indian view, it is Pakistan which has been in illegal occupation of Indian territory from Mirpur, Muzaffarabad and Gilgit to Skardu all the way to the Khunjerab Pass, Siachen Glacier and K2, some of which it illegally ceded to its Communist Chinese ally, and furthermore that it has denied the peoples of these areas any democratic voice.

Roman law
In June 1947, it was uniquely and brilliantly argued by BR Ambedkar in a statement to the Press that the British had made a catastrophic error in comprehending their own constitutional law, that no such thing as “Lapse” of Paramountcy existed, and that suzerainty over the “Native States” of “Indian India” would be automatically transferred in international law to the successor State of British India. It was a legal illusion to think any Native State could be sovereign even for a single logical moment. On this theory, if the Dominion of India was the sole successor State in international law while Pakistan was a new legal entity, then a Native State which acceded to Pakistan after August 15, 1947 would have had to do so with the consent of the suzerain power, namely, India, as may be said to have happened implicitly in case of Chitral and a few others. Equally, India’s behaviour in integrating (or annexing) Junagadh and Hyderabad, would become fully explicable ~ as would the statements of Mountbatten, Nehru and Patel before October 1947 that they would accept J&K going to Pakistan if that was what the Ruler and his people desired. Pakistan unilaterally and by surprise went to war against J&K on October 22, declared the accession to India “fraudulent”, and to this day has claimed the territory of the original State of J&K is “disputed”. Certainly, even if the Ambedkar doctrine is applied that no “Lapse” was possible under British law, Pakistan did not recognise India’s jurisdiction there as the suzerain power as of August 15, 1947. Altogether, Pakistan’s sovereign actions from October 22 onwards amounted to acting to annex J&K to itself by military force ~ acts which came to be militarily resisted (with partial success) by India allied with Sheikh Abdullah’s National Conference and the remaining forces of J&K. By these military actions, Pakistan revealed that it considered J&K territory to have descended into a legal state of anarchy as of October 22, 1947, and hence open to resolution by “Military Decision” ~ as is indeed the just outcome under Roman Law, the root of all municipal and international law today, when there is a contest between claimants over an ownerless entity.

Choice of nationality
Hence, the present author concluded (“Solving Kashmir”, The Statesman December 1-3, 2005) that the dismemberment of the original J&K State and annexation of its territories by India and Pakistan that has occurred since 1947, as represented first by the 1949 Ceasefire Line and then by the 1972 Line of Control, is indeed the just and lawful outcome prevailing in respect of the question of territorial sovereignty and jurisdiction. The remaining “democratic” question described has to do with free individual choice of nationality by the inhabitants, under conditions of full information and privacy, citizen-by-citizen, with the grant of permanent residency rights by the Indian Republic to persons under its jurisdiction in J&K who may choose not to remain Indian nationals but become Afghan, Iranian or Pakistani nationals instead. Pakistan has said frequently its sole concern has been the freedom of the Muslims of J&K under Indian rule, and any such genuine concern shall have been thereby fully met by India. Indeed, if Pakistan agreed to act similarly, this entire complex mortal problem of decades shall have begun to be peacefully resolved. Both countries are wracked by corruption, poverty and bad governance, and would be able to mutually draw down military forces pit against one another everywhere, so as to begin to repair the grave damage to their fiscal health caused by the deleterious draining away of vast public resources.

HISTORY OF JAMMU & KASHMIR by Subroto Roy  First published in two parts in The Sunday Statesman, Oct 29 2006 and The Statesman Oct 30 2006, Editorial Page Special Article,

At the advent of Islam in distant Arabia, India and Kashmir in particular were being visited by Chinese Buddhist pilgrims during Harsha’s reign. The great “Master of Law” Hiuen Tsiang visited between 629-645 and spent 631-633 in Kashmir (”Kia-chi-mi-lo”), describing it to include Punjab, Kabul and Kandahar. Over the next dozen centuries, Buddhist, Hindu, Muslim, Sikh and again Hindu monarchs came to rule the 85 mile long 40 mile wide territory on the River Jhelum’s upper course known as Srinagar Valley, as well as its adjoining Jammu in the upper plains of the Punjab and “Little Tibet” consisting of Laddakh, Baltistan and Gilgit.

In 1344, a Persian adventurer from Swat or Khorasan by name of Amir or Mirza, who had “found his way into the Valley and in time gained great influence at the Raja’s court”, proclaimed himself Sultan Shamsuddin after the death of the last Hindu monarchs of medieval Kashmir. Twelve of his descendants formed the Shamiri dynasty including the notorious Sikander and the just and tolerant Zainulabidin. Sikander who ruled 1386-1410 “submitted himself” to the Uzbek Taimur the Lame when he approached Kashmir in 1398 “and thus saved the country from invasion”. Otherwise, “Sikander was a gloomy ferocious bigot, and his zeal in destroying temples and idols was so intense that he is remembered as the Idol-Breaker. He freely used the sword to propagate Islam and succeeded in forcing the bulk of the population to conform outwardly to the Muslim religion. Most of the Brahmins refused to apostatise, and many of them paid with their lives the penalty for their steadfastness. Many others were exiled, and only a few conformed.”

Zainulabidin who ruled 1417-1467 “was a man of very different type”. “He adopted the policy of universal toleration, recalled the exiled Brahmins, repealed the jizya or poll-tax on Hindus, and even permitted new temples to be built. He abstained from eating flesh, prohibited the slaughter of kine, and was justly venerated as a saint. He encouraged literature, painting and music, and caused many translations to be made of works composed in Sanskrit, Arabic and other languages.” During his “long and prosperous reign”, he “constructed canals and built many mosques; he was just and tolerant”.

The Shamiri dynasty ended in 1541 when “some fugitive chiefs of the two local factions of the Makri and the Chakk invited Mirza Haidar Dughlat, a relation of Babar, to invade Kashmir. The country was conquered and the Mirza held it (nominally in name of Humayan) till 1551, when he was killed in a skirmish. The line… was restored for a few years, until in 1559 a Chakk leader, Ghazi Shah, usurped the throne; and in the possession of his descendants it remained for nearly thirty years.” This dynasty marks the origins of Shia Islam in Srinagar though Shia influence in Gilgit, Baltistan and Laddakh was of longer standing. Constant dissensions weakened the Chakks, and in 1586, Akbar, then at Attock on the Indus, sent an army under Raja Bhagwan Das into Srinagar Valley and easily made it part of his Empire.

Shivaism and Islam both flourished, and Hindu ascetics and Sufi saints were revered by all. Far from Muslims and Hindus forming distinct nations, here they were genetically related kinsmen living in proximity in a small isolated area for centuries. Indeed Zainulabidin may have had a vast unspoken influence on the history of all India insofar as Akbar sought to attempt in his empire what Zainulabidin achieved in the Valley. Like Zainulabidin, Akbar’s governance of India had as its “constant aim” “to conciliate the Hindus and to repress Muslim bigotry” which in modern political parlance may be seen as the principle of secular governance ~ of conciliating the powerless (whether majority or minority) and repressing the bigotry of the powerful (whether minority or majority). Akbar had made the Valley the summer residence of the Mughals, and it was Jahangir, seeing the Valley for the first time, who apparently said the words agar behest baushad, hamee in hast, hamee in hast, hamee in hast: “if Heaven exists, it is here, it is here, it is here”. Yet like other isolated paradises (such as the idyllic islands of the Pacific Ocean) an accursed mental ether can accompany the magnificent beauty of people’s surroundings. As the historian put it: “The Kashmiris remained secure in their inaccessible Valley; but they were given up to internal weakness and discord, their political importance was gone…”

After the Mughals collapsed, Iran’s Turkish ruler Nadir Shah sacked Delhi in 1739 but the Iranian court fell in disarray upon his death. In 1747 a jirga of Pashtun tribes at Kandahar “broke normal tradition” and asked an old Punjabi holy man and shrine-keeper to choose between two leaders; this man placed young wheat in the hand of the 25 year old Ahmed Shah Saddozai of the Abdali tribe, and titled him “Durrani”. Five years later, Durrani took Kashmir and for the next 67 years the Valley was under Pashtun rule, a time of “unmitigated brutality and widespread distress”. Durrani himself “was wise, prudent and simple”, never declared himself king and wore no crown, instead keeping a stick of young wheat in his turban. Leaving India, he famously recited: “The Delhi throne is beautiful indeed, but does it compare with the mountains of Kandahar?”

Kashmir’s modern history begins with Ranjit Singh of the Sikhs who became a soldier at 12, and in 1799 at age 19 was made Lahore’s Governor by Kabul’s Zaman Shah. Three years later “he made himself master of Amritsar”, and in 1806 crossed the River Sutlej and took Ludhiana. He created a fine Sikh infantry and cavalry under former officers of Napoleon, and with 80,000 trained men and 500 guns took Multan and Peshawar, defeated the Pashtuns and overran Kashmir in 1819. The “cruel rule” of the Pashtuns ended “to the great relief of Kashmir’s inhabitants”.

The British Governor-General Minto (ancestor of the later Viceroy), seeing advantage in the Sikhs staying north of the Sutlej, sent Charles Metcalfe, “a clever young civilian”, to persuade the Khalsa; in 1809, Ranjit Singh and the British in the first Treaty of Amritsar agreed to establish “perpetual amity”: the British would “have no concern” north of the Sutlej and Ranjit Singh would keep only minor personnel south of it. In 1834 and 1838 Ranjit Singh was struck by paralysis and died in 1839, leaving no competent heir. The Sikh polity collapsed, “their power exploded, disappearing in fierce but fast flames”. It was “a period of storm and anarchy in which assassination was the rule” and the legitimate line of his son and grandson, Kharak Singh and Nao Nihal Singh was quickly extinguished. In 1845 the Queen Regent, mother of the five-year old Dalip Singh, agreed to the Khalsa ending the 1809 Treaty. After bitter battles that might have gone either way, the Khalsa lost at Sobraon on 10 February 1846, and accepted terms of surrender in the 9 March 1846 Treaty of Lahore. The kingdom had not long survived its founder: “created by the military and administrative genius of one man, it crumbled into powder when the spirit which gave it life was withdrawn; and the inheritance of the Khalsa passed into the hands of the English.”

Ranjit Singh’s influence on modern J&K was even greater through his having mentored the Rajput Gulab Singh Dogra (1792-1857) and his brothers Dhyan Singh and Suchet Singh. Jammu had been ruled by Ranjit Deo until 1780 when the Sikhs made it tributary to the Lahore Court. Gulab Singh, a great grand nephew of Ranjit Deo, had left home at age 17 in search of a soldierly fortune, and ended up in 1809 in Ranjit Singh’s army, just when Ranjit Singh had acquired for himself a free hand to expand his domains north of the River Sutlej.

Gulab Singh, an intrepid soldier, by 1820 had Jammu conferred upon him by Ranjit Singh with the title of Raja, while Bhimber, Chibal, Poonch and Ramnagar went to his brothers. Gulab Singh, “often unscrupulous and cruel, was a man of considerable ability and efficiency”; he “found his small kingdom a troublesome charge but after ten years of constant struggles he and his two brothers became masters of most of the country between Kashmir and the Punjab”, though Srinagar Valley itself remained under a separate Governor appointed by the Lahore Court. Gulab Singh extended Jammu’s rule from Rawalpindi, Bhimber, Rajouri, Bhadarwah and Kishtwar, across Laddakh and into Tibet. His General Zorawar Singh led six expeditions into Laddakh between 1834 and 1841 through Kishtwar, Padar and Zanskar. In May 1841, Zorawar left Leh with an army of 5000 Dogras and Laddakhis and advanced on Tibet. Defeating the Tibetans at Rudok and Tashigong, he reached Minsar near Lake Mansarovar from where he advanced to Taklakot (Purang), 15 miles from the borders of Nepal and Kumaon, and built a fort stopping for the winter. Lhasa sent large re-inforcements to meet him. Zorawar, deciding to take the offensive, was killed in the Battle of Toyu, on 11-12 December 1841 at 16,000 feet.

A Laddakhi rebellion resulted against Jammu, aided now by the advancing Tibetans. A new army was sent under Hari Chand suppressing the rebellion and throwing back the Tibetans, leading to a peace treaty between Lhasa and Jammu signed on 17 September 1842: “We have agreed that we have no ill-feelings because of the past war. The two kings will henceforth remain friends forever. The relationship between Maharajah Gulab Singh of Kashmir and the Lama Guru of Lhasa (Dalai Lama) is now established. The Maharajah Sahib, with God (Kunchok) as his witness, promises to recognise ancient boundaries, which should be looked after by each side without resorting to warfare. When the descendants of the early kings, who fled from Laddakh to Tibet, now return they will not be stopped by Shri Maharajah. Trade between Laddakh and Tibet will continue as usual. Tibetan government traders coming into Laddakh will receive free transport and accommodations as before, and the Laddakhi envoy will, in turn, receive the same facilities in Lhasa. The Laddakhis take an oath before God (Kunchok) that they will not intrigue or create new troubles in Tibetan territory. We have agreed, with God as witness, that Shri Maharajah Sahib and the Lama Guru of Lhasa will live together as members of the same household.” The traditional boundary between Laddakh and Tibet “as recognised by both sides since olden times” was accepted by the envoys of Gulab Singh and the Dalai Lama.

An earlier 1684 treaty between Laddakh and Lhasa had said that while Laddakh would send tribute to Lhasa every three years, “the king of Laddakh reserves to himself the village of Minsar in Ngarees-khor-sum, that he may be independent there; and he sets aside its revenue for the purpose of meeting the expense involved in keeping up the sacrificial lights at Kangree (Kailas), and the Holy Lakes of Mansarovar and Rakas Tal”. The area around Minsar village near Lake Mansarovar, held by the rulers of Laddakh since 1583, was retained by Jammu in the 1842 peace-treaty, and its revenue was received by J&K State until 1948.

After Ranjit Singh’s death in 1839, Gulab Singh was alienated from the Lahore Court where the rise of his brothers and a nephew aroused enough Khalsa jealousy to see them assassinated in palace intrigues. While the Sikhs imploded, Gulab Singh had expanded his own dominion from Rawalpindi to Minsar ~ everywhere except Srinagar Valley itself. He had apparently advised the Sikhs not to attack the British in breach of the 1809 Treaty, and when they did so he had not joined them, though had he done so British power in North India might have been broken. The British were grateful for his neutrality and also his help in their first misbegotten adventure in Afghanistan. It was Gulab Singh who was now encouraged by both the British and the Sikhs to mediate between them, indeed “to take a leading part in arranging conditions of peace”, and he formally represented the Sikh regency in the negotiations. The 9 March 1846 Treaty of Lahore “set forth that the British Government having demanded in addition to a certain assignment of territory, a payment of a crore and a half of rupees, and the Sikh Government being unable to pay the whole”, Dalip Singh “should cede as equivalent to one crore the hill country belonging to the Punjab between the Beas and the Indus including Kashmir and the Hazara”.

For the British to occupy the whole of this mountainous territory was judged unwise on economic and military grounds; it was not feasible to occupy from a military standpoint and the area “with the exception of the small Valley of Kashmir” was “for the most part unproductive”. “On the other hand, the ceded tracts comprised the whole of the hereditary possessions of Gulab Singh, who, being eager to obtain an indefeasible title to them, came forward and offered to pay the war indemnity on condition that he was made the independent ruler of Jammu & Kashmir.

A separate treaty embodying this arrangement was thus concluded between the British and Gulab Singh at Amritsar on 16 March 1846.” Gulab Singh acknowledged the British Government’s supremacy, and in token of it agreed to present annually to the British Government “one horse, twelve shawl goats of approved breed and three pairs of Kashmir shawls. This arrangement was later altered; the annual presentation made by the Kashmir State was confined to two Kashmir shawls and three romals (handkerchiefs).” The Treaty of Amritsar “put Gulab Singh, as Maharaja, in possession of all the hill country between the Indus and the Ravi, including Kashmir, Jammu, Laddakh and Gilgit; but excluding Lahoul, Kulu and some areas including Chamba which for strategic purposes, it was considered advisable (by the British) to retain and for which a remission of Rs 25 lakhs was made from the crore demanded, leaving Rs 75 lakhs as the final amount to be paid by Gulab Singh.” The British retained Hazara which in 1918 was included into NWFP. Through an intrigue emanating from Prime Minister Lal Singh in Lahore, Imamuddin, the last Sikh-appointed Governor of Kashmir, sought to prevent Gulab Singh taking possession of the Valley in accordance with the Treaty’s terms. By December 1846 Gulab Singh had done so, though only with help of a British force which included 17,000 Sikh troops “who had been fighting in the campaign just concluded”. (Contemporary British opinion even predicted Sikhism like Buddhism “would become extinct in a short time if it were not kept alive by the esprit de corps of the Sikh regiments”.)

The British in 1846 may have been glad enough to allow Gulab Singh take independent charge of the new entity that came to be now known as the “State of Jammu & Kashmir”. Later, however. they and their American allies would grow keen to control or influence the region vis-à-vis their new interests against the Russian and Soviet Empires.

PAKISTAN’S ALLIES  by Subroto Roy  First published in two parts in The Sunday Statesman, June 4 2006, The Statesman June 5 2006, Editorial Page Special Article,

From the 1846 Treaty of Amritsar creating the State of Jammu & Kashmir until the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Britain and later the USA became increasingly interested in the subcontinent’s Northwest. The British came to India by sea to trade. Barren, splendid, landlocked Afghanistan held no interest except as a home of fierce tribes; but it was the source of invasions into the Indian plains and prompted a British misadventure to install Shah Shuja in place of Dost Mohammad Khan leading to ignominious defeat. Later, Afghanistan was seen as the underbelly of the Russian and Soviet empires, and hence a location of interest to British and American strategic causes.

In November 1954, US President Dwight Eisenhower authorized 30 U-2 spy aircraft to be produced for deployment against America’s perceived enemies, especially to investigate Soviet nuclear missiles which could reach the USA. Reconnaissance balloons had been unsuccessful, and numerous Western pilots had been shot down taking photographs from ordinary military aircraft. By June 1956, U-2 were making clandestine flights over the USSR and China. But on May 1 1960, one was shot or forced down over Sverdlovsk, 1,000 miles within Soviet territory. The Americans prevaricated that it had taken off from Turkey on a weather-mission, and been lost due to oxygen problems. Nikita Kruschev then produced the pilot, Francis Gary Powers, who was convicted of spying, though was exchanged later for a Soviet spy. Powers had been headed towards Norway, his task to photograph Soviet missiles from 70,000 ft, his point of origin had been an American base 20 miles from Peshawar.

America needed clandestine “forward bases” from which to fly U-2 aircraft, and Pakistan’s ingratiating military and diplomatic establishment was more than willing to offer such cooperation, fervently wishing to be seen as a “frontline state” against the USSR. “We will help you defeat the USSR and we are hopeful you will help us defeat India” became their constant refrain. By 1986, the Americans had been permitted to build air-bases in Balochistan and also use Mauripur air-base near Karachi.

Jammu & Kashmir and especially Gilgit-Baltistan adjoins the Pashtun regions whose capital has been Peshawar. In August-November 1947, a British coup d’etat against J&K State secured Gilgit-Baltistan for the new British Dominion of Pakistan.

The Treaty of Amritsar had nowhere required Gulab Singh’s dynasty to accept British political control in J&K as came to be exercised by British “Residents” in all other Indian “Native States”. Despite this, Delhi throughout the late 19th Century relentlessly pressed Gulab Singh’s successors Ranbir Singh and Partab Singh to accept political control. The Dogras acquiesced eventually. Delhi’s desire for control had less to do with the welfare of J&K’s people than with protection of increasing British interests in the area, like European migration to Srinagar Valley and guarding against Russian or German moves in Afghanistan. “Sargin” or “Sargin Gilit”, later corrupted by the Sikhs and Dogras into “Gilgit”, had an ancient people who spoke an archaic Dardic language “intermediate between the Iranian and the Sanskritic”. “The Dards were located by Ptolemy with surprising accuracy on the West of the Upper Indus, beyond the headwaters of the Swat River (Greek: Soastus) and north of the Gandarae (i.e. Kandahar), who occupied Peshawar and the country north of it. This region was traversed by two Chinese pilgrims, Fa-Hsien, coming from the north about AD 400 and Hsuan Tsiang, ascending from Swat in AD 629, and both left records of their journeys.”

Gilgit had been historically ruled by a Hindu dynasty called Trakane; when they became extinct, Gilgit Valley “was desolated by successive invasions of neighbouring rulers, and in the 20 or 30 years ending with 1842 there had been five dynastic revolutions. The Sikhs entered Gilgit about 1842 and kept a garrison there.” When J&K came under Gulab Singh, “the Gilgit claims were transferred with it, and a boundary commission was sent” by the British. In 1852 the Dogras were driven out with 2,000 dead. In 1860 under Ranbir Singh, the Dogras “returned to Gilgit and took Yasin twice, but did not hold it. They also in 1866 invaded Darel, one of the most secluded Dard states, to the south of the Gilgit basin but withdrew again.”

The British appointed a Political Agent in Gilgit in 1877 but he was withdrawn in 1881. “In 1889, in order to guard against the advance of Russia, the British Government, acting as the suzerain power of Kashmir, established the Gilgit Agency”. The Agency was re-established under control of the British Resident in Jammu & Kashmir. “It comprised the Gilgit Wazarat; the State of Hunza and Nagar; the Punial Jagir; the Governorships of Yasin, Kuh-Ghizr and Ishkoman, and Chilas”. In 1935, the British demanded J&K lease to them for 60 years Gilgit town plus most of the Gilgit Agency and the hill-states Hunza, Nagar, Yasin and Ishkuman. Hari Singh had no choice but to acquiesce. The leased region was then treated as part of British India, administered by a Political Agent at Gilgit responsible to Delhi, first through the Resident in J& K and later a British Agent in Peshawar. J& K State no longer kept troops in Gilgit and a mercenary force, the Gilgit Scouts, was recruited with British officers and paid for by Delhi. In April 1947, Delhi decided to formally retrocede the leased areas to Hari Singh’s J& K State as of 15 August 1947. The transfer was to formally take place on 1 August.

On 31 July, Hari Singh’s Governor arrived to find “all the officers of the British Government had opted for service in Pakistan”. The Gilgit Scouts’ commander, a Major William Brown aged 25, and his adjutant, a Captain Mathieson, planned openly to engineer a coup détat against Hari Singh’s Government. Between August and October, Gilgit was in uneasy calm. At midnight on 31 October 1947, the Governor was surrounded by the Scouts and the next day he was “arrested” and a provisional government declared.

Hari Singh’s nearest forces were at Bunji, 34 miles from Gilgit, a few miles downstream from where the Indus is joined by Gilgit River. The 6th J& K Infantry Battalion there was a mixed Sikh-Muslim unit, typical of the State’s Army, commanded by a Lt Col. Majid Khan. Bunji controlled the road to Srinagar. Further upstream was Skardu, capital of Baltistan, part of Laddakh District where there was a small garrison. Following Brown’s coup in Gilgit, Muslim soldiers of the 6th Infantry massacred their Sikh brothers-at-arms at Bunji. The few Sikhs who survived escaped to the hills and from there found their way to the garrison at Skardu.

On 4 November 1947, Brown raised the new Pakistani flag in the Scouts’ lines, and by the third week of November a Political Agent from Pakistan had established himself at Gilgit. Brown had engineered Gilgit and its adjoining states to first secede from J&K, and, after some talk of being independent, had promptly acceded to Pakistan. His commander in Peshawar, a Col. Bacon, as well as Col. Iskander Mirza, Defence Secretary in the new Pakistan and later to lead the first military coup détat and become President of Pakistan, were pleased enough. In July 1948, Brown was awarded an MBE (Military) and the British Governor of the NWFP got him a civilian job with ICI~ which however sent him to Calcutta, where he came to be attacked and left for dead on the streets by Sikhs avenging the Bunji massacre. Brown survived, returned to England, started a riding school, and died in 1984. In March 1994, Pakistan awarded his widow the Sitara-I-Pakistan in recognition of his coup détat.

Gilgit’s ordinary people had not participated in Brown’s coup which carried their fortunes into the new Pakistan, and to this day appear to remain without legislative representation. It was merely assumed that since they were mostly Muslim in number they would wish to be part of Pakistan ~ which also became Liaquat Ali Khan’s assumption about J&K State as a whole in his 1950 statements in North America. What the Gilgit case demonstrates is that J&K State’s descent into a legal condition of ownerless anarchy open to “Military Decision” had begun even before the Pakistani invasion of 22 October 1947 (viz. “Solving Kashmir”, The Statesman, 1-3 December 2005). Also, whatever else the British said or did with respect to J & K, they were closely allied to the new Pakistan on the matter of Gilgit.

The peak of Pakistan’s Anglo-American alliance came with the enormous support in the 1980s to guerrilla forces created and headquartered in Peshawar, to battle the USSR and Afghan communists directly across the Durand Line. It was this guerrilla war which became a proximate cause of the collapse of the USSR as a political entity in 1991. President Ronald Reagan’s CIA chief William J. Casey sent vast sums in 1985-1988 to supply and train these guerrillas. The Washington Post and New Yorker reported the CIA training guerrillas “in the use of mortars, rocket grenades, ground-to-air missiles”. 200 hand-held Stinger missiles were supplied for the first time in 1986 and the New Yorker reported Gulbudin Hikmatyar’s “Hizbe Islami” guerrillas being trained to bring down Soviet aircraft. “Mujahideen had been promised two Stingers for every Soviet aircraft brought down. Operators who failed to aim correctly were given additional training… By 1986, the United States was so deeply involved in the Afghan war that Soviet aircraft were being brought down under the supervision of American experts”. (Raja Anwar, The Tragedy of Afghanistan, 1988, p. 234).

The budding US-China détente brokered by Pakistan came into full bloom here. NBC News on 7 January 1980 said “for the first time in history (a senior State Department official) publicly admitted the possibility of concluding a military alliance between the United States and China”. London’s Daily Telegraph reported on 5 January 1980 “China is flying large supplies of arms and ammunition to the insurgents in Afghanistan. According to diplomatic reports, supplies have arrived in Pakistan from China via the Karakoram Highway…. A major build-up of Chinese involvement is underway ~ in the past few days. Scores of Chinese instructors have arrived at the Shola-e-Javed camps.”

Afghan reports in 1983-1985 said “there were eight training camps near the Afghan border operated by the Chinese in Sinkiang province” and that China had supplied the guerrillas “with a variety of weapons including 40,000 RPG-7 and 20,000 RPG-II anti tank rocket launchers.” Like Pakistan, “China did not publicly admit its involvement in the Afghan conflict: in 1985 the Chinese Mission at the UN distributed a letter denying that China was extending any kind of help to the Afghan rebels” (Anwar, ibid. p. 234). Support extended deep and wide across the Arab world. “The Saudi and Gulf rulers … became the financial patrons of the Afghan rebels from the very start of the conflict”. Anwar Sadat, having won the Nobel Peace Prize, was “keen to claim credit for his role in Afghanistan…. by joining the Afghanistan jihad, Sadat could re-establish his Islamic credentials, or so he believed. He could thus not only please the Muslim nations but also place the USA and Israel in his debt.” Sadat’s Defence Minister said in January 1980: “Army camps have been opened for the training of Afghan rebels; they are being supplied with weapons from Egypt” and Sadat told NBC News on 22 September 1981 “that for the last twenty-one months, the USA had been buying arms from Egypt for the Afghan rebels. He said he had been approached by the USA in December 1979 and he had decided to `open my stores’. He further disclosed that these arms were being flown to Pakistan from Egypt by American aircraft. Egypt had vast supplies of SAM-7 and RPG-7 anti-aircraft and anti-tank weapons which Sadat agreed to supply to Afghanistan in exchange for new American arms. The Soviet weapons, being light, were ideally suited to guerrilla warfare. … the Mujahideen could easily claim to have captured them from Soviet and Afghan troops in battle.… Khomeini’s Iran got embroiled in war (against Iraq) otherwise Kabul would also have had to contend with the full might of the Islamic revolutionaries.” (Anwar ibid. p. 235).

Afghanistan had been occupied on 26-27 December 1979 by Soviet forces sent by the decrepit Leonid Brezhnev and Yuri Andropov to carry out a putsch replacing one communist, Hafizullah Amin, with a rival communist and Soviet protégé, Babrak Karmal. By 1985 Brezhnev and Andropov were dead and Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev had begun his attempts to reform the Soviet system, usher in openness, end the Cold War and in particular withdraw from Afghanistan, which by 1986 he had termed “a bleeding wound”. Gorbachev replaced Karmal with a new protégé Najibullah Khan, who was assigned the impossible task of bringing about national reconciliation with the Pakistan-based guerrillas and form a national government. Soviet forces withdrew from Afghanistan in February 1989 having lost 14,500 dead, while more than a million Afghans had been killed since the invasion a decade earlier.

Not long after Russia’s Bolshevik Revolution, Gregory Zinoviev had said that international communism “turns today to the peoples of the East and says to them, `Brothers, we summon you to a Holy War first of all against British imperialism!’ At this there were cries of Jehad! Jehad! And much brandishing of picturesque Oriental weapons.” (Treadgold, Twentieth Century Russia, 1990, p. 213). Now instead, the Afghan misadventure had contributed to the collapse of the Soviet Empire itself, the USSR ceasing to be a political entity by 1991, and even Gorbachev being displaced by Boris Yeltsin and later Vladimir Putin in a new Russia.

What resulted for the people of the USA and Britain and the West in general was that they no longer had to live under threat of hostile Soviet tanks and missiles, while the people of Russia, Ukraine and the other erstwhile Soviet republics as well as Eastern Europe were able to throw off the yoke of communism that had oppressed them since the Bolshevik Revolution and instead to breathe the air of freedom.

What happened to the people of Afghanistan, however, was that they were plunged into further ghastly civil war for more than ten years. And what happened to the people of Pakistan was that their country was left resembling a gigantic Islamist military camp, awash with airfields, arms, ammunition and trained guerrillas, as well as a military establishment enlivened as always by perpetual hope that these supplies, provisions and personnel of war might find alternative use in attacks against India over J& K. “We helped you when you wished to see the Soviet Union defeated and withdrawing in Afghanistan”, Pakistan’s generals and diplomats pleaded with the Americans and British, “now you must help us in our wish to see India defeated and withdrawing in Kashmir”. Pakistan’s leaders even believed that just as the Soviet Union had disintegrated afterwards, the Indian Union perhaps might be made to do the same. Not only were the two cases as different as chalk from cheese, Palmerstone’s dictum there are no permanent allies in the politics of nations could not have found more apt use than in what actually came to take place next.

Pakistan’s generals and diplomats felt betrayed by the loss of Anglo-American paternalism towards them after 1989.

Modern Pakistanis had never felt they subscribed to the Indian nationalist movement culminating in independence in August 1947. The Pakistani state now finally declared its independence in the world by exploding bombs in a nuclear arsenal secretly created with help purchased from China and North Korea. Pakistan’s leaders thus came to feel in some control of Pakistan’s destiny as a nation-state for the first time, more than fifty years after Pakistan’s formal creation in 1947. If nothing else, at least they had the Bomb.

Secondly, America and its allies would not be safe for long since the civil war they had left behind in Afghanistan while trying to defeat the USSR now became a brew from which arose a new threat of violent Islamism. Osama bin Laden and the Taliban, whom Pakistan’s military and the USA had promoted, now encouraged unprecedented attacks on the American mainland on September 11 2001 ~ causing physical and psychological damage which no Soviet, Chinese or Cuban missiles ever had been allowed to do. In response, America attacked and removed the Taliban regime in Afghanistan, once again receiving the cooperative use of Pakistani manpower and real estate ~ except now there was no longer any truck with the Pakistani establishment’s wish for a quid pro quo of Anglo-American support against India on J&K. Pakistan’s generals and diplomats soon realised their Anglo-American alliance of more than a half-century ended on September 11 2001. Their new cooperation was in killing or arresting and handing over fellow-Muslims and necessarily lacked their earlier feelings of subservience and ingratiation towards the Americans and British, and came to be done instead under at least some duress. No benefit could be reaped any more in the fight against India over Jammu & Kashmir. An era had ended in the subcontinent.



Pakistan President Asif Ali Zardari’s recent argument in the New York Times resembles closely the well-known publications of his ambassador to the United States, Mr Husain Haqqani.  Unfortunately, this Zardari-Haqqani thesis about Pakistan’s current predicament in the world and the world’s predicament with Pakistan is shot through with clear factual and logical errors. These  need to be aired because true or useful conclusions cannot be reached from mistaken premises or faulty reasoning.

1.  Origins of Pakistan, India, J&K, and their mutual problems

Mr Zardari makes the following seemingly innocuous statement:

“…. the two great nations of Pakistan and India, born together from the same revolution and mandate in 1947, must continue to move forward with the peace process.”

Now as a matter of simple historical fact, the current entities in the world system known as India and Pakistan were not “born together from the same revolution and mandate in 1947”.  It is palpably false to suppose they were and Pakistanis indulge in wishful thinking and self-deception about their own political history if they suppose this.

India’s Republic arose out of the British Dominion known as “India” which was the legal successor of the entity known previously in international law as “British India”.  British India had had secular governance and so has had the Indian Republic.

By contrast, the Islamic Republic of Pakistan arose out of a newly created state in international law known as the British Dominion of Pakistan, consisting of designated territory carved out of British India by a British decision and coming into existence one day before British India extinguished itself. (Another new state, Bangladesh, later seceded from Pakistan.)

The British decision to create territory designated “Pakistan” had nothing to do with any anti-British “revolution” or “mandate” supported by any Pakistani nationalism because there was none.  (Rahmat Ali’s anti-Hindu pamphleteering in London could be hardly considered Pakistani nationalism against British rule.  Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan’s Pashtun patriots saw themselves as Indian, not Pakistani.)

To the contrary, the British decision had to do with a small number of elite Pakistanis — MA Jinnah foremost among them — demanding not to be part of the general Indian nationalist movement that had been demanding a British departure from power in the subcontinent.   Jinnah’s separatist party, the Muslim League, was trounced in the 1937 provincial elections in all the Muslim-majority areas of British India that would eventually become Pakistan.  Despite this, in September 1939, Britain, at war with Nazi Germany, chose to elevate the political power of Jinnah and his League to parity with the general Indian nationalist movement led by MK Gandhi.  (See, Francis Robinson, in William James and Subroto Roy (eds), Foundations of Pakistan’s Political Economy: Towards an Agenda for the 1990s.)  Britain needed India’s mostly Muslim infantry-divisions — the progenitors of the present-day Pakistan Army — and if that meant tilting towards a risky political idea of “Pakistan” in due course, so it would be.  The thesis that Pakistan arose from any kind of “revolution” or “mandate” in 1947 is  fantasy — the Muslim super-elite that invented and endorsed the Pakistan idea flew from Delhi to Karachi in chartered BOAC Dakotas, caring not a hoot about the vulnerability of ordinary Muslim masses to Sikh and Hindu majority wrath and retaliation on the ground.

Modern India succeeded to the rights and obligations of British India in international law, and has had a recognized existence as a state since at least the signing of the Armistice and Treaty of Versailles in 1918-1919.  India was a founding member of the United Nations, being a signatory of the 1945 San Francisco Declaration, and an original member of the Bretton Woods institutions.  An idea put forward by Argentina that as of 1947 India and Pakistan were both successor states of British India was rejected by the UN (Argentina withdrew its own suggestion), and it was universally acknowledged India was already a member of the UN while Pakistan would have to (and did) apply afresh for membership as a newly created state in the UN.  Pakistan’s entry into the UN had the enthusiastic backing of India and was opposed by only one existing UN member, Afghanistan, due to a conflict that continues to this day over the legitimacy of the Durand Line that bifurcated the Pashtun areas.

Such a review of elementary historical facts and the position in law of Pakistan and India is far from being of merely pedantic interest today.  Rather, it goes directly to the logical roots of the conflict over the erstwhile State of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) — a state that itself originated as an entity in the world system a full century before Pakistan was to do so and more than half a century before British India did, but which would collapse into anarchy and civil war in 1947-1949.

Britain (or England) had been a major nation-state in the world system recognized since Grotius first outlined modern international law. On March 16 1846, Britain entered into a treaty, the Treaty of Amritsar, with one Gulab Singh, and the “State of Jammu & Kashmir” came to arise as a recognizable entity in international law for the first time. (See my “History of Jammu and Kashmir” published in The Statesman, Oct 29-30 2006, available elsewhere here.)

Jammu & Kashmir continued in orderly existence as a state until it crashed into legal and political anarchy and civil war a century later.  The new Pakistan had entered into a “Standstill Agreement” with the State of Jammu & Kashmir as of August 15 1947. On or about October 22 1947, Pakistan unilaterally ended that Standstill Agreement and instead caused military forces from its territory to attack the State of Jammu & Kashmir along the Mansehra Road towards Baramula and Srinagar, coinciding too with an Anglo-Pakistani coup d’etat in Gilgit and Baltistan (see my “Solving Kashmir”; “Law, Justice & J&K”; “Pakistan’s Allies”, all published in The Statesman in 2005-2006 and available elsewhere here).

The new Pakistan had chosen, in all deliberation, to forswear law, politics and diplomacy and to resort to force of arms instead in trying to acquire J&K for itself via a military decision.  It succeeded only partially.  Its forces took and then lost both Baramula and Kargil; they may have threatened Leh but did not attempt to take it; they did take and retain Muzaffarabad and Skardu; they were never near taking the summer capital, Srinagar, though might have threatened the winter capital, Jammu.

All in all, a Ceasefire Line came to be demarcated on the military positions as of February 1 1949.  After a war in 1971 that accompanied the secession of Bangladesh from Pakistan, that Ceasefire Line came to be renamed the “Line of Control” between Pakistan and India. An ownerless entity may be acquired by force of arms — the erstwhile State of Jammu & Kashmir in 1947-1949 had become an ownerless entity that had been dismembered and divided according to military decision following an armed conflict between Pakistan and India.  The entity in the world system known as the “State of Jammu & Kashmir” created on March 16 1846 by Gulab Singh’s treaty with the British ceased to exist as of October 22 1947.  Pakistan had started the fight over J&K but there is a general rule of conflicts that he who starts  a fight does not get to finish it.

Such is the simplest and most practical statement of the history of the current problem.  The British, through their own compulsions and imperial pretensions, raised all the talk about a “Lapse of Paramountcy” of the British Crown over the “Native Princes” of “Indian India”, and of how, the “Native Princes” were required to “accede” to either India or Pakistan.  This ignored Britain’s own constitutional law.  BR Ambedkar pointed out with unsurpassed clarity that no “Lapse of Paramountcy” was possible even for a single logical moment since “Paramountcy” over any “Native Princes” who had not joined India or Pakistan as of August 15 1947, automatically passed from British India to its legal successor, namely, the Dominion of India.   It followed that India’s acquiescence was required for any subsequent accession to Pakistan – an acquiescence granted in case of Chitral and denied in case of Junagadh.

What the Republic of India means by saying today that boundaries cannot be redrawn nor any populations forcibly transferred is quite simply that the division of erstwhile J&K territory is permanent, and that sovereignty over it is indivisible. What Pakistan has claimed is that India has been an occupier and that there are many people inhabiting the Indian area who may not wish to be Indian nationals and who are being compelled against their will to remain so ~  forgetting to add that precisely the same could be said likewise of the Pakistani-held area. The lawful solution I proposed in “Solving Kashmir, “Law, Justice and J&K” and other works has been that the Republic of India invite every person covered under its Article 370, citizen-by-citizen, under a condition of full information, to privately and without fear decide, if he/she has not done so already, between possible Indian, Iranian, Afghan or Pakistani nationalities ~ granting rights and obligations of permanent residents to any of those persons who may choose for whatever private reason not to remain Indian nationals. If Pakistan acted likewise, the problem of J&K would indeed come to be resolved. The Americans, as self-appointed mediators, have said they wish “the people of the region to have a voice” in a solution: there can be no better expression of such voice than allowing individuals to privately choose their own nationalities and their rights and responsibilities accordingly. The issue of territorial sovereignty is logically distinct from that of the choice of nationality by individual inhabitants.

2.  Benazir’s assassination falsely compared to the Mumbai massacres
Secondly, President Zardari draws a mistaken comparison between the assassination last year of his wife, Benazir Bhutto, and the Mumbai massacres a few weeks ago.  Ms Bhutto’s assassination may resemble more closely the assassinations in India of Indira Gandhi in 1984 and Rajiv Gandhi in 1991.

Indira Gandhi died in “blowback” from the unrest she and her younger son and others in their party had opportunistically fomented among Sikh fundamentalists and sectarians since the late 1970s.  Rajiv Gandhi died in “blowback” from an erroneous imperialistic foreign policy that he, as Prime Minister, had been induced to make by jingoistic Indian diplomats, a move that got India’s military needlessly involved in the then-nascent Sri Lankan civil war.  Benazir Bhutto similarly may be seen to have died in “blowback” from her own political activity as prime minister and opposition leader since the late 1980s, including her own encouragement of Muslim fundamentalist forces.  Certainly in all three cases, as in all assassinations, there were lapses of security too and imprudent political judgments made that contributed to the tragic outcomes.

Ms Bhutto’s assassination has next to nothing to do with the Mumbai massacres, besides the fact the perpetrators in both cases were Pakistani terrorists.  President Zardari saying he himself has lost his wife to terrorism is true but not relevant to the proper diagnosis of the Mumbai massacres or to Pakistan-India relations in general.  Rather, it  serves to deflect criticism and condemnation of the Pakistani state’s pampered handing of Pakistan’s terrorist masterminds, as well as the gross irresponsibility of Pakistan’s military scientists (not AQ Khan) who have been recently advocating a nuclear first strike against India in the event of war.

3.  Can any religious nation-state be viable in the modern world?

President Zardari’s article says:

“The world worked to exploit religion against the Soviet Union in Afghanistan by empowering the most fanatic extremists as an instrument of destruction of a superpower. The strategy worked, but its legacy was the creation of an extremist militia with its own dynamic.”

This may be overly simplistic.  As pointed out in my article “Pakistan’s Allies”,  Gregory Zinoviev himself  after the Bolshevik Revolution had declared that international communism “turns today to the peoples of the East and says to them, ‘Brothers, we summon you to a Holy War first of all against British imperialism!’ At this there were cries of Jehad! Jehad! And much brandishing of picturesque Oriental weapons.” (Treadgold, Twentieth Century Russia, 1990, p. 213).   For more than half of the 20th century, orthodox Muslims had been used by Soviet communists against British imperialism, then by the British and Americans (through Pakistan) against Soviet communism.  Touché! Blowback and counter-blowback!  The real question that arises from this today may be why orthodox Muslims have allowed themselves to be used either way by outside forces and have failed in developing a modern nation-state and political culture of their own.  Europe and America only settled down politically after their religious wars were over.  Perhaps no religious nation-state is viable in the modern world.

4.  Pakistan’s behaviour leads to schizophrenia in international relations

President Zardari pleads for, or perhaps demands, resources from the world:

“the best response to the Mumbai carnage is to coordinate in counteracting the scourge of terrorism. The world must act to strengthen Pakistan’s economy and democracy, help us build civil society and provide us with the law enforcement and counterterrorism capacities that will enable us to fight the terrorists effectively.”

Six million pounds from Mr Gordon Brown, so much from here or there etc –  President Zardari has apparently demanded 100 billion dollars from America and that is the price being talked about for Pakistan to dismantle its nuclear weapons and be brought under an American “nuclear umbrella” instead.

I have pointed out elsewhere that what Pakistan seems to have been doing in international relations for decades is send out “mixed messages” – i.e. contradictory signals,  whether in thought, word or deed.  Clinical psychologists following the work of Gregory Bateson would say this leads to confusion among Pakistan’s interlocutors (a “double bind”) and the symptoms arise of what may be found in schizophrenic relationships.  (See my article “Do President-elect Obama’s Pakistan specialists believe…”; on the “double bind” theory,  an article I chanced to publish in the Journal of Genetic Psychology, 1986, may be of interest).

Here are a typical set of “mixed messages” emanating from Pakistan’s government and opinion-makers:

“We have nuclear weapons
“We keep our nuclear weapons safe from any misuse or unauthorized use
“We are willing to use nuclear weapons in a first strike against India
“We do not comprehend the lessons of Hiroshima-Nagasaki
“We do not comprehend the destruction India will visit upon us if we strike them
“We are dangerous so we must not be threatened in any way
“We are peace-loving and want to live in peace with India and Afghanistan
“We love to play cricket with India and watch Bollywood movies
“We love our Pakistan Army as it is one public institution that works
“We know the Pakistan Army has backed armed militias against India in the past
“We know these militias have caused terrorist attacks
“We are not responsible for any terrorist attacks
“We do not harbour any terrorists
“We believe the world should pay us to not use or sell our nuclear weapons
“We believe the world should pay us to not encourage the terrorists in our country
“We believe the world should pay us to prevent terrorists from using our nuclear weapons
“We hate India and do not want to become like India
“We love India and want to become like India
“We are India and we are not India…”


A mature rational responsible and self-confident Pakistan would have said instead:

“We apologise to India and other countries for the outrageous murders our nationals have committed in Mumbai and elsewhere
“We ask the world to watch how our professional army is deployed to disarm civilian and all “non-state” actors of unauthorized firearms and explosives
“We do not need and will not demand or accept a dollar in any sort of foreign aid, military or civilian, to solve our problems
“We realize our economic and political institutions are a mess and we must clean them up
“We will strive to build a society imbued with what Iqbal described as the spirit of modern times..”

As someone who created at great personal cost at an American university twenty years ago the book Foundations of Pakistan’s Political Economy: Towards an Agenda for the 1990s, I have a special interest in hoping that Pakistan shall find the path of wisdom.”


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India’s Muslim Voices (Or, Let us be clear the Pakistan-India or Kashmir conflicts have not been Muslim-Hindu conflicts so much as intra-Muslim conflicts about Muslim identity and self-knowledge on the Indian subcontinent)

India’s Muslim Voices



(Or, Let us be clear the Pakistan-India or Kashmir conflicts have not been Muslim-Hindu conflicts so much as intra-Muslim conflicts about Muslim identity and self-knowledge on the Indian subcontinent)






Subroto Roy



Ill-informed Western observers, especially at purported “think tanks” and news-portals, frequently proclaim the Pakistan-India confrontation and Jammu & Kashmir conflict to represent some kind of savage irreconcilable division between Islamic and Hindu cultures.

For example, the BBC, among its many prevarications on the matter (like lopping off J&K entirely from its recently broadcasted maps of India, perhaps under influence of its Pakistani staffers), frequently speaks of “Hindu-majority India” and “Indian-administered Kashmir” being confronted by Muslim Pakistan.

And two days ago from California’s Bay Area arose into the Internet Cloud the following profundity: What we’re dealing with now, in the Pakistani-Indian rivalry, is a true war of civilizations, pitting Muslims against Hindus…. the unfathomable depths of the Muslim-Hindu divide….”.

Even President-elect Obama’s top Pakistan-specialists have fallen for the line of Washington’s extremely strong Pakistan lobby: “Pakistan… sees itself as the political home for the subcontinent’s Muslim population and believes India’s continued control over the Muslim-majority Kashmir valley and denial of a plebiscite for its inhabitants represent a lingering desire on India’s part to undo the legacy of partition, which divided the British Indian Empire into India and Pakistan.”


The truth on record is completely different and really rather simple: for more than a century and a half, Muslims qua Muslims on the Indian subcontinent have struggled with the question of their most appropriate cultural and political identity.


The starkest contrast may be found in their trying to come to terms with their partly Arabic and partly Hindu or Indian parentage (the words Hindu, Sindhu, Indus, Indian, Sindhi, Hindi etc all clearly have the same Hellenistic root).

For example, there was Wali Allah (1703-1762) declaringWe are an Arab people whose fathers have fallen in exile in the country of Hindustan, and Arabic genealogy and Arabic language are our pride”.

But here has been Mohammad Iqbal (1877-1938), in his 1930 Allahabad speech to the Muslim League, conceiving today’s Pakistan as a wish to become free of precisely that Arab influence: “I would like to see the Punjab, NWFP, Sind and Baluchistan amalgamated into a single state… The life of Islam as a cultural force in this living country very largely depends on its centralisation in a specified territory… For India it means security and peace resulting from an internal balance of power, for Islam an opportunity to rid itself of the stamp that Arabian Imperialism was forced to give it, to mobilise its law, its education, its culture, and to bring them into closer contact with its own original spirit and the spirit of modern times.”

In an article “Saving Pakistan” published last year in The Statesman and available elsewhere here, it was suggested Iqbal’s “spirit of modern times” may be represented most prominently today by the physicist/political philosopher Pervez Hoodbhoy: in a December 2006 speech Hoodbhoy suggested a new alternative to MA Jinnah’s “Faith, Unity, Discipline” slogan: “First, I wish for minds that can deal with the complex nature of truth…. My second wish is for many more Pakistanis who accept diversity as a virtue… My third, and last, wish is that Pakistanis learn to value and nurture creativity.” He has spoken too of bringing “economic justice to Pakistan”, of the “fight to give Pakistan’s women the freedom which is their birthright”, and of people to “wake up” and engage politically. But Pakistan’s Iqbalian liberals like Hoodbhoy still have to square off with those of their compatriots who sent the youthful squad into Mumbai last week with assault rifles, grenades and heroic Arabic code-names, as well as orders to attack civilians with the ferocity of the original Muslims attacking caravans and settlements in ancient Arabia.


What the extremely strong Pakistan lobbies within the British and American political systems have suppressed in order to paint a picture of eternal Muslim-Hindu conflict is the voice of India’s nationalist Muslims, who historically have had no wish to have any truck with any idea of a “Pakistan” at all.


Most eminent among them was undoubtedly Jinnah’s fiercest critic: Maulana Abul Kalam Azad whose classic 1946 statement on Pakistan is available in his India Wins Freedom, the final version published only in 1988.


“I have considered from every possible point of view the scheme of Pakistan as formulated by the Muslim League. As an Indian, I have examined its implications for the future of India as a whole. As a Muslim, I have examined its likely effects upon the fortunes of Muslims of India. Considering the scheme in all its aspects, I have come to the conclusion that it is harmful not only for India as a whole but for Muslims in particular. And in fact it creates more problems than it solves. I must confess that the very term Pakistan goes against my grain. It suggests that some portions of the world are pure while others are impure. Such a division of territories into pure and impure is un-Islamic and is more in keeping with orthodox Brahmanism which divides men and countries into holy and unholy — a division which is a repudiation of the very spirit of Islam. Islam recognizes no such division and the prophet says “God made the whole world a mosque for me”.


Further, it seems that the scheme of Pakistan is a symbol of defeatism, and has been built on the analogy of the Jewish demand for a national home. It is a confession that Indian Muslims cannot hold their own in India as a whole, and would be content to withdraw to a corner specially reserved for them.


One can sympathise with the aspiration of the Jews for such a national home, as they are scattered all over the world and cannot in any region have any effective voice in the administration.. The conditions of Indian Muslims is quite otherwise. Over 90 million in number, they are in quantity and quality a sufficiently important element in Indian life to influence decisively all questions of administration and policy. Nature has further helped them by concentrating them in certain areas.


In such a context, the demand for Pakistan loses all force. As a Muslim, I for one am not prepared for a moment to give up my right to treat the whole of India as my domain and to shape in the shaping of its political and economic life. To me it seems a sure sign of cowardice to give up what is my patrimony and content myself with a mere fragment of it.


As is well known, Mr. Jinnah’s Pakistan scheme is based on his two nation theory. His thesis is that India contains many nationalities based on religious differences, Of them the two major nations, the Hindus and Muslims, must as separate nations have separate States, When Dr Edward Thompson once pointed out to Mr. Jinnah that Hindus and Muslims live side by side in thousands of Indian towns, villages and hamlets, Mr. Jinnah replied that this is no way affected their separate nationality. Two nations, according to M Jinnah, confront one another in every hamlet, village and town, and he, therefore, desires that they should be separated into two States.


I am prepared to overlook all other aspects of the problem and judge it from the point of view of Muslim interest alone. I shall go still further and say that if it can be shown that the scheme of Pakistan can in any way benefit Muslims I would be prepared to accept it myself and also to work for its acceptance by others. But the truth is that even if I examine the scheme from the point of view of the communal interests of the Muslims themselves, I am forced to the conclusion that it can in no way benefit them or allay their legitimate fears.

Let us consider dispassionately the consequences which will follow if we give effect to the Pakistan scheme. India will be divided into two States, one with a majority of Muslims and the other of Hindus. In the Hindustan State there will remain 35 million Muslims scattered in small minorities all over the land. With 17 per cent in UP, 12 percent in Bihar and 9 percent in Madras, they will be weaker than they are today in the Hindu majority provinces. They have had their homelands in these regions for almost a thousand years and built up well known centres of Muslim culture and civilization there.

They will awaken overnight and discover that they have become alien and foreigners. Backward industrially, educationally and economically, they will be left to the mercies to what would become an unadulterated Hindu raj.

On the other hand, their position within the Pakistan State will be vulnerable and weak. Nowhere in Pakistan will their majority be comparable to the Hindu majority in the Hindustan States. ( NB Azad could hardly imagine even at this point the actual British Partition of Punjab and Bengal, let aside the later separation of Bangladesh from West Pakistan, SR. )

In fact, their majority will be so slight that will be offset by the economical, educational and political lead enjoyed by non-Muslims in these areas. Even if this were not so and Pakistan were overwhelmingly Muslim in population, it still could hardly solve the problem of Muslims in Hindustan. Two States confronting one another, offer no solution of the problem of one another’s minorities, but only lead to retribution and reprisals by introducing a system of mutual hostages. The scheme of Pakistan therefore solves no problems for the Muslims. It cannot safeguard their rights where they are in minority nor as citizens of Pakistan secure them a position in Indian or world affairs which they would enjoy as citizens of a major State like the Indian Union.

It may be argued that if Pakistan is so much against the interest if the Muslims themselves, then why should such a large section of Muslims be swept away by its lure? The answer is to be found in the attitude of certain communal extremists among the Hindus. When the Muslim League began to speak of Pakistan, they read into the scheme a sinister pan-Islamic conspiracy and began to oppose it out of fear that it foreshadowed a combination of Indian Muslim and trans-Indian Muslim States. The opposition acted as an incentive to the adherents of the League. With simple though untenable logic they argued that if Hindus were so opposed to Pakistan, surely it must be of benefit to Muslims. An atmosphere of emotional frenzy was created which made reasonable appraisement impossible and swept away especially the younger and more impressionable among the Muslims. I have, however, no doubt that when the present frenzy has died down and the question can be considered dispassionately, those who now support Pakistan will themselves repudiate it as harmful for Muslim interests.

The formula which I have succeeded in making the Congress accept secures whatever merits the Pakistan scheme contains while all its defects and drawbacks are avoided. The basis of Pakistan is the fear of interference by the Centre in Muslim majority areas as the Hindus will be in a majority in the Centre. The Congress meets this fear by granting full autonomy to the provincial units and vesting all residuary power in the provinces. It also has provided for two lists of Central subjects, one compulsory and one optional, so that if any provincial unit so wants, it can administer all subjects itself except a minimum delegated to the Centre. The Congress scheme threescore ensures that Muslim majority provinces are internally free to develop as they will, but can at the same time influence the Centre on all issues which affect India as a whole.

The situation in India is such that all attempts to establish a centralized and unitary government are bound to fail. Equally, doomed to failure is the attempt to divide India into two States. After considering all aspects of the question, I have come to the conclusion that the only solution can be on the lines embodied in the Congress formula which allows room for development both to the provinces and to India as a whole. The Congress formula meets the fear of the Muslim majority areas to allay which the scheme of Pakistan was formed. On the other hand, it avoids the defects of the Pakistan scheme which would bring the Muslims where they are in a minority under a purely Hindu government.

I am one of those who considers the present chapter of communal bitterness and differences as a transient phase in Indian life. I firmly hold that they will disappear when India assumes the responsibility of her own destiny. I am reminded of a saying of Mr. Gladstone that the best cure for a man’s fear of the water was to throw him into it. Similarly, India must assume responsibilities and administer her own affairs before fears and suspicious can be fully allayed.

When India attains her destiny, she will forget the chapter of communal suspicion and conflict and face the problems of modern life from a modern point of view. Differences will no doubt persist, but they will be economic, not communal. Opposition among political parties will continue, but it will based, not on religion, but on economic and political issues. Class and not community will be the basis oaf future alignments, and policies will be shaped accordingly. If it be argued that this is only a faith which events may not justify, I would say that in any case the 90 million Muslims constitute a factor which nobody can ignore and whatever the circumstances, they are strong enough to safeguard their own destiny.”




Next must be Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah’s classic February 1948 Speech to the UN Security  Council,  four months into the initial Pakistani attack on Kashmir:



“Aggression, not accession, is the issue: I have heard with patience, attention and respect the statements made by the representative of Pakistan and members of the Security Council, as well as the statements made on various occasions by the members of my own delegation. The Security Council will concede that I am probably the one man most concerned in the dispute because I happen to come from that land which has become the bone of contention between the two Dominions of India and Pakistan.

I have been quoted profusely on either side, and rightly so, because I have had the fortune-or, should I say, misfortune of leading my countrymen to freedom from 1931 onwards. In this task, I have suffered a great deal. I have been imprisoned not once or twice, but seven times, and the last imprisonment carried with it an aggregate sentence of nine years.

There are many troubles in Kashmir. I have heard patiently the debate in the Security Council, but I feel that I am rather confused. After all, what is the point in dispute? The point in dispute is not that the sovereignty of the Prince is in question, as the representative of Pakistan stated yesterday. After all, I have suffered the punishment of being sentenced to nine years imprisonment for saying what the representative of Pakistan said with regard to the Treaty of Amritsar of 1846. I am glad that he said in the Security Council, where he is immune from any punishment. Therefore, I am not disputing that point and that it is not the subject of the dispute before the Security Council.

The subject of the dispute before the Security Council is not the mal-administration of the Princely State of Kashmir. In order to set right that mal-administration, I think I have suffered the most, and today, when for the first time, I heard the representative of Pakistan supporting my case, it gave me great pleasure.

After all, what is the dispute between India and Pakistan? From what I have learned from the complaint brought before the Security Council by my own delegation, the dispute revolves around the fact that Kashmir acceded legally and constitutionally to the Dominion of India. There was some trouble about the demarcation of the Kashmir administration within the State, and the tribesmen from across the border have poured into my country. They have been helped and are being helped by the Pakistan Government, with the result that there is the possibility of a greater conflagration between India and Pakistan. India sought the help of Security Council so that Pakistan might be requested to desist from helping the tribesmen, and to desist from supporting the inside revolt, should I say, against the lawful authority.

I should have understood the position of the representative of Pakistan if he had come boldly before the Security Council and maintained: “Yes, we do support the tribesmen; we do support the rebels inside the State because we feel that Kashmir belongs to Pakistan and not to India, and because we feel that the accession of Kashmir to India was fraudulent.” Then we might have discussed the validity of the accession of the State of Kashmir to India. But that was not the position taken by the representative of Pakistan. He completely denied that any support was being given by the Government of Pakistan to either the tribesmen or those who are in revolt within the State against the constituted authority.

How am I to convince the Security Council that the denial is absolutely untrue? I am sitting before the Security Council at a distance of thousands of miles from my country. I have fought many battles, along with my own men, on the borders of Jammu and Kashmir. I have seen with my own eyes the support given by the Pakistan Government, not only in supplying buses but in providing arms, ammunition, direction and control of the tribesmen and I have even seen the Pakistan Army forces from across the border.

The denial has come so flatly that it becomes very difficult for me to disprove it here before the Security Council, unless the Security Council accedes to our request to send a commission to the spot and to find out first whether the allegations brought before the Security Council with regard to the aid given by the Government of Pakistan are correct or incorrect. If they are incorrect, the case falls; if they are correct, then the Security Council should take the necessary steps to advise the Government of Pakistan to desist from such support.

But then, this simple issue has been confused. On the one hand, the Pakistan Government says, “We are not a party to the trouble within the State. The trouble within the State exists because the people are fighting against the mal-administration of the Jammu and Kashmir Government.” Yes, we are fighting, we have been fighting against the mal-administration of that State since 1931. We have been demanding democratisation of the Government there. But how is it that today Pakistan has become the champion of our liberty? I know very well that in 1946, when I raised the cry “Quit Kashmir,” the leader of the Pakistan Government, who is the Governor-General now, Mr.Mohammed Ali Jinnah, opposed my Government, declaring that this movement was a movement of a few renegades and that Muslims as such had nothing to do with the movement.

The Muslim Conference, which has been talked about so much, opposed my movement and declared its loyalty to the Prince. The representative of Pakistan now says that Sheikh Abdullah, once the supporter of “Quit Kashmir”, has joined hands with the Maharaja of Kashmir, and that in one of my public speeches I declared that I wanted the Maharaja to be the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir-not the Maharaja of Jammu only, but the Maharaja of entire State.

I should like to correct the misreporting of my speech. I did deliver that speech in Jammu, which is the winter capital of our country, but it was in a different context. As the members of the Security Council have already heard from the head of my delegation, some massacres did occur in the Jammu Province. After the Kashmir Province was raided by the tribesmen, and after thousands of Hindus and Sikhs were uprooted from the villages and towns in the Kashmir Province and found their way into the Jammu Province, there was some very bad retaliation. I could not go to Jammu Province to control that situation because I was busy with the raiders in Kashmir Province. However, as soon as I had some time, I flew down to Jammu Province, addressed a gathering of 60,000 Hindus and Sikhs in Jammu city, and gave them some plain advice.

I told them clearly that this policy of retaliation would bring no good to them as Hindus and Sikhs and would bring no good to their leader, because while they could retaliate in one or two districts where they formed the majority, and could even wipe out the Muslim population in these one or two districts, the State happens to have a population which is 80 per cent Muslim, and it would be impossible for them to wipe out the entire Muslim population. The result would be that the Prince, whom they wanted to support, would remain the Prince of only two districts, and not of the entire State of Jammu and Kashmir. I told them that if they wanted him to be the Prince of Jammu and Kashmir, they would have to change their behaviour. That was the speech I delivered, and that was the context in which it was made.

However, I have already stated how this trouble started. It is probable that the representative of Pakistan would admit that when India was divided into two parts, my colleagues and I were all behind prison bars. The result of this division of India was to start massacre on either side. Where Muslims in the West Punjab formed the majority, the killing of Hindus and Sikhs started and this was retaliated in East Punjab. All along our border, massacres of Hindus and Sikhs, on the one hand, and Muslims on the other hand were a daily occurrence. But the State of Jammu and Kashmir, and its people, kept calm. The result was that thousands of refugees, both Muslims and Hindus, sought refuge in our State and we rendered every possible help to all of them.

Why was that so? It was because I and my organisation never believed in the formula that Muslims and Hindus form separate nations. We do not believe in the two-nation theory, nor in communal hatred or communalism itself. We believed that religion had no place in politics. Therefore, when we launched our movement of “Quit Kashmir”, it was not only Muslims who suffered, but our Hindu and Sikh comrades as well. That created a strong bond of unity between all the communities, and the result was that while Hindus, Sikhs and Muslims were fighting each other all along the border, the people of Jammu and Kashmir State — Muslims, Hindus and Sikhs alike-remained calm.

The situation was worsening day by day and the minority in our State was feeling very nervous. As a result, tremendous pressure was brought to bear upon the State administration to release me and my colleagues. The situation outside demanded the release of workers of the National Conference, along with its leader, and we were accordingly set free.

Immediately we were liberated from prison we were faced with the important question of whether Kashmir should accede to Pakistan, accede to India, or remain independent, because under the partition scheme these three choices were open us as, indeed, they were open to every Indian State. The problem was a very difficult one, but I advised the people of my country that although the question was very important to us, it was a secondary consideration. The all important matter for us was our own liberation from the autocratic rule of the Prince for which we were fighting and had been fighting for the past seventeen years. We had not achieved that goal, and therefore I told my people that we must do so first. Then, as free men we should have to decide where our interest lay. Being a frontier State, Kashmir has borders with both Pakistan and India, and there are advantages and disadvantages for the people of Kashmir attached to each of the three alternatives to which I have referred.

Naturally, as I have indicated, we could not decide this all important issue before achieving our own liberation, and our slogan became “Freedom before accession”. Some friends from Pakistan met mein Srinagar. I had a heart- to- heart discussion with them and explained my point of view. I told them in plain words that, whatever had been the attitude of Pakistan towards our freedom movement in the past, it would not influence us in our judgement. Neither the friendship of Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru and of Congress, nor their support of our freedom movement, would have any influence upon our decision if we felt that the interests of four million Kashmiris lay in our accession to Pakistan.

I requested them not to precipitate this decision upon us but to allow us time, supporting our movement for the while. I added that once we were free they should allow us an interval to consider this all important issue. I pointed out that India had accepted this point of view and was not forcing us to decide. We had, in fact, entered into a standstill agreement with both Pakistan and India, but the leader of the Indian delegation has already explained to the Security Council what Pakistan did to us.

While I was engaged in these conversations and negotiations with friends from Pakistan, I sent one of my colleagues to Lahore, where he met the Prime Minister of Pakistan, Mr. Liaqat Ali Khan, and other high dignitaries of the West Punjab Government. He placed the same point of view before them and requested that they should allow us time to consider this vital question, first helping us to achieve our liberation instead of forcing us to declare our decision one way or the other. Then, one fine morning while these negotiations were proceeding, I received news that a full-fledged attack had been carried out by the raiders on Muzaffarabad, frontier town in the Kashmir Province.

The representative of Pakistan has stated that immediately upon my release I went down to Delhi to negotiate the accession of Kashmir to India. That is not a fact. He probably does not know that while in jail I was elected President of the All India States People’s Conference, and that immediately upon my release I had to take up my duties. Accordingly, I had called a meeting of the executive of that Conference in Delhi, a fact which I had conveyed to the Prime Minister of Pakistan. Indeed, I had told the Prime Minister of Pakistan that immediately upon my return from Delhi I should take the opportunity of meeting him personally to discuss my point of view with him. I did not go to Delhi to conclude any agreement on behalf of Kashmir because, although released, I was still considered a rebel.

I might inform the representative of Pakistan that although I am beyond doubt the head of the Administration of Kashmir State, I am not the Prime Minister. I am head of the Emergency Administration, and that not because the Maharaja of Kashmir wished it. In fact, I do not know whether the Maharaja wishes it even now. I hold the position because the people of my country wish me to be at the helm of affairs in Jammu and Kashmir State.

When the raiders came to our land, massacred thousands of people—mostly Hindus and Sikhs, but Muslims, too—abducted thousands of girls, Hindus, Sikhs and Muslims alike, looted our property and almost reached the gates of our summer capital, Srinagar, the result was that the civil, military and police administrations failed. The Maharaja, in the dead of night, left the capital along with his courtiers, and the result was absolute panic. There was no one to take over control. In that hour of crisis, the National Conference came forward with its 10,000 volunteers and took over the administration of the country. They started guarding the banks, the offices and houses of every person in the capital. This is the manner in which the administration changed hands. We were de facto in charge of the administration. The Maharaja, later on, gave it a legal form.

It is said that Sheikh Abdullah is a friend of Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru. Yes, I admit that. I feel honoured that such a great man claims me as his friend. And he happens to belong to my own country;he is also a Kashmiri, and blood is thicker than water. If JawaharLal Nehru gives me that honour, I cannot help it. He is my friend. But that does not mean that, because of his friendship, I am going to betray the millions of my people who have suffered along with me for the last seventeen years and sacrifice the interests of my country. I am not a man of that calibre.

I was explaining how the dispute arose—how Pakistan wanted to force this position of slavery upon us. Pakistan had no interest in our liberation or it would not also have opposed our freedom movement. Pakistan would have supported us when thousands of my countrymen were behind bars and hundreds were shot to death. The Pakistani leaders and Pakistani papers were heaping abuse upon the people of Kashmir who were suffering these tortures.

Then suddenly, Pakistan comes before the bar of the world as the champion of the liberty of the people of Jammu and Kashmir. The world may believe this, but it is very difficult for me to believe. When we refused the coercive tactics of Pakistan, it started full fledged aggression and encouraged the tribesmen in this activity. It is absolutely impossible for the tribesmen to enter our territory without encouragement from Pakistan, because it is necessary to pass through Pakistan territory to reach Jammu and Kashmir. Hundreds of trucks, thousands of gallons of petrol, thousands of rifles, ammunition, and all forms of help that an army requires, were supplied to them. We know this. After all, we belong to that country. What Pakistan could not achieve by the use of economic blockade it wanted to achieve by full-fledged aggression.

What do we request? We request nothing more than that the Security Council should send some members to this area to see for themselves what is happening there. If Pakistan comes forward and says, “We question the legality of accession”, I am prepared to discuss whether or not the accession of Jammu and Kashmir to India was legal. However, now they say, “We want a plebiscite, we want to obtain the free and unfettered opinion of the people of Kashmir. There should be no pressure exerted on the people and they should make the free choice as to the State to which they wish to accede.”

Not only this the offer that was made by the people of Kashmir to Pakistan long, long ago, but it is the offer made by the Prime Minister of India at a time, I think, he had not the slightest need for making it, as Kashmir was in distress.

We realised that Pakistan would not allow us any time, that we had either to suffer the fate of our kith and kin of Muzaffarabad, Baramulla, Srinagar and other towns and villages, or to seek help from some outside authority.

Under these circumstances, both the Maharaja and the people of Kashmir requested the Government of India to accept our accession. The Government of India could have easily accepted the accession and could have said, “All right we accept your accession and we shall render this help.” There was no necessity for the Prime Minister of India to add the proviso, when accepting the accession, that India does not want to take advantage of the difficult situation in Kashmir. We will accept this accession, without Kashmir’s acceding to the Indian Dominion, we are not in a position to render any military help. But once the country is free from the raiders, marauders and looters, this accession will be subject to ratification by the people. That was the offer made by the Prime Minister of India.

That was the same offer which was made by the people of Kashmir to the Government of Pakistan, but it was refused because at that time Pakistan felt that it could, within a week, conquer the entire Jammu and Kashmir State and then place the fait accompli before the world, just as happened some time ago in Europe. The same tactics were used.

But having failed in these tactics, Pakistan now comes before the bar of the world, pleading, “We want nothing, we only want our people to be given a free hand in deciding their own fate. And in deciding their own fate, they must have a plebiscite.”

They then continue and say, “No, a plebiscite cannot be fair and impartial unless and until there is a neutral administration in the State of Jammu and Kashmir.” I have failed to understand this terminology with reference to a “neutral administration”. After all what does “neutral administration” mean?

The representative of Pakistan has stated that Sheikh Abdullah, because he is a friend of Jawahar Lal Nehru, because he has had sympathy for the Indian National Congress, because he has declared his point of view in favour of accession to India, and because he is head of the Emergency Administration, cannot remain impartial. Therefore, Sheikh Abdullah must depart.

Let us suppose that Sheikh Abdullah goes, who is to replace Sheikh Abdullah ? It will be someone amongst the 4 million people of the State of Jammu and Kashmir. But can we find anyone among these 4 million people whom we can call impartial? After all, we are not logs of wood, we are not dolls. We must have an opinion one way or the other. The people of Kashmir are either in favour of Pakistan or in favour of India.

Therefore, Pakistan’s position comes down to this that the 4 million people of that State should have no hand in running the administration of their own country. Someone else must come in for that purpose. Is that fair ? Is that just ? Do the members of the Security Council wish to oust the people of Kashmir from running their own administration and their own country ? Then, for argument’s sake, let us suppose that the 4 million people of the State of Jammu and Kashmir agree to have nothing to do with the administration of their country; some one else must be brought into the country for this purpose. From where do the members of the Security Council propose that such a neutral individual may be secured? From India? No, from Pakistan? No, from anywhere in the world? No, frankly speaking, even if the Security Council were to request Almighty God to administer the State of Jammu and Kashmir during this interim period, I do not feel that He could act impartially. After all, one must have sympathy either for this side or that side.

If elections were to be held in the United Kingdom sometime after tomorrow with the Labour Government in power, would anyone say to Mr Attlee: “The elections are now going on. Because you happen to belong to Labour Party, your sympathies will be in favour of the Labour vote. Therefore, you had better clear out. We must have a neutral man as Prime Minister until our elections are finished?

However, we have been told that Sheikh Abdullah must walk out because he has declared his point of view in favour of India. Therefore, he cannot be impartial. We must have some impartial man we must have some neutral man.

As I have submitted to the members of the Security Council, Sheikh Abdullah happens to be there because the people wish it. As long as the people wish it, I shall be there. There is no power on earth which can displace me from the position which I have there. As long as the people are behind me, I will remain there.

We have declared once for all, that there shall be freedom of voting and for that purpose we have said, “Let anyone come in, we have no objection. Let the Commission of the Security Council on India come into our State and advise us how we should take a vote, how we should organize it, and how it can be completely impartial. We have no objection.” My Government is ready to satisfy, to the last comma, the impartiality of the vote.

But to have an impartial vote is one thing; to have a say in the administration of the State is a different thing entirely. After all, with what are we concerned? We are concerned only with the fact that no influence shall be exercised over the voters, either in one way or in another. The people shall be free to vote according to their own interests. We are ready to accede to that.

It is then said: “You cannot have freedom of voting as long as the Indian Army remains in the State of Jammu and Kashmir.” It is probably very difficult for me to draw a full picture of what is going on in that country. There is absolute chaos in certain parts of the country, fighting is going on and thousands of tribesmen are there ready to take advantage of any weakness on the part of the State of Jammu and Kashmir.

Once we ask the Indian Army, which is the only protective force in Kashmir against these marauders, to clear out, we leave the country open to chaos. After all, one who has suffered for the last seventeen years, in attempting to secure the freedom and liberation of his own country, would not like an outside army to come in and to remain in the country.

However, what is the present situation? If I ask the Indian Army to clear out, how am I going to protect the people from the looting, arson, murder and abduction with which they have been faced all these long months? What is the alternative? here need be no fear since the Indian Army is there, that this army will interfere in the exercise of a free vote. After all, a Commission of the Security Council will be there in order to watch. The Indian Army does not have to go into every village. It will be stationed at certain strategic points, so that in the event of danger from any border, the Army will be there to protect that border. The army is there to curb disorders anywhere in the State; that is all. The army will not be in each and every village in order to watch each and every vote.

It is then said: “Can we not have a joint control ? Can we not have the armies of Pakistan and India inside the State in order to control the situation ?” This is an unusual idea. What Pakistan could not achieve through ordinary means, Pakistan wishes to achieve by entering through the back door, so that it may have its armies inside the State and then start the fight. That is not possible. After all, we have been discussing the situation in Kashmir. I should say that we have been playing the drama of Hamlet without the Prince of Denmark. The people of Kashmir are vitally interested in this question. Four million people in Kashmir are keenly interested in this entire affair. I have sympathies with the people of Poonch and Mirpur. The representative of Pakistan will probably concede that I have suffered greatly for the people of Poonch as well as for the people of Mirpur. There is no difference on this part of international democratisation of the administration between me, my party and the people of Poonch. We are one, we want our own liberty, we want our own freedom, we do not want autocratic rule. We desire that the 4 million people in Jammu and Kashmir—Hindus, Sikhs and Muslims— shall have the right to change their destiny, to control their country, and to administer it as best as they can. On that point there is absolutely no difference.

However, it is not a question of internal liberation. The Security Council should not confine the issue. The question is not that we want internal freedom, the question is not how the Maharaja got his State, or whether or not he is sovereign. These points are not before the Security Council. Whether Kashmir has lawfully acceded to India—complaints on that score have been brought before the Security Council on behalf of Pakistan—is not the point at issue. If that were the point at issue, then we should discuss that subject. We should prove before the Security Council that Kashmir and the people of Kashmir have lawfully and constitutionally acceded to the Dominion of India and Pakistan has no right to question that accession. However, that is not the discussion before the Security Council.

Indian and Kashmiri forces are ready to deal with tribesmen, to come to an understanding with the people of Kashmir and to establish ademocratic form of government inside the State. We shall do all that. We do not want Pakistan to lend us support to suppress an internal revolt or to drive out the tribesmen. We do not seek any support from Pakistan in that connection. Since Pakistan is a neighbouring country, we desire to remain on the friendliest possible terms with this sister Dominion. But we do ask that Pakistan shall have no hand, directly or indirectly, in this turmoil in Kashmir. The Government of Pakistan has said: “We have no hand in this turmoil.” The only course left to the Security Council is to send out the commission and to see whether or not Pakistan has any hand in this turmoil. If Pakistan has had any hand in this turmoil, then the Government of Pakistan should be asked to desist from such activity. If Pakistan has had no hand in this turmoil, then that can be proved.

This issue has been clouded by very many other issues and interests. I suggested at informal talks that according to my understanding there are two points at issue, first, how to have this neutral impartial administration; second, whether or not the Indian Army shall remain. It is not at all disputed that we must have a plebiscite and that the accession must be ratified by the people of Kashmir, freely and without any pressure on this or that side. That much is conceded, there is no dispute about that. The dispute arises when it is suggested that in order to have the free vote, the administration must be changed. To that suggestion we say, “No.”

I do not know what course future events will take. However, I may assure the Security Council that, if I am asked to conduct the administration of this State, it will be my duty to make the administration absolutely impartial. It will be my duty to request my brothers, who are in a different camp at this time, to come to lend me support. After all, they are my own kith and kin. We suffered together, we have no quarrel with them. I shall tell them: “Come on; it is my country; it is your country. I have been asked to administer the State. Are you prepared to lend me support? It is for me to make the administration successful; it is for me to make the administration look impartial.” It is not for Pakistan to say “No, we must have an impartial administration.” I refuse to accept Pakistan as a party in the affairs of the Jammu and Kashmir State. I refuse this point blank. Pakistan has no right to say that we must do this and we must do that. We have seen enough of Pakistan. The people of Kashmir have seen enough. Muzaffarabad and Baramulla and hundred of villages in Jammu and Kashmir depict the story of Pakistan to the people of Jammu and Kashmir. We want to have no more of this.

In concluding, I again request that in order to settle this issue of Kashmir, the Security Council should not confuse the point in dispute. The Security Council should not allow various other extraneous matters to be introduced. Very many extraneous matters have been introduced. The representative of Pakistan gave us the history of the Jammu and Kashmir State. He read to us some letters from Viceroys of India, asking the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir to behave, giving the Maharaja good advice, et cetera. However, we cannot forget that these States are the creation of British imperialism in India who has supported these states and this misrule for these 150 years? It is not going to convince me or the world for the representative of Pakistan to say: “These events have happened and these letters were written.” We know how the Princes have acted, how the states were brought into existence, and how the Princes were supported. This was all a game in the British imperialist policy. But this legacy has now fallen upon us. We are not here to discuss whether or not the Maharaja lawfully became the ruler of the State, whether or not there is moral administration in this State, whether or not the Maharaja is sovereign and whether or not Kashmir has legally acceded to India. These issues are not before the Security Council. The only issue before the Security Council is that Pakistan must observe its international obligations and must not support any outside raiders.

Pakistan should not encourage inside revolt. Pakistan has denied that it has in order to verify the statements made by the representatives of India and Pakistan, the Security Council must send a commission to the spot to see whether the complaint brought before the Security Council is valid or invalid. If the Security Council finds that the complaint brought before it by India is valid, then Pakistan should be asked to desist or India should be permitted to use its means to carry out the decision of the Security Council.

As far as I can speak on behalf of India, India does not want the help of the armies of Pakistan. What it wants from Pakistan is that Pakistan should not supply bases to the raiders on Pakistan territory across the border from Jammu and Kashmir State. All along the border on Pakistan territory, there are huge concentrations of these tribesmen who are Pakistani nationals. We request Pakistan not to allow its territory to be used by these raiders.

Pakistan should not provide ammunition, arms, direction and control to these tribesmen. It should stop the passage of these tribesmen through its territory. Pakistan should not supply arms and ammunition to the people who are fighting within the State because all these matters fall under an international obligation. Therefore, Pakistan should desist from that practice. That is all. We do not want any armed help from Pakistan. If Pakistan does what we have requested, the Indian Army, I am quite sure, will be capable of driving out the raiders and tribesmen. If Pakistan does not meddle in our affairs, we will be capable of solving all our own internal disputes with the Maharaja of Kashmir. However, as long as this unofficial war continues, it is very difficult for us to do any thing. Our hands are tied.

What is happening? The raiders are concentrated just across the border. They enter our State in large number—four or five thousand strong. They raid four or five villages, burn them, abduct women and loot property. When our army tries to capture them, they go across the border, and can not fire a single shot across the border, because if it does, there is the immediate danger of a greater conflagration. So our hands are tied.

We do not want to create this difficult situation without informing the Security Council and we felt honour-bound to inform it of the actual position. The Indian Army could easily have followed the raiders across the border and could have attacked the bases, which were all in Pakistan territory, but it desisted. We thought it would be better to inform the Security Council of the situation.

However, I did not have the slightest idea that when the case came before the Security Council, the representative of Pakistan would so boldly deny that Pakistan supplied all this help. Everybody knows that Pakistan is aiding these raiders and tribesmen and the people who are fighting with the State. However, Pakistan chose boldly to deny all these charges.

What is left for me to do? After all, I do not have any magic lamp so that I might bring the entire picture of Jammu and Kashmir State, along with the borders of Pakistan, before the eyes of the members of the Security Council so that they might see who is fighting and who is not fighting. Therefore, somebody must go to the spot. Then at that time it would be for us to prove that the charges we have brought before the Security Council are correct to the last word. That is the only help we want and no other help.”




Thirdly, though by no means lastly, may be placed the 14 August 1951 Memorandum of  prominent Muslims led by Dr Zakir Hussain to the UN Representative Dr. Frank P. Graham:

“It is a remarkable fact that, while the Security Council and its various agencies have devoted so much time to the study of the Kashmir dispute and made various suggestions for its resolution, none of them has tried to ascertain the views of the Indian Muslims nor the possible effect of any hasty step in Kashmir, however well-intentioned, on the interests and well- being of the Indian Muslims. We are convinced that no lasting solution for the problem can be found unless the position of Muslims in Indian society is clearly understood.

Supporters of the idea of Pakistan, before this subcontinent was partitioned, discouraged any attempt to define Pakistan clearly and did little to anticipate the conflicting problems which were bound to arise as a result of the advocacy of the two-nation theory. The concept of Pakistan, therefore, became an emotional slogan with little rational content. It never occurred to the Muslim League or its leaders that if a minority was not prepared to live with a majority on the sub- continent, how could the majority be expected t o tolerate the minority.

It is, therefore, small wonder that the result of partition has been disastrous to Muslims. In undivided India, their strength lay about 100 million. Partition split up the Muslim people, confining them to the three isolated regions. Thus, Muslims number 25 million in Western Pakistan, 35 million to 40 million in India, and the rest in Eastern Pakistan. A single undivided community has been broken into three fragments, each faced with its own problems.

Pakistan was not created on a religious basis. If it had been, our fate as well as the fate of other minorities would have been settled at that time. Nor would the division of the sub- continent for reasons of religion have left large minorities in India or Pakistan.

This merely illustrates what we have said above, that the concept of Pakistan was vague, obscure, and never clearly defined, nor its likely consequences foreseen by the Muslim League, even when some of these should have been obvious.

When the partition took place, Muslims in India were left in the lurch by the Muslim League and its leaders. Most of them departed to Pakistan and a few who stayed behind stayed long enough to wind up their affairs and dispose of their property. Those who went over to Pakistan left a large number of relations and friends behind.

Having brought about a division of the country, Pakistan leaders proclaimed that they would convert Pakistan into a land where people would live a life according to the tenets of Islam. This created nervousness and alarm among the minorities living in Pakistan. Not satisfied with this, Pakistan went further and announced again and again their determination to protect and safeguard the interests of Muslims in India. This naturally aroused suspicion amongst the Hindus against us and our loyalty to India was questioned.

Pakistan had made our position weaker by driving out Hindus from Western Pakistan in utter disregard of the consequences of such a policy to us and our welfare. A similar process is in question in Eastern Pakistan from which Hindus are coming over to India in a large and large number.

If the Hindus are not welcome in Pakistan, how can we, in all fairness, expect Muslims to be welcomed in India ? Such a policy must inevitably, as the past has already shown, result in the uprooting of Muslims in this country and their migration to Pakistan where, as it became clear last year, they are no longer welcome, lest their influx should destroy Pakistan’s economy. Neither some of the Muslims who did migrate to Pakistan after partition, and following the widespread bloodshed and conflict on both sides of the Indo-Pakistan border in the north- west, have been able to find a happy asylum in what they had been told would be their homeland. Consequently some of them have had to return to India, e.g. Meos who are now being rehabilitated in their former areas.

If we are living honourably in India today, it is certainly not due to Pakistan which, if anything, has by her policy and action weakened our position. The credit goes to the broadminded leadership of India, to Mahatma Gandhi and Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, to the traditions of tolerance in this country and to the Constitution which ensures equal rights to all citizens of India, irrespective of their religion caste, creed, colour or sex.

We, therefore, feel that, tragically as Muslims were misled by the Muslim League and subsequently by Pakistan and the unnecessary suffering which we and our Hindu brethren have to go through in Pakistan and in India since partition, we must be given an opportunity to settle down to a life of tolerance and understanding to the mutual benefit of Hindus and Muslims in our country – if only Pakistan would let us do it. To us it is a matter of no small consequence.

Despite continuous provocations, first from the Muslim League and since then from Pakistan, the Hindu majority in India has not thrown us or members of other minorities out of Civil Services, Armed Forces, the judiciary, trade, commerce, business and industry. There are Muslim Ministers in the Union and State cabinets, Muslim Governors, Muslim Ambassadors, representing India in foreign countries, fully enjoying the confidence of the Indian nation, Muslim members in Parliament and state legislatures, Muslim judges serving on the Supreme Court and High Courts, high-ranking officers in the Armed Forces and the Civil services, including the police.

Muslims have large landed estates, run big business and commercial houses in various parts of the country, notably in Bombay and Calcutta, have their shares in industrial production and enterprise in export and import trade. Our famous sacred shrines and places of cultural interest are mostly in India.

Not that our lot is certainly happy. We wish some of the state Governments showed a little greater sympathy to us in the field of education and employment. Nevertheless, we feel we have an honourable place in India. Under the law of the land, our religious and cultural life is protected and we shall share in the opportunities open to all citizens to ensure progress for the people of this country.

It is, therefore, clear that our interest and welfare do not coincide with Pakistan’s conception of the welfare and interests of Muslims in Pakistan.

This is clear from Pakistan’s attitude towards Kashmir. Pakistan claims Kashmir, first, on the ground of the majority of the State’s people being Muslims and, secondly, on the ground, of the state being essential to its economy and defence. To achieve its objective it has been threatening to launch “Jihad” against Kashmir in India. It is a strange commentary on political beliefs that the same Muslims of Pakistan who like the Muslims of Kashmir to join them invaded the state, in October 1947, killing and plundering Muslims in the state and dishonouring Muslim women, all in the interest of what they described as the liberation of Muslims of the State. In its oft-proclaimed anxiety to rescue the 3 million Muslims from what it describes as the tyranny of a handful of Hindus in the State, Pakistan evidently is prepared to sacrifice the interests of 40 million Muslims in India – a strange exhibition of concern for the welfare of fellow- Muslims. Our misguided brothers in Pakistan do not realise that if Muslims in Pakistan can wage a war against Hindus in Kashmir why should not Hindus, sooner or later, retaliate against Muslims in India.

Does Pakistan seriously think that it could give us any help if such an emergency arose or that we would deserve any help thanks to its own follies ? It is incapable of providing room and livelihood to the 40 million Muslims of India, should they migrate to Pakistan. Yet its policy and action, if not changed soon, may well produce the result which it dreads.

We are convinced that India will never attack our interests. First of all, it would be contrary to the spirit animating the political movement in this country. Secondly, it would be opposed to the Constitution and to the sincere leadership of the Prime Minister. Thirdly, India by committing such a folly would be playing straight into the hands of Pakistan.

We wish we were equally convinced of the soundness of Pakistan’s policy. So completely oblivious is it of our present problems and of our future that it is willing to sell us into slavery – if only it can secure Kashmir.

It ignores the fact that Muslims in Kashmir may also have a point of view of their own, that there is a democratic movement with a democratic leadership in the State, both inspired by the progress of a broad minded, secular, democratic movement in India and both naturally being in sympathy with India. Otherwise, the Muslim raiders should have been welcomed with open arms by the Muslims of the State when the invasion took place in 1947.

Persistent propaganda about “Jihad” is intended, among other things, to inflame religious passions in this country. For it would, of course, be in Pakistan’s interests to promote communal rioting in India to show to Kashmiri Muslims how they can find security only in Pakistan. Such a policy, however, can only bring untold misery and suffering to India and Pakistan generally and to Indian Muslims particularly. Pakistan never tires of asserting that it is determined to protect the interests of Muslims in Kashmir and India. Why does not Pakistan express the same concern for Pathans who are fighting for Pakhtoonistan, an independent homeland of their own ? The freedom-loving Pathans under the leadership of Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan and Dr. Khan Sahib, both nurtured in the traditions of democratic tolerance of the Indian National Congress, are being subjected to political repression of the worst possible kind by their Muslim brethren in power in Pakistan and in the NWFP. Contradictory as Pakistan’s policy generally is, it is no surprise to us that while it insists on a fair and impartial plebiscite in Kashmir, it denies a fair and impartial plebiscite to Pathans.

Pakistan’s policy in general and her attitude towards Kashmir is particular thus tend to create conditions in this country which in the long run can only bring to us Muslims widespread suffering and destruction. Its policy prevents us from settling down, from being honourable citizens of a State, free from suspicion of our fellow-countrymen and adapting ourselves to changing conditions to promote the interests and welfare of India. Its sabre-rattling interferes with its own economy and ours. It expects us to be loyal to it despite its impotence to give us any protection, believing at the same time that we can still claim all the rights of citizenship in a secular democracy.

In the event of a war, it is extremely doubtful whether it will be able to protect the Muslims of East Bengal who are completely cut off from Western Pakistan. Are the Muslims of India and Eastern Pakistan to sacrifice themselves completely to enable the 25 million Muslims in Western Pakistan to embark upon mad, self-destructive adventures?

We should, therefore, like to impress upon you with all the emphasis at our command that Pakistan’s policy towards Kashmir is fraught with the gravest peril to the 40 million Muslims of India. If the Security Council is really interested in peace, human brotherhood and international understanding, it should heed this warning while there is still time.

Dr. Zakir Hussain (Vice Chancellor Aligarh University); Sir Sultan Ahmed (Former Member of Governor General’s Executive Council); Sir Mohd. Ahmed Syed Khan(Nawab of Chhatari, former acting Governor of United Provinces and Prime Minister of Hyderabad); Sir Mohd. Usman (Former member of Governor General’s Executive council and acting Governor of Madras); Sir Iqbal Ahmed (Former Chief Justice of Allahabad High Court); Sir Fazal Rahimtoola (Former Sheriff of Bombay); Maulana Hafz-ur-Rehman M.P.; Col. B.H. Zaidi M.P.; Nawab Zain Yar Jung (Minister Gcvernment of Hyderabad); A.K. Kawaja (Former President of Muslim Majlis); T.M. Zarif (General Secretary West Bengal Bohra Community)”.

Such have been the most eminent voices of India’s Muslims in times past. Sadly, they have no equivalent today when India’s Muslims need them with greater urgency. (Bollywood or cricketing celebrities hardly substitute!) This fault in the intellectual history of the modern subcontinent has been a principal factor causing the misapprehensions and distortions of Pakistan’s and J&K’s political reality to continue worldwide.