A US Government map from the 1980s now in the public domain showing the Afghanistan-Pakistan frontier (Durand Line area) and seeming to indicate Pashtun areas.
We in India shall soon be hearing the talking-heads on TV, mostly in New Delhi, jabbering away about “swings” and “anti-incumbency” and “mandates” and “fractured mandates” etc. Most of it will be waffle without any basis in hard facts because nobody wants to actually do any of the work necessary to acquire a serious opinion.
Just as you cannot win at cricket unless you bowl out the other side and you cannot win at soccer unless you score more goals than the other side, you are not going to win a General Election in India unless you win more Assembly Segments of Parliamentary Constituencies than your competitors.
It is not logically impossible but it is factually unlikely that you can lose, say, five out of six Assembly Segments and still win the Parliamentary Constituency by winning the sixth with a sufficiently large margin. Raw votes generally translate into winning Assembly Segments and winning Assembly Segments generally translate into winning Lok Sabha seats.
In 2004, the top five winners were as follows, where the first number is raw votes won, the second the number of Assembly Segments won, and the third the number of Lok Sabha seats won:
INC 103,118,475 1,157 145
BJP 86,181,116 1,076 138
CPM 22,065,283 322 43
BSP 21,037,968 107 17
SP 16,822,902 167 39
Notice the BSP won some 4 million more raw votes than the SP but fewer Assembly Segments and fewer Lok Sabha Seats. And the CPM won barely a million more raw votes than did the BSP but 215 more Assembly Segments and 26 more Lok Sabha seats. Clearly Uttar Pradesh voting patterns need a lot more detailed analysis — my ex ante hypothesis would be that the BSP’s results are affected by the policy of some constituencies being “reserved”.
More significantly, at the head of the race, notice that the BJP lost the raw vote to the Indian National Congress by a margin of almost 17 million votes which translated into winning 81 Assembly Segments fewer than the INC which translated into winning 7 fewer Lok Sabha seats — and hence ended up sitting in the Opposition in the Lok Sabha for five years.
A central question is whether the BJP has or has not done enough over the last five years to get in its favour a net change in the raw vote — and that too by a sufficient amount to change the number of Assembly Segments won in its favour.
Putting it differently, has the INC done enough to at least maintain its share of the raw-vote and its leading position, and hence be likely to win the largest number of Assembly Segments and Lok Sabha seats again?
Here is the overall picture:
And yes, of course, there have been demographic changes over five years so those changed parameters shall have affected the new outcome too (notice the INC’s emphasis on the “youth vote”).
This is original research which could come to be published in a scientific journal if I find the time to send it, so please try not to steal and instead acknowledge its source properly if you want to discuss it elsewhere.
Subroto Roy, Kolkata
This map reproduced from the 1964 edition of Encyclopaedia Britannica is said to have been prepared by the US CIA and is dated 1959. It is something I published to accompany my November 5 2007 article “China’s India Aggression”. The Government of India and Government of China have a hard time with maps in discussing the boundary-dispute; this might help them.
India’s moon rocket Chandrayaan-1 carried NASA’s Moon Minerology Mapper, which has now reported finding evidence of thin films of water on the moon. A year ago I was very pessimistic as to whether the rocket would reach successfully, and I was happy to eat my words when it did. Because the initial US and USSR rockets had failed miserably half a century earlier, I had mistakenly assumed it likely that India’s would too, not acknowledging the technological progress in rocketry, telemetry etc in the meantime.
On March 30 this year, I was finally able to congratulate the BBC for having retracted its prevarication about Jammu & Kashmir. Unfortunately, it has retrogressed again! Today’s broadcast at 1530 Indian Standard Time of purported world news showed a purported map of the Indian Republic without J&K. Time for the GoI to make some phone calls again please!
This is an incomplete bibliography of my writings, public lectures etc 1973-2010 including citations, reviews, comments. I have been mostly an academic economist who by choice or circumstance over 36 years has had to venture also into science, philosophy, public policy, law, jurisprudence, practical politics, history, international relations, military strategy, financial theory, accounting, management, journalism, literary criticism, psychology, psychoanalysis, theology, aesthetics, biography, children’s fables, etc. If anything unites the seemingly diverse work recorded below it is that I have tried to acquire a grasp of the nature of human reason and then apply this comprehension in practical contexts as simply and clearly as possible. Hence I have ended up following the path of Aristotle, as described in modern times (via Wittgenstein and John Wisdom) by Renford Bambrough. The 2004 public lecture in England, “Science, Religion, Art & the Necessity of Freedom”, may explain and illustrate all this best. A friend has been kind enough to call me an Academician, which I probably am, though one who really needs his own Academy because the incompetence, greed and mendacity encountered too often in the modern professoriat is dispiriting.
1-289 refer mostly to writings and publications printed on paper; 290-382 refer to writings or items not printed on paper — as new media break space, cost and other constraints of traditional publishing, a little repetition and overlap has occurred too. Also in a few cases, e.g., Aldous Huxley’s essay on DH Lawrence, nothing has been done except discover and republish. Several databases have been created and released in the public interest, as have been some rare maps. There is also some biographical and autobiographical material. Several inconsequential errors remain in the text, which shall take time to be rectified as documents come to be rediscovered and collated.
1. “Behavioural study of mus musculus”, Haileybury College, Supervised by J de C Ford-Robertson MA (Oxon). (Due to be published here 2010).
2. “Chemistry at Advanced & Special Level: Student Notes 1972-73” (Due to be published here 2010).
3. “Biology at Advanced & Special Level: Student Notes 1972-73”, (Due to be published here 2010).
4. “Physics at Advanced Level: Student Notes 1972-73”, (Due to be published here 2010).
5. “Revolution: theoria and praxis”, London, mimeo (Due to be published here 2010).
6. “Gandhi vs Marx”, London, mimeo (Due to be published here 2010).
7. “Relevance of downward money-wage rigidity to the problem of maintaining full-employment in the classical and Keynesian models of income determination”, London School of Economics, mimeo (Due to be published here 2010).
8. “Testing aircraft fuels at Shell Finland”.
9. “Oxford Street experiences: down and out in London town”.
10. “SE Region Bulk Distribution Survey”, Unilever, Basingstoke.
11. “Four London poems”, in JCM Paton (ed) New Writing (London, Great Portland Street: International Students House). (Due to be republished here 2010)
12. “On economic growth models and modellers”, London School of Economics, mimeo. (Due to be published here 2010).
13. “World money: system or anarchy?”, lecture to Professor ACL Day’s seminar, London School of Economics, Economics Department, April. (Due to be published here 2010).
14. “A beginner’s guide to some recent developments in monetary theory”, lecture to Professor FH Hahn’s seminar, Cambridge University Economics Department, November 17 (Due to be published here 2010). See also “Announcement of My “Hahn Seminar”, published here June 14 2008.
15. “Inflation and unemployment: a survey”, mimeo, Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge. (Due to be published here 2010).
16. “On short run theories of dual economies”, Cambridge University Economics Department “substantial piece of work” required of first year Research Students. Examiner: DMG Newbery, FBA. (Due to be published here 2010).
17. “Pure theory of developing economies 1 and 2”, Delhi School of Economics mimeo (Due to be published here 2010).
18. “Introduction to some market outcomes under uncertainty”, Delhi School of Economics mimeo (Due to be published here 2010).
19. “On money and development”, Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, mimeo, September. (Due to be published here 2010)
20. “Notes on the Newbery-Stiglitz model of sharecropping”, Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, mimeo November. (Due to be published here 2010).
21. “A theory of rights and economic justice”, Corpus Christi College Cambridge mimeo. (Due to be published here 2010).
22. “Monetary theory and economic development”, Corpus Christi College Cambridge, mimeo (Due to be published here 2010).
23. “Foundations of the case against ‘development planning’”, Corpus Christi College Cambridge, mimeo, November. (Due to be published here 2010).
24. Correspondence with Renford Bambrough (1926-1999), philosopher of St John’s College, Cambridge (Due to be published here 2010).
25. “Models before the monetarist storm”, New Statesman letters
26. “Disciplining rulers and experts”, Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, mimeo. (Due to be published here 2010).
27. “On liberty & economic growth: preface to a philosophy for India”, Cambridge University doctoral thesis, supervisor FH Hahn, FBA; examiners CJ Bliss, FBA; TW Hutchison, FBA (Due to be published here 2010). 27a Response of FA Hayek on a partial draft February 18 1981. 27b Response of Peter Bauer, 1982. 27c Response of Theodore W Schultz, 1983. 27d. Response of Frank Hahn 1985.
28. “Knowledge and freedom in economic theory Parts 1 and 2”, Centre for Study of Public Choice, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University, Working Papers.
29. “Economic Theory and Development Economics”. Lecture to American Economic Association, New York, Dec 1982. Panel: RM Solow, HB Chenery, T Weisskopf, P Streeten, G Rosen, S Roy. Published in 29a.
29a “Economic Theory and Development Economics: A Comment”. World Development, 1983. [Citation: Stavros Thefanides “Metamorphosis of Development Economics”, World Development 1988.]
30. “The Political Economy of Trade Policy (Comment on J. Michael Finger)”, Washington DC: Cato Journal, Winter 1983/84. See also 000 “Risk-aversion explains resistance to freer trade”, 2008.
31. “Considerations on Utility, Benevolence and Taxation”, History of Political Economy, 1984. 31a Response of Professor Sir John Hicks May 1 1984.
[Citations: P. Hennipman, “A Tale of Two Schools”, De Economist 1987, “A New Look at the Ordinalist Revolution”, J. Econ. Lit. Mar 1988; P. Rappoport, “Reply to Professor Hennipman”, J. Econ. Lit. Mar 1988; Eugene Smolensky et al “An Application of A Dynamic Cost-of-Living Index to the Evaluation of Changes in Social Welfare”, J. Post-Keynesian Econ.IX.3. 1987.]
32. Pricing, Planning and Politics: A Study of Economic Distortions in India, London: Institute of Economic Affairs, London 1984.
[Citations: Lead editorial of The Times of London May 29 1984, “India’s economy”, Times letters June 16 1984. John Toye “Political Economy & Analysis of Indian Development”, Modern Asian Studies, 22, 1, 1988; John Toye, Dilemmas of Development; D. Wilson, “Privatization of Asia”, The Banker Sep. 1984 etc]. See also 370 “Silver Jubilee of ‘Pricing, Planning and Politics: A Study of Economic Distortions in India’” 2009.
33. Review of Utilitarianism and Beyond, Amartya Sen & Bernard Williams (eds) Public Choice.
34. Review of Limits of Utilitarianism, HB Miller & WH Williams (eds.), Public Choice.
35. Deendayal lecture (one of four invited lecturers), Washington DC, May.
36. (with one other) “Does the Theory of Logical Types Inform the Theory of Communication?”, Journal of Genetic Psychology., 148 (4), Dec. 1987 [Citation:
37. “Irrelevance of Foreign Aid”, India International Centre Quarterly, Winter 1987.
38. Review of Development Planning by Sukhamoy Chakravarty for Economic Affairs, London 1987.
39. (with two others) “Introduction” to Lessons in Development: A Comparative Study of Asia and Latin America. San Francisco: Inst. of Economic Growth.
40. “A note on the welfare economics of regional cooperation”, lecture to Asia-Latin America conference, East West Center Honolulu, published 2009.
41. Philosophy of Economics: On the Scope of Reason in Economic Inquiry, London & New York: Routledge (International Library of Philosophy) 1989, paperback 1991. Internet edition 2007. [Reviews & Citations: Research in Economics, 1992; De Economist 1991 & 1992; Manch.Sch. Econ.Studs. 59, 1991; Ethics 101.88 Jul. 1991; Kyklos 43.4 1990; Soc. Science Q. 71.880. Dec.1990; Can. Phil. Rev. 1990; J. Econ. Hist. Sep. 1990; Econ. & Phil. Fall 1990; Econ. Affairs June-July 1990; TLS May 1990; Choice March 1990; J. App.Phil. 1994, M. Blaug: Methodology of Economics, 2nd ed., Cambridge, 1992; Hist. Methods. 27.3, 1994; J. of Inst. & Theoretical Econ.,1994; Jahrbucker fur Nationaleconomie 1994, 573:574. Mark A Lutz in Economics for the Common Good, London: Routledge, 1999, et al]. See also 339 “Apropos Philosophy of Economics”, Comments of Sidney Hook, KJ Arrow, Milton Friedman, TW Schultz, SS Alexander, Max Black, Renford Bambrough, John Gray et al.
42. Foreword to Essays on the Political Economy by James M. Buchanan, Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press 1989.
43. “Modern Political Economy of India”, edited by Subroto Roy & William E James, Hawaii mimeo May 21 1989. This published for the first time a November 1955 memorandum to the Government of India by Milton Friedman. See also 43a, 53.
43a. Preface to “Milton Friedman’s extempore comments at the 1989 Hawaii conference: on India, Israel, Palestine, the USA, Debt and its uses, Erhardt abolishing exchange controls, Etc”, May 22 1989, published here for the first time October 31 2008.
44. Milton Friedman’s defence of my work in 1989.
45. Theodore W. Schultz’s defence of Philosophy of Economics
46. “Letter to Judge Evelyn Lance: On A Case Study in Private International Law” (Due to be published here in 2010).
47-49. Selections from advisory work on economic policy etc for Rajiv Gandhi, Leader of the Opposition in the Parliament of India, published in 47a-49a.
41b Philosophy of Economics: On the Scope of Reason in Economic Inquiry, Paperback edition.
50. “Conversations and correspondence with Rajiv Gandhi during the Gulf war, January 1991” (Due to be published here 2010).
47a. A Memo to Rajiv I: Stronger Secular Middle”, The Statesman, Jul 31 1991.
48a “A Memo to Rajiv II: Saving India’s Prestige”, The Statesman, Aug 1 1991.
49a “A Memo to Rajiv III: Salvation in Penny Capitalism”, The Statesman, Aug 2 1991 47b-49b “Three Memoranda to Rajiv Gandhi 1990-91”, 2007 republication here.
51. “Constitution for a Second Indian Republic”, The Saturday Statesman, April 20 1991. Republished here 2009.
52. “On the Art of Government: Experts, Party, Cabinet and Bureaucracy”, New Delhi mimeo March 25 1991, published here July 00 2009.
53. Foundations of India’s Political Economy: Towards an Agenda for the 1990s Edited and with an Introduction by Subroto Roy & William E. James New Delhi, London, Newbury Park: Sage: 1992. Citation: Milton and Rose Friedman Two Lucky People (Chicago 1998), pp. 268-269.
54. Foundations of Pakistan’s Political Economy: Towards an Agenda for the 1990s Edited and with an Introduction by William E. James & Subroto Roy, Hawaii MS 1989, Sage: 1992, Karachi: Oxford 1993.
Reviews of 53 & 54 include: Bus. Today, Mar-Apr 1992; Political Studies March 1995; Econ Times 21 March 1993; Pakistan Development Review 1992. Hindustan Times 11 July 1992. Pacific Affairs 1993; Hindu 21 March 1993, 15 June 1993; Pakistan News International 12 June 1993. Book Reviews March 1993; Deccan Herald 2 May 1993; Pol.Econ.J. Ind. 1992. Fin Express 13 September 1992; Statesman 16 Jan. 1993. J. Royal Soc Asian Aff. 1994, J. Contemporary Asia, 1994 etc.
55. “Fundamental Problems of the Economies of India and Pakistan”, World Bank, Washington, mimeo (Due to be published here 2010).
56.“The Road to Stagflation: The Coming Dirigisme in America, or, America, beware thy economists!, or Zen and Clintonomics,” Washington DC, Broad Branch Terrace, mimeo, November 17.
57. “Exchange-rates and manufactured exports of South Asia”, IMF Washington DC mimeo. Published in part in 2007-2008 as 58-62:
58. “Path of the Indian Rupee 1947-1993”, 2008.
59. “Path of the Pakistan Rupee 1947-1993”, 2008.
60. “Path of the Sri Lankan Rupee 1948-1993”, 2008.
61. “Path of the Bangladesh Taka 1972-1993”, 2008.
62. “India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh Manufactured Exports, IMF Washington DC mimeo”, published 2007.
63. “Economic Assessment of US-India Merchandise Trade”, Arlington, Virginia, mimeo, published in slight part in Indo-US Trade & Economic Cooperation, ICRIER New Delhi, 1995, and in whole 2007.
64. “Towards an Economic Solution for Kashmir”, mimeo, Arlington, Virginia, circulated in Washington DC 1993-1995, cf 82, 111 infra. Comment of Selig Harrison.
65. “Comment on Indonesia”, in The Political Economy of Policy Reform edited by John Williamson, Washington, DC: Institute for International Economics.
66a “Gold reserves & the gold price in anticipation of Central Bank behaviour”, Greenwich, Connecticut, mimeo. 67b. “Portfolio optimization and foreign currency exposure hedging” Greenwich, Connecticut mimeo.
68. “On the logic and commonsense of debt and payments crises: How to avoid another Mexico in India and Pakistan”, Scarsdale, NY, mimeo, May 1.
69. “Policies for Young India”, Scarsdale, NY, pp. 350, manuscript.
70. US Supreme Court documents, published in part in 2008 as “Become a US Supreme Court Justice!” 70a, 70b (Due to be published in full here in 2010 as Roy vs University of Hawaii, 1989- including the expert testimonies of Milton Friedman and Theodore W Schultz.).
71. “Key problems of macroeconomic management facing the new Indian Government”, May 17. Scarsdale, New York, mimeo. (Due to be published here 2010).
72. “Preventing a collapse of the rupee”, IIT Kharagpur lecture July 16 1996.
73. “The Economist’s Representation of Technological Knowledge”, Vishleshlaya lecture to the Institution of Engineers, September 15 1996, IIT Kharagpur.
74. “Union and State Budgets in India”, lecture at the World Bank, Washington DC, May 00.
75. “State Budgets in India”, IIT Kharagpur mimeo, June 6.
76. “Transparency and Economic Policy-Making: An address to the Asia-Pacific Public Relations Conference” (panel on Transparency chaired by CR Irani) Jan 30 1998, published here 2008.
77. Theodore W. Schultz 1902-1998, Feb 25.
78. “The Economic View of Human Resources”, address to a regional conference on human resources, IIT Kharagpur.
79. “Management accounting”, lecture at Lal Bahadur Shastri Academy, Mussourie,
80a “The Original Reformer”, Outlook letters, Jan 23 1998
81. “Recent Developments in Modern Finance”, IIM Bangalore Review, 10, 1 & 2, Jan.-Jun 1998. Reprinted as “From the Management Guru’s Classroom”: 81a “An introduction to derivatives”, Business Standard/Financial Times, Bombay 18 Apr 1999; 81b “Options in the future, Apr 25 1999; 81c “What is hedging?”, May 2 1999; 81d “Teaching computers to think”, May 9 1999.
82. “Towards an Economic Solution for Kashmir”, Jun 22 1998, lecture at Heritage Foundation, Washington DC. Cf 111 Dec 2005.
83. “Sixteen Currencies for India: A Reverse Euro Model for Monetary & Fiscal Efficacy”, Lecture at the Institute of Economic Affairs, London, June 29 1998. Due to be published here 2010.
84. “Fable of the Fox, the Farmer, and the Would-Be Tailors”, October (Published here July 27 2009).
85. “A Common Man’s Guide to Pricing Financial Derivatives”, Lecture to “National Seminar on Derivatives”, Xavier Labour Research Institute, Jamshedpur, Dec. 16 1998. See 98.
86. “An Analysis of Pakistan’s War-Winning Strategy: Are We Ready for This?”, IIT Kharagpur mimeo, published in part as 86a.“Was a Pakistani Grand Strategy Discerned in Time by India?” New Delhi: Security & Political Risk Analysis Bulletin, July 1999, Kargil issue. See also 000
80b. “The Original Reformer”, Outlook letters, Sep 13 1999.
87. “On Freedom & the Scientific Point of View”, SN Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, Feb 17 2000. Cf 100 below.
88. “Liberalism and Indian economic policy”, lecture at IIM Calcutta, Indian Liberal Group Meetings Devlali, Hyderabad; also Keynote address to UGC Seminar Guntur, March 30 2002. (Due to be published here 2010).
89. “Towards a Highly Transparent Fiscal & Monetary Framework for India’s Union & State Governments”, Invited address to Conference of State Finance Secretaries, Reserve Bank of India, Bombay, April 29, 2000. Published 2008.
90. “On the Economics of Information Technology”, two lectures at the Indian Institute of Information Technology, Bangalore, Nov 10-11, 2000.
91. Review of A New World by Amit Chaudhuri in Literary Criterion, Mysore.
92. Review of AD Shroff: Titan of Finance and Free Enterprise by Sucheta Dalal, Freedom First., January.
93. “Encounter with Rajiv Gandhi: On the Origins of the 1991 Economic Reform”, Freedom First, October. See also 93a in 2005 and 93b in 2007.
94. “A General Theory of Globalization & Modern Terrorism with Special Reference to September 11”, a keynote address to the Council for Asian Liberals & Democrats, Manila, Philippines, 16 Nov. 2001. Published as 91a.
95. “The Case for and against The Satanic Verses: Diatribe and Dialectic as Art”, Dec 22 republished in print 95a The Statesman Festival Volume, 2006.
94a “A General Theory of Globalization & Modern Terrorism with Special Reference to September 11”, in September 11 & Political Freedom in Asia, eds. Johannen, Smith & Gomez, Singapore 2002.
96. “Recording vivid dreams: Freud’s advice in exploring the Unconscious Mind” (Due to be published here in 2010).
97. “Key principles of government accounting and audit”, IIT Kharagpur mimeo.
98. “Derivative pricing & other topics in financial theory: a student’s complete lecture notes” (Due to be published here in 2010).
99. “Collapse of the Global Conversation”, International Institute for Asian Studies, Leiden, Netherlands, Jul 2004.
100. “Science, Religion, Art & the Necessity of Freedom”, a public lecture, University of Buckingham, UK, August 24 2004. Published here 2007.
93a Rajiv Gandhi and the Origins of India’s 1991 Economic Reform (this was the full story; it appeared in print for the first time in The Statesman Festival Volume 2007).
101. “Can India become an economic superpower (or will there be a monetary meltdown)?” Cardiff University Institute of Applied Macroeconomics Monetary Economics Seminar, April 13, Institute of Economic Affairs, London, April 27, Reserve Bank of India, Bombay, Chief Economist’s Seminar on Monetary Economics, May 5.
102. Margaret Thatcher’s Revolution: How it Happened and What it Meant, Edited and with an Introduction by Subroto Roy & John Clarke, London & New York: Continuum, 2005; paperback 2006; French translation by Florian Bay, 2007.
103. “Iqbal & Jinnah vs Rahmat Ali in Pakistan’s Creation”, Dawn, Karachi, Sep 3.
104. “The Mitrokhin Archives II from an Indian Perspective: A Review Article”, The Statesman, Perspective Page, Oct 11 .
105. “After the Verdict”, The Statesman, Editorial Page, Oct 20.
106. “US Espionage Failures”, The Statesman, Perspective Page, Oct 26
107. “Waffle But No Models of Monetary Policy”, The Statesman, Perspective Page, Oct 30.
108. “On Hindus and Muslims”, The Statesman, Perspective Page, Nov 6.
109. “Assessing Vajpayee: Hindutva True and False”, The Statesman, Editorial Page, Nov 13-14″.
110. “Fiction from the India Economic Summit”, The Statesman, Front Page, Nov 29.
111. “Solving Kashmir: On an Application of Reason”, The Statesman Editorial Page
I. “Give the Hurriyat et al Indian Green Cards”, Dec 1
II. “Choice of Nationality under Full Information”, Dec 2
III. “Of Flags and Consulates in Gilgit etc”, Dec 3.
112. “The Dream Team: A Critique”, The Statesman Editorial Page
I : New Delhi’s Consensus (Manmohantekidambaromics), Jan 6
II: Money, Convertibility, Inflationary Deficit Financing, Jan 7
III: Rule of Law, Transparency, Government Accounting, Jan 8.
113. “Unaccountable Delhi: India’s Separation of Powers’ Doctrine”, The Statesman, Jan 13.
114. “Communists and Constitutions”, The Statesman, Editorial Page, Jan 22.
115. “Diplomatic Wisdom”, The Statesman, Editorial Page, Jan 31.
116. “Mendacity & the Government Budget Constraint”, The Statesman, Front Page Feb 3.
117. “Of Graven Images”, The Statesman, Editorial Page, Feb5.
118. “Separation of Powers, Parts 1-2”, The Statesman, Editorial Pages Feb 12-13.
119. “Public Debt, Government Fantasy”, The Statesman, Front Page Editorial Comment, Feb 22.
120. “War or Peace Parts 1-2”, The Statesman, Editorial Page, Feb 23-24.
121. “Can You Handle This Brief, Mr Chidambaram?” The Statesman, Front Page Feb 26.
122. “A Downpayment On the Taj Mahal Anyone?”, The Statesman, Front Page Comment on the Budget 2006-2007, Mar 1.
123. “Atoms for Peace (or War)”, The Sunday Statesman, Editorial Page Mar 5.
124. “Imperialism Redux: Business, Energy, Weapons & Foreign Policy”, The Statesman, Editorial Page, Mar 14.
125. “Logic of Democracy”, The Statesman, Editorial Page, Mar 30.
126. “Towards an Energy Policy”, The Sunday Statesman, Editorial Page, Apr 2.
127. “Iran’s Nationalism”, The Statesman, Editorial Page, Apr 6.
128. “A Modern Military”, The Sunday Statesman, Editorial Page, Apr 16.
129. “On Money & Banking”, The Sunday Statesman, Editorial Page, Apr 23.
130. “Lessons for India from Nepal’s Revolution”, The Statesman, Front Page Apr 26.
131. “Revisionist Flattery (Inder Malhotra’s Indira Gandhi: A Review Article)”, The Sunday Statesman, May 7.
132. “Modern World History”, The Sunday Statesman Editorial Page, May 7.
133. “Argumentative Indians: A Conversation with Professor Amartya Sen on Philosophy, Identity and Islam,” The Sunday Statesman, May 14 2006. “A Philosophical Conversation between Professor Sen and Dr Roy”, 2008. Translated into Bengali by AA and published in 00.
134. “The Politics of Dr Singh”, The Sunday Statesman, Editorial Page, May 21.
135. “Corporate Governance & the Principal-Agent Problem”, lecture at a conference on corporate governance, Kolkata May 31. Published here 2008.
136. “Pakistan’s Allies Parts 1-2″, The Sunday Statesman, Editorial Page, Jun 4-5.
137. “Law, Justice and J&K Parts 1-2″, The Sunday Statesman, Editorial Page, Jul 2, The Statesman Editorial Page Jul 3.
138. “The Greatest Pashtun (Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan)”, The Sunday Statesman, Editorial Page, Jul 16.
139. “Understanding Pakistan Parts 1-2”, The Sunday Statesman, Editorial Page, Jul 30, The Statesman Editorial Page Jul 31.
140. “Indian Money and Credit”, The Sunday Statesman, Editorial Page, Aug 6.
141. “India’s Moon Mission”, The Sunday Statesman, Editorial Page, Aug 13.
142. “Jaswant’s Journeyings: A Review Article”, The Sunday Statesman Magazine, Aug 27.
143. “Our Energy Interests, Parts 1-2”, The Sunday Statesman, Editorial Page, Aug 27, The Statesman Editorial Page Aug 28.
144. “Is Balochistan Doomed?”, The Sunday Statesman, Editorial Page, Sep 3 2006.
145. “Racism New and Old”, The Statesman, Editorial Page, Sep 8 2006
146. “Political Economy of India’s Energy Policy”, address to KAF-TERI conference, Goa Oct 7, published in 146a.
147. “New Foreign Policy? Seven phases of Indian foreign policy may be identifiable since Nehru”, Parts 1-2, The Sunday Statesman, Oct 8, The Statesman Oct 9.
148. “Justice & Afzal: There is a difference between law and equity (or natural justice). The power of pardon is an equitable power. Commuting a death-sentence is a partial pardon”, The Sunday Statesman Editorial Page Oct 14
149. “Non-existent liberals (On a Liberal Party for India)”, The Sunday Statesman Editorial Page Oct 22.
150. “History of Jammu & Kashmir Parts 1-2”, The Sunday Statesman, Oct 29, The Statesman Oct 30, Editorial Page.
151. “American Democracy: Does America need a Prime Minister and a longer-lived Legislature?”, The Sunday Statesman Nov 5.
152. “Milton Friedman A Man of Reason 1912-2006”, The Statesman Perspective Page, Nov 22.
153. “Postscript to Milton Friedman Mahalanobis’s Plan (The Mahalanobis-Nehru “Second Plan”) The Statesman Front Page Nov 22.
154. “Mob Violence and Psychology”, Dec 10, The Statesman, Editorial Page.
155. “What To Tell Musharraf: Peace Is Impossible Without Non-Aggressive Pakistani Intentions”, The Statesman Editorial Page Dec 15.
156. “Land, Liberty and Value: Government must act in good faith treating all citizens equally – not favouring organised business lobbies and organised labour over an unorganised peasantry”, The Sunday Statesman Editorial Page Dec 31.
157. “Hypocrisy of the CPI-M: Political Collapse In Bengal: A Mid-Term Election/Referendum Is Necessary”, The Statesman, Editorial Page, Jan 9.
158. “On Land-Grabbing: Dr Singh’s India, Buddhadeb’s Bengal, Modi’s Gujarat have notorious US, Soviet and Chinese examples to follow ~ distracting from the country’s real economic problems,” The Sunday Statesman, Editorial Page Jan 14.
159. “India’s Macroeconomics: Real growth has steadily occurred because India has shared the world’s technological progress. But bad fiscal, monetary policies over decades have led to monetary weakness and capital flight” The Statesman Editorial Page Jan 20.
160. “Fiscal Instability: Interest payments quickly suck dry every year’s Budget. And rolling over old public debt means that Government Borrowing in fact much exceeds the Fiscal Deficit”, The Sunday Statesman, Editorial Page, Feb 4.
161. “Our trade and payments Parts 1-2” (“India in World Trade and Payments”),The Sunday Statesman, Feb 11 2007, The Statesman, Feb 12 2007.
162. “Our Policy Process: Self-Styled “Planners” Have Controlled India’s Paper Money For Decades,” The Statesman, Editorial Page, Feb 20.
163. “Bengal’s Finances”, The Sunday Statesman Editorial Page, Feb 25.
164. “Fallacious Finance: Congress, BJP, CPI-M may be leading India to Hyperinflation” The Statesman Editorial Page Mar 5.
165. “Uttar Pradesh Polity and Finance: A Responsible New Govt May Want To Declare A Financial Emergency” The Statesman Editorial Page, Mar 24
166. “A scam in the making” in The Sunday Statesman Front Page Apr 1 2007, published here in full as “Swindling India”.
167. “Maharashtra’s Money: Those Who Are Part Of The Problem Are Unlikely To Be A Part Of Its Solution”, The Statesman Editorial Page Apr 24.
146a. “Political Economy of Energy Policy” in India and Energy Security edited by Anant Sudarshan and Ligia Noronha, Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, New Delhi 2007.
168. “Presidential Qualities: Simplicity, Genuine Achievement Are Desirable; Political Ambition Is Not”, The Statesman, Editorial Page, May 8.
169. “We & Our Neighbours: Pakistanis And Bangladeshis Would Do Well To Learn From Sheikh Abdullah”, The Statesman, Editorial Page May 15.
170. “On Indian Nationhood: From Tamils To Kashmiris And Assamese And Mizos To Sikhs And Goans”, The Statesman, Editorial Page, May 25.
171. A Current Example of the Working of the Unconscious Mind, May 26.
172. Where I would have gone if I was Osama Bin Laden, May 31.
173. “US election ’08:America’s Presidential Campaign Seems Destined To Be Focussed On Iraq”, The Statesman, Editorial Page, June 1.
174. “Home Team Advantage: On US-Iran talks and Sunni-Shia subtleties: Tehran must transcend its revolution and endorse the principle that the House of Islam has many mansions”, The Sunday Statesman Editorial Page, June 3
175. “Unhealthy Delhi: When will normal political philosophy replace personality cults?”, The Statesman, Editorial Page, June 11.
176. “American Turmoil: A Vice-Presidential Coup – And Now a Grassroots Counterrevolution?”, The Statesman, Editorial Page, June 18
177. “Political Paralysis: India has yet to develop normal conservative, liberal and socialist parties. The Nice-Housing-Effect and a little game-theory may explain the current stagnation”, The Sunday Statesman, Editorial Page, June 24.
177. “Has America Lost? War Doctrines Of Kutusov vs Clausewitz May Help Explain Iraq War”, The Statesman, Editorial Page, July 3.
178. “Lal Masjid ≠ Golden Temple: Wide differences are revealed between contemporary Pakistan and India by these two superficially similar military assaults on armed religious civilians”, The Sunday Statesman, Editorial Page July 15
179 “Political Stonewalling: Only Transparency Can Improve Institutions”, The Statesman, Editorial Page July 20.
180. “Gold standard etc: Fixed versus flexible exchange rates”, July 21.
181. “US Pakistan-India Policy: Delhi & Islamabad Still Look West In Defining Their Relationship”, The Statesman, Editorial Page, July 27.
182. “Works of DH Lawrence” July 30
183. “An Open Letter to Professor Amartya Sen about Singur etc”, The Statesman, Editorial Page, July 31.
184. “Martin Buber on Palestine and Israel (with Postscript)”, Aug 4.
185. “Auguste Rodin on Nature, Art, Beauty, Women and Love”, Aug 7.
186. “Saving Pakistan: A Physicist/Political Philosopher May Represent Iqbal’s “Spirit of Modern Times”, The Statesman, Editorial Page, Aug 13.
187. Letter to Forbes.com 16 Aug.
188. “Need for Clarity: A poorly drafted treaty driven by business motives is a recipe for international misunderstanding”, The Sunday Statesman, Editorial Page, Aug 19.
189. “No Marxist MBAs? An amicus curiae brief for the Hon’ble High Court”, The Statesman, FrontPage, Aug 29.
190. On Lawrence, Sep 4.
191. Dalai Lama’s Return: In the tradition of Gandhi, King, Mandela, Sep 11.
192. Of JC Bose, Patrick Geddes & the Leaf-World, Sep 12.
193. “Against Quackery: Manmohan and Sonia have violated Rajiv Gandhi’s intended reforms; the Communists have been appeased or bought; the BJP is incompetent Parts 1-2”, in The Sunday Statesman and The Statesman, Editorial Pages of Sep 23-24.
194. Karl Georg Zinn’s 1994 Review of Philosophy of Economics, Sep 26.
195. DH Lawrence’s Phoenix, Oct 3.
93b. “Rajiv Gandhi and the Origins of India’s 1991 Economic Reform”, Statesman Festival Volume.
196. “Iran, America, Iraq: Bush’s post-Saddam Saddamism — one flip-flop too many?”, The Statesman, Editorial Page, Oct 16.
197. “Understanding China: The World Needs to Ask China to Find Her True Higher Self”, The Statesman, Editorial Page, Oct 22.
198. “India-USA interests: Elements of a serious Indian foreign policy”, The Statesman, Editorial Page, Oct 30.
199. “China’s India Aggression : German Historians Discover Logic Behind Communist Military Strategy”, The Statesman, Editorial Page Special Article, Nov 5.
200. Sonia’s Lying Courtier (with Postscript), Nov 25.
201. “Surrender or Fight? War is not a cricket match or Bollywood movie. Can India fight China if it must?” The Statesman, Dec 4, Editorial Page.
202. Hutton and Desai: United in Error Dec 14
203. “China’s Commonwealth: Freedom is the Road to Resolving Taiwan, Tibet, Sinkiang”, The Statesman, Dec 17.
204. “Nixon & Mao vs India: How American foreign policy did a U-turn about Communist China’s India aggression. The Government of India should publish its official history of the 1962 war.” The Sunday Statesman, Jan 6, The Statesman Jan 7 Editorial Page.
205. “Lessons from the 1962 War: Beginnings of a solution to the long-standing border problem: there are distinct Tibetan, Chinese and Indian points of view that need to be mutually comprehended”, The Sunday Statesman, January 13 2008.
206. “Our Dismal Politics: Will Independent India Survive Until 2047?”, The Statesman Editorial Page, Feb 1.
207. Median Voter Model of India’s Electorate Feb 7.
208. “Anarchy in Bengal: Intra-Left bandh marks the final unravelling of “Brand Buddha””, The Sunday Statesman, Editorial Page, Feb 10.
209. Fifty years since my third birthday: on life and death.
210. “Pakistan’s Kashmir obsession: Sheikh Abdullah Relied In Politics On The French Constitution, Not Islam”, The Statesman, Editorial Page, Feb 16.
211. A Note on the Indian Policy Process Feb 21.
212. “Growth & Government Delusion: Progress Comes From Learning, Enterprise, Exchange, Not The Parasitic State”, The Statesman, Editorial Page, Feb 22.
213. “How to Budget: Thrift, Not Theft, Needs to Guide Our Public Finances”, The Statesman, Editorial Page, Feb 26.
214. “India’s Budget Process (in Theory)”, The Statesman, Front Page Feb 29.
215. “Irresponsible Governance: Congress, BJP, Communists, BSP, Sena Etc Reveal Equally Bad Traits”, The Statesman, Editorial Page, March 4.
216. “American Politics: Contest Between Obama And Clinton Affects The World”, The Statesman, Editorial Page, March 11.
217. “China’s India Example: Tibet, Xinjiang May Not Be Assimilated Like Inner Mongolia And Manchuria”, The Statesman, Editorial Page, March 25.
218. “Taxation of India’s Professional Cricket: A Proposal”, The Statesman, Editorial Page, April 1.
219. “Two cheers for Pakistan!”, The Statesman, Editorial Page, April 7.
220. “Indian Inflation: Upside Down Economics From The New Delhi Establishment Parts 1-2”, The Statesman, Editorial Page, April 15-16.
221. “Assessing Manmohan: The Doctor of Deficit Finance should realise the currency is at stake”, The Statesman, Editorial Page Apr 25.
222. John Wisdom, Renford Bambrough: Main Philosophical Works, May 8.
223. “All India wept”: On the death of Rajiv Gandhi, May 21.
224. “China’s force and diplomacy: The need for realism in India” The Statesman, Editorial Page May 31.
226. Serendipity and the China-Tibet-India border problem June 6
227. “Leadership vacuum: Time & Tide Wait For No One In Politics: India Trails Pakistan & Nepal!”, The Statesman Editorial Page June 7.
228. My meeting Jawaharlal Nehru Oct13 1962
229. Manindranath Roy 1891-1958
230. Surendranath Roy 1860-1929
231. The Roys of Behala 1928.
232. Sarat Chandra visits Surendranath Roy 1927
233. Nuksaan-Faida Analysis = Cost-Benefit Analysis in Hindi/Urdu Jun 30
234. One of many reasons John R Hicks was a great economist July 3
236. My father, Indian diplomat, in the Shah’s Tehran 1954-57 July 8
237 Distribution of Govt of India Expenditure (Net of Operational Income) 1995 July 27
238. Growth of Real Income, Money & Prices in India 1869-2008, July 28.
239. Communism from Social Democracy? But not in India or China! July 29
240. Death of Solzhenitsyn, Aug. 3
240a. Tolstoy on Science and Art, Aug 4.
241. “Reddy`s reckoning: Where should India’s real interest rate be relative to the world?” Business Standard Aug 10
242. “Rangarajan Effect”, Business Standard Aug 24
243. My grandfather’s death in Ottawa 50 years ago today Sep 3
244. My books in the Library of Congress and British Library Sep 12
245. On Jimmy Carter & the “India-US Nuclear Deal”, Sep 12
246. My father after presenting his credentials to President Kekkonen of Finland Sep 14 1973.
247. “October 1929? Not!”, Business Standard, Sep 18.
248. “MK Gandhi, SN Roy, MA Jinnah in March 1919: Primary education legislation in a time of protest”
249. 122 sensible American economists Sept 26
250. Govt of India: Please call in the BBC and ask them a question Sep 27
251. “Monetary Integrity and the Rupee: Three British Raj relics have dominated our macroeconomic policy-making” Business Standard Sep 28.
252a. Rabindranath’s daughter writes to her friend my grandmother Oct 5
252b. A Literary Find: Modern Poetry in Bengal, Oct 6.
253. Sarat writes to Manindranath 1931, Oct 12
254. Origins of India’s Constitutional Politics 1913
255. Indira Gandhi in Paris, 1971
256. How the Liabilities/Assets Ratio of Indian Banks Changed from 84% in 1970 to 108% in 1998, October 20
257a. My Subjective Probabilities on India’s Moon Mission Oct 21
258. Complete History of Mankind’s Moon Missions: An Indian Citizen’s Letter to ISRO’s Chairman, Oct 22.
259. Would not a few million new immigrants solve America’s mortgage crisis? Oct 26
260. “America’s divided economists”, Business Standard Oct 26
261. One tiny prediction about the Obama Administration, Nov 5
262. Rai Bahadur Umbika Churn Rai, 1827-1902, Nov 7 2008
263. Jawaharlal Nehru invites my father to the Mountbatten Farewell Nov 7 2008
70a. “Become a US Supreme Court Justice! (Explorations in the Rule of Law in America) Preface” Nov 9
70b. “Become a US Supreme Court Justice! (Explorations in the Rule of Law in America) Password protected.” Nov 9.
257b. Neglecting technological progress was the basis of my pessimism about Chandrayaan, Nov 9.
264. Of a new New Delhi myth and the success of the University of Hawaii 1986-1992 Pakistan project Nov 15
265. Pre-Partition Indian Secularism Case-Study: Fuzlul Huq and Manindranath Roy Nov 16
266. Do President-elect Obama’s Pakistan specialists suppose Maulana Azad, Dr Zakir Hussain, Sheikh Abdullah were Pakistanis (or that Sheikh Mujib wanted to remain one)? Nov 18
267. Jews have never been killed in India for being Jews until this sad day, Nov 28.
268. In international law, Pakistan has been the perpetrator, India the victim of aggression in Mumbai, Nov 30.
269. The Indian Revolution, Dec 1.
270. Habeas Corpus: a captured terrorist mass-murderer tells a magistrate he has not been mistreated by Mumbai’s police Dec 3
271. India’s Muslim Voices (Or, Let us be clear the Pakistan-India or Kashmir conflicts have not been Muslim-Hindu conflicts so much as intra-Muslim conflicts about Muslim identity and self-knowledge on the Indian subcontinent), Dec 4
272. “Anger Management” needed? An Oxford DPhil recommends Pakistan launch a nuclear first strike against India within minutes of war, Dec 5.
273. A Quick Comparison Between the September 11 2001 NYC-Washington attacks and the November 26-28 2008 Mumbai Massacres (An Application of the Case-by-Case Philosophical Technique of Wittgenstein, Wisdom and Bambrough), Dec 6
274. Dr Rice finally gets it right (and maybe Mrs Clinton will too) Dec 7
275. Will the Government of India’s new macroeconomic policy dampen or worsen the business-cycle (if such a cycle exists at all)? No one knows! “Where ignorance is bliss, ‘Tis folly to be wise.” Dec 7
276. Pump-priming for car-dealers: Keynes groans in his grave (If evidence was needed of the intellectual dishonesty of New Delhi’s new macroeconomic policy, here it is) Dec 9.
277. Congratulations to Mumbai’s Police: capturing a terrorist, affording him his Habeas Corpus rights, getting him to confess within the Rule of Law, sets a new world standard Dec 10
278. Two cheers — wait, let’s make that one cheer — for America’s Justice Department, Dec 10
279. Will Pakistan accept the bodies of nine dead terrorists who came from Pakistan to Mumbai? If so, let there be a hand-over at the Wagah border, Dec 11.
280. Kasab was a stupid, ignorant, misguided youth, manufactured by Pakistan’s terrorist masterminds into becoming a mass-murdering robot: Mahatma Gandhi’s India should punish him, get him to repent if he wishes, then perhaps rehabilitate him as a potent weapon against Pakistani terrorism Dec 12.
281. Pakistan’s New Delhi Embassy should ask for “Consular Access” to nine dead terrorists in a Mumbai morgue before asking to meet Kasab, Dec 13
282. An Indian Reply to President Zardari: Rewarding Pakistan for bad behaviour leads to schizophrenic relationships Dec 19
283. Is my prediction about Caroline Kennedy becoming US Ambassador to Britain going to be correct? Dec 27
284. Chandrayaan adds a little good cheer! Well done, ISRO!, Dec 28
285. How sad that “Slumdog millionaire” is SO disappointing! Dec 31
289. (with Claude Arpi) “Transparency & history: India’s archives must be opened to world standards” Business Standard New Delhi Dec 31, 2008, published here Jan 1 .
290. A basis of India-Pakistan cooperation on the Mumbai massacres: the ten Pakistani terrorists started off as pirates and the Al-Huseini is a pirate ship Jan 1.
291. India’s “pork-barrel politics” needs a nice (vegetarian) Hindi name! “Teli/oily politics” perhaps? (And are we next going to see a Bill of Rights for Lobbyists?) Jan 3
292. My (armchair) experience of the 1999 Kargil war (Or, “Actionable Intelligence” in the Internet age: How the Kargil effort got a little help from a desktop) Jan 5
293. How Jammu & Kashmir’s Chief Minister Omar Abdullah can become a worthy winner of the Nobel Peace Prize: An Open Letter, Jan 7
294. Could the Satyam/PwC fraud be the visible part of an iceberg? Where are India’s “Generally Accepted Accounting Principles”? Isn’t governance rather poor all over corporate India? Bad public finance may be a root cause Jan 8
295. Satyam does not exist: it is bankrupt, broke, kaput. Which part of this does the new “management team” not get? The assets belong to Satyam’s creditors. Jan 8
296. Jews are massacred in Mumbai and now Jews commit a massacre in Gaza! Jan 9
297. And now for the Great Satyam Whitewash/Cover-Up/Public Subsidy! The wrong Minister appoints the wrong new Board who, probably, will choose the wrong policy Jan 12
298. Letter to Wei Jingsheng Jan 14
299. Memo to the Hon’ble Attorneys General of Pakistan & India: How to jointly prosecute the Mumbai massacre perpetrators most expeditiously Jan 16
300. Satyam and IT-firms in general may be good candidates to become “Labour-Managed” firms Jan 18
301. “Yes we might be able to do that. Perhaps we ought to. But again, perhaps we ought not to, let me think about it…. Most important is Cromwell’s advice: Think it possible we may be mistaken!” Jan 20.
302. RAND’s study of the Mumbai attacks Jan 25
303. Didn’t Dr Obama (the new American President’s late father) once publish an article in Harvard’s Quarterly Journal of Economics? (Or did he?) Jan 25.
304. “A Dialogue in Macroeconomics” 1989 etc: sundry thoughts on US economic policy discourse Jan 30
305. American Voices: A Brief Popular History of the United States in 20 You-Tube Music Videos Feb 5
306. Jaladhar Sen writes to Manindranath at Surendranath’s death, Feb 23
307. Pakistani expansionism: India and the world need to beware of “Non-Resident Pakistanis” ruled by Rahmat Ali’s ghost, Feb 9
308. My American years Part One 1980-90: battles for academic integrity & freedom Feb 11.
309. Thanks and well done Minister Rehman Malik and the Govt of Pakistan Feb 12
310. Can President Obama resist the financial zombies (let alone slay them)? His economists need to consult Dr Anna J Schwartz Feb 14
311. A Brief History of Gilgit, Feb 18
312. Memo to UCLA Geographers: Commonsense suggests Mr Bin Laden is far away from the subcontinent Feb 20
313. The BBC gets its history and geography deliberately wrong again Feb 21
314. Bengal Legislative Council 1921, Feb 28
315. Carmichael visits Surendranath, 1916, Mar 1
316. Memo to GoI CLB: India discovered the Zero, and 51% of Zero is still Zero Mar 10
317. An Academic Database of Doctoral & Other Postgraduate Research Done at UK Universities on India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Other Asian Countries Over 100 Years, Mar 13
318. Pakistan’s progress, Mar 18
319. Risk-aversion explains resistance to free trade, Mar 19
320. India’s incredibly volatile inflation rate! Mar 20
321. Is “Vicky, Cristina, Barcelona” referring to an emasculation of (elite) American society?, Mar 21
322. Just how much intellectual fraud can Delhi produce? Mar 26
323. India is not a monarchy! We urgently need to universalize the French concept of “citoyen”! Mar 28
324. Could this be the real state of some of our higher education institutions? Mar 29
325. Progress! The BBC retracts its prevarication! Mar 30
326. Aldous Huxley’s Essay “DH Lawrence” Mar 31
327. Waffle not institutional reform is what (I predict) the “G-20 summit” will produce, April 1
328. Did a full cricket team of Indian bureaucrats follow our PM into 10 Downing Street? Count for yourself! April 3
329. Will someone please teach the BJP’s gerontocracy some Economics 101 on an emergency basis? April 5
330. The BBC needs to determine exactly where it thinks Pakistan is!, April 5
331. Alfred Lyall on Christians, Muslims, India, China, Etc, 1908, April 6
332. An eminent economist of India passes away April 9
333. Democracy Database for the Largest Electorate Ever Seen in World History, April 12
334. Memo to the Election Commission of India April 14 2009, 9 AM, April 14
335. Caveat emptor! Satyam is taken over, April 14
336. India’s 2009 General Elections: Candidates, Parties, Symbols for Polls on 16-30 April Phases 1,2,3, April 15
337. On the general theory of expertise in democracy: reflections on what emerges from the American “torture memos” today, April 18
338. India’s 2009 General Elections: 467 constituencies (out of 543) for which candidates have been announced as of 1700hrs April 21, April 21
339. Apropos Philosophy of Economics, Comments of Sidney Hook, KJ Arrow, Milton Friedman, TW Schultz, SS Alexander, Max Black, Renford Bambrough, John Gray et al., April 22.
340. India’s 2009 General Elections: Names of all 543 Constituencies of the 15th Lok Sabha, April 22.
341. India’s 2009 General Elections: How 4125 State Assembly Constituencies comprise the 543 new Lok Sabha Constituencies, April 23.
342. Why has America’s “torture debate” yet to mention the obvious? Viz., sadism and racism, April 24
343. India’s 2009 General Elections: the advice of the late “George Eliot” (Mary Ann Evans, 1819-1880) to India’s voting public, April 24.
344. India’s 2009 General Elections: Delimitation and the Different Lists of 543 Lok Sabha Constituencies in 2009 and 2004, April 25
345. Is “Slumdog Millionaire” the single worst Best Picture ever?
346. India’s 2009 General Elections: Result of Delimitation — Old (2004) and New (2009) Lok Sabha and Assembly Constituencies, April 26
347. India’s 2009 General Elections: 7019 Candidates in 485 (out of 543) Constituencies announced as of April 26 noon April 26
348. What is Christine Fair referring to? Would the MEA kindly seek to address what she has claimed asap? April 27
349. Politics can be so entertaining :) Manmohan versus Sonia on the poor old CPI(M)!, April 28
350. A Dozen Grown-Up Questions for Sonia Gandhi, Manmohan Singh, LK Advani, Sharad Pawar, Km Mayawati and Anyone Else Dreaming of Becoming/Deciding India’s PM After the 2009 General Elections, April 28
351. India’s 2009 General Elections: How drastically will the vote-share of political parties change from 2004? May 2
352. India’s 2009 General Elections: And now finally, all 8,070 Candidates across all 543 Lok Sabha Constituencies, May 5
353. India’s 2009 General Elections: The Mapping of Votes into Assembly Segments Won into Parliamentary Seats Won in the 2004 Election, May 7
354. Will Messrs Advani, Rajnath Singh & Modi ride into the sunset if the BJP comes to be trounced? (Corrected), May 10
355. India’s 2009 General Elections: 543 Matrices to Help Ordinary Citizens Audit the Election Commission’s Vote-Tallies May 12
356. Well done Sonia-Rahul! Two hours before polls close today, I am willing to predict a big victory for you (but, please, try to get your economics right, and also, you must get Dr Singh a Lok Sabha seat if he is to be PM) May 13
357. Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee must dissolve the West Bengal Assembly if he is an honest democrat: Please try to follow Gerard Schröder’s example even slightly! May 16
358. India’s 2009 General Elections: Provisional Results from the EC as of 1400 hours Indian Standard Time May 16
359. Memo to the Hon’ble President of India: It is Sonia Gandhi, not Manmohan Singh, who should be invited to our equivalent of the “Kissing Hands” Ceremony May 16
360. Time for heads to roll in the BJP/RSS and CPI(M)!, May 17.
361. Inviting a new Prime Minister of India to form a Government: Procedure Right and Wrong May 18
362. Starting with Procedural Error: Why has the “Cabinet” of the 14th Lok Sabha been meeting today AFTER the results of the Elections to the 15th Lok Sabha have been declared?! May 18
363. Why has the Sonia Congress done something that the Congress under Nehru-Indira-Rajiv would not have done, namely, exaggerate the power of the Rajya Sabha and diminish the power of the Lok Sabha? May 21
364. Shouldn’t Dr Singh’s Cabinet begin with a small apology to the President of India for discourtesy? May we have reviews and reforms of protocols and practices to be followed at Rashtrapati Bhavan and elsewhere? May 23
365. Parliament’s sovereignty has been diminished by the Executive: A record for future generations to know May 25
366. How tightly will organised Big Business be able to control economic policies this time? May 26
367. Why does India not have a Parliament ten days after the 15th Lok Sabha was elected? Nehru and Rajiv would both have been appalled May 27
368. Eleven days and counting after the 15th Lok Sabha was elected and still no Parliament of India! (But we do have 79 Ministers — might that be a world record?) May 28
369. Note to Posterity: 79 Ministers in office but no 15th Lok Sabha until June 1 2009! May 29
370. Silver Jubilee of Pricing, Planning & Politics: A Study of Economic Distortions in India May 29
371. How to Design a Better Cabinet for the Government of India May 29
372. Parliament is supposed to control the Government, not be bullied or intimidated by it: Will Rahul Gandhi be able to lead the Backbenches in the 15th Lok Sabha? June 1
373. Mistaken Macroeconomics: An Open Letter to Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh, June 12
374. Why did Manmohan Singh and LK Advani apologise to one another? Is Indian politics essentially collusive, not competitive, aiming only to preserve and promote the post-1947 Dilli Raj at the expense of the whole of India? We seem to have no Churchillian repartee (except perhaps from Bihar occasionally) June 18
375. Are Iran’s Revolutionaries now Reactionaries? George Orwell would have understood. A fresh poll may be the only answer Are Iran’s Revolutionaries now Reactionaries? George Orwell would have understood. A fresh poll may be the only answer June 22
376. My March 25 1991 memo to Rajiv (which never reached him) is something the present Government seems to have followed: all for the best of course! July 12
377. Disquietude about France’s behaviour towards India on July 14 2009 July 14
378. Does the Govt. of India assume “foreign investors and analysts” are a key constituency for Indian economic policy-making? If so, why so? Have Govt. economists “learnt nothing, forgotten everything”? Some Bastille Day thoughts July 14
379. Letter to the GoI’s seniormost technical economist, May 21.July 19
380. Excuse me but young Kasab in fact confessed many months ago, immediately after he was captured – he deserves 20 or 30 years in an Indian prison, and a chance to become a model prisoner who will stand against the very terrorists who sent him on his vile mission July 20
381. Finally, three months late, the GoI responds to American and Pakistani allegations about Balochistan July 24
382. Thoughts, words, deeds: My work 1973-2010
M1. Map of Asia c. 1900
M2. Map of Chinese Empire c. 1900
M3. Map of Sinkiang, Tibet and Neighbours 1944
M4. China’s Secretly Built 1957 Road Through India’s Aksai Chin
M5. Map of Kashmir to Sinkiang 1944
M6. Map of India-Tibet-China-Mongolia 1959
M7. Map of India, Afghanistan, Russia, China, 1897
M8. Map of Xinjiang/Sinkiang/E Turkestan
M9. Map of Bombay/Mumbai 1909
M10-M13. Himalayan Expedition, West Sikkim 1970 – 1,2,3,4
I have almost stopped being amazed by the near-imbecility that our English-language TV and print media seem so often to be capable of. Oui mes enfants, Kasab did confess to mass-murder and other crimes in open court today but please do not feign such surprise for commercial reasons — if you had done your homework diligently you would have known that Kasab had confessed quite as fully as he did today many months ago, in fact as soon as he was physically able to do so after being treated in hospital following his capture by Mumbai police. (The BBC proved again it has no institutional memory left by failing to remember these facts too and instead relying on the Indian TV media today. Or, alternatively, the BBC’s dual national Pakistani staffers were quick to get the BBC to veer towards the official GoP line — and the GoP certainly has not wanted to remember the fact Kasab was being truthful from day one of his capture.)
Why was Kasab’s court-appointed lawyer silent and bewildered today? Because Kasab (with his Class 4 schooling) had somehow thought things through on his own during this existential experience and effectively sacked the lawyer peremptorily as was his right to do. It was the lawyer who had chalked out the faulty legal strategy of starting off by pleading not-guilty instead of plea-bargaining on the basis of Kasab’s initial confessions being the primary source of evidence for the Government of India to be able to indict Pakistan in the Mumbai massacres.
(To the lawyer’s credit though, at least he had taken the case when no one else would and furthermore, he had clearly acted in good faith.)
Had Kasab been killed along with his 9 compatriot fellow-terrorists (and he was the youngest and least experienced which is probably why he was teamed with Ishmael who was the team leader), India would have had almost no hard evidence in creating the dossier that we were able to confront Pakistan with.
Kasab’s correct legal strategy was to accept his guilt and plead for mercy on the basis of having turned State’s evidence, indeed the Government of India’s star witness for the prosecution. There is absolutely no jurisprudential benefit in seeing a tiny pawn like him– the very tiniest of all pawns –hang for his evil deeds. That is why I said back in November-December that if I was the judge sentencing him, I would send him to jail for 20-30 years, for his 20 or 30 victims at CST station, and get him to become a model prisoner who could become a prime spokesman against the terrorists who had sent him.
The right way for India and Pakistan to cooperate against the perpetrators of the Mumbai massacres was via a prompt application of common maritime law and the Law of the Sea Treaty’s provisions against piracy, murder etc on the high seas, followed by some well-publicised hangings at sea, on a Pakistan Navy vessel, of the masterminds. Here is a complete list of what I said here between November 28 2008 and March 18 2009 on all this:
1. November 28, 2008 Jews have never been killed in India for being Jews until this sad day
Jews have never been killed in India for being Jews until today. For two thousand years, in fact perhaps as long as there have ever been Jews in the world, there had been Jews living peacefully in India. I used to say that proudly to my Jewish friends, adding that the Indian Army had even had a Jewish general. Today, November 28 2008, or perhaps yesterday November 27 2008, that changed. Five Hasidic Jews who had been peaceful residents of Nariman House in Mumbai, came to be murdered by terrorists, merely for being Jews, or died in explosions or in the cross-fire between the terrorists and Indian security forces. The Israeli Government had offered India their well-known technical expertise in trying to save their fellow-nationals. I believe the Government of India made a tragic mistake by not accepting it. Yes certainly our national prestige would have taken the slightest of blows if Israeli commandos had helped to release Israeli hostages in India. But our national prestige has taken a much vaster and more permanent blow instead, now that we can no longer say that Jews have never in history been killed for being Jews in India. I am especially sad on this already very sad day to see that proud record destroyed.
2. November 30, 2008 In international law, Pakistan has been the perpetrator, India the victim of aggression in Mumbai
In international law, the attacks on Mumbai would probably reveal Pakistan to have been the aggressor state, India the victim of aggression. It is standard law that a “master” is responsible for the misdeeds of his “servant”. E.g., “Where the relation of master and servant clearly exists, the employer is responsible for injury occasioned by the negligent conduct of the servant in carrying out his orders. And this rule is so extensive as to make the master liable for the careless, reckless and wanton conduct of his servant, provided it be within the scope of his employment”. President Zardari and Prime Minister Gillani may declare truthfully they had no prior knowledge of the attacks on Mumbai, that these were not in any way authorized by them or their Government. But it seems likely on the basis of current evidence that the young terrorists who attacked Mumbai were still in a “master-servant” relationship with elements of the Pakistani state and had been financed, trained, motivated and supplied by resources arising, directly or indirectly, from the Pakistani exchequer. Public moneys in Pakistan came to be used or misused to pay for aggression against India – in a quite similar pattern to the October 1947 attack on Kashmir, Ayub Khan’s 1965 “Operation Grand Slam”, and Pervez Musharraf’s 1999 attack on Kargil. And to think that these youth who were made into becoming terroristic mass murderers were toddlers when the USSR withdrew from Afghanistan, in primary school when the 1993 WTC bombing happened and adolescents at the time of the 9/11 attacks.
3. December 3, 2008 Habeas Corpus: a captured terrorist mass-murderer tells a magistrate he is not being mistreated by Indian police
A youth who had been a petty thief in Multan, was induced by Pakistan’s terrorist masterminds to train to become a mass murderer with an assault rifle and grenades in the Mumbai massacres last week. He was shot and arrested by India’s police and is now in custody. He has already been produced before a magistrate who asked him if he was being mistreated, to which he said he was not. This redounds to India’s credit in view of the vast (and yes, probably racist) mistreatment over years of those held e.g. at Guantanamo Bay. (The argument that the US Constitution and the laws associated with habeas corpus did not apply to the US Government because Guantanamo Bay was not American territory, was always specious.)
4. December 4, 2008 India’s Muslim Voices (Or, Let us be clear the Pakistan-India or Kashmir conflicts have not been Muslim-Hindu conflicts so much as intra-Muslim conflicts about Muslim identity and self-knowledge on the Indian subcontinent) bySubroto Roy
Ill-informed Western observers, especially at purported “think tanks” and news-portals, frequently proclaim the Pakistan-India confrontation and Jammu & Kashmir conflict to represent some kind of savage irreconcilable division between Islamic and Hindu cultures. For example, the BBC, among its many prevarications on the matter (like lopping off J&K entirely from its recently broadcasted maps of India, perhaps under influence of its Pakistani staffers), frequently speaks of “Hindu-majority India” and “Indian-administered Kashmir” being confronted by Muslim Pakistan. And two days ago from California’s Bay Area arose into the Internet Cloud the following profundity: “What we’re dealing with now, in the Pakistani-Indian rivalry, is a true war of civilizations, pitting Muslims against Hindus…. the unfathomable depths of the Muslim-Hindu divide….”. Even President-elect Obama’s top Pakistan-specialists have fallen for the line of Washington’s extremely strong Pakistan lobby: “Pakistan… sees itself as the political home for the subcontinent’s Muslim population and believes India’s continued control over the Muslim-majority Kashmir valley and denial of a plebiscite for its inhabitants represent a lingering desire on India’s part to undo the legacy of partition, which divided the British Indian Empire into India and Pakistan.”
The truth on record is completely different and really rather simple: for more than a century and a half, Muslims qua Muslims on the Indian subcontinent have struggled with the question of their most appropriate cultural and political identity. The starkest contrast may be found in their trying to come to terms with their partly Arabic and partly Hindu or Indian parentage (the words Hindu, Sindhu, Indus, Indian, Sindhi, Hindi etc all clearly have the same Hellenistic root). For example, there was Wali Allah (1703-1762) declaring “We are an Arab people whose fathers have fallen in exile in the country of Hindustan, and Arabic genealogy and Arabic language are our pride”. But here has been Mohammad Iqbal (1877-1938), in his 1930 Allahabad speech to the Muslim League, conceiving today’s Pakistan as a wish to become free of precisely that Arab influence: “I would like to see the Punjab, NWFP, Sind and Baluchistan amalgamated into a single state… The life of Islam as a cultural force in this living country very largely depends on its centralisation in a specified territory… For India it means security and peace resulting from an internal balance of power, for Islam an opportunity to rid itself of the stamp that Arabian Imperialism was forced to give it, to mobilise its law, its education, its culture, and to bring them into closer contact with its own original spirit and the spirit of modern times.” In an article “Saving Pakistan” published last year in The Statesman and available elsewhere here, it was suggested Iqbal’s “spirit of modern times” may be represented most prominently today by the physicist/political philosopher Pervez Hoodbhoy: in a December 2006 speech Hoodbhoy suggested a new alternative to MA Jinnah’s “Faith, Unity, Discipline” slogan: “First, I wish for minds that can deal with the complex nature of truth…. My second wish is for many more Pakistanis who accept diversity as a virtue… My third, and last, wish is that Pakistanis learn to value and nurture creativity.” He has spoken too of bringing “economic justice to Pakistan”, of the “fight to give Pakistan’s women the freedom which is their birthright”, and of people to “wake up” and engage politically. But Pakistan’s Iqbalian liberals like Hoodbhoy still have to square off with those of their compatriots who sent the youthful squad into Mumbai last week with assault rifles, grenades and heroic Arabic code-names, as well as orders to attack civilians with the ferocity of the original Muslims attacking caravans and settlements in ancient Arabia.
What the extremely strong Pakistan lobbies within the British and American political systems have suppressed in order to paint a picture of eternal Muslim-Hindu conflict is the voice of India’s nationalist Muslims, who historically have had no wish to have any truck with any idea of a “Pakistan” at all. Most eminent among them was undoubtedly Jinnah’s fiercest critic: Maulana Abul Kalam Azad whose classic 1946 statement on Pakistan is available in his India Wins Freedom, the final version published only in 1988……
5. December 6, 2008 A Quick Comparison Between the September 11 2001 NYC-Washington attacks and the November 26-28 2008 Mumbai Massacres (An Application of the Case-by-Case Philosophical Technique of Wittgenstein, Wisdom and Bambrough) bySubroto Roy
In my book Philosophy of Economics (Routledge, 1989) and in my August 24 2004 public lecture in England “Science, Religion, Art and the Necessity of Freedom”, both available elsewhere here, I described the “case-by-case” philosophical technique recommended by Ludwig Wittgenstein, John Wisdom and Renford Bambrough. (Bambrough had also shown a common root in the work of the American philosopher Charles Sanders Peirce.) Herewith an application of the technique to a contemporary problem that shows the “family resemblance” between two modern terrorist attacks, the September 11 2001 attack on New York and Washington and the Mumbai massacres last week.
Similarity: In both, a gang of motivated youthful terrorists acted as a team against multiple targets; their willingness to accept suicide while indulging in mass-murder may have, bizarrely enough, brought a sense of adventure and meaning to otherwise empty lives.
Difference: In the 9/11 attacks, Mohammad Atta seemed to have been a single predominant leader while each of the others also had complex active roles requiring decisions, like piloting and navigating hijacked jumbo-jets. In the Mumbai massacres, the training and leadership apparently came from outside the team before and even during the operation – almost as if the team were acting like brainwashed robots under long-distance control.
Similarity: Both attacks required a long prior period of training and planning.
Difference: The 9/11 attacks did not require commando-training imparted by military-style trainers; the Mumbai massacres did.
Difference: In the 9/11 attacks, the actual weapons used initially were primitive, like box-cutters; in the Mumbai massacres, assault rifles and grenades were used along with sophisticated telecommunications equipment.
Difference: In 9/11, the initial targets, the hijacked aircraft, were themselves made into weapons against the ultimate targets, namely the buildings, in a way not seen before. In the Mumbai massacres, mass-shooting of terrorized civilians was hardly something original; besides theatres of war, the Baader-Meinhof gang and the Japanese Red Army used these in the 1970s as terrorist techniques (e.g. at Rome Airport Lod Airport; Postscript January 26 2009: I make this correction after reading and commenting on the RAND study which unfortunately did not have the courtesy of acknowledging my December 6 2008 analysis) plus there were, more recently, the Columbine and Virginia Tech massacres.
Similarity: In both cases, Hollywood and other movie scripts could have inspired the initial ideas of techniques to be used.
Similarity: In both cases, the weapons used were appropriate to the anticipated state of defence: nothing more than box-cutters could be expected to get by normal airport security; assault rifles etc could come in by the unguarded sea and attack soft targets in Mumbai. (Incidentally, even this elementary example of strategic thinking in a practical situation may be beyond the analytical capacity contained in the tons of waste paper produced at American and other modern university Economics departments under the rubric of “game theory”.)
Similarity: In both cases, a high-level of widespread fear was induced for several days or more within a targeted nation-state by a small number of people.
Similarity: No ransom-like demands were made by the terrorists in either case.
Similarity: Had the single terrorist not been captured alive in the Mumbai massacres, there would have been little trace left by the attackers.
Difference: The 9/11 attackers knew definitely they were on suicide-missions; the Mumbai attackers may not have done and may have imagined an escape route.
6. December 10, 2008 Congratulations to Mumbai’s Police: capturing a terrorist, affording him his Habeas Corpus rights, getting him to confess within the Rule of Law, sets a new world standard
The full statement to police of the single captured terrorist perpetrator of the Mumbai massacres is now available. It tells a grim story. But Mumbai’s Police, from ordinary beat constables and junior officers to the anti-terrorism top brass, come off very well both with their heroism and their commitment to the Rule of Law. In comparison to the disastrous failures of the Rule of Law in the United States and Britain since 9/11 in fighting terrorism, Mumbai’s Police may have set a new world standard.
The prisoner was several days ago afforded Habeas Corpus rights and produced before a magistrate who asked him if he was being mistreated to which he replied he was not – though there might not be any Indian equivalent of America’s “Miranda” law.
7. December 12, 2008 Kasab was a stupid, ignorant, misguided youth, manufactured by Pakistan’s terrorist masterminds into becoming a mass-murdering robot: Mahatma Gandhi’s India should punish him, get him to repent if he wishes, then perhaps rehabilitate him as a potent weapon against Pakistani terrorism
The crime of murder is that of deliberate homicide, that of mass-murder is the murder of a mass of people. There is no doubt the lone captured Mumbai terrorist, “Kasab”, has committed mass-murder, being personally responsible for the murder of probably 20 or 30 wholly innocent people he had never met. He killed them by machine-gun fire and grenades at CST/VT railway station on November 26 2008 before being shot and captured by police. He is also a co-conspirator in the mass-murders carried out by his associate at the railway station and those elsewhere in Mumbai. There is no doubt he should serve rigorous imprisonment for life in an Indian prison for his crimes.
And yet…. And yet…
If the Government of India is sensible, it needs to describe and comprehend the moral subtleties of the circumstances surrounding Kasab’s life, especially during the last year. Here was a stupid, ignorant, rather primitive youth misguided by others first into becoming a petty robber, later into becoming a terrorist-trainee in hope of advancing his career in thievery!
Bakri-Id 2008 has just occurred – it is on Bakri-Id a year ago in 2007 that Kasab reportedly first ventured into volunteering for terrorist training as a way of learning how to use firearms! It is almost certain he had never met a Hindu or an Indian in his life before then, that he knew absolutely nothing about the subcontinent’s history or politics, that he would be ignorant about who, say, Iqbal or Jinnah or Maulana Azad or Sheikh Abdullah or Mahatma Gandhi ever were. Within less than a year, that same youth had been brainwashed and trained adequately enough by Pakistan’s terrorist masterminds to become a robotic mass-murderer in Mumbai’s railway station. Now having been caught and treated humanely by his captors, he has confessed everything and even expressed a wish to write a letter to his father in Pakistan expressing remorse for his deeds.
If I was the judge trying him, I would sentence him to a minimum of twenty or thirty years rigorous imprisonment in an Indian prison. But I would add that he should be visited in jail by a few of India’s Muslim leaders, and indeed he should be very occasionally allowed out of the prison (under police supervision) in a structured program to offer Namaz with India’s Muslims in our grandest mosques. He should learn firsthand a little of the lives of India’s Muslims and of India’s people as a whole. Perhaps he will become a model prisoner, perhaps he may even want to become in due course a potent weapon against the terrorist masterminds who ruined his life by sending him to murder people in India.
It bears to be remembered that in an incredible act of Christian forgiveness, the widow of the Australian missionary Graham Staines forgave the cold-blooded murderers who burnt alive her husband and her young sons as they slept in a jeep in Orissa. The family of Rajiv Gandhi may have done the same of those who assassinated or conspired to assassinate Rajiv Gandhi. This is the land of Mahatma Gandhi, who had woven a remarkable moral and political theory out of the Jain-Buddhist-Hindu doctrine of ahimsa as well as Christian notions from Tolstoy and Thoreau of forgiving the sinner.
Of course there cannot be forgiveness where there is no remorse. Kasab’s behaviour thus far suggests he will be remorseful and repentant; there are many other thieves and murderers in the world who are not.
Reported statement of Mohammad Ajmal Amir ‘Kasab’, 21, to police after arrest: “I have resided in Faridkot, Dinalpur tehsil, Ukada district, Suba Punjab state, Pakistan since my birth. I studied up to class IV in a government school. After leaving school in 2000, I went to stay with my brother in Tohit Abad mohalla, near Yadgar Minar in Lahore. I worked as a labourer at various places till 2005, visiting my native once in a while. In 2005, I had a quarrel with my father. I left home and went to Ali Hajveri Darbar in Lahore, where boys who run away from home are given shelter. The boys are sent to different places for employment. One day a person named Shafiq came there and took me with him. He was from Zhelam and had a catering business. I started working for him for Rs120 per day. Later, my salary was increased to Rs200 per day. I worked with him till 2007. While working with Shafiq, I came in contact with one Muzzafar Lal Khan, 22. He was from Romaiya village in Alak district in Sarhad, Pakistan. Since we were not getting enough money, we decided to carry out robbery/dacoity to make big money. So we left the job.
We went to Rawalpindi, where we rented a flat. Afzal had located a house for us to loot… We required some firearms for our mission… While we were in search of firearms, we saw some LeT stalls at Raja Bazaar in Rawalpindi on the day of Bakri-id. We then realised that even if we procured firearms, we would not be able to operate them. Therefore, we decided to join LeT for weapons training. We reached the LeT office and told a person that we wanted to join LeT. He noted down our names and address and told us to come the next day. The next day, there was another person with him. He gave us Rs200 and some receipts. Then he gave us the address of a place called Marqas Taiyyaba, Muridke, and told us to go to there. It was an LeT training camp. We went to the place by bus. We showed the receipts at the gate of the camp. We were allowed inside… Then we were taken to the actual camp area. Initially, we were selected for a 21 days’ training regimen called Daura Sufa. From the next day, our training started.
The daily programme was as follows: 4.15 am — Wake-up call and thereafter Namaz; 8 am — Breakfast; 8.30 am to 10 am — Lecture on Hadis and Quran by Mufti Sayyed; 10 am to noon – Rest; Noon to 1 pm – Lunch break; 1 pm to 4 pm – Rest; 4 pm to 6 pm – PT; instructor: Fadulla; 6 pm to 8 pm – Namaz and other work; 8 pm to 9 pm – Dinner
After Daura Sufa, we were selected for another training programme called Daura Ama. This was also for 21 days. We were taken to Mansera in Buttal village, where we were trained in handling weapons. The daily programme was as follows: 4.15 am to 5 am – Wake-up call and thereafter Namaz; 5 am to 6 am – PT; instructor: Abu Anas; 8 am – Breakfast; 8.30 am to 11.30 am – Weapons training; trainer: Abdul Rehman; weapons: AK-47, Green-O, SKS, Uzi gun, pistol, revolver; 11.30 am to Noon – rest; Noon to 1 pm – Lunch break; 1 pm to 2 pm – Namaz; 2 pm to 4 pm – Rest; 4 pm to 6 pm – PT; 6 pm to 8 pm – Namaz and other work; 8 pm to 9 pm – Dinner.
After the training, we were told that we will begin the next stage involving advanced training. But for that, we were told, we had to do some khidmat for two months (khidmat is a sort of service in the camp as per trainees’ liking). We agreed. After two months, I was allowed to go to meet my parents. I stayed with my parents for a month. Then I went to an LeT camp in Shaiwainala, Muzaffarabad, for advanced training… We were taken to Chelabandi pahadi area for a training programme, called Daura Khas, of three months. It involved handling weapons, using hand grenade, rocket launchers and mortars.
The daily programme was as follows: 4.15 am to 5 am – Wake-up call and thereafter Namaz; 5 am to 6 am – PT; instructor: Abu Mawiya; 8 am – Breakfast; 8.30 am to 11.30 am – Weapons training, handling of all weapons and firing practices with the weapons, training on handling hand grenade, rocket-launchers and mortars, Green-O, SKS, Uzi gun, pistol, revolver; trainer: Abu Mawiya; 11.30 am to 12 noon – rest; Noon to 1 pm – Lunch break; 1 pm to 2 pm – Namaz; 2 pm to 4 pm – Weapons training and firing practice; lecture on Indian security agencies; 4 pm to 6 pm – PT; 6 pm to 8 pm – Namaz and other work; 8 pm to 9 pm – Dinner
There were 32 trainees in the camp. Sixteen were selected for a confidential operation by one Zaki-ur-Rehman, alias Chacha, but three of them ran away from the camp. Chacha sent the remaining 13 with a person called Kafa to the Muridke camp again. At Muridke, we were taught swimming and made familiar with the life of fishermen at sea… We were given lectures on the working of Indian security agencies. We were shown clippings highlighting atrocities on Muslims in India. After the training, we were allowed to go to our native places. I stayed with my family for seven days. I then went to the LeT camp at Muzaffarabad. The 13 of us were present for training. Then, on Zaki-ur-Rehman’s instructions, Kafa took us to the Muridke camp. The training continued for a month. We were given lectures on India and its security agencies, including RAW. We were also trained to evade security personnel. We were instructed not to make phone calls to Pakistan after reaching India.
The names of the persons present for the training are: n Mohd Azmal, alias Abu Muzahid n Ismail, alias Abu Umar n Abu Ali n Abu Aksha n Abu Umer n Abu Shoeb n Abdul Rehman (Bada) n Abdul Rehman (Chhota) n Afadulla n Abu Umar. After the training, Chacha selected 10 of us and formed five teams of two people each on September 15. I and Ismail formed a team; its codename was VTS. We were shown Azad Maidan in Mumbai on Google Earth’s site on the internet… We were shown a film on VT railway station. The film showed commuters during rush hours. We were instructed to carry out firing during rush hours — between 7 am and 11 am and between 7 pm and 11 pm. Then we were to take some people hostage, take them to the roof of some nearby building and contact Chacha, who would have given us numbers to contact media people and make demands. This was the strategy decided upon by our trainers. The date fixed for the operation was September 27. However, the operation was cancelled for some reason. We stayed in Karachi till November 23. The other teams were: 2nd team: a) Abu Aksha; b) Abu Umar; 3rd team: a) Abdul Rehman (Bada); b) Abu Ali; 4th team: a) Abdul Rehman (Chotta); b) Afadulla; 5th team: a) Abu Shoeb; b) Abu Umer.
On November 23, the teams left from Azizabad in Karachi, along with Zaki-ur-Rehman and Kafa. We were taken to the nearby seashore… We boarded a launch. After travelling for 22 to 25 nautical miles we boarded a bigger launch. Again, after a journey of an hour, we boarded a ship, Al-Huseini, in the deep sea. While boarding the ship, each of us was given a sack containing eight grenades, an AK-47 rifle, 200 cartridges, two magazines and a cellphone. Then we started towards the Indian coast. When we reached Indian waters, the crew members of Al-Huseini hijacked an Indian launch. The crew of the launch was shifted to Al-Huseini. We then boarded the launch. An Indian seaman was made to accompany us at gunpoint; he was made to bring us to the Indian coast. After a journey of three days, we reached near Mumbai’s shore. While we were still some distance away from the shore, Ismail and Afadulla killed the Indian seaman (Tandel) in the basement of the launch. Then we boarded an inflatable dinghy and reached Badhwar Park jetty. I then went along with Ismail to VT station by taxi. After reaching the hall of the station, we went to the toilet, took out the weapons from our sacks, loaded them, came out of the toilet and started firing indiscriminately at passengers. Suddenly, a police officer opened fire at us. We threw hand grenades towards him and also opened fire at him. Then we went inside the railway station threatening the commuters and randomly firing at them. We then came out of the railway station searching for a building with a roof. But we did not find one. Therefore, we entered a lane. We entered a building and went upstairs. On the third and fourth floors we searched for hostages but we found that the building was a hospital and not a residential building. We started to come down. That is when policemen started firing at us. We threw grenades at them.
While coming out of the hospital premises, we saw a police vehicle passing. We took shelter behind a bush. Another vehicle passed us and stopped some distance away. A police officer got off from the vehicle and started firing at us. A bullet hit my hand and my AK-47 fell out of my hand. When I bent to pick it up another bullet hit me on the same hand. Ismail opened fire at the officers in the vehicle. They got injured and firing from their side stopped. We waited for a while and went towards the vehicle. There were three bodies in the vehicle. Ismail removed the bodies and drove the vehicle. I sat next to him. Some policemen tried to stop us. Ismail opened fire at them. The vehicle had a flat tyre near a big ground by the side of road. Ismail got down from the vehicle, stopped a car at gunpoint and removed the three lady passengers from the car. Since I was injured, Ismail carried me to the car. He then drove the car. We were stopped by policemen on the road near the seashore. Ismail fired at them, injuring some policemen. The police also opened fire at us. Ismail was injured in the firing. The police removed us from the vehicle and took us to the same hospital. In the hospital, I came to know that Ismail had succumbed to injuries. My statement has been read to me and explained in Hindi, and it has been correctly recorded.”
8. December 13, 2008 Pakistan’s New Delhi Embassy should ask for “Consular Access” to nine dead terrorists in a Mumbai morgue before asking to meet Kasab
After two weeks of pointblank denials that Pakistan had anything to do with the Mumbai massacres (”the Mumbai incident”, “the Bombay event” as Pakistan’s social butterflies put it), Pakistan’s diplomats are now asking for Consular Access to Kasab, the lone captured terrorist! The cheek of it! Would they please request Consular Access instead to the nine dead terrorists who were Kasab’s companions, and who are presumably in a Mumbai morgue at present because India’s Muslims have denied them a burial? It is certain the Government of India would be relieved and delighted to hand over full custody of the mortal remains of these nine Pakistanis to representatives of His Excellency the High Commissioner of Pakistan to New Delhi for transfer back home to Pakistan.
As for Consular Access to Kasab, the Government of India will doubtless inform His Excellency that His Excellency may appreciate that in present circumstances in which the individual Kasab, not to put too fine a point on it, is singing like a canary, the Government of India deems the security of India could be jeopardised by any possibility of such a song becoming jeopardised. The Government of India will however doubtless assure His Excellency that Kasab is being well cared for in custody and has reported as such to the magistrate.
9. December 19, 2008 An Indian Reply to President Zardari: Rewarding Pakistan for bad behaviour leads to schizophrenic relationshipsbySubroto Roy
Pakistan President Asif Ali Zardari’s recent argument in the New York Times resembles closely the well-known publications of his ambassador to the United States, Mr Husain Haqqani. Unfortunately, this Zardari-Haqqani thesis about Pakistan’s current predicament in the world and the world’s predicament with Pakistan is shot through with clear factual and logical errors. These need to be aired because true or useful conclusions cannot be reached from mistaken premises or faulty reasoning.
i. Origins of Pakistan, India, J&K, and their mutual problems
Mr Zardari makes the following seemingly innocuous statement:
“…. the two great nations of Pakistan and India, born together from the same revolution and mandate in 1947, must continue to move forward with the peace process.”
Now as a matter of simple historical fact, the current entities in the world system known as India and Pakistan were not “born together from the same revolution and mandate in 1947”. It is palpably false to suppose they were and Pakistanis indulge in wishful thinking and self-deception about their own political history if they suppose this.
India’s Republic arose out of the British Dominion known as “India” which was the legal successor of the entity known previously in international law as “British India”. British India had had secular governance and so has had the Indian Republic.
By contrast, the Islamic Republic of Pakistan arose out of a newly created state in international law known as the British Dominion of Pakistan, consisting of designated territory carved out of British India by a British decision and coming into existence one day before British India extinguished itself. (Another new state, Bangladesh, later seceded from Pakistan.)
The British decision to create territory designated “Pakistan” had nothing to do with any anti-British “revolution” or “mandate” supported by any Pakistani nationalism because there was none. (Rahmat Ali’s anti-Hindu pamphleteering in London could be hardly considered Pakistani nationalism against British rule. Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan’s Pashtun patriots saw themselves as Indian, not Pakistani.)
To the contrary, the British decision had to do with a small number of elite Pakistanis — MA Jinnah foremost among them — demanding not to be part of the general Indian nationalist movement that had been demanding a British departure from power in the subcontinent. Jinnah’s separatist party, the Muslim League, was trounced in the 1937 provincial elections in all the Muslim-majority areas of British India that would eventually become Pakistan. Despite this, in September 1939, Britain, at war with Nazi Germany, chose to elevate the political power of Jinnah and his League to parity with the general Indian nationalist movement led by MK Gandhi. (See, Francis Robinson, in William James and Subroto Roy (eds), Foundations of Pakistan’s Political Economy: Towards an Agenda for the 1990s.) Britain needed India’s mostly Muslim infantry-divisions — the progenitors of the present-day Pakistan Army — and if that meant tilting towards a risky political idea of “Pakistan” in due course, so it would be. The thesis that Pakistan arose from any kind of “revolution” or “mandate” in 1947 is fantasy — the Muslim super-elite that invented and endorsed the Pakistan idea flew from Delhi to Karachi in chartered BOAC Dakotas, caring not a hoot about the vulnerability of ordinary Muslim masses to Sikh and Hindu majority wrath and retaliation on the ground.
Modern India succeeded to the rights and obligations of British India in international law, and has had a recognized existence as a state since at least the signing of the Armistice and Treaty of Versailles in 1918-1919. India was a founding member of the United Nations, being a signatory of the 1945 San Francisco Declaration, and an original member of the Bretton Woods institutions. An idea put forward by Argentina that as of 1947 India and Pakistan were both successor states of British India was rejected by the UN (Argentina withdrew its own suggestion), and it was universally acknowledged India was already a member of the UN while Pakistan would have to (and did) apply afresh for membership as a newly created state in the UN. Pakistan’s entry into the UN had the enthusiastic backing of India and was opposed by only one existing UN member, Afghanistan, due to a conflict that continues to this day over the legitimacy of the Durand Line that bifurcated the Pashtun areas.
Such a review of elementary historical facts and the position in law of Pakistan and India is far from being of merely pedantic interest today. Rather, it goes directly to the logical roots of the conflict over the erstwhile State of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) — a state that itself originated as an entity in the world system a full century before Pakistan was to do so and more than half a century before British India did, but which would collapse into anarchy and civil war in 1947-1949.
Britain (or England) had been a major nation-state in the world system recognized since Grotius first outlined modern international law. On March 16 1846, Britain entered into a treaty, the Treaty of Amritsar, with one Gulab Singh, and the “State of Jammu & Kashmir” came to arise as a recognizable entity in international law for the first time. (See my “History of Jammu and Kashmir” published in The Statesman, Oct 29-30 2006, available elsewhere here.)
Jammu & Kashmir continued in orderly existence as a state until it crashed into legal and political anarchy and civil war a century later. The new Pakistan had entered into a “Standstill Agreement” with the State of Jammu & Kashmir as of August 15 1947. On or about October 22 1947, Pakistan unilaterally ended that Standstill Agreement and instead caused military forces from its territory to attack the State of Jammu & Kashmir along the Mansehra Road towards Baramula and Srinagar, coinciding too with an Anglo-Pakistani coup d’etat in Gilgit and Baltistan (see my “Solving Kashmir”; “Law, Justice & J&K”; “Pakistan’s Allies”, all published in The Statesman in 2005-2006 and available elsewhere here).
The new Pakistan had chosen, in all deliberation, to forswear law, politics and diplomacy and to resort to force of arms instead in trying to acquire J&K for itself via a military decision. It succeeded only partially. Its forces took and then lost both Baramula and Kargil; they may have threatened Leh but did not attempt to take it; they did take and retain Muzaffarabad and Skardu; they were never near taking the summer capital, Srinagar, though might have threatened the winter capital, Jammu.
All in all, a Ceasefire Line came to be demarcated on the military positions as of February 1 1949. After a war in 1971 that accompanied the secession of Bangladesh from Pakistan, that Ceasefire Line came to be renamed the “Line of Control” between Pakistan and India. An ownerless entity may be acquired by force of arms — the erstwhile State of Jammu & Kashmir in 1947-1949 had become an ownerless entity that had been dismembered and divided according to military decision following an armed conflict between Pakistan and India. The entity in the world system known as the “State of Jammu & Kashmir” created on March 16 1846 by Gulab Singh’s treaty with the British ceased to exist as of October 22 1947. Pakistan had started the fight over J&K but there is a general rule of conflicts that he who starts a fight does not get to finish it.
Such is the simplest and most practical statement of the history of the current problem. The British, through their own compulsions and imperial pretensions, raised all the talk about a “Lapse of Paramountcy” of the British Crown over the “Native Princes” of “Indian India”, and of how, the “Native Princes” were required to “accede” to either India or Pakistan. This ignored Britain’s own constitutional law. BR Ambedkar pointed out with unsurpassed clarity that no “Lapse of Paramountcy” was possible even for a single logical moment since “Paramountcy” over any “Native Princes” who had not joined India or Pakistan as of August 15 1947, automatically passed from British India to its legal successor, namely, the Dominion of India. It followed that India’s acquiescence was required for any subsequent accession to Pakistan – an acquiescence granted in case of Chitral and denied in case of Junagadh.
What the Republic of India means by saying today that boundaries cannot be redrawn nor any populations forcibly transferred is quite simply that the division of erstwhile J&K territory is permanent, and that sovereignty over it is indivisible. What Pakistan has claimed is that India has been an occupier and that there are many people inhabiting the Indian area who may not wish to be Indian nationals and who are being compelled against their will to remain so ~ forgetting to add that precisely the same could be said likewise of the Pakistani-held area. The lawful solution I proposed in “Solving Kashmir, “Law, Justice and J&K” and other works has been that the Republic of India invite every person covered under its Article 370, citizen-by-citizen, under a condition of full information, to privately and without fear decide, if he/she has not done so already, between possible Indian, Iranian, Afghan or Pakistani nationalities ~ granting rights and obligations of permanent residents to any of those persons who may choose for whatever private reason not to remain Indian nationals. If Pakistan acted likewise, the problem of J&K would indeed come to be resolved. The Americans, as self-appointed mediators, have said they wish “the people of the region to have a voice” in a solution: there can be no better expression of such voice than allowing individuals to privately choose their own nationalities and their rights and responsibilities accordingly. The issue of territorial sovereignty is logically distinct from that of the choice of nationality by individual inhabitants.
ii. Benazir’s assassination falsely compared to the Mumbai massacres
Secondly, President Zardari draws a mistaken comparison between the assassination last year of his wife, Benazir Bhutto, and the Mumbai massacres a few weeks ago. Ms Bhutto’s assassination may resemble more closely the assassinations in India of Indira Gandhi in 1984 and Rajiv Gandhi in 1991.
Indira Gandhi died in “blowback” from the unrest she and her younger son and others in their party had opportunistically fomented among Sikh fundamentalists and sectarians since the late 1970s. Rajiv Gandhi died in “blowback” from an erroneous imperialistic foreign policy that he, as Prime Minister, had been induced to make by jingoistic Indian diplomats, a move that got India’s military needlessly involved in the then-nascent Sri Lankan civil war. Benazir Bhutto similarly may be seen to have died in “blowback” from her own political activity as prime minister and opposition leader since the late 1980s, including her own encouragement of Muslim fundamentalist forces. Certainly in all three cases, as in all assassinations, there were lapses of security too and imprudent political judgments made that contributed to the tragic outcomes.
Ms Bhutto’s assassination has next to nothing to do with the Mumbai massacres, besides the fact the perpetrators in both cases were Pakistani terrorists. President Zardari saying he himself has lost his wife to terrorism is true but not relevant to the proper diagnosis of the Mumbai massacres or to Pakistan-India relations in general. Rather, it serves to deflect criticism and condemnation of the Pakistani state’s pampered handing of Pakistan’s terrorist masterminds, as well as the gross irresponsibility of Pakistan’s military scientists (not AQ Khan) who have been recently advocating a nuclear first strike against India in the event of war.
iii. Can any religious nation-state be viable in the modern world?
President Zardari’s article says:
“The world worked to exploit religion against the Soviet Union in Afghanistan by empowering the most fanatic extremists as an instrument of destruction of a superpower. The strategy worked, but its legacy was the creation of an extremist militia with its own dynamic.”
This may be overly simplistic. As pointed out in my article “Pakistan’s Allies”, Gregory Zinoviev himself after the Bolshevik Revolution had declared that international communism “turns today to the peoples of the East and says to them, ‘Brothers, we summon you to a Holy War first of all against British imperialism!’ At this there were cries of Jehad! Jehad! And much brandishing of picturesque Oriental weapons.” (Treadgold, Twentieth Century Russia, 1990, p. 213). For more than half of the 20th century, orthodox Muslims had been used by Soviet communists against British imperialism, then by the British and Americans (through Pakistan) against Soviet communism. Touché! Blowback and counter-blowback! The real question that arises from this today may be why orthodox Muslims have allowed themselves to be used either way by outside forces and have failed in developing a modern nation-state and political culture of their own. Europe and America only settled down politically after their religious wars were over. Perhaps no religious nation-state is viable in the modern world.
iv. Pakistan’s behaviour leads to schizophrenia in international relations
President Zardari pleads for, or perhaps demands, resources from the world:
“the best response to the Mumbai carnage is to coordinate in counteracting the scourge of terrorism. The world must act to strengthen Pakistan’s economy and democracy, help us build civil society and provide us with the law enforcement and counterterrorism capacities that will enable us to fight the terrorists effectively.”
Six million pounds from Mr Gordon Brown, so much from here or there etc – President Zardari has apparently demanded 100 billion dollars from America and that is the price being talked about for Pakistan to dismantle its nuclear weapons and be brought under an American “nuclear umbrella” instead.
I have pointed out elsewhere that what Pakistan seems to have been doing in international relations for decades is send out “mixed messages” – i.e. contradictory signals, whether in thought, word or deed. Clinical psychologists following the work of Gregory Bateson would say this leads to confusion among Pakistan’s interlocutors (a “double bind”) and the symptoms arise of what may be found in schizophrenic relationships. (See my article “Do President-elect Obama’s Pakistan specialists believe…”; on the “double bind” theory, an article I chanced to publish in the Journal of Genetic Psychology, 1986, may be of interest).
Here are a typical set of “mixed messages” emanating from Pakistan’s government and opinion-makers:
“We have nuclear weapons
“We keep our nuclear weapons safe from any misuse or unauthorized use
“We are willing to use nuclear weapons in a first strike against India
“We do not comprehend the lessons of Hiroshima-Nagasaki
“We do not comprehend the destruction India will visit upon us if we strike them
“We are dangerous so we must not be threatened in any way
“We are peace-loving and want to live in peace with India and Afghanistan
“We love to play cricket with India and watch Bollywood movies
“We love our Pakistan Army as it is one public institution that works
“We know the Pakistan Army has backed armed militias against India in the past
“We know these militias have caused terrorist attacks
“We are not responsible for any terrorist attacks
“We do not harbour any terrorists
“We believe the world should pay us to not use or sell our nuclear weapons
“We believe the world should pay us to not encourage the terrorists in our country
“We believe the world should pay us to prevent terrorists from using our nuclear weapons
“We hate India and do not want to become like India
“We love India and want to become like India
“We are India and we are not India…”
A mature rational responsible and self-confident Pakistan would have said instead:
“We apologise to India and other countries for the outrageous murders our nationals have committed in Mumbai and elsewhere
“We ask the world to watch how our professional army is deployed to disarm civilian and all “non-state” actors of unauthorized firearms and explosives
“We do not need and will not demand or accept a dollar in any sort of foreign aid, military or civilian, to solve our problems
“We realize our economic and political institutions are a mess and we must clean them up
“We will strive to build a society imbued with what Iqbal described as the spirit of modern times..”
As someone who created at great personal cost at an American university twenty years ago the book Foundations of Pakistan’s Political Economy: Towards an Agenda for the 1990s, I have a special interest in hoping that Pakistan shall find the path of wisdom.
10. January 1, 2009 A basis of India-Pakistan cooperation on the Mumbai massacres: the ten Pakistani terrorists started off as pirates and the Al-Huseini is a pirate ship
One of my finest teachers at the London School of Economics many years ago had been Professor DHN Johnson, a pioneer of the Law of the Sea Treaty; reflecting upon the aftermath of the Mumbai massacres, it occurs to me that the Law of the Sea Treaty may provide the most expedient and lawful recourse in present circumstances, as well as a proper and clear basis for cooperation between the Government of India and the Government of Pakistan in the matter.
Both India and Pakistan have signed and ratified the Law of the Sea Treaty which reads at Article 101
“Definition of piracy
Piracy consists of any of the following acts:
(a) any illegal acts of violence or detention, or any act of depredation, committed for private ends by the crew or the passengers of a private ship or a private aircraft, and directed:
(i) on the high seas, against another ship or aircraft, or against persons or property on board such ship or aircraft;
(ii) against a ship, aircraft, persons or property in a place outside the jurisdiction of any State;
(b) any act of voluntary participation in the operation of a ship or of an aircraft with knowledge of facts making it a pirate ship or aircraft;
(c) any act of inciting or of intentionally facilitating an act described in subparagraph (a) or (b).”
From the captured Kasab’s confession, it is clear he and his companions began their criminal activities within Pakistan (by training as terrorists and engaging in a conspiracy to commit mass-murder) and this continued outside Pakistan at sea:
“On November 23, the teams left from Azizabad in Karachi, along with Zaki-ur-Rehman and Kafa. We were taken to the nearby seashore… We boarded a launch. After travelling for 22 to 25 nautical miles we boarded a bigger launch. Again, after a journey of an hour, we boarded a ship, Al-Huseini, in the deep sea. While boarding the ship, each of us was given a sack containing eight grenades, an AK-47 rifle, 200 cartridges, two magazines and a cellphone. Then we started towards the Indian coast. When we reached Indian waters, the crew members of Al-Huseini hijacked an Indian launch. The crew of the launch was shifted to Al-Huseini. We then boarded the launch. An Indian seaman was made to accompany us at gunpoint; he was made to bring us to the Indian coast. After a journey of three days, we reached near Mumbai’s shore. While we were still some distance away from the shore, Ismail and Afadulla killed the Indian seaman (Tandel) in the basement of the launch.”
Pirates in law are Hostis humani generis or “enemies of mankind”. As signatories to the Law of the Sea Treaty, India and Pakistan may act jointly against the Al-Huseini and others associated with the acts of piracy including the maritime murders of the Indian fishermen that preceded the Mumbai massacres, thus solving the question of jurisdiction before it arises. The remains of the nine dead Pakistani terrorists presently in a Mumbai morgue can be buried at sea in international waters by whatever funeral procedure is due to dishonourable sailors and pirates. (The fish will not refuse them.) Kasab can be tried as a pirate too — though he really needs an American defence attorney to plea-bargain for him as he turns State’s evidence against the real masterminds of the plot, some of whom may be presently in the custody of the Pakistan Government.
11. January 2 2009 How to solve the jurisdiction problem in prosecuting perpetrators of the Mumbai massacres: let the Pakistan and Indian Navies try them (and hang them) at sea as pirates
Should Pakistan hand over the terrorist masterminds now in its custody to India for trial for mass murder? Should India hand over the captured Mumbai terrorist Kasab to Pakistan for trial as a mass murderer? Such questions can lead to endless legal wrangling, no action, and no justice for all the many victims of the Mumbai massacres. It is far more expeditious for both countries to instead hand over all these characters in their custody to their respective navies for trial and punishment as pirates who have violated the Law of the Sea. The Pakistan Navy Chief and the Indian Navy Chief can agree to have their admirals meet with their respective prisoners for a rendezvous at sea in international waters. A joint trial under maritime law can be conducted on board, say, a Pakistan naval vessel in international waters. Pakistan’s terrorist masterminds can be hanged at sea on a scaffold aboard a Pakistan Navy vessel in international waters for crimes of piracy, murder and conspiracy. Kasab, if he turns State’s evidence, can plea-bargain for a lesser sentence; if he does not turn State’s evidence, he can join his handlers on the scaffold (assuming he is of adult age and sane). Pakistan’s terrorist training institutes, incidentally, will see a rapid decline in their admissions and recruitment figures once there are some well-televised hangings at sea.
12. January 16, 2009 Memo to the Hon’ble Attorneys General of Pakistan & India: How to jointly prosecute the Mumbai massacre perpetrators most expeditiously
A criminal conspiracy was hatched within the Pakistan Republic by persons known and unknown affiliated with an unlawful organization. The plot was to commit kidnapping, murder, robbery and piracy on the high seas, to be followed by illegal entry, criminal trespass, mass-murder, kidnapping, grievous bodily harm, arson, robbery, dacoity and multiple similarly heinous crimes in the Indian Republic, amounting to waging war against the Indian Republic and the Indian people. The conspirators commissioned services of at least 10 identified persons to be trained and indoctrinated as willing instruments in these multiple crimes, inducing them with money and other incentives.
Nine of these 10 persons came to be killed by Indian law enforcement authorities during the execution of their crimes; their mortal remains have remained in a Mumbai morgue now for more than one month and a half.
The tenth person, one Kasab, was captured alive and is in custody. He has been a willing witness for the prosecution of these multiple crimes and it is principally due to his testimony that the precise sequence of events in the commission of these crimes has been able to be reconstructed by law enforcement authorities (as contained e.g. in the “dossier” submitted by the Indian Republic to the Pakistan Republic.)
Both the Pakistan Republic and the Indian Republic have jurisdiction to prosecute these crimes. The jurisdiction of the Indian Republic is obvious.
Pakistan’s jurisdiction arises from the Pakistan Penal Code which states
2. Punishment of offences committed within Pakistan: Every person shall be liable to punishment under this Code and not otherwise for every act or omission contrary to the provisions thereof, of which he shall be guilty within Pakistan.3. Punishment of offences committed beyond, but which by law may be tried within Pakistan: Any person liable, by any Pakistani Law, to be tried for an offence committed beyond Pakistan shall be dealt with according to the provision of this Code for any act committed beyond Pakistan in the same manner as if such act had been committed within Pakistan. 4. Extension of Code for extra-territorial offences: The provisions of this Code apply also to any offence committed by “[(1) any citizen of Pakistan or any person in the service of Pakistan in any place without and beyond Pakistan];…. (4) any person on any ship or aircraft registered in Pakistan wherever it may be. Explanation: In this section the word “offence” includes every act committed outside Pakistan which, if committed in Pakistan, would be punishable under this Code…”.
Furthermore, both the Pakistan Republic and the Indian Republic have jurisdiction from the Law of the Sea Treaty which both have signed and ratified and which states at Article 101
“Definition of piracy(b) any act of voluntary participation in the operation of a ship or of an aircraft with knowledge of facts making it a pirate ship or aircraft;
Piracy consists of any of the following acts: (a) any illegal acts of violence or detention, or any act of depredation, committed for private ends by the crew or the passengers of a private ship or a private aircraft, and directed:
(i) on the high seas, against another ship or aircraft, or against persons or property on board such ship or aircraft;
(ii) against a ship, aircraft, persons or property in a place outside the jurisdiction of any State;
(c) any act of inciting or of intentionally facilitating an act described in subparagraph (a) or (b).”
From Kasab’s testimony, it is clear he and his companions began their criminal activities within Pakistan (by training as terrorists and engaging in the conspiracy to commit mass-murder in India) and this continued outside Pakistan at sea:
“On November 23, the teams left from Azizabad in Karachi, along with Zaki-ur-Rehman and Kafa. We were taken to the nearby seashore… We boarded a launch. After travelling for 22 to 25 nautical miles we boarded a bigger launch. Again, after a journey of an hour, we boarded a ship, Al-Huseini, in the deep sea. While boarding the ship, each of us was given a sack containing eight grenades, an AK-47 rifle, 200 cartridges, two magazines and a cellphone. Then we started towards the Indian coast. When we reached Indian waters, the crew members of Al-Huseini hijacked an Indian launch. The crew of the launch was shifted to Al-Huseini. We then boarded the launch. An Indian seaman was made to accompany us at gunpoint; he was made to bring us to the Indian coast. After a journey of three days, we reached near Mumbai’s shore. While we were still some distance away from the shore, Ismail and Afadulla killed the Indian seaman … in the basement of the launch.”
Traditionally, pirates are Hostis humani generis or “enemies of mankind” in law (as are international terrorists).
In view of the competing jurisdictions to try and punish all these crimes, as well as in view of the regrettable historical circumstances of grave conflict and deep misunderstanding and mistrust between the Pakistan Republic and the Indian Republic, it may be most expeditious for there to be a joint investigation and prosecution under maritime law by the Pakistan Navy and Indian Navy of this entire set of crimes, assisted by civilian legal authorities in both countries. As signatories to the Law of the Sea Treaty, the Pakistan Republic and the Indian Republic may act jointly against the vessel Al-Huseini and all the others associated with the whole conspiracy including the acts of piracy and maritime murder of the Indian fishermen and the trawler-skipper Solanki preceding the massacres in Mumbai.
Both countries would hand over all the accused in their custody to their respective navies for trial and punishment as pirates who have or have conspired to violate the Law of the Sea. The Pakistan Navy Chief and the Indian Navy Chief can agree to have their admirals meet with their respective prisoners for a rendezvous at sea in international waters. A joint trial under maritime law can be conducted on board, say, a Pakistan naval vessel in international waters. The masterminds who conceived and plotted these crimes and who are presently in the custody of the Pakistan Republic can be hanged at sea on a scaffold aboard a Pakistan Navy vessel in international waters for piracy, murder and conspiracy. Kasab, if he turns State’s evidence, can plea-bargain for a lesser sentence; if he does not turn State’s evidence, he can join his handlers on the scaffold. The remains of the nine dead criminals presently in a Mumbai morgue can be buried at sea in international waters by whatever funeral procedure is due to dishonourable sailors and pirates.
Incidental consequences may be that future admissions and recruitment figures of terrorist training institutes would decline, and of course Pakistan-India tensions would be reduced once clear justice is seen to have been done expeditiously in this complex case.
13. January 25, 2009 RAND’s study of the Mumbai attacks by Subroto Roy Kolkata
The conspicuously good thing that can be said about the RAND Corporation’s study of the Mumbai massacres (”The Lessons of Mumbai”, RAND January 2009) is that there is no sign of it having been affected by the powerful Pakistan lobby. Far too many purported studies emerging from American or British “thinktanks” cannot say the same.
If anything, the ten American authors of the 25-pages of the RAND text have among them two prominent advocates of better US-India relations. This is helpful to truthfulness because of the simple fact India has been in this case a victim of aggression that originated in Pakistan. Whether elements of the Pakistan Government were involved is almost the wrong question – if some retired underemployed former soldier drawing a Pakistan Army pension helped the Lashkar-e-Taiba’s commando training of the Mumbai terrorists, the existence of Pakistani state involvement is proved. Commando training requires technical skills of a sort that can only originate with a military.
In Pakistan as in any other large populous country including India, the state tends to be a hydra-headed monster and it may be foolish to imagine instead a rational, unified, well-informed or even a benevolent political entity. State involvement in Pakistan, India, China or elsewhere is something hard to isolate when there is so much mixing of private and public property or misuse of resources arising from the public exchequer.
What Pakistan’s PR campaign has done after Mumbai is not so much raise the Kashmir dispute as to obfuscate things by shedding crocodile tears and pretending to share victimhood saying, oh we sympathise with you but please sympathise with us too as we have been victims of even bigger terrorist attacks by the same kind of people, we have lost Benazir, we have lost many more people than you have, therefore cooperate with us and we will try to do what we can to help you in this matter. English-speaking liberals educated at places like Karachi Grammar School have then appeared on Indian TV stations (owned by Delhi people from places like Doon School) purporting to represent Pakistan on “the Mumbai incident”; none of them can have much credibility because the real India-haters in Pakistan might cheerfully make them murder victims too given half a chance.
The RAND study deserves credit for avoiding all misleading Pakistani rhetoric about the Mumbai massacres and at least intending to try to get to the bottom of things in a systematic manner. Beyond that, unfortunately, it has made logical and factual and methodological errors which cause it to fail to do so.
The key logical error made by the RAND authors arises from combining a central front-page statement
“Evidence suggests Lashkar-e-Taiba, a terrorist group based in Pakistan, was responsible for the attack”
with assertive suggestions about Mumbai’s police being backward, incompetent, cowardly etc (”passive”). Yet how precisely did evidence about LeT culpability come to light? Only because Mumbai’s police and the Railway police engaged, injured and then captured Kasab using their antiquated equipment the best they could. There is no evidence of police cowardice at CST Station; to the contrary, it took courage to aim .303’s at adversaries firing back with assault rifles. Kasab received his first hand injury there. ATS Chief Karkare and his fellow-officers may seem foolhardy in hindsight to have been driving in the same vehicle but they did engage their unknown enemy immediately they could and died doing so, crippling Kasab badly enough that he could be captured in due course at Chowpatty. [Correction: it appears that though Kasab was fired upon by the police at CST Station he received both his hand injuries from the firing by the ATS squad.] And the Chowpatty police action showed obvious bravery in absorbing injury and death in order to kill Ishmail and capture Kasab. (Kasab, among the youngest, had been paired with Ishmail, the apparent leader of the group.)
Furthermore, Kasab upon capture was treated humanely and lawfully. His injuries were treated, he was produced before a magistrate within a week who asked him if he was being mistreated to which he said no. Slumdog millionaire may get undeserved Oscars portraying torture of a British actor by Mumbai police but it is ridiculous fiction – Kasab the captured Pakistani terrorist mass murderer was not tortured by Mumbai’s police.
Contrast such Indian police behaviour with the “enhanced interrogation techniques” the Bush Administration used with negative results in Guantanamo and Abu Ghraib – which President Obama has now started to end. Kasab, an ignorant misguided youth, was grateful enough for the humane and civilized treatment to start singing like the proverbial canary. The result of that has been precisely all the evidence the Government of India has now presented to the world and Pakistan about the LeT’s culpability.
As for the anti-terrorist actions of the Indian Army, Navy and NSG, the RAND study is right to point to multitudinous errors and it is useful to have these listed in orderly fashion. But many of these errors were obvious to millions of lay Indian citizens who watched events on TV. The central fault was the scarcity of trained NSG officers and men, and the failure to apply standard emergency management protocols.
The RAND study, by relying overly on government sources, has failed to point to what ordinary Indian citizens already know – the NSG is being utterly wasted protecting our politicians. India has no proper equivalent of the US “Secret Service”, and even if we did, we would probably waste that by spreading it too thinly among politicians. As it happens if almost any politician in India today did happen to be unfortunately assassinated, the main mourners would be family-members and not the general Indian public. Despite politicians constituting rather “low-value targets” for terrorists, India’s scarce anti-terrorist and police resources have been misallocated to protecting them.
Finally, the RAND study makes the lazy-man’s methodological error of supposing outfits like the LeT think and behave in a manner explicable by American political science textbooks, or ought to do so. What Western analysts may need to do instead is learn from the old Arabist and Orientalist traditions of how to think and see the world from Eastern points of view. But that may require greater self-knowledge than the modern world tends to permit.
My December 6 2008 analysis here titled “A Quick Comparison Between the September 11 2001 NYC-Washington attacks and the November 26-28 2008 Mumbai Massacres (An Application of the Case-by-Case Philosophical Technique of Wittgenstein, Wisdom and Bambrough)” is republished below. I have corrected “Rome Airport” with “Lod Airport” on the basis of reading the RAND report, though may not have received the courtesy of acknowledgment for the reminder of the Japanese Red Army attack….
14. February 9 2009, Pakistani expansionism: India and the world need to beware of “Non-Resident Pakistanis” ruled by Rahmat Ali’s ghost
The Government of Pakistan is said to be due to release its initial report on the involvement of Pakistanis in the Mumbai massacres. It is reportedly expected that the G o P will partly if not mainly or wholly attribute responsibility for the planning of the massacres to expatriate Pakistanis in other countries, perhaps in Europe and Britain. If so, a fact the Government of India might find prudent to recall is that the Government of Pakistan in bygone decades did deny citizenship to Rahmat Ali himself (who invented the acronym “P, A, K, I, S, T, A, N” ) and even deported him back to Britain from where he had carried out his vituperative and bigoted campaign against Hindus.
Rahmat Ali’s British grave has become a site of pilgrimage for expatriate Pakistani extremists and his ignorant hate-filled ideology from the 1930s has been inspiring their modern manifestos. I said this in an article published in Karachi’s Dawn newspaper in 2005, which also pointed to Iqbal and Jinnah’s disdain for Rahmat Ali’s views (see “Iqbal and Jinnah vs Rahmat Ali” republished here). American nationals and British subjects of Pakistani origin inspired by Rahmat Ali’s ghost are spreading theories of Pakistani territorial expansionism at the cost of the destruction of the Indian Republic and many other countries.
The fact that at one such website recently I myself, presumably because of my Hindu name and Indian nationality, have been referred to as a “monkey- or donkey-worshipper” may speak to the somewhat rabid nature of such ideologies. (Drat! And there I was expecting some elementary Pakistani courtesy and acknowledgment let alone gratitude for having created, at great personal cost at an American university twenty years ago, the volume with WE James titled Foundations of Pakistan’s Political Economy: Towards an Agenda for the 1990s with its mundane chapters on agriculture, macroeconomics, education etc!)
Incidentally, British newspapers are reporting today that America’s CIA has been deeply concerned about British subjects of Pakistani origin being a source of international terrorism. It may be pertinent to recall that terrorism in India’s Punjab had much support among numerous Sikh expatriates and immigrants in North America and Britain, and the same kind of thing may be true of Tamil expatriates from Sri Lanka. Being isolated and alienated as immigrants in a foreign country may lead to psychological conditions that contribute to such phenomena, whereby political and other events in the faraway country-of-origin take on exaggerated proportions in an individual’s mental make-up. Certainly Rahmat Ali himself was a rather tragic lonely figure who wasted his own potential to properly contribute to Pakistan’s political history through his own self-blinding hatred of Hindus.
15. February 11, 2009 Kasab, the young misguided Pakistani mass-murdering terrorist, needs to be given political asylum in India! (Matt Damon, Will Smith: here’s a real-life case!)
Life imitates art or rather Hollywood again as young Kasab, the misguided primary-school dropout Pakistani mass-murdering terrorist caught by Indian police after the Mumbai massacres, becomes a kind of Jason-Bourne/Enemy-of-the-State character who is said to be being targeted now by Pakistan’s terrorist masterminds for not being dead already! There have been all kinds of weird assassinations by and of government agents using poisoned umbrellas and radioactive pills etc in real life, and who is to say that young Kasab is not going to be given a small cyanide capsule along with a letter of farewell from his parents when His Excellency the High Commissioner’s consular agents receive access to him?
Shortly after Kasab’s remorseful confessions (which flowed from his natural gratitude at having survived and having been treated humanely by Mumbai’s police), I said here that if I was the judge trying him, I would send him to an Indian prison for 20 or 30 years (given his 20 or 30 murder victims), but I would add that he should be occasionally, say once a year, permitted to offer namaz at India’s grandest mosques. He could become a model prisoner, possibly a potent weapon against Pakistan’s terrorist masterminds who have ruined his life and now wish him dead.
(Message to Matt Damon, Will Smith and assorted Hollywood cinematic personalities: there is a confessed, remorseful mass-murdering 20-year old Pakistani terrorist in an Indian prison who is being targeted by the very people who sent him on his vile mission.)
In present circumstances, young Kasab needs to seek political asylum in the Indian Republic as his life in his own Pakistan Republic is as good as over for political reasons. He would become the first person ever in history to receive political asylum in a country that he attacked despite being a confessed terrorist mass-murderer. But Mahatma Gandhi would have approved and smiled at the irony of it all! Ahimsa paramo dharmaha in practice.
16. February 12 2009, Thanks and well done Minister Rehman Malik and the Government of Pakistan
The Hon’ble Rehman Malik and the Government of Pakistan have done very well, all things considered, in taking forward the criminal investigation into the Mumbai massacres, based on the evidence provided by Indian authorities that arose from the cooperation and testimony of young Kasab, the captured Pakistani terrorist. I am hopeful the Government of India will provide a serious well-considered response too, though our private TV channels continue frequently to be rather juvenile, sensationalist and inflammatory caused by their overall lack of editorial competence.
As foreseen here over the last two months, a very serious problem of international law still arises due to the competing jurisdictions in the prosecution of this complex case, since both the Indian Republic and the Pakistan Republic have jurisdiction. I continue to believe that a joint prosecution by the Pakistan Navy and the Indian Navy under the Law of the Sea in international waters (conducted on board, say, a Pakistan Navy vessel) may be the most expeditious way to bring this whole tragic and awful matter to proper closure.
In the meantime, the Government of Pakistan has done well and deserves Indian thanks. Recall, by way of contrast, that investigations of many of Pakistan’s major political assassinations, from Liaquat Ali Khan and Dr Khan Sahib to Zia ul Haq and Nawab Bugti and Benazir Bhutto herself, still remain in the dark. We in India tend to solve our political assassinations better but in recent times our police have failed woefully to solve several ghastly and notorious personal murders.
Subroto Roy, Kolkata
17. March 18 2009. Pakistan’s progress
Nine months ago, on June 9 2008, I wrote but did not publish the op-ed article below “Pakistan’s progress” intended for an Indian newspaper. When the Mumbai massacres took place, I was rather glad I had not come to do so because its cheer and optimism contrasted too starkly with the vileness and viciousness of the massacres. Instead I turned to the legal, moral and political implications of the massacres, and several articles are to be found here on Kasab, competing jurisdictions in international law in prosecuting the crimes, and application of the Law of the Sea Treaty (which both countries have ratified) to jointly try and hang the masterminds at sea in international waters. Pakistan’s initial criminal investigation into the massacres received praise here, and I can only trust that both the Government of India and the Government of Pakistan will remain forensically focussed on that case of mass-murder and other heinous crimes until its appropriate conclusion.
Meanwhile, recent political events in Pakistan have made the article below relevant again; when it was written Pervez Musharraf had still not departed from office but the more abstract constitutional question raised in the article had to do with the relative powers of the Head of State and Head of Government in the new Pakistan. With the peaceful restoration of the Chief Justice to his high office, I am glad to say that the question I raised but did not publish nine months ago, namely, “A rare constitutional consensus might be developing – can it last long enough?”, seems to be headed at present to being answered in the affirmative.
Subroto Roy, Kolkata, India
“Pakistan’s progress: A rare constitutional consensus might be developing – can it last long enough? Subroto Roy, dated June 9 2008
The dynamic evolution of politics in Pakistan should be judged not against Indian politics (rotten or exemplary as our politics can be at different times) but against its own initial conditions. It is an unimaginable luxury that Pakistanis in recent months have been discussing such sweet constitutional questions as how to restore judges unseated by soldiers having entered the Supreme Court, what to do with judges who took an oath despite such an abomination, how to maintain diplomatic relations between the PPP and PML(N), and most important of all, whether the military with its nuclear assets should report to the PM or President – in other words, is the Head of Government or Head of State the Chief Executive? It is a luxury too that Pervez Musharraf has become almost a distraction in Pakistani politics, that he himself indicates he may be running out of dramatic lines and may be getting ready to exit his country’s political stage, that the Pakistan Army is shocked by its realisation of its loss of prestige in society, that the Ex-Servicemen’s Society thinks Musharraf deserves punishment for having caused such a state of affairs. Dr Ayesha Siddiqa has pointed out that every Pakistani military strongman has been eventually removed, and has been removed not by democratic forces alone but by intra-military pressure.
It is likely we are at present witnessing such a critical moment, and it is naturally fraught with danger for any civilian prime minister and parliament because any intra-military conflict can descend into mutiny or worse. Pakistan Army officers have been deeply divided for years over Islamicisation already — onto which is now compounded the issue of loyalty to Musharraf (mostly paid for in American dollars) versus the urge to remove him in the best future interests of the military. Musharraf himself, with his usual braggadocio, has been claiming fealty to constitutional principles as well; so at least there is agreement on all sides that matters should proceed in an orderly and dignified manner and not by nefarious means.
The relevant comparison of the present situation is with the recent past. Let us look back just a few years, say to the autumn of 2005 when the initial post 9/11 Western backlash against Pakistan had been renewed after the London Underground bombings. On 1 September 2005, during the scheduled Islamabad visit of the Indian Foreign Secretary, the PAF launched massive month-long war-games against an assumed Indian enemy. It involved “the entire fleet, including US-made F-16s, French Mirage fighter aircraft and Chinese-built jets” and “using all assets” in an exercise “closest to war you can get in peacetime”; from the Hindu Kush to the Arabian Sea “8,200 operational sorties” would be flown, Shaukat Aziz witnessing the start, Musharraf the finish. Hardly had this orgy of militarism concluded when northern Pakistan and parts of J&K were hit by the devastating earthquake; Musharraf visited quake-hit areas still dressed in battle gear down to his para wings.
Pakistanis of all classes were appalled at the ineptitude of their government in face of the earthquake and it was inevitable the military would be held responsible. What had been the opportunity cost in fungible resources of those “8,200 operational sorties”? The military’s extremely expensive “assets” were designed for war with India and had bankrupted the country but ordinary people had been left utterly helpless in a natural calamity. Future historians of Pakistan may well see the 2005 earthquake as a critical turning point in their political development just as the 12 November 1970 cyclone was in the history of Bangladesh.
A modern war between Pakistan and India, even a non-nuclear one, would be like a hundred earthquakes. Indians have not been so jingoistic as to contemplate such an exchange of destruction but less than a decade ago Gohar Ayub Khan, as Pakistan’s Foreign Minister, was boasting how India would surrender within a few hours in the next war – which was presumably a threat to unleash missiles, even non-nuclear ones, as a first resort against Indian cities and civilian populations. That such abominable Pakistan-India tension has today come to vanish might have been indicated during the recent IPL cricket final when Kamran Akmal jumped onto Yusuf Pathan or crashed into Mohammad Kaif as commercially driven team-mates led by an Australian captain and associated with what used to be Hindu Rajputana. So much for the “Two Nations Theory” in the 21st Century. Maulana Azad seems to have been proven right and MA Jinnah proven wrong after all.
The Pakistani state had become an oppressive war-machine solely guided by anti-Indian paranoia even while ordinary Pakistanis, through modern communications and technology, knew fully well India and Indians were not nearly as bad as the Pakistan Government was making them out to be. From an official Pakistani point of view, a nuclear bomb (even a purchased and assembled one) was needed out of fear India intended to destroy what remained of West Pakistan – a theory that could arise only from the delusion that Bangladesh had been caused by Indian intrigues. The Pakistan Army has been reluctant for more than a generation to face up to the reality of its behaviour in East Pakistan and the consequences that resulted; it has been far easier to blame India instead.
Yet Pakistan’s national hero, AQ Khan himself, born in Bhopal and extremely bitter at modern India as many former Indian nationals tend to be, has now said “Never! Never!” will there be an exchange of destruction in nuclear warfare between India and Pakistan. It may be a wise Indian diplomatic move to invite Dr Khan, stricken with cancer as he is said to be, to make a quiet private visit to his place of birth if he wished to (perhaps followed by a courtesy luncheon at BARC on the way home).
Of course Indians cannot forget the destruction that has been wrought in this country in recent years by our old Bogeyman, the ISI. Yet it is a fair bet that not only do we not comprehend the workings of that particular bureaucracy, nor do Pakistanis themselves, indeed the ISI itself may not comprehend itself in the sense that different ISI sections have been and may remain at cross-purposes or conflict with each other as has become apparent in the ongoing official attempts to suppress the new “Taliban”. Proper civilian control of the ISI is part of the same process as the proper civilian control of the Pakistan military as a whole, and what we are witnessing is nothing less than the first serious constitutional attempt in Pakistan’s history for that to take place. The whole subcontinent is hopeful and watching Pakistan’s transition. In the meantime, a milestone was certainly reached on 25 May when Pakistan’s young and brilliant sufi rock band *Junoon* performed in beautiful Srinagar to the delight of thousands of Kashmiris. The “United Jehad Council” and Syed Ali Shah Geelani had denounced them; in reply the band’s lead guitarist Salman Ahmed had the courage to say: “I want them to join us in the musical *jehad* for peace and ring the bells of harmony.” For peace to break out will of course require India’s participation and willingness as well.”…
Const. PC NAME Leading/Winning Candidate Leading Party Trailing Candidate Name Trailing Party Margin of Votes Result Declared
1 AP ADILABAD Rathod Ramesh Telugu Desam Kotnak Ramesh Indian National Congress 115752 NO
2 AP PEDDAPALLE Dr.G.Vivekanand Indian National Congress Gomasa Srinivas Telangana Rashtra Samithi 48503 NO
3 AP KARIMNAGAR Ponnam Prabhakar Indian National Congress Vinod Kumar Boinapally Telangana Rashtra Samithi 50179 NO
4 AP NIZAMABAD Madhu Yaskhi Goud Indian National Congress Bigala Ganesh Gupta Telangana Rashtra Samithi 59007 NO
5 AP ZAHIRABAD Syed Yousuf Ali Telangana Rashtra Samithi Suresh Kumar Shetkar Indian National Congress 12423 NO
6 AP MEDAK Vijaya Shanthi .M Telangana Rashtra Samithi Narendranath .C Indian National Congress 7513 NO
7 AP MALKAJGIRI Sarvey Sathyanarayana Indian National Congress Bheemsen.T Telugu Desam 45684 NO
8 AP SECUNDRABAD Anjan Kumar Yadav M Indian National Congress Bandaru Dattatreya Bharatiya Janata Party 143695 NO
9 AP HYDERABAD Asaduddin Owaisi All India Majlis-E-Ittehadul Muslimeen Zahid Ali Khan Telugu Desam 74507 NO
10 AP CHELVELLA Jaipal Reddy Sudini Indian National Congress A.P.Jithender Reddy Telugu Desam 18032 NO
11 AP MAHBUBNAGAR Devarakonda Vittal Rao Indian National Congress K. Chandrasekhar Rao Telangana Rashtra Samithi 4782 NO
12 AP NAGARKURNOOL Dr. Manda Jagannath Indian National Congress Guvvala Balaraju Telangana Rashtra Samithi 31833 NO
13 AP NALGONDA Gutha Sukender Reddy Indian National Congress Suravaram Sudhakar Reddy Communist Party of India 68461 NO
14 AP BHONGIR Komatireddy Raj Gopal Reddy Indian National Congress Nomula Narsimhaiah Communist Party of India (Marxist) 75636 NO
15 AP WARANGAL Rajaiah Siricilla Indian National Congress Ramagalla Parameshwar Telangana Rashtra Samithi 97708 NO
16 AP MAHABUBABAD P. Balram Indian National Congress Kunja Srinivasa Rao Communist Party of India 67553 NO
17 AP KHAMMAM Nama Nageswara Rao Telugu Desam Renuka Chowdhury Indian National Congress 102505 NO
18 AP ARUKU Kishore Chandra Suryanarayana Deo Vyricherla Indian National Congress Midiyam Babu Rao Communist Party of India (Marxist) 90318 NO
19 AP SRIKAKULAM Killi Krupa Rani Indian National Congress Yerrnnaidu Kinjarapu Telugu Desam 49013 NO
20 AP VIZIANAGARAM Jhansi Lakshmi Botcha Indian National Congress Appalanaidu Kondapalli Telugu Desam 41954 NO
21 AP VISAKHAPATNAM Daggubati Purandeswari Indian National Congress Palla Srinivasa Rao Praja Rajyam Party 21581 NO
22 AP ANAKAPALLI Sabbam Hari Indian National Congress Allu Aravind Praja Rajyam Party 30239 NO
23 AP KAKINADA M.M.Pallamraju Indian National Congress Chalamalasetty Sunil Praja Rajyam Party 32934 NO
24 AP AMALAPURAM G.V.Harsha Kumar Indian National Congress Pothula Prameela Devi Praja Rajyam Party 30060 NO
25 AP RAJAHMUNDRY Aruna Kumar Vundavalli Indian National Congress M. Murali Mohan Telugu Desam 15135 NO
26 AP NARSAPURAM Bapiraju Kanumuru Indian National Congress Gubbala Tammaiah Praja Rajyam Party 71888 NO
27 AP ELURU Kavuri Sambasiva Rao Indian National Congress Maganti Venkateswara Rao(Babu) Telugu Desam 36019 NO
28 AP MACHILIPATNAM Konakalla Narayana Rao Telugu Desam Badiga Ramakrishna Indian National Congress 1866 NO
29 AP VIJAYAWADA Lagadapati Raja Gopal Indian National Congress Vamsi Mohan Vallabhaneni Telugu Desam 30685 NO
30 AP GUNTUR Rayapati Sambasiva Rao Indian National Congress Madala Rajendra Telugu Desam 18978 NO
31 AP NARASARAOPET Balashowry Vallabhaneni Indian National Congress Modugula Venugopala Reddy Telugu Desam 3988 NO
32 AP BAPATLA Panabaka Lakshmi Indian National Congress Malyadri Sriram Telugu Desam 43089 NO
33 AP ONGOLE Magunta Srinivasulu Reddy Indian National Congress Madduluri Malakondaiah Yadav Telugu Desam 38947 NO
34 AP NANDYAL S.P.Y.Reddy Indian National Congress Nasyam Mohammed Farook Telugu Desam 16735 NO
35 AP KURNOOL Kotla Jaya Surya Prakash Reddy Indian National Congress B.T.Naidu Telugu Desam 61274 NO
36 AP ANANTAPUR Anantha Venkata Rami Reddy Indian National Congress Kalava Srinivasulu Telugu Desam 59410 NO
37 AP HINDUPUR Kristappa Nimmala Telugu Desam P Khasim Khan Indian National Congress 13186 NO
38 AP KADAPA Y.S. Jagan Mohan Reddy Indian National Congress Palem Srikanth Reddy Telugu Desam 156168 NO
39 AP NELLORE Mekapati Rajamohan Reddy Indian National Congress Vanteru Venu Gopala Reddy Telugu Desam 42407 NO
40 AP TIRUPATI Chinta Mohan Indian National Congress Varla Ramaiah Telugu Desam 17462 NO
41 AP RAJAMPET Annayyagari Sai Prathap Indian National Congress Ramesh Kumar Reddy Reddappagari Telugu Desam 62762 NO
42 AP CHITTOOR Naramalli Sivaprasad Telugu Desam Thippeswamy M Indian National Congress 8806 NO
1 AR ARUNACHAL WEST Takam Sanjoy Indian National Congress Kiren Rijiju Bharatiya Janata Party 20798 NO
2 AR ARUNACHAL EAST Ninong Ering Indian National Congress Lowangcha Wanglat Arunachal Congress 57975 NO
1 AS KARIMGANJ Rajesh Mallah Assam United Democratic Front Lalit Mohan Suklabaidya Indian National Congress 37542 NO
2 AS SILCHAR Kabindra Purkayastha Bharatiya Janata Party Badruddin Ajmal Assam United Democratic Front 15243 NO
3 AS AUTONOMOUS DISTRICT Biren Singh Engti Indian National Congress Elwin Teron Autonomous State Demand Committee 71819 NO
4 AS DHUBRI Badruddin Ajmal Assam United Democratic Front Anwar Hussain Indian National Congress 161394 NO
5 AS KOKRAJHAR Sansuma Khunggur Bwiswmuthiary Bodaland Peoples Front Urkhao Gwra Brahma Independent 165034 NO
6 AS BARPETA Ismail Hussain Indian National Congress Bhupen Ray Asom Gana Parishad 2974 NO
7 AS GAUHATI Bijoya Chakravarty Bharatiya Janata Party Capt. Robin Bordoloi Indian National Congress 2092 NO
8 AS MANGALDOI Ramen Deka Bharatiya Janata Party Madhab Rajbangshi Indian National Congress 40759 NO
9 AS TEZPUR Joseph Toppo Asom Gana Parishad Moni Kumar Subba Indian National Congress 22778 NO
10 AS NOWGONG Rajen Gohain Bharatiya Janata Party Anil Raja Indian National Congress 54992 NO
11 AS KALIABOR Dip Gogoi Indian National Congress Gunin Hazarika Asom Gana Parishad 115587 NO
12 AS JORHAT Bijoy Krishna Handique Indian National Congress Kamakhya Tasa Bharatiya Janata Party 63749 NO
13 AS DIBRUGARH Sima Ghosh Independent Lakhi Charan Swansi Independent 13171 NO
14 AS LAKHIMPUR Ranee Narah Indian National Congress Dr. Arun Kr. Sarma Asom Gana Parishad 22689 NO
1 BR VALMIKI NAGAR Baidyanath Prasad Mahto Janata Dal (United) Fakhruddin Independent 92894 NO
2 BR PASCHIM CHAMPARAN Dr. Sanjay Jaiswal Bharatiya Janata Party Prakash Jha Lok Jan Shakti Party 27380 NO
3 BR PURVI CHAMPARAN Radha Mohan Singh Bharatiya Janata Party Akhilesh Prasad Singh Rashtriya Janata Dal 16852 NO
4 BR SHEOHAR Rama Devi Bharatiya Janata Party Sitaram Singh Rashtriya Janata Dal 20138 NO
5 BR SITAMARHI Arjun Roy Janata Dal (United) Samir Kumar Mahaseth Indian National Congress 58330 NO
6 BR MADHUBANI Hukmadeo Narayan Yadav Bharatiya Janata Party Abdulbari Siddiki Rashtriya Janata Dal 14813 NO
7 BR JHANJHARPUR Mangani Lal Mandal Janata Dal (United) Devendra Prasad Yadav Rashtriya Janata Dal 15645 NO
8 BR SUPAUL Vishwa Mohan Kumar Janata Dal (United) Ranjeet Ranjan Indian National Congress 156716 NO
9 BR ARARIA Pradeep Kumar Singh Bharatiya Janata Party Zakir Hussain Khan Lok Jan Shakti Party 990 NO
10 BR KISHANGANJ Mohammad Asrarul Haque Indian National Congress Syed Mahmood Ashraf Janata Dal (United) 23819 NO
11 BR KATIHAR Nikhil Kumar Choudhary Bharatiya Janata Party Shah Tariq Anwar Nationalist Congress Party 25043 NO
12 BR PURNIA Uday Singh Alias Pappu Singh Bharatiya Janata Party Shanti Priya Independent 45055 NO
13 BR MADHEPURA Sharad Yadav Janata Dal (United) Prof. Ravindra Charan Yadav Rashtriya Janata Dal 63004 NO
14 BR DARBHANGA Kirti Azad Bharatiya Janata Party Md. Ali Ashraf Fatmi Rashtriya Janata Dal 10506 NO
15 BR MUZAFFARPUR Captain Jai Narayan Prasad Nishad Janata Dal (United) Bhagwanlal Sahni Lok Jan Shakti Party 22358 NO
16 BR VAISHALI Raghuvansh Prasad Singh Rashtriya Janata Dal Vijay Kumar Shukla Janata Dal (United) 16884 NO
17 BR GOPALGANJ Purnmasi Ram Janata Dal (United) Anil Kumar Rashtriya Janata Dal 14206 NO
18 BR SIWAN Om Prakash Yadav Independent Hena Shahab Rashtriya Janata Dal 46540 NO
19 BR MAHARAJGANJ Prabhu Nath Singh Janata Dal (United) Uma Shanaker Singh Rashtriya Janata Dal 3826 NO
20 BR SARAN Lalu Prasad Rashtriya Janata Dal Rajiv Pratap Rudy Bharatiya Janata Party 12043 NO
21 BR HAJIPUR Ram Sundar Das Janata Dal (United) Ram Vilas Paswan Lok Jan Shakti Party 25499 NO
22 BR UJIARPUR Aswamedh Devi Janata Dal (United) Alok Kumar Mehta Rashtriya Janata Dal 3919 NO
23 BR SAMASTIPUR Maheshwar Hazari Janata Dal (United) Ram Chandra Paswan Lok Jan Shakti Party 16617 NO
24 BR BEGUSARAI Dr. Monazir Hassan Janata Dal (United) Shatrughna Prasad Singh Communist Party of India 7134 NO
25 BR KHAGARIA Dinesh Chandra Yadav Janata Dal (United) Ravindar Kr. Rana Rashtriya Janata Dal 111954 NO
26 BR BHAGALPUR Syed Shahnawaz Hussain Bharatiya Janata Party Shakuni Choudhary Rashtriya Janata Dal 51019 NO
27 BR BANKA Digvijay Singh Independent Jai Prakesh Narain Yadav Rashtriya Janata Dal 1717 NO
28 BR MUNGER Rajiv Ranjan Singh Alias Lalan Singh Janata Dal (United) Ram Badan Roy Rashtriya Janata Dal 93963 NO
29 BR NALANDA Kaushalendra Kumar Janata Dal (United) Satish Kumar Lok Jan Shakti Party 57221 NO
30 BR PATNA SAHIB Shatrughan Sinha Bharatiya Janata Party Vijay Kumar Rashtriya Janata Dal 149553 NO
31 BR PATALIPUTRA Ranjan Prasad Yadav Janata Dal (United) Lalu Prasad Rashtriya Janata Dal 18071 NO
32 BR ARRAH Meena Singh Janata Dal (United) Rama Kishore Singh Lok Jan Shakti Party 32291 NO
33 BR BUXAR Lal Muni Choubey Bharatiya Janata Party Jagada Nand Singh Rashtriya Janata Dal 5884 NO
34 BR SASARAM Meira Kumar Indian National Congress Muni Lal Bharatiya Janata Party 7236 NO
35 BR KARAKAT Mahabali Singh Janata Dal (United) Kanti Singh Rashtriya Janata Dal 15062 NO
36 BR JAHANABAD Jagdish Sharma Janata Dal (United) Surendra Prasad Yadav Rashtriya Janata Dal 9210 NO
37 BR AURANGABAD Sushil Kumar Singh Janata Dal (United) Shakil Ahmad Khan Rashtriya Janata Dal 27551 NO
38 BR GAYA Hari Manjhi Bharatiya Janata Party Ramji Manjhi Rashtriya Janata Dal 58906 NO
39 BR NAWADA Bhola Singh Bharatiya Janata Party Veena Devi Lok Jan Shakti Party 4582 NO
40 BR JAMUI Bhudeo Choudhary Janata Dal (United) Shyam Rajak Rashtriya Janata Dal 19419 NO
1 GA NORTH GOA Shripad Yesso Naik Bharatiya Janata Party Jitendra Raghuraj Deshprabhu Nationalist Congress Party 6353 NO
2 GA SOUTH GOA Cosme Francisco Caitano Sardinha Indian National Congress Adv. Narendra Keshav Sawaikar Bharatiya Janata Party 12516 YES
1 GJ KACHCHH Jat Poonamben Veljibhai Bharatiya Janata Party Danicha Valjibhai Punamchandra Indian National Congress 69187 NO
2 GJ BANASKANTHA Gadhvi Mukeshkumar Bheiravdanji Indian National Congress Chaudhary Haribhai Parathibhai Bharatiya Janata Party 10317 NO
3 GJ PATAN Jagdish Thakor Indian National Congress Rathod Bhavsinhbhai Dahyabhai Bharatiya Janata Party 27015 NO
4 GJ MAHESANA Patel Jayshreeben Kanubhai Bharatiya Janata Party Patel Jivabhai Ambalal Indian National Congress 22003 YES
5 GJ SABARKANTHA Chauhan Mahendrasinh Bharatiya Janata Party Mistry Madhusudan Indian National Congress 17160 NO
6 GJ GANDHINAGAR L.K.Advani Bharatiya Janata Party Patel Sureshkumar Chaturdas (Suresh Patel) Indian National Congress 134558 NO
7 GJ AHMEDABAD EAST Harin Pathak Bharatiya Janata Party Babaria Dipakbhai Ratilal Indian National Congress 89547 NO
8 GJ AHMEDABAD WEST Dr. Solanki Kiritbhai Premajibhai Bharatiya Janata Party Parmar Shailesh Manharlal Indian National Congress 91127 NO
9 GJ SURENDRANAGAR Mer Laljibhai Chaturbhai Bharatiya Janata Party Koli Patel Somabhai Gandalal Indian National Congress 1273 NO
10 GJ RAJKOT Kuvarjibhai Mohanbhai Bavalia Indian National Congress Kirankumar Valjibhai Bhalodia (Patel) Bharatiya Janata Party 13362 NO
11 GJ PORBANDAR Radadiya Vitthalbhai Hansrajbhai Indian National Congress Khachariya Mansukhbhai Shamjibhai Bharatiya Janata Party 38342 NO
12 GJ JAMNAGAR Ahir Vikrambhai Arjanbhai Madam Indian National Congress Mungra Rameshbhai Devrajbhai Bharatiya Janata Party 2463 NO
13 GJ JUNAGADH Solanki Dinubhai Boghabhai Bharatiya Janata Party Barad Jashubhai Dhanabhai Indian National Congress 13759 NO
14 GJ AMRELI Kachhadia Naranbhai Bharatiya Janata Party Nilaben Virjibhai Thummar Indian National Congress 37317 NO
15 GJ BHAVNAGAR Rajendrasinh Ghanshyamsinh Rana (Rajubhai Rana) Bharatiya Janata Party Gohilmahavirsinhbhagirathsinh Indian National Congress 13964 NO
16 GJ ANAND Solanki Bharatbhai Madhavsinh Indian National Congress Patel Dipakbhai Chimanbhai Bharatiya Janata Party 67318 NO
17 GJ KHEDA Chauhan Devusinh Jesingbhai Bharatiya Janata Party Dinsha Patel Indian National Congress 4973 NO
18 GJ PANCHMAHAL Chauhan Prabhatsinh Pratapsinh Bharatiya Janata Party Vaghela Shankarsinh Laxmansinh Indian National Congress 2081 NO
19 GJ DAHOD Dr. Prabha Kishor Taviad Indian National Congress Damor Somjibhai Punjabhai Bharatiya Janata Party 58536 NO
20 GJ VADODARA Balkrishna Khanderao Shukla (Balu Shukla) Bharatiya Janata Party Gaekwad Satyajitsinh Dulipsinh Indian National Congress 136028 YES
21 GJ CHHOTA UDAIPUR Rathwa Ramsingbhai Patalbhai Bharatiya Janata Party Rathwa Naranbhai Jemlabhai Indian National Congress 13493 NO
22 GJ BHARUCH Mansukhbhai Dhanjibhai Vasava Bharatiya Janata Party Umerji Ahmed Ugharatdar (Aziz Tankarvi) Indian National Congress 31846 NO
23 GJ BARDOLI Chaudhari Tusharbhai Amrasinhbhai Indian National Congress Vasava Riteshkumar Amarsinh Bharatiya Janata Party 59463 NO
24 GJ SURAT Shrimati Darshana Vikram Jardosh Bharatiya Janata Party Gajera Dhirubhai Haribhai Indian National Congress 74798 NO
25 GJ NAVSARI C. R. Patil Bharatiya Janata Party Dhansukha Rajput Indian National Congress 118558 NO
26 GJ VALSAD Kishanbhai Vestabhai Patel Indian National Congress Patel Dhirubhai Chhaganbhai (Dr. D.C.Patel) Bharatiya Janata Party 7169 NO
1 HR AMBALA Selja Indian National Congress Rattan Lal Kataria Bharatiya Janata Party 14925 NO
2 HR KURUKSHETRA Naveen Jindal Indian National Congress Ashok Kumar Arora Indian National Lok Dal 118729 NO
3 HR SIRSA Ashok Tanwar Indian National Congress Dr. Sita Ram Indian National Lok Dal 35877 NO
4 HR HISAR Bhajan Lal S/O Kheraj Haryana Janhit Congress (BL) Sampat Singh Indian National Lok Dal 24443 NO
5 HR KARNAL Arvind Kumar Sharma Indian National Congress Maratha Virender Verma Bahujan Samaj Party 62190 NO
6 HR SONIPAT Jitender Singh Indian National Congress Kishan Singh Sangwan Bharatiya Janata Party 148409 NO
7 HR ROHTAK Deepender Singh Indian National Congress Nafe Singh Rathee Indian National Lok Dal 445736 NO
8 HR BHIWANI-MAHENDRAGARH Shruti Choudhry Indian National Congress Ajay Singh Chautala Indian National Lok Dal 25647 NO
9 HR GURGAON Inderjit Singh Indian National Congress Zakir Hussain Bahujan Samaj Party 86438 NO
10 HR FARIDABAD Avtar Singh Bhadana Indian National Congress Ramchander Bainda Bharatiya Janata Party 49661 NO
1 HP KANGRA Dr. Rajan Sushant Bharatiya Janata Party Chander Kumar Indian National Congress 24368 NO
2 HP MANDI Virbhadra Singh Indian National Congress Maheshwar Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 13997 YES
3 HP HAMIRPUR Anurag Singh Thakur Bharatiya Janata Party Narinder Thakur Indian National Congress 72732 NO
4 HP SHIMLA Virender Kashyap Bharatiya Janata Party Dhani Ram Shandil Indian National Congress 29568 NO
1 JK BARAMULLA Sharief Ud Din Shariq Jammu & Kashmir National Conference Mohammad Dilawar Mir Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party 46361 NO
2 JK SRINAGAR Farooq Abdullah Jammu & Kashmir National Conference Iftikhar Hussain Ansari Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party 30242 NO
3 JK ANANTNAG Mirza Mehboob Beg Jammu & Kashmir National Conference Peer Mohd Hussain Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party 373 NO
4 JK LADAKH Hassan Khan Independent Asgar Ali Karbalaie Independent 7513 NO
5 JK UDHAMPUR Ch. Lal Singh Indian National Congress Dr. Nirmal Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 13394 NO
6 JK JAMMU Madan Lal Sharma Indian National Congress Lila Karan Sharma Bharatiya Janata Party 118165 NO
1 KA CHIKKODI Katti Ramesh Vishwanath Bharatiya Janata Party Prakash Babanna Hukkeri Indian National Congress 55287 YES
2 KA BELGAUM Angadi Suresh Channabasappa Bharatiya Janata Party Amarsinh Vasantrao Patil Indian National Congress 118687 NO
3 KA BAGALKOT Gaddigoudar P.C. Bharatiya Janata Party J.T.Patil Indian National Congress 35446 NO
4 KA BIJAPUR Ramesh Chandappa Jigajinagi Bharatiya Janata Party Prakash Kubasing Rathod Indian National Congress 42404 YES
5 KA GULBARGA Mallikarjun Kharge Indian National Congress Revunaik Belamgi Bharatiya Janata Party 13404 NO
6 KA RAICHUR Pakkirappa.S. Bharatiya Janata Party Raja Venkatappa Naik Indian National Congress 30636 YES
7 KA BIDAR N.Dharam Singh Indian National Congress Gurupadappa Nagmarpalli Bharatiya Janata Party 19342 NO
8 KA KOPPAL Shivaramagouda Shivanagouda Bharatiya Janata Party Basavaraj Rayareddy Indian National Congress 81789 NO
9 KA BELLARY J. Shantha Bharatiya Janata Party N.Y. Hanumanthappa Indian National Congress 2243 YES
10 KA HAVERI Udasi Shivkumar Chanabasappa Bharatiya Janata Party Saleem Ahamed Indian National Congress 87920 NO
11 KA DHARWAD Pralhad Joshi Bharatiya Janata Party Kunnur Manjunath Channappa Indian National Congress 137376 NO
12 KA UTTARA KANNADA Anantkumar Hegde Bharatiya Janata Party Alva Margaret Indian National Congress 22769 YES
13 KA DAVANAGERE Mallikarjuna S.S. Indian National Congress Siddeswara G.M. Bharatiya Janata Party 6103 NO
14 KA SHIMOGA B.Y. Raghavendra Bharatiya Janata Party S. Bangarappa Indian National Congress 52694 NO
15 KA UDUPI CHIKMAGALUR D.V.Sadananda Gowda Bharatiya Janata Party K.Jayaprakash Hegde Indian National Congress 17154 NO
16 KA HASSAN H. D. Devegowda Janata Dal (Secular) K. H. Hanume Gowda Bharatiya Janata Party 191514 NO
17 KA DAKSHINA KANNADA Nalin Kumar Kateel Bharatiya Janata Party Janardhana Poojary Indian National Congress 40420 YES
18 KA CHITRADURGA Janardhana Swamy Bharatiya Janata Party Dr. B Thippeswamy Indian National Congress 107373 NO
19 KA TUMKUR G.S. Basavaraj Bharatiya Janata Party Muddahanumegowda S.P. Janata Dal (Secular) 59288 NO
20 KA MANDYA N Cheluvaraya Swamy @ Swamygowda Janata Dal (Secular) M H Ambareesh Indian National Congress 23437 NO
21 KA MYSORE Adagur H Vishwanath Indian National Congress C.H.Vijayashankar Bharatiya Janata Party 7691 YES
22 KA CHAMARAJANAGAR R.Dhruvanarayana Indian National Congress A.R.Krishnamurthy Bharatiya Janata Party 11470 NO
23 KA BANGALORE RURAL H.D.Kumaraswamy Janata Dal (Secular) C. P. Yogeeshwara Bharatiya Janata Party 130275 NO
24 KA BANGALORE NORTH D. B. Chandre Gowda Bharatiya Janata Party C. K. Jaffer Sharief Indian National Congress 49448 NO
25 KA BANGALORE CENTRAL P. C. Mohan Bharatiya Janata Party H.T.Sangliana Indian National Congress 24385 NO
26 KA BANGALORE SOUTH Ananth Kumar Bharatiya Janata Party Krishna Byre Gowda Indian National Congress 37612 NO
27 KA CHIKKBALLAPUR M.Veerappa Moily Indian National Congress C.Aswathanarayana Bharatiya Janata Party 17697 NO
28 KA KOLAR K.H.Muniyappa Indian National Congress D.S.Veeraiah Bharatiya Janata Party 23006 YES
1 KL KASARAGOD P Karunakaran Communist Party of India (Marxist) Shahida Kamal Indian National Congress 64427 NO
2 KL KANNUR K. Sudhakaran Indian National Congress K.K Ragesh Communist Party of India (Marxist) 43151 YES
3 KL VADAKARA Mullappally Ramachandran Indian National Congress Adv. P. Satheedevi Communist Party of India (Marxist) 56186 YES
4 KL WAYANAD M.I. Shanavas Indian National Congress Advocate. M. Rahmathulla Communist Party of India 153439 NO
5 KL KOZHIKODE M.K. Raghavan Indian National Congress Adv. P.A. Mohamed Riyas Communist Party of India (Marxist) 838 NO
6 KL MALAPPURAM E. Ahamed Muslim League Kerala State Committee T.K. Hamza Communist Party of India (Marxist) 115569 NO
7 KL PONNANI E.T. Muhammed Basheer Muslim League Kerala State Committee Dr. Hussain Randathani Independent 84478 NO
8 KL PALAKKAD M.B. Rajesh Communist Party of India (Marxist) Satheesan Pacheni Indian National Congress 1820 NO
9 KL ALATHUR P.K Biju Communist Party of India (Marxist) N.K Sudheer Indian National Congress 20960 NO
10 KL THRISSUR P C Chacko Indian National Congress C N Jayadevan Communist Party of India 25421 NO
11 KL CHALAKUDY K.P. Dhanapalan Indian National Congress Adv. U.P Joseph Communist Party of India (Marxist) 71679 NO
12 KL ERNAKULAM Prof. K V Thomas Indian National Congress Sindhu Joy Communist Party of India (Marxist) 11790 NO
13 KL IDUKKI Adv. P.T Thomas Indian National Congress Adv. K. Francis George Kerala Congress 74796 NO
14 KL KOTTAYAM Jose K.Mani (Karingozheckal) Kerala Congress (M) Adv. Suresh Kurup Communist Party of India (Marxist) 66170 NO
15 KL ALAPPUZHA K.C Venugopal Indian National Congress Dr. K.S Manoj Communist Party of India (Marxist) 57791 NO
16 KL MAVELIKKARA Kodikkunnil Suresh Indian National Congress R.S Anil Communist Party of India 48240 NO
17 KL PATHANAMTHITTA Anto Antony Punnathaniyil Indian National Congress Adv.K.Anantha Gopan Communist Party of India (Marxist) 111206 NO
18 KL KOLLAM N.Peethambarakurup Indian National Congress P.Rajendran Communist Party of India (Marxist) 17531 NO
19 KL ATTINGAL Adv. A Sampath Communist Party of India (Marxist) Prof.G Balachandran Indian National Congress 17660 NO
20 KL THIRUVANANTHAPURAM Shashi Tharoor Indian National Congress Adv. P Ramachandran Nair Communist Party of India 100045 NO
1 MP MORENA Narendra Singh Tomar Bharatiya Janata Party Ramniwas Rawat Indian National Congress 96255 NO
2 MP BHIND Ashok Argal Bharatiya Janata Party Dr. Bhagirath Prasad Indian National Congress 8086 NO
3 MP GWALIOR Yashodhara Raje Scindia Bharatiya Janata Party Ashok Singh Indian National Congress 21923 NO
4 MP GUNA Jyotiraditya Madhavrao Scindia Indian National Congress Dr.Narottam Mishra Bharatiya Janata Party 189578 NO
5 MP SAGAR Bhupendra Singh Bharatiya Janata Party Aslam Sher Khan Indian National Congress 131168 NO
6 MP TIKAMGARH Virendra Kumar Bharatiya Janata Party Ahirwar Vrindavan Indian National Congress 41862 NO
7 MP DAMOH Shivraj Bhaiya Bharatiya Janata Party Chandrabhan Bhaiya Indian National Congress 55747 NO
8 MP KHAJURAHO Jeetendra Singh Bundela Bharatiya Janata Party Raja Paterya Indian National Congress 28332 NO
9 MP SATNA Ganesh Singh Bharatiya Janata Party Sukhlal Kushwaha Bahujan Samaj Party 377 NO
10 MP REWA Deoraj Singh Patel Bahujan Samaj Party Sunder Lal Tiwari Indian National Congress 3644 NO
11 MP SIDHI Govind Prasad Mishra Bharatiya Janata Party Indrajeet Kumar Indian National Congress 44915 NO
12 MP SHAHDOL Rajesh Nandini Singh Indian National Congress Narendra Singh Maravi Bharatiya Janata Party 13415 NO
13 MP JABALPUR Rakesh Singh Bharatiya Janata Party Advocate Rameshwar Neekhra Indian National Congress 106003 YES
14 MP MANDLA Basori Singh Masram Indian National Congress Faggan Singh Kulaste Bharatiya Janata Party 62726 NO
15 MP BALAGHAT K. D. Deshmukh Bharatiya Janata Party Vishveshwar Bhagat Indian National Congress 40898 NO
16 MP CHHINDWARA Kamal Nath Indian National Congress Marot Rao Khavase Bharatiya Janata Party 74134 NO
17 MP HOSHANGABAD Uday Pratap Singh Indian National Congress Rampal Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 17542 NO
18 MP VIDISHA Sushma Swaraj Bharatiya Janata Party Choudhary Munabbar Salim Samajwadi Party 375074 NO
19 MP BHOPAL Kailash Joshi Bharatiya Janata Party Surendra Singh Thakur Indian National Congress 30764 NO
20 MP RAJGARH Narayansingh Amlabe Indian National Congress Lakshman Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 24856 NO
21 MP DEWAS Sajjan Singh Verma Indian National Congress Thavarchand Gehlot Bharatiya Janata Party 16084 NO
22 MP UJJAIN Guddu Premchand Indian National Congress Dr. Satyanarayan Jatiya Bharatiya Janata Party 15841 NO
23 MP MANDSOUR Meenakshi Natrajan Indian National Congress Dr. Laxminarayan Pandey Bharatiya Janata Party 26817 NO
24 MP RATLAM Kantilal Bhuria Indian National Congress Dileepsingh Bhuria Bharatiya Janata Party 57668 NO
25 MP DHAR Gajendra Singh Rajukhedi Indian National Congress Mukam Singh Kirade Bharatiya Janata Party 2012 NO
26 MP INDORE Sumitra Mahajan (Tai) Bharatiya Janata Party Satynarayan Patel Indian National Congress 11365 NO
27 MP KHARGONE Makansingh Solanki (Babuji) Bharatiya Janata Party Balaram Bachchan Indian National Congress 34175 NO
28 MP KHANDWA Arun Subhashchandra Yadav Indian National Congress Nandkumar Sing Chauhan Nandu Bhaiya Bharatiya Janata Party 49081 NO
29 MP BETUL Jyoti Dhurve Bharatiya Janata Party Ojharam Evane Indian National Congress 97317 NO
1 MH NANDURBAR Gavit Manikrao Hodlya Indian National Congress Gavit Sharad Krushnrao Samajwadi Party 13952 NO
2 MH DHULE Amarishbhai Rasiklal Patel Indian National Congress Sonawane Pratap Narayanrao Bharatiya Janata Party 4220 NO
3 MH JALGAON A.T. Nana Patil Bharatiya Janata Party Adv. Vasantrao Jivanrao More Nationalist Congress Party 96020 NO
4 MH RAVER Haribhau Madhav Jawale Bharatiya Janata Party Adv. Ravindra Pralhadrao Patil Nationalist Congress Party 28692 NO
5 MH BULDHANA Jadhav Prataprao Ganpatrao Shivsena Shingane Dr.Rajendra Bhaskarrao Nationalist Congress Party 30565 NO
6 MH AKOLA Dhotre Sanjay Shamrao Bharatiya Janata Party Ambedkar Prakash Yashwant Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangha 59331 NO
7 MH AMRAVATI Adsul Anandrao Vithoba Shivsena Gawai Rajendra Ramkrushna Republican Party of India 33563 NO
8 MH WARDHA Datta Meghe Indian National Congress Suresh Ganpatrao Waghmare Bharatiya Janata Party 121938 NO
9 MH RAMTEK Wasnik Mukul Balkrishna Indian National Congress Tumane Krupal Balaji Shivsena 16465 NO
10 MH NAGPUR Muttemwar Vilasrao Baburaoji Indian National Congress Purohit Banwarilal Bhagwandas Bharatiya Janata Party 7078 NO
11 MH BHANDARA – GONDIYA Patel Praful Manoharbhai Nationalist Congress Party Nanabhau Falgunrao Patole Independent 119604 NO
12 MH GADCHIROLI-CHIMUR Kowase Marotrao Sainuji Indian National Congress Ashok Mahadeorao Nete Bharatiya Janata Party 4795 NO
13 MH CHANDRAPUR Ahir Hansaraj Gangaram Bharatiya Janata Party Pugalia Naresh Indian National Congress 7044 NO
14 MH YAVATMAL-WASHIM Bhavana Gawali (Patil) Shivsena Harising Rathod Indian National Congress 114 NO
15 MH HINGOLI Subhash Bapurao Wankhede Shivsena Suryakanta Jaiwantrao Patil Nationalist Congress Party 73569 NO
16 MH NANDED Khatgaonkar Patil Bhaskarrao Bapurao Indian National Congress Sambhaji Pawar Bharatiya Janata Party 74975 NO
17 MH PARBHANI Adv. Dudhgaonkar Ganeshrao Nagorao Shivsena Warpudkar Suresh Ambadasrao Nationalist Congress Party 30356 NO
18 MH JALNA Danve Raosaheb Dadarao Bharatiya Janata Party Dr. Kale Kalyan Vaijinathrao Indian National Congress 9143 NO
19 MH AURANGABAD Chandrakant Khaire Shivsena Uttamsingh Rajdharsingh Pawar Indian National Congress 18142 NO
20 MH DINDORI Chavan Harishchandra Deoram Bharatiya Janata Party Zirwal Narhari Sitaram Nationalist Congress Party 37347 YES
21 MH NASHIK Sameer Bhujbal Nationalist Congress Party Godse Hemant Tukaram Maharashtra Navnirman sena 22032 NO
22 MH PALGHAR Jadhav Baliram Sukur Bahujan Vikas Aaghadi Adv. Chintaman Vanga Bharatiya Janata Party 12360 NO
23 MH BHIWANDI Taware Suresh Kashinath Indian National Congress Patil Jagannath Shivram Bharatiya Janata Party 41364 YES
24 MH KALYAN Anand Prakash Paranjape Shivsena Davkhare Vasant Shankarrao Nationalist Congress Party 21049 NO
25 MH THANE Dr.Sanjeev Ganesh Naik Nationalist Congress Party Chaugule Vijay Laxman Shivsena 49020 NO
26 MH MUMBAI NORTH Sanjay Brijkishorlal Nirupam Indian National Congress Ram Naik Bharatiya Janata Party 10054 NO
27 MH MUMBAI NORTH WEST Ad.Kamat Gurudas Vasant Indian National Congress Gajanan Kirtikar Shivsena 33261 NO
28 MH MUMBAI NORTH EAST Sanjay Dina Patil Nationalist Congress Party Kirit Somaiya Bharatiya Janata Party 2415 NO
29 MH MUMBAI NORTH CENTRAL Dutt Priya Sunil Indian National Congress Mahesh Ram Jethmalani Bharatiya Janata Party 157401 NO
30 MH MUMBAI SOUTH CENTRAL Eknath M. Gaikwad Indian National Congress Suresh Anant Gambhir Shivsena 69714 NO
31 MH MUMBAI SOUTH Deora Milind Murli Indian National Congress Bala Nandgaonkar Maharashtra Navnirman sena 54220 NO
32 MH RAIGAD Anant Geete Shivsena Barrister A.R. Antulay Indian National Congress 115119 NO
33 MH MAVAL Babar Gajanan Dharmshi Shivsena Pansare Azam Fakeerbhai Nationalist Congress Party 60796 NO
34 MH PUNE Kalmadi Suresh Indian National Congress Anil Shirole Bharatiya Janata Party 20225 NO
35 MH BARAMATI Supriya Sule Nationalist Congress Party Kanta Jaysing Nalawade Bharatiya Janata Party 188399 NO
36 MH SHIRUR Adhalrao Shivaji Dattatray Shivsena Vilas Vithoba Lande Nationalist Congress Party 140719 NO
37 MH AHMADNAGAR Gandhi Dilipkumar Mansukhlal Bharatiya Janata Party Kardile Shivaji Bhanudas Nationalist Congress Party 42474 NO
38 MH SHIRDI Wakchaure Bhausaheb Rajaram Shivsena Athawale Ramdas Bandu Republican Party of India (A) 132640 NO
39 MH BEED Munde Gopinathrao Pandurang Bharatiya Janata Party Kokate Ramesh Baburao (Adaskar) Nationalist Congress Party 70369 NO
40 MH OSMANABAD Patil Padamsinha Bajirao Nationalist Congress Party Gaikwad Ravindra Vishwanath Shivsena 17017 NO
41 MH LATUR Awale Jaywant Gangaram Indian National Congress Gaikwad Sunil Baliram Bharatiya Janata Party 241 NO
42 MH SOLAPUR Shinde Sushilkumar Sambhajirao Indian National Congress Adv. Bansode Sharad Maruti Bharatiya Janata Party 99585 NO
43 MH MADHA Pawar Sharadchandra Govindrao Nationalist Congress Party Deshmukh Subhash Sureshchandra Bharatiya Janata Party 243142 NO
44 MH SANGLI Pratik Prakashbapu Patil Indian National Congress Ajitrao Shankarrao Ghorpade Independent 43746 NO
45 MH SATARA Bhonsle Shrimant Chh. Udyanraje Pratapsinhmaharaj Nationalist Congress Party Purushottam Bajirao Jadhav Shivsena 297515 NO
46 MH RATNAGIRI – SINDHUDURG Dr.Nilesh Narayan Rane Indian National Congress Suresh Prabhakar Prabhu Shivsena 46750 NO
47 MH KOLHAPUR Sadashivrao Dadoba Mandlik Independent Chhatrapati Sambhajiraje Shahu Nationalist Congress Party 36524 NO
48 MH HATKANANGLE Shetti Raju Alias Devappa Anna Swabhimani Paksha Mane Nivedita Sambhajirao Nationalist Congress Party 63028 NO
1 MN INNER MANIPUR Dr. Thokchom Meinya Indian National Congress Moirangthem Nara Communist Party of India 33321 NO
2 MN OUTER MANIPUR Thangso Baite Indian National Congress Mani Charenamei Peoples Democratic Alliance 10586 NO
1 ML SHILLONG Vincent H Pala Indian National Congress John Filmore Kharshiing United Democratic Party 107832 NO
2 ML TURA Agatha K. Sangma Nationalist Congress Party Debora C. Marak Indian National Congress 17945 NO
1 MZ MIZORAM C.L.Ruala Indian National Congress Dr. H. Lallungmuana Independent 96238 NO
1 NL NAGALAND C.M. Chang Nagaland Peoples Front K. Asungba Sangtam Indian National Congress 422134 NO
1 OR BARGARH Sanjay Bhoi Indian National Congress Dr. Hamid Hussain Biju Janata Dal 39632 NO
2 OR SUNDARGARH Jual Oram Bharatiya Janata Party Hemanand Biswal Indian National Congress 6161 NO
3 OR SAMBALPUR Amarnath Pradhan Indian National Congress Rohit Pujari Biju Janata Dal 26282 NO
4 OR KEONJHAR Yashbant Narayan Singh Laguri Biju Janata Dal Dhanurjaya Sidu Indian National Congress 49221 NO
5 OR MAYURBHANJ Laxman Tudu Biju Janata Dal Sudam Marndi Jharkhand Mukti Morcha 17259 NO
6 OR BALASORE Srikant Kumar Jena Indian National Congress Arun Dey Nationalist Congress Party 10300 NO
7 OR BHADRAK Arjun Charan Sethi Biju Janata Dal Ananta Prasad Sethi Indian National Congress 24187 NO
8 OR JAJPUR Mohan Jena Biju Janata Dal Amiya Kanta Mallik Indian National Congress 36000 NO
9 OR DHENKANAL Tathagata Satpathy Biju Janata Dal Chandra Sekhar Tripathi Indian National Congress 87929 NO
10 OR BOLANGIR Kalikesh Narayan Singh Deo Biju Janata Dal Narasingha Mishra Indian National Congress 24022 NO
11 OR KALAHANDI Bhakta Charan Das Indian National Congress Subash Chandra Nayak Biju Janata Dal 59795 NO
12 OR NABARANGPUR Pradeep Kumar Majhi Indian National Congress Domburu Majhi Biju Janata Dal 25904 NO
13 OR KANDHAMAL Rudramadhab Ray Biju Janata Dal Ashok Sahu Bharatiya Janata Party 57091 NO
14 OR CUTTACK Bhartruhari Mahtab Biju Janata Dal Bibhuti Bhusan Mishra Indian National Congress 94756 NO
15 OR KENDRAPARA Baijayant Panda Biju Janata Dal Ranjib Biswal Indian National Congress 27810 NO
16 OR JAGATSINGHPUR Bibhu Prasad Tarai Communist Party of India Rabindra Kumar Sethy Indian National Congress 30229 NO
17 OR PURI Pinaki Misra Biju Janata Dal Braja Kishore Tripathy Bharatiya Janata Party 81737 NO
18 OR BHUBANESWAR Prasanna Kumar Patasani Biju Janata Dal Santosh Mohanty Indian National Congress 96043 NO
19 OR ASKA Nityananda Pradhan Biju Janata Dal Ramachandra Rath Indian National Congress 94869 NO
20 OR BERHAMPUR Sidhant Mohapatra Biju Janata Dal Chandra Sekhar Sahu Indian National Congress 23753 NO
21 OR KORAPUT Jayaram Pangi Biju Janata Dal Giridhar Gamang Indian National Congress 42161 NO
1 PB GURDASPUR Partap Singh Bajwa Indian National Congress Vinod Khanna Bharatiya Janata Party 1998 NO
2 PB AMRITSAR Navjot Singh Sidhu Bharatiya Janata Party Om Parkash Soni Indian National Congress 9057 NO
3 PB KHADOOR SAHIB Dr. Rattan Singh Ajnala Shiromani Akali Dal Rana Gurjeet Singh Indian National Congress 28869 NO
4 PB JALANDHAR Mohinder Singh Kaypee Indian National Congress Hans Raj Hans Shiromani Akali Dal 36445 NO
5 PB HOSHIARPUR Santosh Chowdhary Indian National Congress Som Parkash Bharatiya Janata Party 643 NO
6 PB ANANDPUR SAHIB Ravneet Singh Indian National Congress Dr. Daljit Singh Cheema Shiromani Akali Dal 50363 NO
7 PB LUDHIANA Manish Tewari Indian National Congress Gurcharan Singh Galib Shiromani Akali Dal 89676 NO
8 PB FATEHGARH SAHIB Sukhdev Singh Indian National Congress Charanjit Singh Atwal Shiromani Akali Dal 34299 NO
9 PB FARIDKOT Paramjit Kaur Gulshan Shiromani Akali Dal Sukhwinder Singh Danny Indian National Congress 68461 NO
10 PB FEROZPUR Sher Singh Ghubaya Shiromani Akali Dal Jagmeet Singh Brar Indian National Congress 30853 NO
11 PB BATHINDA Harsimrat Kaur Badal Shiromani Akali Dal Raninder Singh Indian National Congress 99521 NO
12 PB SANGRUR Vijay Inder Singla Indian National Congress Sukhdev Singh Dhindsa Shiromani Akali Dal 42789 NO
13 PB PATIALA Preneet Kaur Indian National Congress Prem Singh Chandumajra Shiromani Akali Dal 95502 NO
1 RJ GANGANAGAR Bharat Ram Meghwal Indian National Congress Nihal Chand Bharatiya Janata Party 140668 NO
2 RJ BIKANER Arjun Ram Meghwal Bharatiya Janata Party Rewat Ram Panwar Indian National Congress 19575 NO
3 RJ CHURU Ram Singh Kaswan Bharatiya Janata Party Rafique Mandelia Indian National Congress 9525 NO
4 RJ JHUNJHUNU Sheesh Ram Ola Indian National Congress Dr Dasrath Singh Shekhawat Bharatiya Janata Party 65321 NO
5 RJ SIKAR Mahadev Singh Indian National Congress Subhash Maharia Bharatiya Janata Party 33819 NO
6 RJ JAIPUR RURAL Lal Chand Kataria Indian National Congress Rao Rajendra Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 45487 NO
7 RJ JAIPUR Mahesh Joshi Indian National Congress Ghanshyam Tiwari Bharatiya Janata Party 3628 NO
8 RJ ALWAR Jitendra Singh Indian National Congress Dr.Kiran Yadav Bharatiya Janata Party 149251 NO
9 RJ BHARATPUR Ratan Singh Indian National Congress Khemchand Bharatiya Janata Party 80625 NO
10 RJ KARAULI-DHOLPUR Khiladi Lal Bairwa Indian National Congress Dr Manoj Rajoria Bharatiya Janata Party 27752 NO
11 RJ DAUSA Kirodi Lal Independent Qummer Rubbani Independent 23539 NO
12 RJ TONK-SAWAI MADHOPUR Namo Narain Indian National Congress Kirori Singh Bainsla Bharatiya Janata Party 472 NO
13 RJ AJMER Sachin Pilot Indian National Congress Kiran Maheshwari Bharatiya Janata Party 76135 YES
14 RJ NAGAUR Dr. Jyoti Mirdha Indian National Congress Bindu Chaudhary Bharatiya Janata Party 155185 NO
15 RJ PALI Badri Ram Jakhar Indian National Congress Pusp Jain Bharatiya Janata Party 171757 NO
16 RJ JODHPUR Chandresh Kumari Indian National Congress Jaswant Singh Bisnoi Bharatiya Janata Party 98259 YES
17 RJ BARMER Harish Choudhary Indian National Congress Manvendra Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 119106 NO
18 RJ JALORE Devji Patel Bharatiya Janata Party Buta Singh Independent 29177 NO
19 RJ UDAIPUR Raghuvir Singh Meena Indian National Congress Mahaveer Bhagora Bharatiya Janata Party 165021 NO
20 RJ BANSWARA Tarachand Bhagora Indian National Congress Hakaru Maida Bharatiya Janata Party 199418 YES
21 RJ CHITTORGARH (Dr.)girija Vyas Indian National Congress Shrichand Kriplani Bharatiya Janata Party 65731 NO
22 RJ RAJSAMAND Gopal Singh Indian National Congress Rasa Singh Rawat Bharatiya Janata Party 38178 NO
23 RJ BHILWARA Dr. C. P. Joshi Indian National Congress Vijayendra Pal Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 135368 NO
24 RJ KOTA Ijyaraj Singh Indian National Congress Shyam Sharma Bharatiya Janata Party 68106 NO
25 RJ JHALAWAR-BARAN Dushyant Singh Bharatiya Janata Party Urmila Jain “bhaya” Indian National Congress 25503 NO
1 SK SIKKIM Prem Das Rai Sikkim Democratic Front Kharananda Upreti Indian National Congress 48955 NO
1 TN THIRUVALLUR Venugopal.P All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Gayathri.S Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 27607 NO
2 TN CHENNAI NORTH Elangovan T.K.S Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Pandian. D Communist Party of India 28385 NO
3 TN CHENNAI SOUTH Rajendran C All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Bharathy R.S. Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 12962 NO
4 TN CHENNAI CENTRAL Dayanidhi Maran Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Mogamed Ali Jinnah S.M.K. All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 24352 NO
5 TN SRIPERUMBUDUR Baalu T R Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Moorthy A K Pattali Makkal Katchi 8222 NO
6 TN KANCHEEPURAM Viswanathan.P Indian National Congress Ramakrishnan.Dr.E All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 7297 NO
7 TN ARAKKONAM Jagathrakshakan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Velu R Pattali Makkal Katchi 103407 NO
8 TN VELLORE Abdulrahman Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Vasu L K M B All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 107393 NO
9 TN KRISHNAGIRI Sugavanam. E.G. Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Nanjegowdu. K. All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 45858 NO
10 TN DHARMAPURI Thamaraiselvan. R Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Senthil. R. Dr. Pattali Makkal Katchi 107130 NO
11 TN TIRUVANNAMALAI Venugopal.D Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Guru (A) Gurunathan. J Pattali Makkal Katchi 110998 NO
12 TN ARANI Krishnasamy M Indian National Congress Subramaniyan N All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 78457 NO
13 TN VILUPPURAM Anandan M All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Swamidurai K Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katch 9108 NO
14 TN KALLAKURICHI Sankar Adhi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Dhanaraju K Pattali Makkal Katchi 105958 NO
15 TN SALEM Semmalai S All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Thangkabalu K V Indian National Congress 41509 NO
16 TN NAMAKKAL Gandhiselvan.S Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Vairam Tamilarasi.V All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 87495 NO
17 TN ERODE Ganeshamurthi.A. Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Elangovan.E.V.K.S. Indian National Congress 45254 NO
18 TN TIRUPPUR Sivasami C All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Kharventhan S K Indian National Congress 85966 NO
19 TN NILGIRIS Raja A Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Krishnan C Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 75810 NO
20 TN COIMBATORE Prabhu.R Indian National Congress Natarajan.P.R. Communist Party of India (Marxist) 41048 NO
21 TN POLLACHI Sugumar.K All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Shanmugasundaram.K Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 45431 NO
22 TN DINDIGUL Chitthan N S V Indian National Congress Baalasubramani P All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 54347 YES
23 TN KARUR Tambidurai.M All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Pallanishamy. K.C. Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 31070 NO
24 TN TIRUCHIRAPPALLI Kumar.P All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Sarubala.R.Thondaiman Indian National Congress 5681 NO
25 TN PERAMBALUR Napoleon,D. Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Balasubramanian,K.K. All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 66551 NO
26 TN CUDDALORE Alagiri S Indian National Congress Sampath M C All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 23136 NO
27 TN CHIDAMBARAM Thirumaavalavan, Thol Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katch Ponnuswamy,E Pattali Makkal Katchi 86277 NO
28 TN MAYILADUTHURAI Manian O.S All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Mani Shankar Aiyar Indian National Congress 36854 NO
29 TN NAGAPATTINAM Vijayan A K S Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Selvaraj M Communist Party of India 30273 NO
30 TN THANJAVUR Palanimanickam.S.S Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Durai.Balakrishnan Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 101124 NO
31 TN SIVAGANGA Raja Kannappan R.S. All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Chidambaram P Indian National Congress 490 NO
32 TN MADURAI Alagiri M.K Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Mohan P Communist Party of India (Marxist) 140985 NO
33 TN THENI Aaron Rashid.J.M Indian National Congress Thanga Tamilselvan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 5503 NO
34 TN VIRUDHUNAGAR Manicka Tagore Indian National Congress Vaiko Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 15764 NO
35 TN RAMANATHAPURAM Sivakumar @ J.K. Ritheesh. K Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Sathiamoorthy. V All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 56352 NO
36 TN THOOTHUKKUDI Jeyadurai.S.R Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Cynthia Pandian.Dr All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 76671 NO
37 TN TENKASI Lingam P Communist Party of India Vellaipandi G Indian National Congress 34677 NO
38 TN TIRUNELVELI Ramasubbu S Indian National Congress Annamalai K All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 20948 NO
39 TN KANNIYAKUMARI Helen Davidson J Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Radhakrishnan P Bharatiya Janata Party 63826 NO
1 TR TRIPURA WEST Khagen Das Communist Party of India (Marxist) Sudip Roy Barman Indian National Congress 241235 NO
2 TR TRIPURA EAST Baju Ban Riyan Communist Party of India (Marxist) Diba Chandra Hrangkhawl Indian National Congress 291209 NO
1 UP SAHARANPUR Jagdish Singh Rana Bahujan Samaj Party Rasheed Masood Samajwadi Party 36681 NO
2 UP KAIRANA Tabassum Begum Bahujan Samaj Party Hukum Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 14047 NO
3 UP MUZAFFARNAGAR Kadir Rana Bahujan Samaj Party Anuradha Chaudhary Rashtriya Lok Dal 21002 NO
4 UP BIJNOR Sanjay Singh Chauhan Rashtriya Lok Dal Shahid Siddiqui Bahujan Samaj Party 10372 NO
5 UP NAGINA Yashvir Singh Samajwadi Party Ram Kishan Singh Bahujan Samaj Party 11920 NO
6 UP MORADABAD Mohammed Azharuddin Indian National Congress Kunwar Sarvesh Kumar Alias Rakesh Bharatiya Janata Party 24445 NO
7 UP RAMPUR Jaya Prada Nahata Samajwadi Party Begum Noor Bano Urf Mehtab Zamani Begum Indian National Congress 12093 NO
8 UP SAMBHAL Dr. Shafiqur Rahman Barq Bahujan Samaj Party Iqbal Mehmood Samajwadi Party 19762 NO
9 UP AMROHA Devendra Nagpal Rashtriya Lok Dal Mehboob Ali Samajwadi Party 39398 NO
10 UP MEERUT Rajendra Agarwal Bharatiya Janata Party Malook Nagar Bahujan Samaj Party 3674 NO
11 UP BAGHPAT Ajit Singh Rashtriya Lok Dal Mukesh Sharma Bahujan Samaj Party 63382 NO
12 UP GHAZIABAD Rajnath Singh Bharatiya Janata Party Surendra Prakash Goel Indian National Congress 43627 NO
13 UP GAUTAM BUDDH NAGAR Surendra Singh Nagar Bahujan Samaj Party Mahesh Kumar Sharma Bharatiya Janata Party 26730 NO
14 UP BULANDSHAHR Kamlesh Samajwadi Party Ashok Kumar Pradhan Bharatiya Janata Party 14776 NO
15 UP ALIGARH Zafar Alam Samajwadi Party Raj Kumari Chauhan Bahujan Samaj Party 12277 NO
16 UP HATHRAS Sarika Singh Rashtriya Lok Dal Rajendra Kumar Bahujan Samaj Party 20754 NO
17 UP MATHURA Jayant Chaudhary Rashtriya Lok Dal Shyam Sunder Sharma Bahujan Samaj Party 35239 NO
18 UP AGRA Kunwar Chand (Vakil) Bahujan Samaj Party Dr. Ramshankar Bharatiya Janata Party 3836 NO
19 UP FATEHPUR SIKRI Raj Babbar Indian National Congress Seema Upadhyay Bahujan Samaj Party 10025 NO
20 UP FIROZABAD Akhilesh Yadav Samajwadi Party Prof. S.P. Singh Baghel Bahujan Samaj Party 52555 NO
21 UP MAINPURI Mulayam Singh Yadav Samajwadi Party Vinay Shakya Bahujan Samaj Party 93137 NO
22 UP ETAH Kalyan Singh R O Madholi Independent Kunwar Devendra Singh Yadav Bahujan Samaj Party 102812 NO
23 UP BADAUN Dharmendra Yadav Samajwadi Party Dharam Yadav Urf D. P. Yadav Bahujan Samaj Party 12579 NO
24 UP AONLA Menka Gandhi Bharatiya Janata Party Dharmendra Kumar Samajwadi Party 1217 NO
25 UP BAREILLY Praveen Singh Aron Indian National Congress Santosh Gangwar Bharatiya Janata Party 9439 NO
26 UP PILIBHIT Feroze Varun Gandhi Bharatiya Janata Party V. M. Singh Indian National Congress 224196 NO
27 UP SHAHJAHANPUR Mithlesh Samajwadi Party Sunita Singh Bahujan Samaj Party 43831 NO
28 UP KHERI Zafar Ali Naqvi Indian National Congress Ajay Kumar Bharatiya Janata Party 16020 NO
29 UP DHAURAHRA Kunwar Jitin Prasad Indian National Congress Rajesh Kumar Singh Alias Rajesh Verma Bahujan Samaj Party 96823 NO
30 UP SITAPUR Kaisar Jahan Bahujan Samaj Party Mahendra Singh Verma Samajwadi Party 19638 NO
31 UP HARDOI Usha Verma Samajwadi Party Ram Kumar Kuril Bahujan Samaj Party 87402 NO
32 UP MISRIKH Ashok Kumar Rawat Bahujan Samaj Party Shyam Prakash Samajwadi Party 22999 NO
33 UP UNNAO Annutandon Indian National Congress Arunshankarshukla Bahujan Samaj Party 195269 NO
34 UP MOHANLALGANJ Sushila Saroj Samajwadi Party Jai Prakash Bahujan Samaj Party 66348 NO
35 UP LUCKNOW Lal Ji Tandon Bharatiya Janata Party Rita Bahuguna Joshi Indian National Congress 31090 NO
36 UP RAE BARELI Sonia Gandhi Indian National Congress R.S.Kushwaha Bahujan Samaj Party 276054 NO
37 UP AMETHI Rahul Gandhi Indian National Congress Asheesh Shukla Bahujan Samaj Party 157511 NO
38 UP SULTANPUR Dr.Sanjay Singh Indian National Congress Mohd.Tahir Bahujan Samaj Party 69185 NO
39 UP PRATAPGARH Rajkumari Ratna Singh Indian National Congress Prof. Shivakant Ojha Bahujan Samaj Party 6346 NO
40 UP FARRUKHABAD Naresh Chandra Agrawal Bahujan Samaj Party Salman Khursheed Indian National Congress 5472 NO
41 UP ETAWAH Premdas Samajwadi Party Gaurishanker Bahujan Samaj Party 43513 NO
42 UP KANNAUJ Akhilesh Yadav Samajwadi Party Dr. Mahesh Chandra Verma Bahujan Samaj Party 110828 NO
43 UP KANPUR Sri Prakash Jaiswal Indian National Congress Satish Mahana Bharatiya Janata Party 14161 NO
44 UP AKBARPUR Rajaram Pal Indian National Congress Anil Shukla Warsi Bahujan Samaj Party 30075 NO
45 UP JALAUN Ghansyam Anuragi Samajwadi Party Tilak Chandra Ahirwar Bahujan Samaj Party 7332 NO
46 UP JHANSI Pradeep Kumar Jain (Aditya) Indian National Congress Ramesh Kumar Sharma Bahujan Samaj Party 7228 NO
47 UP HAMIRPUR Vijay Bahadur Singh Bahujan Samaj Party Siddha Gopal Sahu Indian National Congress 13663 NO
48 UP BANDA R. K. Singh Patel Samajwadi Party Bhairon Prasad Mishra Bahujan Samaj Party 26245 NO
49 UP FATEHPUR Rakesh Sachan Samajwadi Party Mahendra Prasad Nishad Bahujan Samaj Party 22816 NO
50 UP KAUSHAMBI Shailendra Kumar Samajwadi Party Girish Chandra Pasi Bahujan Samaj Party 16569 NO
51 UP PHULPUR Kapil Muni Karwariya Bahujan Samaj Party Shyama Charan Gupta Samajwadi Party 13881 NO
52 UP ALLAHABAD Kunwar Rewati Raman Singh Alias Mani Ji Samajwadi Party Ashok Kumar Bajpai Bahujan Samaj Party 17435 NO
53 UP BARABANKI P.L.Punia Indian National Congress Kamala Prasad Rawat Bahujan Samaj Party 147335 NO
54 UP FAIZABAD Nirmal Khatri Indian National Congress Mitrasen Samajwadi Party 41691 NO
55 UP AMBEDKAR NAGAR Rakesh Pandey Bahujan Samaj Party Shankhlal Majhi Samajwadi Party 8227 NO
56 UP BAHRAICH Kamal Kishor Indian National Congress Lal Mani Prasad Bahujan Samaj Party 41205 NO
57 UP KAISERGANJ Brijbhushan Sharan Singh Samajwadi Party Dr Lalta Prasad Mishra Alias Dr L P Mishra Bharatiya Janata Party 27873 NO
58 UP SHRAWASTI Vinay Kumar Alias Vinnu Indian National Congress Rizvan Zaheer Bahujan Samaj Party 38796 NO
59 UP GONDA Beni Prasad Verma Indian National Congress Kirti Vardhan Singh (Raja Bhaiya) Bahujan Samaj Party 22898 NO
60 UP DOMARIYAGANJ Jagdambika Pal Indian National Congress Jai Pratap Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 21356 NO
61 UP BASTI Arvind Kumar Chaudhary Bahujan Samaj Party Raj Kishor Singh Samajwadi Party 77981 NO
62 UP SANT KABIR NAGAR Bhisma Shankar Alias Kushal Tiwari Bahujan Samaj Party Bhal Chandra Yadav Samajwadi Party 17218 NO
63 UP MAHARAJGANJ Harsh Vardhan Indian National Congress Ganesh Shanker Pandey Bahujan Samaj Party 52122 NO
64 UP GORAKHPUR Adityanath Bharatiya Janata Party Vinay Shankar Tiwari Bahujan Samaj Party 70171 NO
65 UP KUSHI NAGAR Ku. Ratanjeet Pratap Narayan Singh Indian National Congress Swami Prasad Maurya Bahujan Samaj Party 10593 NO
66 UP DEORIA Gorakh Prasad Jaiswal Bahujan Samaj Party Shri Prakash Mani Tripathi Bharatiya Janata Party 16718 NO
67 UP BANSGAON Kamlesh Paswan Bharatiya Janata Party Shree Nath Ji Bahujan Samaj Party 22382 NO
68 UP LALGANJ Dr. Baliram Bahujan Samaj Party Neelam Sonkar Bharatiya Janata Party 38531 NO
69 UP AZAMGARH Ramakant Yadav Bharatiya Janata Party Akbar Ahmad Dumpy Bahujan Samaj Party 36914 NO
70 UP GHOSI Dara Singh Chauhan Bahujan Samaj Party Arshad Jamal Ansari Samajwadi Party 17965 NO
71 UP SALEMPUR Ramashankar Rajbhar Bahujan Samaj Party Dr. Bhola Pandey Indian National Congress 4923 NO
72 UP BALLIA Neeraj Shekhar Samajwadi Party Sangram Singh Yadav Bahujan Samaj Party 41103 NO
73 UP JAUNPUR Dhananjay Singh Bahujan Samaj Party Paras Nath Yadava Samajwadi Party 53859 NO
74 UP MACHHLISHAHR Tufani Saroj Samajwadi Party Kamla Kant Gautam (K.K. Gautam) Bahujan Samaj Party 19050 NO
75 UP GHAZIPUR Radhey Mohan Singh Samajwadi Party Afzal Ansari Bahujan Samaj Party 50237 NO
76 UP CHANDAULI Ramkishun Samajwadi Party Kailash Nath Singh Yadav Bahujan Samaj Party 10919 NO
77 UP VARANASI Dr. Murli Manohar Joshi Bharatiya Janata Party Mukhtar Ansari Bahujan Samaj Party 5750 NO
78 UP BHADOHI Gorakhnath Bahujan Samaj Party Chhotelal Bind Samajwadi Party 12980 NO
79 UP MIRZAPUR Bal Kumar Patel Samajwadi Party Anil Kumar Maurya Bahujan Samaj Party 8519 NO
80 UP ROBERTSGANJ Pakauri Lal Samajwadi Party Ram Chandra Tyagi Bahujan Samaj Party 46930 NO
1 WB COOCH BEHAR Nripendra Nath Roy All India Forward Bloc Arghya Roy Pradhan All India Trinamool Congress 37085 NO
2 WB ALIPURDUARS Manohar Tirkey Revolutionary Socialist Party Paban Kumar Lakra All India Trinamool Congress 112516 NO
3 WB JALPAIGURI Mahendra Kumar Roy Communist Party of India (Marxist) Barma Sukhbilas Indian National Congress 67529 NO
4 WB DARJEELING Jaswant Singh Bharatiya Janata Party Jibesh Sarkar Communist Party of India (Marxist) 271267 NO
5 WB RAIGANJ Deepa Dasmunsi Indian National Congress Bireswar Lahiri Communist Party of India (Marxist) 68682 NO
6 WB BALURGHAT Prasanta Kumar Majumdar Revolutionary Socialist Party Biplab Mitra All India Trinamool Congress 1610 NO
7 WB MALDAHA UTTAR Mausam Noor Indian National Congress Sailen Sarkar Communist Party of India (Marxist) 18758 NO
8 WB MALDAHA DAKSHIN Abu Hasem Khan Choudhury Indian National Congress Abdur Razzaque Communist Party of India (Marxist) 126935 NO
9 WB JANGIPUR Pranab Mukherjee Indian National Congress Mriganka Sekhar Bhattacharya Communist Party of India (Marxist) 61761 NO
10 WB BAHARAMPUR Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury Indian National Congress Pramothes Mukherjee Revolutionary Socialist Party 68254 NO
11 WB MURSHIDABAD Abdul Mannan Hossain Indian National Congress Anisur Rahaman Sarkar Communist Party of India (Marxist) 11288 NO
12 WB KRISHNANAGAR Tapas Paul All India Trinamool Congress Jyotirmoyee Sikdar Communist Party of India (Marxist) 50892 NO
13 WB RANAGHAT Sucharu Ranjan Haldar All India Trinamool Congress Basudeb Barman Communist Party of India (Marxist) 48444 NO
14 WB BANGAON Gobinda Chandra Naskar All India Trinamool Congress Asim Bala Communist Party of India (Marxist) 15248 NO
15 WB BARRACKPORE Dinesh Trivedi All India Trinamool Congress Tarit Baran Topdar Communist Party of India (Marxist) 36729 NO
16 WB DUM DUM Saugata Ray All India Trinamool Congress Amitava Nandy Communist Party of India (Marxist) 3651 NO
17 WB BARASAT Kakali Ghosh Dastidar All India Trinamool Congress Sudin Chattopadhyay All India Forward Bloc 29999 NO
18 WB BASIRHAT Sk. Nurul Islam All India Trinamool Congress Ajay Chakraborty Communist Party of India 4259 NO
19 WB JOYNAGAR Dr. Tarun Mondal Independent Nimai Barman Revolutionary Socialist Party 41657 NO
20 WB MATHURAPUR Choudhury Mohan Jatua All India Trinamool Congress Animesh Naskar Communist Party of India (Marxist) 6717 NO
21 WB DIAMOND HARBOUR Somendra Nath Mitra All India Trinamool Congress Samik Lahiri Communist Party of India (Marxist) 69116 NO
22 WB JADAVPUR Kabir Suman All India Trinamool Congress Sujan Chakraborty Communist Party of India (Marxist) 24147 NO
23 WB KOLKATA DAKSHIN Mamata Banerjee All India Trinamool Congress Rabin Deb Communist Party of India (Marxist) 137046 NO
24 WB KOLKATA UTTAR Sudip Bandyopadhyay All India Trinamool Congress Md. Salim Communist Party of India (Marxist) 64971 NO
25 WB HOWRAH Ambica Banerjee All India Trinamool Congress Swadesh Chakrabortty Communist Party of India (Marxist) 10672 NO
26 WB ULUBERIA Sultan Ahmed All India Trinamool Congress Hannan Mollah Communist Party of India (Marxist) 53703 NO
27 WB SRERAMPUR Kalyan Banerjee All India Trinamool Congress Santasri Chatterjee Communist Party of India (Marxist) 92670 NO
28 WB HOOGHLY Dr. Ratna De(Nag) All India Trinamool Congress Rupchand Pal Communist Party of India (Marxist) 56711 NO
29 WB ARAMBAGH Malik Sakti Mohan Communist Party of India (Marxist) Sambhu Nath Malik Indian National Congress 144361 NO
30 WB TAMLUK Adhikari Suvendu All India Trinamool Congress Lakshman Chandra Seth Communist Party of India (Marxist) 16735 NO
31 WB KANTHI Adhikari Sisir Kumar All India Trinamool Congress Prasanta Pradhan Communist Party of India (Marxist) 36085 NO
32 WB GHATAL Gurudas Dasgupta Communist Party of India Nure Alam Chowdhury All India Trinamool Congress 62938 NO
33 WB JHARGRAM Pulin Bihari Baske Communist Party of India (Marxist) Amrit Hansda Indian National Congress 109497 NO
34 WB MEDINIPUR Prabodh Panda Communist Party of India Dipak Kumar Ghosh All India Trinamool Congress 32890 NO
35 WB PURULIA Narahari Mahato All India Forward Bloc Shantiram Mahato Indian National Congress 5978 NO
36 WB BANKURA Acharia Basudeb Communist Party of India (Marxist) Subrata Mukherjee Indian National Congress 44697 NO
37 WB BISHNUPUR Susmita Bauri Communist Party of India (Marxist) Seuli Saha All India Trinamool Congress 54371 NO
38 WB BARDHAMAN PURBA Anup Kumar Saha Communist Party of India (Marxist) Ashoke Biswas All India Trinamool Congress 52048 NO
39 WB BURDWAN – DURGAPUR Sk. Saidul Haque Communist Party of India (Marxist) Nargis Begam Indian National Congress 79822 NO
40 WB ASANSOL Bansa Gopal Chowdhury Communist Party of India (Marxist) Ghatak Moloy All India Trinamool Congress 46638 NO
41 WB BOLPUR Doctor Ram Chandra Dome Communist Party of India (Marxist) Asit Kumar Mal Indian National Congress 76596 NO
42 WB BIRBHUM Satabdi Roy All India Trinamool Congress Braja Mukherjee Communist Party of India (Marxist) 15936 NO
1 CG SARGUJA Murarilal Singh Bharatiya Janata Party Bhanu Pratap Singh Indian National Congress 113866 NO
2 CG RAIGARH Vishnu Deo Sai Bharatiya Janata Party Hridayaram Rathiya Indian National Congress 41920 NO
3 CG JANJGIR-CHAMPA Shrimati Kamla Devi Patle Bharatiya Janata Party Dr.Shivkumar Dahariya Indian National Congress 35284 NO
4 CG KORBA Charan Das Mahant Indian National Congress Karuna Shukla Bharatiya Janata Party 10348 NO
5 CG BILASPUR Dilip Singh Judev Bharatiya Janata Party Dr.Renu Jogi Indian National Congress 18186 NO
6 CG RAJNANDGAON Madhusudan Yadav Bharatiya Janata Party Devwrat Singh Indian National Congress 91638 NO
7 CG DURG Saroj Pandey Bharatiya Janata Party Pradeep Choubey Indian National Congress 3397 NO
8 CG RAIPUR Ramesh Bais Bharatiya Janata Party Bhupesh Baghel Indian National Congress 28680 NO
9 CG MAHASAMUND Chandulal Sahu (Chandu Bhaiya) Bharatiya Janata Party Motilal Sahu Indian National Congress 12100 NO
10 CG BASTAR Baliram Kashyap Bharatiya Janata Party Shankar Sodi Indian National Congress 63828 NO
11 CG KANKER Sohan Potai Bharatiya Janata Party Smt. Phoolo Devi Netam Indian National Congress 18247 NO
1 JH RAJMAHAL Devidhan Besra Bharatiya Janata Party Hemlal Murmu Jharkhand Mukti Morcha 3694 NO
2 JH DUMKA Shibu Soren Jharkhand Mukti Morcha Sunil Soren Bharatiya Janata Party 8319 NO
3 JH GODDA Nishikant Dubey Bharatiya Janata Party Furkan Ansari Indian National Congress 18747 NO
4 JH CHATRA Inder Singh Namdhari Independent Dhiraj Prasad Sahu Indian National Congress 16178 NO
5 JH KODARMA Babulal Marandi Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik) Raj Kumar Yadav Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Liberation) 38742 NO
6 JH GIRIDIH Ravindra Kumar Pandey Bharatiya Janata Party Saba Ahmad Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik) 61580 NO
7 JH DHANBAD Chandrashekhar Dubey Indian National Congress Pashupati Nath Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 4456 NO
8 JH RANCHI Ram Tahal Choudhary Bharatiya Janata Party Subodh Kant Sahay Indian National Congress 9420 NO
9 JH JAMSHEDPUR Arjun Munda Bharatiya Janata Party Suman Mahato Jharkhand Mukti Morcha 57892 NO
10 JH SINGHBHUM Madhu Kora Independent Barkuwar Gagrai Bharatiya Janata Party 84088 NO
11 JH KHUNTI Karia Munda Bharatiya Janata Party Neil Tirkey Indian National Congress 29812 NO
12 JH LOHARDAGA Chamra Linda Independent Sudarshan Bhagat Bharatiya Janata Party 2916 NO
13 JH PALAMAU Kameshwar Baitha Jharkhand Mukti Morcha Ghuran Ram Rashtriya Janata Dal 4812 NO
14 JH HAZARIBAGH Yashwant Sinha Bharatiya Janata Party Saurabh Narain Singh Indian National Congress 9161 NO
1 UK TEHRI GARHWAL Vijay Bahuguna Indian National Congress Jaspal Rana Bharatiya Janata Party 45804 NO
2 UK GARHWAL Satpal Maharaj Indian National Congress Lt. Gen(Retd) Tejpal Singh Rawat P.V.S.M, V.S.M Bharatiya Janata Party 17257 NO
3 UK ALMORA Pradeep Tamta Indian National Congress Ajay Tamta Bharatiya Janata Party 6848 NO
4 UK NAINITAL-UDHAMSINGH NAGAR K.C. Singh Baba Indian National Congress Bachi Singh Rawat Bharatiya Janata Party 78365 NO
5 UK HARDWAR Harish Rawat Indian National Congress Swami Yatindranand Giri Bharatiya Janata Party 85040 NO
1 AN ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS Shri. Bishnu Pada Ray Bharatiya Janata Party Shri. Kuldeep Rai Sharma Indian National Congress 3618 NO
1 CH CHANDIGARH Pawan Kumar Bansal Indian National Congress Satya Pal Jain Bharatiya Janata Party 58967 YES
1 DN DADAR & NAGAR HAVELI Patel Natubhai Gomanbhai Bharatiya Janata Party Delkar Mohanbhai Sanjibhai Indian National Congress 618 YES
1 DD DAMAN & DIU Lalubhai Patel Bharatiya Janata Party Dahyabhai Vallabhbhai Patel Indian National Congress 24838 YES
1 DL CHANDNI CHOWK Kapil Sibal Indian National Congress Vijender Gupta Bharatiya Janata Party 200710 YES
2 DL NORTH EAST DELHI Jai Prakash Agarwal Indian National Congress B.L.Sharma Prem Bharatiya Janata Party 138816 NO
3 DL EAST DELHI Sandeep Dikshit Indian National Congress Chetan Chauhan Bharatiya Janata Party 129779 NO
4 DL NEW DELHI Ajay Makan Indian National Congress Vijay Goel Bharatiya Janata Party 134979 NO
5 DL NORTH WEST DELHI Krishna Tirath Indian National Congress Meera Kanwaria Bharatiya Janata Party 176846 NO
6 DL WEST DELHI Mahabal Mishra Indian National Congress Prof. Jagdish Mukhi Bharatiya Janata Party 129010 NO
7 DL SOUTH DELHI Ramesh Kumar Indian National Congress Ramesh Bidhuri Bharatiya Janata Party 75232 NO
1 LD LAKSHADWEEP Muhammed Hamdulla Sayeed A.B Indian National Congress Dr. P. Pookunhikoya Nationalist Congress Party 2198 YES
1 PY PUDUCHERRY Narayanasamy Indian National Congress Ramadass. M Pattali Makkal Katchi 86301 NO
I do not know if anyone in India audits or checks the Election Commission’s arithmetic and procedures. Certainly the EC seems to leave a great deal to be desired by its slowness, its high-handedness and its obscurity/lack of transparency. I have said previously that this may be a result of obsolescent technology and management and organisation — problems that may be common across many departments of the Government of India and our State Governments.
Here then are the elements of a tool for use of ordinary citizens which may allow everyone to check the arithmetic involved in the EC’s counting of those hundreds of millions of votes all of us have cast in the 2009 General Elections.
On the vertical axis is supposed to be the list, by Parliamentary Constituency, of all 8,070 candidates who have contested the polls to the 15th Lok Sabha.
On the horizontal axis is supposed to be a series of 543 lists of Assembly Segments for each Constituency. Please note that the horizontal axis has had to be truncated for lack of space after only ten such segments; this covers the vast majority of Constituencies but there are a dozen or so in Goa, J&K, Arunachal, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura which are not complete as they each have many more than 10.
So altogether here are the elements of a series of 543 matrices, one for each Lok Sabha Constituency, which may help ordinary citizens engage in a process of themselves auditing the EC’s declared results.
Or, at the very least, the 543 matrices would act as a score-card, and in this nation of cricket-fans, everyone loves a score-card.
(The text below will have to be adjusted appropriately to get the right format, columns etc.)
Subroto Roy, Kolkata
SIRPUR-1 ASIFABAD-5 KHANAPUR-6 ADILABAD-7 BOATH-8 NIRMAL-9
S01-1-AP-ADILABAD 1ADE TUKARAM BJP
2KOTNAK RAMESH INC
3RATHOD RAMESH TDP
4RATHOD SADASHIV NAIK BSP
5MESRAM NAGO RAO PRAP
6ATHRAM LAXMAN RAO IND
7GANTA PENTANNA IND
8NETHAVAT RAMDAS IND
9BANKA SAHADEVU IND
CHENNUR-2 BELLAMPALLY-3 MANCHERIAL-4 DHARMAPURI-22 RAMAGUNDAM-23
S01-2-AP-PEDDAPALLE 1GAJJELA SWAMY BSP
2GOMASA SRINIVAS TRS
3MATHANGI NARSIAH BJP
5AREPELLI DAVID RAJU PRAP
6KRISHNA SABBALI MCPI(S)
7AMBALA MAHENDAR IND
8A KAMALAMMA IND
9GORRE RAMESH IND
10NALLALA KANUKAIAH IND
11B MALLAIAH IND
12K RAJASWARI IND
13D RAMULU IND
14GVINAY KUMAR IND
KARIMNAGAR-26 CHOPPADANDI-27 VEMULAWADA-28 SIRCILLA-29
MANAKONDUR-30 HUZURABAD-31 HUSNABAD-32
S01-3-AP-KARIMNAGAR 1CHANDUPATLA JANGA REDDY BJP
2PONNAM PRABHAKAR INC
3VINOD KUMAR BOINAPALLY TRS
4VIRESHAM NALIMELA BSP
5RAGULA RAMULU RPI(A)
6LINGAMPALLI SRINIVAS REDDY MCPI(S)
7VELICHALA RAJENDER RAO PRAP
8T SRIMANNARAYANA PPOI
9K PRABHAKAR IND
10KORIVI VENUGOPAL IND
11BARIGE GATTAIAH YADAV IND
12GADDAM RAJI REDDY IND
13PANAKANTI SATISH KUMAR IND
14PEDDI RAVINDER IND
15B SURESH IND
ARMUR-11 BODHAN-12 NIZAMABAD (URBAN)-17 NIZAMABAD (RURAL)-18
BALKONDA-19 KORATLA-20 JAGTIAL-21
S01-4-AP-NIZAMABAD 1DR BAPU REDDY BJP
2BIGALA GANESH GUPTA TRS
3MADHU YASKHI GOUD INC
4YEDLA RAMU BSP
5DUDDEMPUDI SAMBASIVA RAO CHOUDARY LSP
6PVINAY KUMAR PRAP
7DR VSATHYANARAYANA MURTHY PPOI
8S SUJATHA TPPP
9AARIS MOHAMMED IND
10KANDEM PRABHAKAR IND
11GADDAM SRINIVAS IND
12RAPELLY SRINIVAS IND
JUKKAL-13 BANSWADA-14 YELLAREDDY-15 KAMAREDDY-16 NARAYANKHED-35
S01-5-AP-ZAHIRABAD 1CHENGAL BAGANNA BJP
2MVISHNU MUDIRAJ BSP
3SYED YOUSUF ALI TRS
4SURESH KUMAR SHETKAR INC
5BENJAMIN RAJU IJP
6MALKAPURAM SHIVA KUMAR PRAP
7MALLESH RAVINDER REDDY LSP
8CHITTA RAJESHWAR RAO IND
9POWAR SINGH HATTI SINGH IND
10BASAVA RAJ PATIL IND
SIDDIPET-33 MEDAK-34 NARSAPUR-37 SANGAREDDY-39 PATANCHERU-40
S01-6-AP-MEDAK 1NARENDRANATH C INC
2P NIROOP REDDY BJP
3VIJAYA SHANTHI M TRS
4Y SHANKAR GOUD BSP
5KOVURI PRABHAKAR PPOI
6KHAJA QUAYUM ANWAR PRAP
7D YADESHWAR BSP(AP)
8K SUDHEER REDDY LSP
9KUNDETI RAVI IND
MEDCHAL-43 MALKAJGIRI-44 QUTHBULLAPUR-45 KUKATPALLY-46 UPPAL-47
LAL BAHADUR NAGAR-49 SECUNDERABAD CANTT.-71
S01-7-AP-MALKAJGIRI 1NALLU INDRASENA REDDY BJP
2MBABU RAO PADMA SALE BSP
4SARVEY SATYANARAYANA INC
5SDKRISHNA MURTHY TPPP
6TDEVENDER GOUD PRAP
7NARENDER KUMBALA BPD
8PRATHANI RAMAKRISHNA RKSP
9LION C FRANCIS MJF SP
10N V RAMA REDDY PPOI
11DRLAVU RATHAIAH LSP
12KANTE KANAKAIAH GANGAPUTHRA IND
13KOYAL KAR BHOJARAJ IND
14CHENURU VENKATA SUBBA RAO IND
15JAJULA BHASKAR IND
16LTCOL RETD DUSERLA PAPARAIDU IND
19KSRINIVASA RAJU IND
MUSHEERABAD-57 AMBERPET-59 KHAIRATABAD-60 JUBILEE HILLS-61 SANATH
NAGAR-62 NAMPALLI-63 SECUNDRABAD-70
S01-8-AP-SECUNDRABAD 1ANJAN KUMAR YADAV M INC
2BANDARU DATTATREYA BJP
3M D MAHMOOD ALI TRS
4M VENKATESH BSP
5SRINIVASA SUDHISH RAMBHOTLA TDP
6ABDUS SATTAR MUJAHED MUL
7IMDAD JAH ANC
8P DAMODER REDDY PPOI
9DR DASOJU SRAVAN KUMAR PRAP
10S DEVAIAH TPPP
11CVL NARASIMHA RAO LSP
12DR POLISHETTY RAM MOHAN SAP
13MOHD OSMAN QURESHEE AJBP
14SHIRAZ KHAN UWF
15ASEERVADAM LELLAPALLI IND
16AMBATI KRISHNA MURTHY IND
17B GOPALA KRISHNA IND
18DEVI DAS RAO GHODKE IND
19BABER ALI KHAN IND
20M BHAGYA MATHA IND
21CH MURAHARI IND
22G RAJAIAH IND
23K SRINIVASA CHARI IND
MALAKPET-58 KARWAN-64 GOSHAMAHAL-65 CHARMINAR-66
CHANDRAYANGUTTA-67 YAKUTPURA-68 BAHDURPURA-69
S01-9-AP-HYDERABAD 1ZAHID ALI KHAN TDP
2P LAXMAN RAO GOUD INC
3SATISH AGARWAL BJP
4SAMY MOHAMMED BSP
5ASADUDDIN OWAISI AIMIM
6S GOPAL SINGH ABJS
7TAHER KAMAL KHUNDMIRI JD(S)
8FATIMA A PRAP
9P VENKATESWARA RAO PPOI
10D SURENDER TPPP
11ALKASARY MOULLIM MOHSIN HUSSAIN IND
12ALTAF AHMED KHAN IND
13MA QUDDUS GHORI IND
14ZAHID ALI KHAN IND
15MA BASITH IND
16MD OSMAN IND
17B RAVI YADAV IND
18NL SRINIVAS IND
19MA SATTAR IND
20D SADANAND IND
21SYED ABDUL GAFFTER IND
22SARDAR SINGH IND
23MA HABEEB IND
MAHESHWARAM-50 RAJENDRANAGAR-51 SERILINGAMPALLY-52 CHEVELLA-53
PARGI-54 VICARADAB-55 TANDUR-56
S01-10-AP-CHELVELLA 1JAIPAL REDDY SUDINI INC
2APJITHENDER REDDY TDP
3BADDAM BAL REDDY BJP
4CSRINIVAS RAO BSP
5KASANI GNANESHWAR MANP
6KUMMARI GIRI PPOI
7DASARA SARALA DEVI MCPI(S)
8DRBRAGHUVEER REDDY LSP
9SAMA SRINIVASULU GRIP
10SMALLA REDDY IND
11GMALLESHAM GOUD IND
12RAMESHWARAM JANGAIAH IND
14VENKATRAM NAIK IND
15SAYAMOOLA NARSIMULU IND
KODANGAL-72 NARAYANPET-73 MAHBUBNAGAR-74 JADCHERLA-75
DEVARKADRA-76 MAKTHAL-77 SHADNAGAR-84
S01-11-AP-MAHBUBNAGAR 1KUCHAKULLA YADAGIRI REDDY BJP
2K CHANDRASEKHAR RAO TRS
3DEVARAKONDA VITTAL RAO INC
4PALEM SUDARSHAN GOUD BSP
5ABDUL KAREEM KHAJA MOHAMMAD LSP
7KOLLA VENKATESH MADIGA TPPP
8GUNDALA VIJAYALAKSHMI PPOI
9B BALRAJ GOUD MANP
11USHAN SATHYAMMA IND
12USAIN RANGAMMA IND
13YETTI CHINNA YENKAIAH IND
14YETTI LINGAIAH IND
15KANDUR KURMAIAH IND
16KARRE JANGAIAH IND
17GANGAPURI RAVINDAR GOUD IND
18GAJJA NARSIMULU IND
19CHENNAMSETTY DASHARATHA RAMULU HOLEA DASARI IND
20MA JABBAR IND
21DEPALLY MAISAIAH IND
22DEPALLY SAYANNA IND
23K NARSIMULU IND
24NAGENDER REDDY K IND
26BUDIGA JANGAM LAXMAMMA IND
27MOHAMMAD GHOUSE MOINUDDIN IND
28MALA JANGILAMMA IND
29RAJESH NAIK IND
30RAIKANTI RAMADAS MADIGA IND
31V VENKATESHWARLU IND
32B SEENAIAH GOUD IND
WANAPARTHY-78 GADWAL-79 ALAMPUR-80 NAGARKURNOOL-81 ACHAMPET-82
S01-12-AP-NAGARKURNOOL 1GUVVALA BALARAJU TRS
2TANGIRALA PARAMJOTHI BSP
3DR MANDA JAGANNATH INC
4DR T RATNAKARA BJP
5DEVANI SATYANARAYANA PRAP
6SPFERRY ROY PPOI
7G VIDYASAGAR LSP
8ANAPOSALA VENKATESH IND
9N KURUMAIAH IND
10BUDDULA SRINIVAS IND
11AV SHIVA KUMAR IND
12SIRIGIRI MANNEM IND
DEVARAKONDA-86 NAGARJUNA SAGAR-87 MIRYALGUDA-88 HUZURNAGAR-89
KODAD-90 SURYAPET-91 NALGONDA-92
S01-13-AP-NALGONDA 1GUTHA SUKENDER REDDY INC
3VEDIRE SRIRAM REDDY BJP
4SURAVARAM SUDHAKAR REDDY CPI
5A NAGESHWAR RAO PPOI
6PADURI KARUNA PRAP
7DAIDA LINGAIAH IND
8MD NAZEEMUDDIN IND
9BOLUSANI KRISHNAIAH IND
10BOLLA KARUNAKAR IND
11MARRY NEHEMIAH IND
12YALAGANDULA RAMU IND
13KVSRINIVASA CHARYULU IND
14SHAIK AHMED IND
IBRAHIMPATNAM-48 MUNUGODE-93 BHONGIR-94 NAKREKAL-95
THUNGATHURTHY-96 ALAIR-97 JANGOAN-98
S01-14-AP-BHONGIR 1KOMATIREDDY RAJ GOPAL REDDY INC
2CHINTHA SAMBA MURTHY BJP
3NOMULA NARSIMHAIAH CPM
4SIDDHARTHA PHOOLEY BSP
5CHANDRA MOULI GANDAM PRAP
6PALLA PRABHAKAR REDDY PPOI
7RACHA SUBHADRA REDDY LSP
8GUMMI BAKKA REDDY IND
9POOSA BALA KISHAN BESTA IND
10PERUKA ANJAIAH IND
11MAMIDIGALLA JOHN BABU IND
12MEDI NARSIMHA IND
13RUPANI RAMESH VADDERA IND
14SANGU MALLAYYA IND
15SIRUPANGI RAMULU IND
GHANPUR (STATION)-99 PALAKURTHI-100 PARKAL-104 WARANGAL WEST-105
WARANGAL EAST-106 WARDHANAPET-107 BHUPALPALLE-108
S01-15-AP-WARANGAL 1JAYAPAL V BJP
2DOMMATI SAMBAIAH TDP
3RAJAIAH SIRICILLA INC
4RAMAGALLA PARAMESHWAR TRS
5LALAIAH P BSP
6ONTELA MONDAIAH PPOI
7DR CHANDRAGIRI RAJAMOULY PRAP
8BALLEPU VENKAT NARSINGA RAO LSP
9KANNAM VENKANNA IND
10KRISHNADHI SRILATHA IND
11SOMAIAH GANAPURAM IND
12DAMERA MOGILI IND
13DUBASI NARSING IND
14PAKALA DEVADANAM IND
15D SREEDHAR RAO IND
DORNAKAL-101 MAHABUBABAD-102 NARSAMPET-103 MULUG-109
PINAPAKA-110 YELLANDU-111 BHADRACHELAM-119
S01-16-AP-MAHABUBABAD 1KUNJA SRINIVASA RAO CPI
2GUMMADI PULLAIAH BSP
3B DILIP BJP
4P BALRAM INC
5DT NAIK PRAP
6PODEM SAMMAIAH PPOI
7BANOTH MOLCHAND LSP
8KALTHI VEERASWAMY IND
9KECHELA RANGA REDDY IND
10DATLA NAGESWAR RAO IND
11PADIGA YERRAIAH IND
12P SATYANARAYANA IND
KHAMMAM-112 PALAIR-113 MADIRA-114 WYRA-115 SATHUPALLI-116
S01-17-AP-KHAMMAM 1KAPILAVAI RAVINDER BJP
2THONDAPU VENKATESWARA RAO BSP
3NAMA NAGESWARA RAO TDP
4RENUKA CHOWDHURY INC
5JALAGAM HEMAMALINI PRAP
6JUPELLI SATYANARAYANA LSP
7MANUKONDA RAGHURAM PRASAD PPOI
8SHAIK MADAR SAHEB TPPP
9AVULA VENKATESWARLU IND
10CHANDA LINGAIAH IND
11DANDA LINGAIAH IND
12BANOTH LAXMA NAIK IND
13MALLAVARAPU JEREMIAH IND
PALAKONDA-129 KURUPAM-130 PARVATHIPURAM-131 SALUR-132 ARAKU
VALLEY-147 PADERU-148 RAMPACHODAVARAM-172
S01-18-AP-ARUKU 1KISHORE CHANDRA SURYANARAYANA DEO VYRICHERLA INC
2KURUSA BOJJAIAH BJP
3GADUGU BALLAYYA DORA RJD
4MIDIYAM BABU RAO CPM
5LAKE RAJA RAO BSP
6MEENAKA SIMHACHALAM PRAP
7VADIGALA PENTAYYA LSP
8APPA RAO KINJEDI IND
9ARIKA GUMPA SWAMY IND
10ILLA RAMI REDDY IND
11JAYALAKSHMI SHAMBUDU IND
ICHCHAPURAM-120 PALASA-121 TEKKALI-122 PATHAPATNAM-123
SRIKAKULAM-124 AMADALAVALASA-125 NARASANNAPETA-127
S01-19-AP-SRIKAKULAM 1YERRNNAIDU KINJARAPU TDP
2KILLI KRUPA RANI INC
3TANKALA SUDHAKARA RAO BSP
4DUPPALA RAVINDARA BABU BJP
5KALYANI VARUDU PRAP
6NANDA PRASADA RAO PPOI
ETCHERLA-126 RAJAM-128 BOBBILI-133 CHEEPURUPALLE-134
GAJAPATHINAGARAM-135 NELLIMARLA-136 VIZIANAGARAM-137
S01-20-AP-VIZIANAGARAM 1APPALA NAIDU KONDAPALLI TDP
2GOTTAPU CHINAMNAIDU BSP
3JHANSI LAXMI BOTCHA INC
4SANYASI RAJU PAKALAPATI BJP
5KIMIDI GANAPATHI RAO PRAP
6LUNKARAN JAIN PPOI
7DATTLA SATYA APPALA SIVANANDA RAJU LSP
8VENKATA SATYA NARAYANA RAGHUMANDA BSSP
9MAHESWARA RAO VARRI IND
SRUNGAVARAPUKOTA-138 BHIMLI-139 VISAKHAPATNAM EAST-140
VISAKHAPATNAM SOUTH-141 VISAKHAPATNAM NORTH-142 VISAKHAPATNAM
S01-21-AP-VISAKHAPATNAM 1IMAHMED BSP
2DAGGUBATI PURANDESWARI INC
5PALLA SRINIVASA RAO PRAP
6BETHALA KEGIYA RANI BSP(AP)
8DVRAMANA VASU MASTER TPPP
9RAMESH LANKA BHSASP
11APPARAO GOLAGANA IND
12BANDAM VENKATA RAO YADAV IND
13YADDANAPUDI RANGARAO IND
14YALAMANCHILI PRASAD IND
15RANGARAJU KALIDINDI IND
CHODAVARAM-145 MADUGULA-146 ANAKAPALLE-149 PENDURTHI-150
ELAMANCHILI-151 PAYAKARAOPET-152 NARSIPATNAM-153
S01-22-AP-ANAKAPALLI 1APPA RAO KIRLA BJP
2NOOKARAPU SURYA PRAKASA RAO TDP
3BHEEMISETTI NAGESWARARAO RJD
4VENKATA RAMANA BABU PILLA BSP
5SABBAM HARI INC
6ALLU ARAVIND PRAP
7PULAMARASETTI VENKATA RAMANA PPOI
8BOYINA NAGESWARA RAO JD(U)
9NANDA GOPAL GANDHAM IND
10PATHALA SATYA RAO IND
TUNI-154 PRATHIPADU-155 PITHAPURAM-156 KAKINADA RURAL-157
PEDDAPURAM-158 KAKINADA CITY-160 JAGGAMPETA-171
S01-23-AP-KAKINADA 1DOMMETI SUDHAKAR BSP
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4VASAMSETTY SATYA TDP
5ALURI VIJAYA LAKSHMI LSP
6UDAYA KUMAR KONDEPUDI TPPP
7GALI SATYAVATHI RPI
8GIDLA SIMHACHALAM RDMP
9CHALAMALASETTY SUNIL PRAP
10NAMALA SATYANARAYANA RDHP
12BUGATHA BANGARRAO CPI(ML)(L)
13AKAY SURYANARAYANA IND
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15DANAM LAZAR BABU IND
16BADAMPUDI BABURAO IND
RAMACHANDRAPURAM-161 MUMMIDIVARAM-162 AMALAPURAM-163 RAZOLE-164
GANNAVARAM-165 KOTHAPETA-166 MANDAPETA-167
S01-24-AP-AMALAPURAM 1KOMMABATTULA UMA MAHESWARA RAO BJP
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3DOCTOR GEDELA VARALAKSHMI TDP
4GVHARSHA KUMAR INC
5AKUMARTHI SURYANARAYANA TPPP
6KIRAN KUMAR BINEPE PBHP
8POTHULA PRAMEELA DEVI PRAP
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10MASA RAMADASU RDMP
11YALANGI RAMESH IND
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RURAL-170 KOVVUR-173 NIDADAVOLE-174 GOPALAPURAM-185
S01-25-AP-RAJAHMUNDRY 1ARUNA KUMAR VUNDAVALLI INC
2M MURALI MOHAN TDP
3VAJRAPU KOTESWARA RAO BSP
4SOMU VEERRAJU BJP
5UPPALAPATI VENKATA KRISHNAM RAJU PRAP
6DATLA RAYA JAGAPATHI RAJU PPOI
7DR PALADUGU CHANDRA MOULI LSP
8MEDAPATI PAPIREDDY TPPP
9MEDA SRINIVAS RPC(S)
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S01-26-AP-NARSAPURAM 1KALIDINDI VISWANADHA RAJU BSP
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6GUBBALA TAMMAIAH PRAP
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8M V R RAJU RDMP
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6KOLUSU PEDA REDDAIAH YADAV PRAP
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11DODDA KAMESWARA RAO IND
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EAST-200 MYLAVARAM-201 NANDIGAMA-202 JAGGAYYAPETA-203
S01-29-AP-VIJAYAWADA 1LAGADAPATI RAJA GOPAL INC
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8YARRAKULA TULASI RAM YADAV SP
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SATTENPALLI-217 VINUKONDA-218 GURUZALA-219 MACHERLA-220
S01-31-AP-NARASARAOPET 1BALASHOWRY VALLABHANENI INC
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7SHAIK SYED SAHEB PRAP
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10ANNAMRAJU VENUGOPALA MADHAVA RAO IND
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S01-32-AP-BAPATLA 1DARA SAMBAIAH BSP
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S01-33-AP-ONGOLE 1MANDAVA VASUDEVA BJP
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S01-35-AP-KURNOOL 1KOTLA JAYA SURYA PRAKASH REDDY INC
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SINGANAMALA-271 ANANTAPUR URBAN-272 KALYANDURG-273
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6KRUSHNAPURAM GAYATHRI DEVI CPI(ML)(L)
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PUTTAPARTHI-278 DHARMAVARAM-279 KADIRI-280
S01-37-AP-HINDUPUR 1KRISTAPPA NIMMALA TDP
2P KHASIM KHAN INC
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7S MUSKIN VALI PPOI
8K JAKEER IND
9B NAGABHUSHANA RAO IND
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JAMMALAMADUGU-250 PRODDATUR-251 MYDUKUR-252
S01-38-AP-KADAPA 1JAMBAPURAM MUNI REDDY BSP
2YS JAGAN MOHAN REDDY INC
3PALEM SRIKANTH REDDY TDP
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5KASIBHATLA SAINATH SARMA RDHP
6N KISHORE KUMAR REDDY JD(S)
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8DR KHALEEL BASHA PRAP
9GAJJALA RAMA SUBBA REDDY PPOI
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11C GOPI NARASIMHA REDDY JD(U)
12CHINNAPA REDDY KOMMA BJSH
13Y SEKHARA REDDY RPI(A)
14S ALI SHER IND
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16V NARENDRA IND
17S RAJA MADIGA IND
18YELLIPALAM RAMESH REDDY IND
19SIVANARAYANA REDDY CHADIPIRALLA IND
20J SUBBARAYUDU IND
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S01-39-AP-NELLORE 1S PADMA NAGESWARA RAO BSP
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5JANA RAMACHANDRAIAH PRAP
6VEMURI BHASKARA RAO LSP
7SIDDIRAJU SATYANARAYANA PPOI
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11SYED HAMZA HUSSAINY IND
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TIRUPATI-286 SRIKALAHASTI-287 SATYAVEEDU-288
S01-40-AP-TIRUPATI 1CHINTA MOHAN INC
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4JUVVIGUNTA VENKATESWARLU LSP
5DEGALA SURYANARAYANA PPOI
6DHANASEKHAR GUNDLURU RPI(A)
7VARAPRASADA RAO V PRAP
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9KATTAMANCHI PRABAKHAR IND
10YALAVADI MUNIKRISHNAIAH IND
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PILERU-282 MADANAPALLE-283 PUNGANUR-284
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5DR ARAVA VENKATA SUBBA REDDY MBBSDCH PPOI
6ADI NARAYANA REDDY V BHSASP
7NAGESWARA RAO EDAGOTTU LSP
8DA SRINIVAS PRAP
9SHAIK AMEEN PEERAN ANC
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11INDRA PRAKASH IND
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13B KRISHNAPPA IND
14PULA RAGHU IND
15HAJI MOHAMMAD AZAM IND
CHANDRAGIRI-285 NAGARI-289 GANGADHARA NELLORE-290 CHITTOOR-291
PUTHALAPATTU-292 PALAMANER-293 KUPPAM-294
S01-42-AP-CHITTOOR 1JAYARAM DUGGANI BSP
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5A AMARNADH RKSP
6TALARI MANOHAR PRAP
7G VENKATACHALAM LSP
LUMLA-1 TAWANG-2 MUKTO-3 DIRANG-4 KALAKTANG-5
THRIZINO-BURAGAON-6 BOMDILA-7 BAMENG-8 CHAYANG TAJO-9 SEPPA EAST-10
S02-1-AR-ARUNACHAL WEST 1KIREN RIJIJU BJP
2TAKAM SANJOY INC
3TABA TAKU LB
4SUBU KECHI IND
TUTING YINGKIONG-34 PANGIN-35 NARI-KOYU-36 PASIGHAT WEST-37
PASIGHAT EAST-38 MEBO-39 MARIYANG-GEKU-40 ANINI-41 DAMBUK-42 ROING-43
S02-2-AR-ARUNACHAL EAST 1LOWANGCHA WANGLAT AC
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3TAPIR GAO BJP
4DR SAMSON BORANG PPA
RATABARI-1 PATHERKANDI-2 KARIMGANJ NORTH-3 KARIMGANJ SOUTH-4
BADARPUR-5 HAILAKANDI-6 KATLICHERRA-7 ALGAPUR-8
S03-1-AS-KARIMGANJ 1RAJESH MALLAH AUDF
2LALIT MOHAN SUKLABAIDYA INC
3SUDHANGSHU DAS BJP
4UTTAM NOMOSUDRA IND
5JOY DAS IND
6DEBASISH DAS IND
7PROBHASH CH SARKAR IND
8BIJON ROY IND
9BIJOY MALAKAR IND
10MALATI ROY IND
11MILON SINGHA IND
12RANJAN NAMASUDRA IND
13RAJESH CHANDRA ROY IND
14SITAL PRASAD DUSAD IND
15HIMANGSHU KUMAR DAS IND
SILCHAR-9 SONAI-10 DHOLAI-11 UDHARBOND-12 LAKHIPUR-13
S03-2-AS-SILCHAR 1KABINDRA PURKAYASTHA BJP
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3BADRUDDIN AJMAL AUDF
4SONTOSH MOHAN DEV INC
5KANTIMOY DEB IND
6CHANDAN RABIDAS IND
7JAYANTA MALLICK IND
8JOY SUNDAR DAS IND
9NAGENDRA CHANDRA DAS IND
10NAZRUL HAQUE MAZARBHUIYAN IND
11NABADWIP DAS IND
12PIJUSH KANTI DAS IND
13MANISH BHATTACHARJEE IND
14YOGENDRA KUMAR SINGH IND
15SUBIR DEB IND
16SUMIT ROY IND
HAFLONG-16 BOKAJAN-17 HOWRAGHAT-18 DIPHU-19 BAITHALANGSO-20
S03-3-AS-AUTONOMOUS DISTRICT 1KULENDRA DAULAGUPU BJP
2BIREN SINGH ENGTI INC
3HIDDHINATH RONGPI NCP
4ELWIN TERON ASDC
5DR JAYANTA RONGPI CPI(ML)(L)
6KABON TIMUNGPI IND
MANKACHAR-21 SALMARA SOUTH-22 DHUBRI-23 GAURIPUR-24 GOLOKGANJ-25
BILASIPARA WEST-26 BILASIPARA EAST-27 GOALPARA EAST-37 GOALPARA
S03-4-AS-DHUBRI 1ANWAR HUSSAIN INC
2BADRUDDIN AJMAL AUDF
3ARUN DAS RWS
4ALOK SEN SP
5SOLEMAN ALI IND
6SHAHJAHAN ALI IND
7SOLEMAN KHANDAKER IND
8TRIPTI KANA MAZUMDAR CHOUDHURY IND
9NUR MAHAMMAD IND
10MINHAR ALI MANDAL IND
GOSSAIGAON-28 KOKRAJHAR WEST-29 KOKRAJHAR EAST-30 SIDLI-31
BIJNI-33 SORBHOG-40 BHABANIPUR-41 TAMULPUR-58 BARAMA-62 CHAPAGURI-63
S03-5-AS-KOKRAJHAR 1SABDA RAM RABHA AGP
2SANSUMA KHUNGGUR BWISWMUTHIARY BOPF
3URKHAO GWRA BRAHMA IND
BONGAIGAON-32 ABHAYAPURI NORTH-34 ABHAYAPURI SOUTH-35
PATACHARKUCHI-42 BARPETA-43 JANIA-44 BAGHBAR-45 SARUKHETRI-46
S03-6-AS-BARPETA 1ABDUS SAMAD AHMED AUDF
2MD AMIR ALI RJD
3ISMAIL HUSSAIN INC
4DURGESWAR DEKA CPM
5BHUPEN RAY AGP
6ABU CHAND MAHMMAD RPI(A)
7ABDUL KADDUS SP
8KANDARPA LAHKAR RVNP
9MD DILIR KHAN MUL
10MUIJ UDDIN MAHMUD LJP
11ABDUL KADER IND
12GOLAP HUSSAIN MAZUMDER IND
13DEWAN JOYNAL ABEDIN IND
14BHADRESWAR DAS IND
DUDHNOI-36 BOKO-48 CHHAYGAON-49 PALASBARI-50 JALUKBARI-51
DISPUR-52 GAUHATI EAST-53 GAUHATI WEST-54 HAJO-55 BARKHETRI-60
S03-7-AS-GAUHATI 1AKSHAY RAJKHOWA NCP
2BIJOYA CHAKRAVARTY BJP
3CAPT ROBIN BORDOLOI INC
4SONABOR ALI AUDF
5AMBU BORA RCPI(R)
6DEEPAK KALITA SP
7SHIMANTA BRAHMA RWS
8AMIT BARUA IND
9KAZI NEKIB AHMED IND
10DEVA KANTA RAMCHIARY IND
11BRIJESH ROY IND
12RINA GAYARY DAS IND
KAMALPUR-56 RANGIA-57 NALBARI-59 PANERY-64 KALAIGAON-65
SIPAJHAR-66 MANGALDOI-67 DALGAON-68 UDALGURI-69 MAZBAT-70
S03-8-AS-MANGALDOI 1BADIUJ ZAMAL AUDF
2MADHAB RAJBANGSHI INC
3RAMEN DEKA BJP
4DINA NATH DAS BOPF
5PARVEEN SULTANA AIMF
6RABINDRA NATH HAZARIKA JMM
7RATUL KUMAR CHOUDHURY SP
8LANKESWAR ACHARJYA RDMP
9LUCYMAI BASUMATARI RSPS
10AROON BAROOA IND
11PRODEEP KUMAR DAIMARY IND
12BHUPENDRA NATH KAKATI IND
13MANOJ KUMAR DEKA IND
DHEKIAJULI-71 BARCHALLA-72 TEZPUR-73 RANGAPARA-74 SOOTEA-75
BISWANATH-76 BEHALI-77 GOHPUR-78 BIHPURIA-109
S03-9-AS-TEZPUR 1JITEN SUNDI CPM
2DEBA ORANG AUDF
3MONI KUMAR SUBBA INC
4JOSEPH TOPPO AGP
5ARUN KUMAR MURMOO BVM
6PARASHMONI SINHA JMM
7JUGANANDA HAZARIKA SP
8RUBUL SARMA CPI(ML)(L)
9REGINOLD V JOHNSON RSPS
10KALYAN KUMAR DEORI BHARALI IND
11DANIEL DAVID JESUDAS IND
12MD NAZIR AHMED IND
13DR PRANAB KR DAS IND
14PRASANTA BORO IND
15RUDRA PARAJULI IND
JAGIROAD-79 MORIGAON-80 LAHARIGHAT-81 RAHA-82 NAGAON-86
BARHAMPUR-87 JAMUNAMUKH-90 HOJAI-91 LUMDING-92
S03-10-AS-NOWGONG 1ANIL RAJA INC
2RAJEN GOHAIN BJP
3SIRAJ UDDIN AJMAL AUDF
4PHEIROIJAM IBOMCHA SINGH AIFB
5BIPIN SAIKIA RDMP
6BIREN DAS RWS
7BHUPEN CHANDRA MUDOI RPI(A)
8LIAQAT HUSSAIN LJP
9ASHIT DUTTA IND
10NAZRUL HAQUE MAZARBHUIYAN IND
11PUSPA KANTA BORA IND
12BIMALA PRASAD TALUKDAR IND
13HERAMBA MOHAN PANDIT IND
DHING-83 BATADRABA-84 RUPAHIHAT-85 SAMAGURI-88 KALIABOR-89
BOKAKHAT-93 SARUPATHAR-94 GOLAGHAT-95 KHUMTAI-96 DERGAON-97
S03-11-AS-KALIABOR 1GUNIN HAZARIKA AGP
2DIP GOGOI INC
3SIRAJ UDDIN AJMAL AUDF
4KAMAL HAZARIKA IND
5PAUL NAYAK IND
6PRADEEP DUTTA IND
7BINOD GOGOI IND
8MRIDUL BARUAH IND
JORHAT-98 TITABAR-100 MARIANI-101 TEOK-102 AMGURI-103
NAZIRA-104 MAHMORA-105 SONARI-106 THOWRA-107 SIVASAGAR-108
S03-12-AS-JORHAT 1KAMAKHYA TASA BJP
2DRUPAD BORGOHAIN CPI
3BIJOY KRISHNA HANDIQUE INC
4ABINASH KISHORE BORAH RWS
5BIREN NANDA JMM
6NAVAPROKASH SONOWAL IND
7RAJ KUMAR DOWARAH IND
8SUJIT SAHU IND
MORAN-115 DIBRUGARH-116 LAHOWAL-117 DULIJAN-118 TINGKHONG-119
NAHARKATIA-120 TINSUKIA-122 DIGBOI-123 MARGHERITA-124
S03-13-AS-DIBRUGARH 1SRI PABAN SINGH GHATOWAR INC
2SRI ROMEN CH BORTHAKUR NCP
3SRI RATUL GOGOI CPI
4SRI SARBANANDA SONOWAL AGP
5SRI GONGARAM KAUL CPI(ML)(L)
6NIHARIKA BORPATRA GOHAIN GOGOI JMM
7IMTIAZ HUSSAIN IND
8FRANCIS DHAN IND
9LAKHI CHARAN SWANSI IND
10SIMA GHOSH IND
MAJULI-99 NAOBOICHA-110 LAKHIMPUR-111 DHAKUAKHANA-112
DHEMAJI-113 JONAI-114 CHABUA-121 DOOMDOOMA-125 SADIYA-126
S03-14-AS-LAKHIMPUR 1DR ARUN KR SARMA AGP
2BHOGESWAR DUTTA CPI
3RANEE NARAH INC
4GANGADHAR DUTTA SHS
5DEBNATH MAJHI CPI(ML)(L)
6PRAN JYOTI BORPATRA GOHAIN RWS
7MINU BURAGOHAIN SP
8RATNESWAR GOGOI AIFB
9LALIT MILI RDMP
10SONAMONI DAS LJP
11ASAP SUNDIGURIA IND
12PRASHANTA GOGOI IND
13BHUMIDHAR HAZARIKA IND
14RANOJ PEGU IND
15RABIN DEKA IND
VALMIKI NAGAR-1 RAMNAGAR-2 NARKATIAGANJ-3 BAGAHA-4 LAURIYA-5
S04-1-BR-VALMIKI NAGAR 1DILIP VERMA NCP
2BAIDYANATH PRASAD MAHTO JD(U)
3MANAN MISHRA BSP
4MOHAMMAD SHAMIM AKHTAR INC
5RAGHUNATH JHA RJD
6BIRENDRA PRASAD GUPTA CPI(ML)(L)
7SHAILENDRA KUMAR GARHWAL LTSD
8AMBIKA SINGH IND
10DEORAJ RAM IND
12MAGISTER YADAV IND
13MANOHAR MANOJ IND
14RAMASHANKAR PRASAD IND
15RAKESH KUMAR PANDEY IND
16SATYANARAIN YADAV IND
NAUTAN-6 CHANPATIA-7 BETTIAH-8 RAXAUL-10 SUGAULI-11 NARKATIA-12
S04-2-BR-PASCHIM CHAMPARAN 1ANIRUDH PRASAD ALIAS SADHU YADAV INC
2PRAKASH JHA LJP
3RAMASHRAY SINGH CPM
4SHAMBHU PRASAD GUPTA BSP
5DR SANJAY JAISWAL BJP
6FAIYAZUL AZAM JD(S)
7MANOJ KUMAR RDMP
8SYED SHAMIM AKHTAR LTSD
9NAFIS AHAMAD IND
10SHRIMAN MISHRA IND
11SYED IRSHAD AKHTER IND
HARSIDHI-13 GOVINDGANJ-14 KESARIA-15 KALYANPUR-16 PIPRA-17
S04-3-BR-PURVI CHAMPARAN 1AKHILESH PRASAD SINGH RJD
2ARVIND KUMAR GUPTA INC
3GAGANDEO YADAV BSP
4RADHA MOHAN SINGH BJP
5RAMCHANDRA PRASAD CPI
6UMESH KUMAR SINGH SJP(R)
7NAGENDRA SAHANI LTSD
8SURESH KUMAR RAJAK IJP
9SURESH KUMAR RAI BJKVP
10JHAGARU MAHATO IND
12MD MURTUJA ANSARI ALIAS DR LAL IND
MADHUBAN-18 CHIRAIA-20 DHAKA-21 SHEOHAR-22 RIGA-23 BELSAND-30
S04-4-BR-SHEOHAR 1MD ANWARUL HAQUE BSP
2MD TANVEER ZAFAR CPI
3RAMA DEVI BJP
4LOVELY ANAND INC
5SITARAM SINGH RJD
6ARUN SAH BLPGL
7BASDEO SAH IJP
8SHATRUGHNA SAHU BJJD
9AJAY KUMAR PANDEY IND
10CHANDRIKA PRASAD IND
11MOHAMMAD FIROZ AHAMAD IND
13YOGENDRA RAM IND
14RAM ASHISH MAHTO IND
15SUNIL SINGH IND
BATHNAHA-24 PARIHAR-25 SURSAND-26 BAJPATTI-27 SITAMARHI-28
S04-5-BR-SITAMARHI 1ARJUN ROY JD(U)
2MAYA SHANKAR SHARAN BSP
3SAMIR KUMAR MAHASETH INC
4SITARAM YADAV RJD
5S ABU DAUJANA LTSD
6CHITARANJAN GIRI RPP
7MOHAMMAD AFZAL PAINTHER ANC
8SHANKAR SINHA RSP
9CHANDRIKA PRASAD IND
11DINESH PRASAD IND
12PAPPU KUMAR MISHRA IND
13MUKESH KUMAR GUPTA IND
14RAVINDRA KUMAR IND
15RAM KISHORE PRASAD IND
16SONE LAL SAH IND
HARLAKHI-31 BENIPATTI-32 BISFI-35 MADHUBANI-36 KEOTI-86 JALE-87
S04-6-BR-MADHUBANI 1ABDULBARI SIDDIKI RJD
2LAXMANKANT MISHRA BSP
3DR SHAKEEL AHAMAD INC
4HUKM DEO NARAYAN YADAV BJP
5DR HEMCHANDRA JHA CPI
6MINTU KUMAR SINGH JGP
7MISHRI LAL YADAV RKJP
8RAMCHANDRA YADAV KSVP
9RAM SAGAR SAHANI IJP
10MD ZINNUR IND
11RAVINDRA THAKUR IND
12RAJESHWAR YADAV IND
13SANJAY KUMAR MAHTO IND
14HARIBHUSHAN THAKUR BACHOL IND
KHAJAULI-33 BABUBARHI-34 RAJNAGAR-37 JHANJHARPUR-38 PHULPARAS-39
S04-7-BR-JHANJHARPUR 1KRIPANATH PATHAK INC
2GAURI SHANKAR YADAV BSP
3DEVENDRA PRASAD YADAV RJD
4MANGANI LAL MANDAL JD(U)
5DR KIRTAN PRASAD SINGH LTSD
6YOGNATH MANDAL CPI(ML)(L)
7OM PRAKASH IND
8NATHUNI YADAV IND
9FIROZ ALAM IND
10VIVEKA NAND JHA IND
11SHANKAR PRASAD IND
NIRMALI-41 PIPRA-42 SUPAUL-43 TRIBENIGANJ-44 CHHATAPUR-45
S04-8-BR-SUPAUL 1ASHOK MAHTO BSP
2BALRAM SINGH YADAV CPM
3RANJEET RANJAN INC
4VISHWA MOHAN KUMAR JD(U)
5SURYA NARAYAN YADAV LJP
6NARAYAN MANDAL SHS
7MANJU DEVI IJP
8SHARVAN KUMAR CHOUDHARY JD(S)
9SURESH PRASAD MEHTA LTSD
10ARBIND KUMAR IND
11ASHOK PANKAJ IND
12BHIM KUMAR GUPTA IND
13RAMCHANDRA PRASAD SINGH IND
14RAMDEO SHARMA IND
15VIJAY KUMAR CHOUDHARY IND
16SURESH KUMAR AZAD IND
NARPATGANJ-46 RANIGANJ-47 FORBESGANJ-48 ARARIA-49 JOKIHAT-50
S04-9-BR-ARARIA 1ZAKIR HUSSAIN KHAN LJP
2PRADEEP KUMAR SINGH BJP
3RAJA RAMAN BHASKAR BSP
4DR SHAKEEL AHMAD KHAN INC
6KAMALI DEVI CPI(ML)(L)
7NASIM AHMAD GHAZI RJJM
8ABDUL GAFOOR IND
9ABDUL WAHAB IND
10OM PRAKASH IND
11KANHAIYA KUMAR DAS IND
12DINESH RATHOUR IND
13NAND LAL PASWAN IND
14NITYA NAND BISHWAS IND
15PRAMOD SINGH YADAV IND
16PRINCE VICTOR IND
17LAXMI SADA IND
18VIJAY SAH IND
19SANJAY KUMAR JHA IND
20MD SAJJAD IND
21SATYA NARAYAN WRITER IND
22SADA NAND CHOUDHARY IND
23SADHANA DEVI IND
24SUKDEO PASWAN IND
25MOHAMMED SAIFUR RAB IND
BAHADURGANJ-52 THAKURGANJ-53 KISHANGANJ-54 KOCHADHAMAN-55
S04-10-BR-KISHANGANJ 1ZUBAIR ALAM BSP
2TASLEEM UDDIN RJD
3MOHAMMAD ASRARUL HAQUE INC
4SYED MAHMOOD ASHRAF JD(U)
5TAMAJUL ALI BJJD
6MOHAMMAD KHASHIUR RAHMAN SJP(R)
7MOHAMMAD NISSAR ALAM JMM
8RAJIT PODAR ABAS
9ABDUL RAJJAK URF KAL IND
10ABHINAV MODI IND
11ASGAR MALIK IND
12CHOTAY LAL MAHTO IND
13MD TASLIMUDDIN IND
14VISHWANATH KEJRIWAL IND
15SIKANDER SINGH IND
KATIHAR-63 KADWA-64 BALRAMPUR-65 PRANPUR-66 MANIHARI-67
S04-11-BR-KATIHAR 1AHMAD ASHFAQUE KARIM LJP
2NIKHIL KUMAR CHOUDHARY BJP
3MADAN MOHAN NISHAD BSP
4SHAH TARIQ ANWAR NCP
5OM PRAKASH PODDAR BJJD
6MAHBOOB ALAM CPI(ML)(L)
7MUNNI DEVI ABJS
8RAJESH GURNANI LTSD
9CHANDU MURMU IND
10PHOOLO DEVI IND
11BABU LAL MARANDI IND
12MANOJ PARASAR IND
13MOHAMMAD HAMID MUBARAK IND
14RAJGIRI SINGH IND
15SUNIL KUMAR CHOUDHARY IND
16HIMRAJ SINGH IND
KASBA-58 BANMANKHI-59 RUPAULI-60 DHAMDAHA-61 PURNIA-62 KORHA-69
S04-12-BR-PURNIA 1UDAY SINGH ALIAS PAPPU SINGH BJP
2NAVEEN KUMAR SINGH BSP
3SHANKAR JHA LJP
4ANIL KUMAR BHARTI RVNP
5ASHOK KUMAR SAH JMM
6IRSHAD AHMAD KHAN LTSD
7MADHAVI SARKAR CPI(ML)(L)
8MD AISUR RAHMAN IND
9ABDUL SATTAR IND
10ALIMUDDIN ANSARI IND
11UPENDRA NATH SAGAR IND
12KAUSHALYA DEVI IND
13JAGDISH PRASAD YADAV IND
14JIVACHH PASWAN IND
15DEEP NARAYAN SINGH IND
16PRAMOD NARAYAN PODDAR IND
17VIJAY KUMAR SAH IND
18SHANTI PRIYA IND
19SHIEKH AKBAR ALI IND
20SUNIL KUMAR IND
ALAMNAGAR-70 BIHARIGANJ-71 MADHEPURA-73 SONBARSA-74 SAHARSA-75
S04-13-BR-MADHEPURA 1OMPRAKASH NARAYAN CPI
2DRTARA NAND SADA INC
3PROF RAVINDRA CHARAN YADAV RJD
4BINOD KUMAR JHA BSP
5SHARAD YADAV JD(U)
6DHANOJ KUMAR TANTI RVNP
7RAVINDRA KUMAR RSWD
8RAJO SAH LTSD
10KARPURI RISHIDEO IND
11KISHOR KUMAR IND
12TIRO SHARAMA IND
13DHRUVA KUMAR GUPTA IND
14PRASANN KUMAR IND
15BALWANT GADHWAL IND
16MAHADEO YADAV IND
17SAAKAR SURESH YADAV IND
GORA BAURAM-79 BENIPUR-80 ALINAGAR-81 DARBHANGA RURAL-82
S04-14-BR-DARBHANGA 1AJAY KUMAR JALAN INC
2MD ALI ASHRAF FATMI RJD
3KIRTI AZAD BJP
4YUGESHWAR SAHNI BSP
5KUMARI SURESHWARI RMEP
6MD KHURSHID ALAM AD
7DURGANAND MAHAVIR NAYAK BJJD
8MD NIZAMUDDIN IJP
9SATYANARAYAN MUKHIA CPI(ML)(L)
10ABDUR RAHIM IND
11GOVIND ACHARAY IND
12BHARAT YADAV IND
13LALBAHADUR YADAV IND
14PROF HARERAM ACHARAY IND
GAIGHAT-88 AURAI-89 BOCHAHA-91 SAKRA-92 KURHANI-93
S04-15-BR-MUZAFFARPUR 1CAPTAIN JAI NARAYAN PRASAD NISHAD JD(U)
2BHAGWANLAL SAHNI LJP
3VINITA VIJAY INC
4SAMEER KUMAR BSP
5JITENDRA YADAV CPI(ML)(L)
6DINESH KUMAR KUSHWAHA RKSP
7DEVENDRA RAKESH BJKVP
8NEELU SINGH PSS
9MAHENDRA PRASAD RPP
10MITHILESH KUMAR RASED
11MOHAMMAD SHAMIM RDMP
12MD RAHAMTULLAHA ABJS
13RAM DAYAL RAM AIFB
14REYAJ AHMAD ATISH JGP
15MD SALEEM RVNP
16ASHOK KUMAR LALAN IND
17AHMAD RAZA IND
18GEORGE FERNANDES IND
19TARKESHWAR PASWAN IND
20VIJENDRA CHAUDHARY IND
21VINOD PASWAN IND
22SHAMBHU SAHNI IND
23SADANAND KISHORE THAKUR IND
24SYED ALAMDAR HUSSAIN IND
MINAPUR-90 KANTI-95 BARURAJ-96 PAROO-97 SAHEBGANJ-98
S04-16-BR-VAISHALI 1RAGHUVANSH PRASAD SINGH RJD
2VIJAY KUMAR SHUKLA JD(U)
3SHANKAR MAHTO BSP
4HIND KESRI YADAV INC
5PUNAMRI DEVI UWF
6PRAMOD KUMAR SHARMA BJKVP
7BADRI PASWAN RKSP
8BALAK NATH SAHANI IJP
9LALJI KUMAR RAKESH RASED
10BINOD PANDIT LPSP
11INDARDEO RAI IND
12JITENDRA PRASAD IND
BAIKUNTHPUR-99 BARAULI-100 GOPALGANJ-101 KUCHAIKOTE-102
S04-17-BR-GOPALGANJ 1ANIL KUMAR RJD
2JANAK RAM BSP
3PURNMASI RAM JD(U)
4RAMAI RAM INC
5MADHU BHARTI LTSD
6RAM KUMAR MANJHI SBSP
7RAMASHANKAR RAM RJJM
8SATYADEO RAM CPI(ML)(L)
9ASHA DEVI IND
10DINANATH MANJHI IND
11DHARMENDRA KUMAR HAZRA IND
12BANITHA BAITHA IND
13RAJESH KUMAR RAM IND
14RAM SURAT RAM IND
15SHAMBHU DOM IND
16SURENDRA PASWAN IND
SIWAN-105 ZIRADEI-106 DARAULI-107 RAGHUNATHPUR-108 DARAUNDHA-109
S04-18-BR-SIWAN 1PARASH NATH PATHAK BSP
2BRISHIN PATEL JD(U)
3VIJAY SHANKER DUBEY INC
4HENA SHAHAB RJD
5AMAR NATH YADAV CPI(ML)(L)
6ASWANI KR VERMA IJP
7MADHURI PANDAY SJTP
8LAL BABU TIWARI RKSP
9UMESH TIWARY IND
10OM PRAKASH YADAV IND
11NIDHI KIRTI IND
12PRABHU NATH MALI IND
13DR MUNESHWAR PRASAD IND
14RAJENDRA KUMAR IND
15SHAMBHU NATH PRASAD IND
GORIYAKOTHI-111 MAHARAJGANJ-112 EKMA-113 MANJHI-114 BANIAPUR-115
S04-19-BR-MAHARAJGANJ 1UMA SHANAKER SINGH RJD
2TARKESHWAR SINGH INC
3PRABHU NATH SINGH JD(U)
4RAVINDRA NATH MISHRA BSP
5RAMESH SINGH KUSHWAHA LTSD
6SATYENDRA KR SAHANI CPI(ML)(L)
7GAUTAM PRASAD IND
8DHURENDRA RAM IND
9NAYAN PRASAD IND
10PRADEEP MANJHI IND
11BANKE BIHARI SINGH IND
12RAJESH KUMAR SINGH IND
13BREENDA PATHAK IND
MARHAURA-117 CHAPRA-118 GARKHA-119 AMNOUR-120 PARSA-121
S04-20-BR-SARAN 1RAJIV PRATAP RUDY BJP
2LALU PRASAD RJD
3SALIM PERWEZ BSP
4SANTOSH PATEL LTSD
5SOHEL AKHATAR BMF
6KUMAR BALRAM SINGH IND
7DHUPENDRA SINGH IND
8RAJKUMAR RAI IND
9RAJAN HRISHIKESH CHANDRA IND
10RAJARAM SAHANI IND
11LAL BABU RAY IND
12SHEO DAS SINGH IND
HAJIPUR-123 LALGANJ-124 MAHUA-126 RAJA PAKAR-127 RAGHOPUR-128
S04-21-BR-HAJIPUR 1DASAI CHOUDHARY INC
2MAHESHWAR DAS BSP
3RAM VILAS PASWAN LJP
4RAM SUNDAR DAS JD(U)
5DINESH CHANDRA BHUSHAN LTSD
6NAND LAL PASWAN IND
7PRATIMA KUMARI IND
8RAJENDRA KUMAR PASWAN IND
9RAM TIRTH PASWAN IND
10VISHWA VIJAY KUMAR VIDHYARTHI IND
11SANJAY PASHWAN IND
PATEPUR-130 UJIARPUR-134 MORWA-135 SARAIRANJAN-136
S04-22-BR-UJIARPUR 1ASWAMEDH DEVI JD(U)
2ALOK KUMAR MEHTA RJD
3RAMDEO VERMA CPM
4VIJAYWANT KUMAR CHOUDHARY BSP
5SHEEL KUMAR ROY INC
6CHANDRA DEO ROY SLP(L)
7JAI NARAYAN SAH BJKVP
8JITENDRA KUMAR ROY SHS
9TOSHAN SAH RPP
10MD TAUKIR SAP
11MASSOD HASSAN MUL
12RAMNATH SINGH RSWD
13ARJUN SAHNI IND
14PRADEEP KUMAR IND
15BRAJESH KUMAR NIRALA IND
17MOHAN PAUL IND
18MOHAMMAD KURBAN IND
19RATAN SAHNI IND
20RAM SAGAR MAHTO IND
21SANJAY KUMAR JHA IND
22SUJIT KUMAR BHAGAT IND
KUSHESHWAR ASTHAN-78 HAYAGHAT-84 KALYANPUR-131 WARISNAGAR-132
S04-23-BR-SAMASTIPUR 1DR ASHOK KUMAR INC
2MAHESWER HAZARI JD(U)
3RAM CHANDRA PASWAN LJP
4BINDESHWAR PASWAN BSP
5UPENDRA PASWAN LTSD
6JEEBACHH PASWAN CPI(ML)(L)
7RANDHIR PASWAN IND
8RAJA RAM DAS IND
9REKHA KUMARI IND
10SHIVCHANDRA PASWAN IND
11SATISH MAHTO IND
CHERIA BARIARPUR-141 BACHHWARA-142 TEGHRA-143 MATIHANI-144
SAHEBPUR KAMAL-145 BEGUSARAI-146 BAKHRI-147
S04-24-BR-BEGUSARAI 1ANIL CHAUDHARY LJP
2AMITA BHUSHAN INC
3CHANDRASHEKHAR MAHTO BSP
4DR MONAZIR HASSAN JD(U)
5SHATRUGHAN PRASAD SINGH CPI
6KISHORI PRASHAD MAHTO LTSD
7RAM SAH RPP
8AMIYA KASHYAP BIKKI IND
9ARUN KUMAR IND
10ASHOK SAH IND
11DILIP KUMAR IND
12NARENDRA KUMAR SINGH ALIAS BOGO SINGH IND
13NARAYAN PRASAD HISARIYA IND
14RANJEET PASWAN IND
15RADHA RAMAN PASWAN IND
16RAM DAYAL BHARTI IND
17RAM NARESH PRASAD SINGH IND
18RAMSHRAYA NISHAD IND
19SAJJAN CHAUDHARY IND
SIMRI BAKHTIARPUR-76 HASANPUR-140 ALAULI-148 KHAGARIA-149
S04-25-BR-KHAGARIA 1ASARFI PRASAD MEHTA BSP
2CHOUDHARY MEHBOOB ALI KAISER INC
3DINESH CHANDRA YADAV JD(U)
4RAVINDAR KR RANA RJD
5PAWAN KUMAR SUMAN ABDBM
6BABLOO PASWAN NNP
7BHARAT KUMAR YADAV KVSP
8LAL BAHADUR HIMALAYA RDMP
9HARI NANDAN SINGH SJP(R)
10GULAB RAJ IND
12NEHA CHAUHAN IND
13PRADUMNA KUMAR IND
14MANJU KUMARI IND
15RAM NANDAN YADAV IND
16SANGRAM KUMAR IND
17SANJAY YADAV IND
18SURESH PODDAR IND
BIHPUR-152 GOPALPUR-153 PIRPAINTI-154 KAHALGAON-155
S04-26-BR-BHAGALPUR 1AJIT SHARMA BSP
2SHAKUNI CHOUDHARY RJD
3SADANAND SINGH INC
4SUBODH ROY CPM
5SYED SHAHNAWAZ HUSSAIN BJP
6DAYA RAM MANDAL BHJAP
7DEEPAK RAM BSP(K)
8NARESH MANDAL RPP
9MD IZRAIL LTSD
10RAMAN SAH BJJD
11RAM VILASH PASWAN RWS
12SRINARAYAN GAUSWAMI IJP
13AMIT KUMAR JHA IND
14ANAND KUMAR JAIN IND
15INDRADEO KUMAR SINGH IND
16DINESH YADAV IND
17DR N K YADAV IND
18RATAN KUMAR MANDAL IND
19RAVI SHANKAR SINGH IND
21SIKANDAR TANTI IND
SULTANGANJ-157 AMARPUR-159 DHURAIYA-160 BANKA-161 KATORIA-162
S04-27-BR-BANKA 1GRIDHARI YADAV INC
2JAI PRAKESH NARAIN YADAV RJD
3DAMODAR RAWAT JD(U)
4MUKESH KUMAR SINGH BSP
5SANJAY KUMAR CPI
6ANIL KUMAR ALIAS ANIL GUPTA JVM
7AMRESHWAR KUMAR JGP
8ARVIND KUMAR SAH RPP
9KEDAR PRASAD SINGH SJP(R)
10MAHBOOB ALAM ANSARI BMF
11RAJENDRA PANDIT NETAJEE JMM
12VIVEKA NAND JHA RDMP
13CP SINHA LTSD
14DIGVIJAY SINGH IND
15NARAYAN RAM IND
16MOHD HUMAYUN IND
MUNGER-165 JAMALPUR-166 SURYAGARHA-167 LAKHISARAI-168 MOKAMA-178
S04-28-BR-MUNGER 1MANNU MAHTO BSP
2RAJIV RANJAN SINGH ALIAS LALAN SINGH JD(U)
3RAM BADAN ROY RJD
4RAM LAKHAN SINGH INC
5KUNDAN KUMAR BJJD
6PRAMOD KUMAR SINGH ABDBM
7BIPIN KUMAR PASWAN NBNP
8RAMENDRA MOHAN RAJESH RSWD
9LOKNATH KUSHWAHA BMF
10UCHIT KUMAR IND
11UMA SHANKAR BHAGAT ALIAS TUNTUN BHAIYA IND
12NARESH MAHTO IND
13PRAMOD KUMAR IND
14BRAHMANAND MANDAL IND
15RAJENDRA PRASAD SINGH IND
16RADHIKA RAMAN SINGH IND
17RAMDEO SINGH YADAV IND
18SHANKAR LAL CHOKHANI IND
19SHAILENDRA KUMAR IND
20SURYODAY PASWAN IND
ASTHAWAN-171 BISHARSHARIF-172 RAJGIR-173 ISLAMPUR-174 HILSA-175
S04-29-BR-NALANDA 1KAUSHALENDRA KUMAR JD(U)
2DEV KISHORE RAI BSP
3RAMSWAROOP PRASAD INC
4SATISH KUMAR LJP
5ANIL SINGH LTSD
6AMAR KANT SAH RPP
7UJJWAL KANT HUNKAR MUL
8DEVENDRA PRATAP EKSP
9PRIYRANJAN KUMAR BJJD
10RANJEET KUMAR BPD
11REKHA KUMARI AD
12VIJAY KUMAR JPS
13VINOD KUMAR PATEL LM
14SHASHI YADAV CPI(ML)(L)
15SAUDAGAR RAM BSKP
16HARICHARAN PRASAD BMF
17ARUN KUMAR IND
18KAPIL DEO SINGH IND
19KUMAR RAJESH IND
20KAUSHAL KUMAR KAUSHALENDRA SINHA IND
21CHANDRAMANI KUMAR MANI IND
22JITENDRA KUMAR IND
23NARESH PASWAN IND
24SANTOSH KUMAR IND
25SARYUG PRASAD SAHASTH IND
BAKHTIARPUR-180 DIGHA-181 BANKIPUR-182 KUMHRARH-183 PATNA
S04-30-BR-PATNA SAHIB 1VIJAY KUMAR RJD
2SHATRUGHAN SINHA BJP
3SHEKHAR SUMAN INC
4ON MASUMI LTSD
5DR DIWAKER TEJASWI BUDM
6RAM NARAYAN RAI CPI(ML)(L)
7HASSAN FAIZI HASHMI ANC
8ANJANI KUMAR IND
9KUMAR RAJIV IND
10DEEPAK KUMAR SINGH IND
11PANKAJ KUMAR SHARMA IND
12PRAMOD KUMAR GUPTA IND
13RAM BHAJAN SINGH NISHAD IND
14VIDHAN CHANDRA RANA IND
15SANJAY VERMA IND
16HEMANT KUMAR SINGH IND
DANAPUR-186 MANER-187 PHULWARI-188 MASAURHI-189 PALIGANJ-190
S04-31-BR-PATALIPUTRA 1RANJAN PRASAD YADAV JD(U)
2LALU PRASAD RJD
3VIJAY SINGH YADAV INC
4HARENDRA KUMAR PATEL BSP
5KIRAN DEVI RKJP
6KUNDAN KUMAR RWS
7DR KRISHNADHAR SINGH BJKD
8PANCHA DEVI JGP
9PRABHUNATH YADAV IJP
10MOHAMMAD AFTAB ALAM LTSD
11MOHAMMAD SADRUDDIN AIFB
12RAMESHWAR PRASAD CPI(ML)(L)
13HASAN MANZOOR HASHMI ANC
14AWADHESH SHARMA IND
15DURGESH NANDAN SINGH IND
16SUNIL KUMAR SINGH IND
SANDESH-192 BARHARA-193 ARRAH-194 AGIAON-195 TARARI-196
S04-32-BR-ARRAH 1MEENA SINGH JD(U)
2RAMA KISHORE SINGH LJP
3REETA SINGH BSP
4HARIDWAR PRASAD SINGH INC
5AJIT PRASAD MEHTA JKM
6ARUN SINGH CPI(ML)(L)
7BHARAT BHUSAN PANDEY ABJS
8RAMADHAR SINGH SHS
9SAMBHU PRASAD SHARMA AIFB
10SANTOSH KUMAR RDMP
11SATYA NARAYAN YADAV RASED
12SAIYAD GANIUDDIN HAIDER ANC
13ASHOK KUMAR SINGH IND
14BHARAT SINGH SAHYOGI IND
15MAHESH RAM IND
16SOBH NATH SINGH IND
BARHAMPUR-199 BUXAR-200 DUMRAON-201 RAJPUR-202 RAMGARH-203
S04-33-BR-BUXAR 1KAMLA KANT TIWARY INC
2JAGADA NAND SINGH RJD
3LAL MUNI CHOUBEY BJP
4SHYAM LAL SINGH KUSHWAHA BSP
5MOKARRAM HUSSAIN SBSP
6MOHAN SAH BJJD
7RAJENDRA SINGH MAURYA LTSD
8DR VIJENDRA NATH UPADHYAY SHS
9SHYAM BIHARI BIND JPS
10SATYENDRA OJHA AD
11SUDAMA PRASAD CPI(ML)(L)
12SURESH WADEKAR RPI
13KAMLESH CHOUDHARY IND
14JAI SINGH YADAV IND
15DADAN SINGH IND
16PRATIBHA DEVI IND
17PHULAN PANDIT IND
18RAJENDRA PASWAN IND
19LALLAN RUPNARAIN PATHAK IND
20SHIV CHARAN YADAV IND
21SUNIL KUMAR DUBEY IND
22SURENDRA KUMAR BHARTI IND
MOHANIA-204 BHABUA-205 CHAINPUR-206 CHENARI-207 SASARAM-208
S04-34-BR-SASARAM 1GANDHI AZAD BSP
2MEIRA KUMAR INC
3MUNI LAL BJP
4LALAN PASWAN RJD
5DUKHI RAM CPI(ML)(L)
6BABBAN CHAUDHARY LTSD
7BALIRAM RAM PMSP
8BHOLA PRASAD IJP
9RADHA DEBI AD
10RAM NAGINA RAM RKJP
11RAM YADI RAM RPI
12PRAMOD KUMAR IND
13BHARAT RAM IND
14MUNIYA DEBI IND
15RAM PRAVESH RAM IND
16SURENDRA RAM IND
NOKHA-211 DEHRI-212 KARAKAT-213 GOH-219 OBRA-220 NABINAGAR-221
S04-35-BR-KARAKAT 1AWADHESH KUMAR SINGH INC
2UPENDRA KUMAR SHARMA BSP
3KANTI SINGH RJD
4MAHABALI SINGH JD(U)
5AJAY KUMAR RPI(A)
6JYOTI RASHMI RSWD
7MUDREEKA YADAV AD
8RAJ KISHOR MISRA AJSP
9RAJA RAM SINGH CPI(ML)(L)
10MDSHAMIULLAH MANSOORI SSD
11ERABDUL SATAR IND
12AMAVAS RAM IND
13PRO KAMTA PRASAD YADAV IND
14GIRISH NARAYAN SINGH IND
15SATISH PANDEY IND
16HARI PRASAD SINGH IND
ARWAL-214 KURTHA-215 JAHANABAD-216 GHOSI-217 MAKHDUMPUR-218
S04-36-BR-JAHANABAD 1DR ARUN KUMAR INC
2JAGDISH SHARMA JD(U)
3RAMADHAR SHARMA BSP
4SURENDRA PRASAD YADAV RJD
5AYASHA KHATUN LTSD
6PROF JAI RAM PRASAD SINGH SSD
7TARA GUPTA RPP
8MAHANAND PRASAD CPI(ML)(L)
9RAMASRAY PRASAD SINGH RLD
10MD SAHABUDDIN JAHAN BSKP
11SHRAVAN KUMAR LM
12SADHU SINHA AIFB
13SYED AKBAR IMAM ABAS
14AJAY KUMAR VERMA IND
15ABHAY KUMAR ANIL IND
16DR ARBIND KUMAR IND
17ARVIND PRASAD SINGH IND
18UPENDRA PRASAD IND
19JAGDISH YADAV IND
20PRIKSHIT SINGH IND
21PRABHAT KUMAR RANJAN IND
22RANJIT SHARMA IND
23RAKESHWAR KISHOR IND
24SIYA RAM PRASAD IND
25SUMIRAK SINGH IND
KUTUMBA-222 AURANGABAD-223 RAFIGANJ-224 GURUA-225 IMAMGANJ-227
S04-37-BR-AURANGABAD 1ARCHANA CHANDRA BSP
2NIKHIL KUMAR INC
3SHAKIL AHMAD KHAN RJD
4SUSHIL KUMAR SINGH JD(U)
5ANIL KUMAR SINGH RSWD
6AMERIKA MAHTO SSD
7RAM KUMAR MEHTA LTSD
8VIJAY PASWAN BSKP
9ASLAM ANSARI IND
10INDRA DEO RAM IND
11UDAY PASWAN IND
12PUNA DAS IND
13RANJEET KUMAR IND
14RAJENDRA YADAV IND
15RAMSWARUP PRASAD YADAV IND
16SANTOSH KUMAR IND
SHERGHATI-226 BARACHATTI-228 BODH GAYA-229 GAYA TOWN-230
S04-38-BR-GAYA 1KALAWATI DEVI BSP
2RAMJI MANJHI RJD
3SANJIV PRASAD TONI INC
4HARI MANJHI BJP
5DILIP PASWAN NBNP
6NIRANJAN KUMAR CPI(ML)(L)
7RAJESH KUMAR LTSD
8RAMDEV ARYA PAAN ABJS
9AMAR NATH PRASAD IND
10KRISHNA CHOUDHARY IND
11KAIL DAS IND
12DIPAK PASWAN IND
13RAM KISHORE PASWAN IND
14RAMU PASWAN IND
15SHIV SHANKAR KUMAR IND
16SHYAM LAL MANJHI IND
BARBIGHA-170 RAJAULI-235 HISUA-236 NAWADA-237 GOBINDPUR-238
S04-39-BR-NAWADA 1GANESH SHANKAR VIDYARTHI CPM
2BHOLA SINGH BJP
3MASIH UDDIN BSP
4VEENA DEVI LJP
5SUNILA DEVI INC
6UMAKANT RAHI SSD
7KAILASH PAL BSKP
8VIDHYAPATI SINGH LTSD
9SURENDRA KUMAR CHAUDHARY SBSP
10AKHILESH SINGH IND
11ANIL MEHTA IND
12KAUSHAL YADAV IND
13CHANCHALA DEVI IND
14DURGA PRASAD DHAR IND
15NAVIN KUMAR VERMA IND
16RAJ KISHOR RAJ IND
17RAJ BALLABH PRASAD IND
18RAJENDRA VISHAL IND
19RAJENDRA SINGH IND
20SHAMBHU PRASAD IND
21SUNIL KUMAR IND
TARAPUR-164 SHEIKHPURA-169 SIKANDRA-240 JAMUI-241 JHAJHA-242
S04-40-BR-JAMUI 1ASHOK CHOUDHARY INC
2GAJADHAR RAJAK CPI
3BHAGWAN DAS BSP
4BHUDEO CHOUDHARY JD(U)
5SHYAM RAJAK RJD
6ARJUN MANJHI JGP
7UPENDRA RAVIDAS SAP
8OM PRAKASH PASWAN LTSD
9GULAB CHANDRA PASWAN RKJP
10NUNDEO MANJHI JVM
11PRASADI PASWAN JMM
12SUBHASH PASWAN STPI
13KAPILDEO DAS IND
14JAY SEKHAR MANJHI IND
15PAPPU RAJAK IND
16YOGENDRA PASWAN IND
17VIJAY PASWAN IND
18BILAKSHAN RAVIDAS IND
19SARYUG PASWAN IND
MANDREM-1 PERNEM-2 BICHOLIM-3 TIVIM-4 MAPUSA-5 SIOLIM-6
SALIGAO-7 CALANGUTE-8 PORVORIM-9 ALDONA-10
S05-1-GA-NORTH GOA 1CHRISTOPHER FONSECA CPI
2JITENDRA RAGHURAJ DESHPRABHU NCP
3RAUT PANDURANG DATTARAM MAG
4SHRIPAD YESSO NAIK BJP
5UPENDRA CHANDRU GAONKAR SHS
6NARACINVA SURYA SALGAONKAR IND
7MARTHA D SOUZA IND
PONDA-21 SIRODA-22 MARCAIM-23 MORMUGAO-24 VASCO-DA-GAMA-25
DABOLIM-26 CORTALIM-27 NUVEM-28 CURTORIM-29 FATORDA-30
S05-2-GA-SOUTH GOA 1COSME FRANCISCO CAITANO SARDINHA INC
2ADV NARENDRA KESHAV SAWAIKAR BJP
3ADV RAJU MANGESHKAR ALIAS RAJENDRA NAIK CPI
4ROHIDAS HARICHANDRA BORKAR SGF
5MATANHY SALDANHA UGDP
6DIAS JAWAHAR IND
7DERICK DIAS IND
8FRANCISCO ANTONIO JOAO DE PHILOMENO FERNANDES IND
9MULLA SALIM IND
10SALUNKE SMITA PRAVEEN IND
11HAMZA KHAN IND
ABDASA-1 MANDVI-2 BHUJ-3 ANJAR-4 GANDHIDHAM-5 RAPAR-6 MORBI-65
S06-1-GJ-KACHCHH 1JAT POONAMBEN VELJIBHAI BJP
2DANICHA VALJIBHAI PUNAMCHANDRA INC
3NAMORI MOHANBHAI LADHABHAI BSP
4CHAUHAN MOTILAL DEVJIBHA LPSP
5DR TINA MAGANBHAI PARMAR BNJD
6DUNGARIYA BHARMALBHAI NARANBHAI SP
7PARMAR MUKESHBHAI MANDANBHAI IJP
8BADIYA RAMESH GANGJI RKSP
9KANJI ABHABHAI MAHESHWARI IND
10GARVA ASMAL THAKARSHI IND
11GOVIND JIVABHAI DAFADA IND
12MAHESHWARI GANGJI DAYABHAI IND
13MAHESHWARI DHANJIBHAI KARSHANBHAI IND
14MANGALIYA LILBAI JIVANBHAI IND
15MUNSHI BHURALAL KHIMJIBHAI IND
16VANZARA HIRABEN DALPATBHAI IND
17SARESA NANJI BHANJIBHAI IND
VAV-7 THARAD-8 DHANERA-9 DANTA-10 PALANPUR-12 DEESA-13
S06-2-GJ-BANASKANTHA 1GADHVI MUKESHKUMAR BHAIRAVDANJI INC
2CHETANBHAI KALABHAI SOLANKI BSP
3CHAUDHARI HARIBHAI PARATHIBHAI BJP
4AMRUTBHAI LAKHUBHAI PATELFOSI MJP
5KATARIYA HASMUKHBHAI RAVJIBHAI LSWP
6LODHA ISHVARBHAI MAHADEVBHAI ABJS
7KARNAVAT YOGESHKUMAR BHIKHABHAI IND
8PARSANI MAHMAD SIKANDAR JALALBHAI IND
9PUROHIT ASHOKBHAI CHHAGANBHAI IND
10MAJIRANA BHOPAJI AASHAJI IND
11ROOTHAR LEBUJI PARBATJI IND
12SHARDABEN BHIKHABHAI PARMAR IND
13SAVJIBHAI PATHUBHAI RAJGOR IND
14SIPAI AAIYUBBHAI IBRAHIMBHAI IND
15SHRIMALI ASHOKBHAI BALCHANDBHAI IND
VADGAM-11 KANKREJ-15 RADHANPUR-16 CHANASMA-17 PATAN-18
S06-3-GJ-PATAN 1KHOKHAR MAHEBOOBKHAN RAHEMATKHAN BSP
2JAGDISH THAKOR INC
3BAROT SANJAYBHAI MAGANBHAI NCP
4RATHOD BHAVSINHBHAI DAHYABHAI BJP
5PATAVAT MAHAMMADBHAI SHARIFBHAI SP
6PATEL NARANBHAI PRAGDASBHAI MJP
7RAVAL BHURABHAI MOTIBHAI BNJD
8KANUBHAI BHURABHAI MAHESHVARI MANDOVARA IND
9CHAUDHARY KIRTIKUMAR JESANGBHAI IND
10CHAUDHARY MANSINHBHAI MANABHAI IND
11JUDAL GANESHBHAI MEGHRAJBHAI IND
12PATEL DILIPKUMAR LILACHAND IND
13PATEL MANORBHAI VIRAMDAS IND
14PATEL RAMESHBHAI GOVINDBHAI IND
15BRAHMAKSHATRIY NIRUPABEN NATVARLAL IND
16RAJPUT JAGATSINH SAMANTSING IND
UNJHA-21 VISNAGAR-22 BECHARAJI-23 KADI-24 MAHESANA-25
S06-4-GJ-MAHESANA 1ZALA RUDRADATTSINH VANRAJSINH BSP
2PATEL JAYSHREEBEN KANUBHAI BJP
3PATEL JIVABHAI AMBALAL INC
4THAKOR AMARSINH RAMSINH BABUJI MJP
5DR P C PATEL MBBS MD BRP
6BABUBHAI ISHWARBHAI PRAJAPATI VHS
7CHAVDA SHANKARJI BADARJI IND
8THAKOR RAMANJI SHIVAJI IND
9NAYEE KOKILABEN MANUBHAI ALIAS MAHENDRABHAI IND
10PATEL JIVRAMBHAI HIRDAS IND
11PATEL MANOJKUMAR BAHECHARDAS IND
12PATEL LALJIBHAI KESHAVLAL IND
HIMATNAGAR-27 IDAR-28 KHEDBRAHMA-29 BHILODA-30 MODASA-31
S06-5-GJ-SABARKANTHA 1CHAUHAN MAHENDRASINH BJP
2MISTRY MADHUSUDAN INC
3RAMLAVAT VIKRAMSINH LAXMANSINH BSP
4KADARI MOLANA RIYAZ SP
5PARMAR MINABA DIPSINH IJP
6SINHALI DASHRATH CHANDULAL CPI(ML)(L)
7CHAUHAN MAHENDRASINH PADAMSINH IND
8TRIVEDI BALKRUSHN PRANLAL IND
9PATEL KANTIBHAI KHUSHALBHAI IND
10PATEL DANABHAI BECHARBHAI IND
11RATHOD SABIRMIYA AMIRMIYA IND
12SOLANKI CHHAGANBHAI KEVALABHAI IND
GANDHINAGAR NORTH-36 KALOL-38 SANAND-40 GHATLODIA-41 VEJALPUR-42
S06-6-GJ-GANDHINAGAR 1LKADVANI BJP
2PATEL SURESHKUMAR CHATURDAS SURESH PATEL INC
3RAKESH PANDEY BSP
4ASHOKKUMAR ISHVARBHAI PATEL BNJD
5KHALIFA SAMSUDDIN NASIRUDDIN JUGNU LSWP
6TRIVEDI SUNILBHAI MANUBHAI MJP
7FIROZ DEHLVI AIMF
8MEMON FATAMABEN FARUKBHAI IJP
9KALPESHKUMAR RAJANIKANT MODI IND
10THAKUR RAKESHBHAI RAJDEVSINGH IND
11PATEL SIDDHESH DINESHBHAI IND
12PARIKH HETA KUMARPAL IND
13BRAHMBHATT SANJAYBHAI AMARKUMAR IND
14MAKWANA ANILKUMAR SOMABHAI IND
15DRMALLIKA SARABHAI IND
16MAHANTSHRI DHARAMDASBAPU IND
17RAHUL CHIMANBHAI MEHTA IND
18VAGHELA SUKHDEVSINH PARBATSINH IND
19SHAH MUKESH IND
DEHGAM-34 GANDHINAGAR SOUTH-35 VATVA-43 NIKOL-46 NARODA-47
THAKKARBAPA NAGAR-48 BAPUNAGAR-49
S06-7-GJ-AHMEDABAD EAST 1PATEL BHOLABHAI VALJIBHAI KAKDIYA NCP
2BABARIYA DIPAKBHAI RATILAL INC
3VIRUBHAI N VANZARA BSP
4HARIN PATHAK BJP
5PATEL PRAVIN RAMBHAI MJP
6PREMHARI RAMESHCHANDRA SHARMA NLHP
7BHATT SANJIV INDRAVADAN BNJD
8RAJPUT RANJEETSINGH RAMSHANKARSINH IJP
9RAJPUT SANJITKUMAR RADHAKRISHNASINH SP
10DR N T SENGAL LSWP
11HASRATH JAYRAM PAGARE RSPS
12KHODABHAI LALJIBHAI DESAI IND
13THAKKAR PARESHBHAI RASIKLAL IND
14PATEL BHAVINBHAI AMRUTBHAI IND
15BUDHDHPRIYA JASVANT SOMABHAI IND
16MAURYA RAJESH HARIRAM IND
17SHARMA ANILKUMAR BRIJENDRABHAI IND
18SHARMA BRIJESHKUMAR UJAGARLAL IND
ELLISBRIDGE-44 AMRAIWADI-50 DARIAPUR-51 JAMALPUR – KHADIA-52
MANINAGAR-53 DANILIMDA-54 ASARWA-56
S06-8-GJ-AHMEDABAD WEST 1PARMAR SHAILESH MANHARLAL INC
2DR PRAVIN S SOLANKI BSP
3DR SOLANKI KIRITBHAI PREMJIBHAI BJP
4PARMAR MOHANBHAI KARSHANBHAI LPSP
5MAKWANA ISHWARBHAI DHANABHAI LJP
6VIJAYKUMAR MANJIBHAI VADHER AIMF
7SAVLE BHIKA FULA RPI(A)
8SHIRSATH VEDUBHAI KAUTIKBHAI IJP
9SANKHALIYA NARENDRASINH MANSINH LSWP
10CHAUHAN PRAHLADBHAI NATTHUBHAI IND
11VANZARA DALPATBHAI KHIMABHAI IND
12VORA RATNABEN DAHYABHAI IND
13SHAH ISHWARBHAI KHANDAS IND
14SOLANKI KANTIBHAI HEMABHAI IND
15SOLANKI RAMESHBHAI DANABHAI IND
16SOLANKI VITTHALBHAI MAGANBHAI IND
VIRAMGAM-39 DHANDHUKA-59 DASADA-60 LIMBDI-61 WADHWAN-62
S06-9-GJ-SURENDRANAGAR 1KOLI PATEL SOMABHAI INC
2PATEL MOHANBHAI DAHYABHAI BSP
3MER LALJIBHAI CHATURBHAI BJP
4JAGRUTIBEN BABULAL GADA SHAH MJP
5DHAVANIYA BACHUBHAI CHHAGANBHAI LPSP
6PATADIYA KHIMJIBHAI HARAJIVANBHAI KKJHS
7VAGHELA SATUBHA KANUBHA ABJS
8KORDIA ALTAFBHAI VALIBHAI IND
9JADAV BHAGWANBHAI MATHURBHAI IND
10DABHI MOHANBHAI TULSHIBHAI IND
11DERVALIA MEDHABHAI KALABHAI IND
12NAYAKPRA HITESH BHAGVANGIBHAI IND
13PATEL ASHOKKUMAR CHIMANLAL IND
14BHARATBHAI RAMNIKLAL MAKWANA IND
15BHATIYA NARANBHAI KEHARBHAI IND
16UKABHAI AMARABHAI MAKWANA IND
17MER MAVJIBHAI KUKABHAI IND
18RABA HARSURBHAI RAMBHAI IND
19SAVUKIYA LALJIBHAI MOHANLAL IND
20SOLANKI KARSHANBHAI JIVABHAI IND
TANKARA-66 WANKANER-67 RAJKOT EAST-68 RAJKOT WEST-69 RAJKOT
SOUTH-70 RAJKOT RURAL-71 JASDAN-72
S06-10-GJ-RAJKOT 1KIRANKUMAR VALJIBHAI BHALODIA PATEL BJP
2KUVARJIBHAI MOHANBHAI BAVALIA INC
3DHEDHI DALEECHANDBHAI LIRABHAI PATEL BSP
4SUDHIR JOSHI CPM
5KUBAVAT BABUDAS CHHAGANDAS ABJS
6GOKALBHAI KHODABHAI PARMAR LPSP
7JASVANTBHAI RANCHHODBHAI SABHAYA SP
8JADEJA SATUBHA AMARSANG NSCP
9NARENDRASINH TAPUBHA JADEJA RKSP
10BABULAL DEVJIBHAI GHAVA LJP
11VEKARIA ALPESHBHAI KESHUBHAI MJP
12AJITSINH HARISINH JADEJA IND
13ARVINDBHAI JADAVJIBHAI RATHOD IND
14KESHUBHAI DHANJIBHAI VEKARIYA IND
15CHAVDA LAKHMANBHAI DEVJIBHAI IND
16DR ZAKIRHUSEN MATHAKIYA IND
17DUDHATRA MUKUNDBHAI GOVINDBHAI IND
18NAYANBHAI HASHMUKHBHAI UPADHYAY IND
19PRAVINBHAI MEGHJIBHAI DENGADA IND
20BHIKHABHAI KURJIBHAI SADADIYA IND
21MULTANI SUBHANBHAI POPATBHAI IND
22RABARI MOMAIYABHAI ALABHAI IND
23DRRAJESHKUMAR SHANTIBHAI MAKADIA PATEL IND
24VEKARIYA PRAGJIBHAI NATHUBHAI IND
25SAROLA GEETABEN MANJIBHAI IND
26HARSODA MAHESH HIRABHAI IND
27HIRABHAI GORDHANBHAI CHANGELA IND
GONDAL-73 JETPUR-74 DHORAJI-75 PORBANDAR-83 KUTIYANA-84
S06-11-GJ-PORBANDAR 1KHACHARIYA MANSUKHBHAI SHAMJIBHAI BJP
2CHANDRAVADIYA MEHULKUMAR KARSANBHAI BSP
3RADADIYA VITTHALBHAI HANSRAJBHAI INC
4JADEJA NATHABHAI JIVABHAI IJP
5PATOLIYA MANOJBHAI SAMJIBHAI IND
6BHATT NITINBHAI VRUJLAL IND
7RAJENDRA AMRUTLAL PARMAR IND
KALAVAD-76 JAMNAGR RURAL-77 JAMNAGAR NORTH-78 JAMNAGAR SOUTH-79
JAMJODHPUR-80 KHAMBHALIA-81 DWARKA-82
S06-12-GJ-JAMNAGAR 1AHIR VIKRAMBHAI ARJANBHAI MADAM INC
2CHAVDA JAYSUKHBHAI TRIKAMBHAI BSP
3MUNGRA RAMESHBHAI DEVRAJBHAI BJP
4CHAUHAN DINESHBHAI KALABHAI RPI(A)
5JADEJA HITENDRASINH JAYVANTSINH RKSP
6MANHARBHAI KACHARABHAI RATHOD RSP(S)
7DR VASANTBHAI MANILAL SANGHAVI ABJS
8VADHER CHANDUBHA MANUBHA MJP
9GOJIYA VIRABHAI MALDEBHAI IND
10CHAVDA DEVAYATBHAI JIVABHAI IND
11DOSANI IDRISBHAI ISMAILBHAI IND
12DEVGANA GAURIBEN MOHANBHAI IND
13DHARMENDRABHAI MAGANLAL PATEL IND
14NOYDA MAMAD NATHUBHAI IND
15PADHIYAR GOVINDBHAI LALJIBHAI IND
16PARMAR BHURALAL MEGHJIBHAI IND
17POPATPUTRA RAFIK ABUBAKAR IND
18BHAGAD SALIM OSMAN IND
19MAHESHBHAI PARSOTAMBHAI VADI IND
20VYAS RAJESH SHIVSHANKAR IND
21SACHADA HABIBBHAI ISHABHAI IND
22SAGATHIYA VINODBHAI VIRJIBHAI IND
JUNAGADH-86 VISAVADAR-87 MANGROL-89 SOMNATH-90 TALALA-91
S06-13-GJ-JUNAGADH 1BARAD JASHUBHAI DHANABHAI INC
2SOLANKI DINUBHAI BOGHABHAI BJP
3KUNJADIYA VALLABHBHAI RAMBHAI ABMSD
4CHANDULAL BHANUBHAI DHADUK CHANDRES